Questions tagged [wittgenstein]

Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (1889 – 1951) was an Austrian-British philosopher, professor in philosophy at the University of Cambridge (1939-1947). He worked in foundations of mathematics and on mathematical logic, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of language. He played a central, if controversial, role in 20th-century analytic philosophy.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
1answer
94 views

What does Wittgenstein mean by “correlating all the cardinal numbers to all the squares”? [closed]

I am reading an excerpt of Wittgenstein's writing, but I don't understand exactly what it really means... Wittgenstein: Suppose you had correlated cardinal numbers, and someone said, "Now ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

What is meant by “Sense of the World” (TLP)?

Wittgenstein defines World as: TLP: World is the totality of facts, not of things. Clearly, Wittgenstein is referring to the mental "representation" of the World, not the physical World ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Is this passage about Wittgenstein misprinted or am I simply misreading it?

This question relates to the correctness of a particular passage from Time of the Magicians by Wolfram Eilenberger and translated by Shaun Whiteside, which describes a decade of philosophical thought ...
2
votes
2answers
78 views

Section 50 in Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations

Can anyone explain the argument in section 50 of PI, as it seems important enough not to gloss over (that "if this thing did not exist we could not use it in our language game- - what looks like ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Tractatus differences

Wittgenstein's Tractatus was first published in 1921 and then republished, with an English translation, in 1922. A second edition came out in the early 1930s with a few differences from the first. ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Wittgenstein. The sense of the world must lie outside the world

I would be grateful if someone could recommend a book, or an article that really tries to get to the bottom of the above statement. Again "The sense of the world must lie outside the world".
2
votes
1answer
152 views

Difference between the correspondence and the picture theory of meaning/language

Was Wittgenstein's picture theory of meaning/language, as posited in the Tractatus, and which was closely aligned with his analytic realism/logical atomism, simply an elucidation and elaboration of ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Are there any works that build upon or apply Wittgenstein's concept of language games?

I have almost finished Philosophical Investigations and was fascinated by it. Aside from Lyotard's The Postmodern Condition, which is by his own admission pretty bad, are there works that expand upon ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

What are the “Simples” Wittgenstein discusses in Philosophical Investigations?

I first came across this term in §39 of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations, wherein he writes [O]ne is tempted to make an objection against what is ordinarily called a name. It can be put ...
0
votes
1answer
168 views

How shall I understand Wittgenstein's comment on Russell's work?

Ludwig Wittgenstein said Russell’s books should be bound in two colours…those dealing with mathematical logic in red – and all students of philosophy should read them; those dealing with ethics and ...
3
votes
2answers
94 views

Arguments against “meaning is use ”

Maybe , we can undermine this stance by looking at what "meaning is use" implies or requires. How do we determine the correct usage in a context or do the words decide the context ? This ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

On the interpretation of functional and vanishing of Russel's paradox in Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus [duplicate]

3.333 A function cannot be its own argument, because the functional sign already contains the prototype of its own argument and it cannot contain itself. If, for example, we suppose that the function ...
0
votes
2answers
94 views

(In)formal languages and meaning of words

I vaguely remember having heard that one can formally prove that no amount of (successful) communication between two people ensures that the assigned meaning of their words converges. I think it had ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

The form of elementary propositions in TLF

In Tractatus Wittgenstein states that: 4.22 An elementary proposition consists of names. It is a nexus, a concatenation, of names. Suppose now that L is a first order language. As far as I ...
5
votes
2answers
281 views

What exactly is a private language defined as?

I'm reading this section: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Private_language_argument What a private language is "If someone were to behave as if they understood a language of which no one else can ...
1
vote
2answers
110 views

First person, present indicative of “To believe falsely”

There is a Wittgenstein quote I've been thinking about ever since going through AI to Zombies: If there were a verb meaning 'to believe falsely', it would not have any significant first person, ...
-4
votes
1answer
141 views

Collaborative work between Linguists and Computer Language designers to help fix the English Language

Is there work being done to help remove all the ambiguities and loose meaning of the English language by using low to mid level computer programming languages (avoiding more recent "high level" ...
0
votes
3answers
259 views

A question about Wittgenstein's Tractatus

"It is an hypothesis that the sun will rise tomorrow: and this means that we do not know whether it will . There is no compulsion making one thing happen because another has happened" is a well-known ...
2
votes
1answer
200 views

What did Wittgenstein mean when he said “knowledge is in the end based on acknowledgement”?

What exactly is acknowledgement here?
0
votes
2answers
83 views

Wittgenstein on ethics and the big book experiment

This is taken from the lecture Wittgenstein delivered on ethics. Wittgenstein proceeds to establish a controversial position in ethics. Although all judgments of relative value can be shown to be ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Why does Wittgenstein have a problem with writing “f(a, b). a = b"?

Why does Wittgenstein have a problem with logical statements saying nothing ? (5.5303) . How would Wittgenstein want us to interpret f(a,a) ? He also mentions axiom of infinity from which Russell ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

Synthetic a priori judgments and Hinge Propositions

Is anyone aware of any books or articles that explicitly discuss the relationship between Kant’s notion of the Synthetic a Priori [judgment], e.g. “every color is extended,” "Nothing can be ...
0
votes
1answer
214 views

Wittgenstein and “linguistic trap”

In a book on philosophy I've lost by now I encounter an argument about "linguistic trap" idea attributed to Wittgenstein, that is, such a trap is supposed to be "taking linguistic convention or ...
7
votes
1answer
441 views

What sentence convinced Russell that Wittgenstein was not a “complete idiot”?

On several occasions I've come across Russell's account of his decision that Wittgenstein was not a "complete idiot", but I've never been able to figure out what Wittgenstein wrote to him or what that ...
-1
votes
1answer
153 views

Does Wittgenstein's “The limits of my language mean the limits of my world” relate ontology with language?

Since Badiou equates ontology with Mathematics, if both philosophers are to be taken verbatim, there's a triple equivalence to consider: ontology = Mathematics = language.
1
vote
1answer
280 views

Wittgenstein and theology

Wittgenstein noted that we engage in language games and quite often we borrow words from different games and misuse them such as using words with scientific connotations in religious discourse or ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Wittgenstein on Mechanics

Can someone explain what Wittgenstein was trying to say in Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus ? Specifically propositions 6.341-6.343. What does he mean when he says that a system like Newtonian Mechanics ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

Was Wittgenstein a cognitivist?

It is a common misconception to think that Wittgenstein was anti-theoretical in his Philosophical Investigations. There's simply too much evidence that doesn't support that conclusion. At first I ...
0
votes
1answer
163 views

Wittgenstein - self and ethics in the Tractatus

I think that I quite understand the relation between ontology and "logical syntax" of language as it is presented by Wittgenstein in Tractatus. He states that there are atomic entities, ...
1
vote
3answers
292 views

Did early Wittgenstein view mathematics as “sense-less” or “non-sensical”?

G. E. M Anscombe makes the following distinction between Wittgenstein's use of sense-less (sinnlos) and nonsense (unsinnig): (page 163) We must distinguish in the theory of the Tractatus between ...
1
vote
3answers
112 views

Does anyone discuss 'limit' in Wittgenstein?

Does anyone discuss 'limit' in Wittgenstein? The word "limit" keeps appearing in the Tractatus: of thinking; of language; of the world; of the natural sciences; of my visual field. It's used even more ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

Which currently active philosophers could be considered Wittgenstein followers?

A. C. Grayling offers the following description of currently active followings of Wittgenstein (page 129): The Wittgensteinians accordingly make a distinctive although relatively small group in ...
1
vote
2answers
261 views

In what way did Wittgenstein repudiate the Tractatus?

It's very well known that Wittgenstein thought that with the Tractatus the problems in philosophy were pseudo-problems, but then went on to produce further philosophical works like The Philosophical ...
1
vote
3answers
134 views

Are there examples of necessity other than logical necessity?

G. E. M. Anscombe writes the following (page 80): ...[Wittgenstein's] view, expressed at 6.37, that 'there is only logical necessity', and at 5.525, that the possibility of a state of affairs is ...
0
votes
2answers
142 views

What truth-functions of elementary propositions can be consired to form a picture?

In Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus Ludwig Wittgenstein says that every elementary proposition is a picture. It is clear that we must make a distinction between elementary propositions and other ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Why are there no pre-eminent numbers in Wittgenstein's logic? [duplicate]

What does Wittgenstein mean when he says in the Tractatus that there are no preeminent numbers in logic? He makes mention of this three times in the Tractatus: 4.128 The logical forms are anumerical. ...
0
votes
1answer
190 views

What are the problems with Tractatus?

Tractatus, in a way, says World isn't what is out there, but is the world you imagine. World is what you would tell another person when you will recount this world. (It is what you would 'know' of the ...
2
votes
4answers
232 views

What did Wittgenstein mean when he said death is not an event in one's life?

What did Wittgenstein mean when he said death is not an event in one's life? It's my understanding that death is not something that applies to the stipulated solipsistic self of his philosophy. ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Mechanics of Perception

How is perception formed? By perception I mean 'thought' or 'idea' of the World. What I see by itself does not contribute anything to thought. Only an acknowledgement can contribute to structuring of ...
2
votes
0answers
140 views

How does contemporary analytic philosophy reply to the late Wittgenstein's injunction against theory?

In the In Our Time episode on Wittgenstein philosopher Ray Monk says the following: It's a central view of the later Wittgenstein that there can be no such thing as a philosophical theory. I think ...
4
votes
1answer
101 views

Where does Bertrand Russell discuss mysticism?

G. E. M. Anscombe writes in An Introduction to Wittgenstein's Tractatus (1971, St Augustine's Press) the following about Wittgenstein's use of the concept of mysticism: (page 170) But Wittgenstein ...
1
vote
3answers
130 views

According to early Wittgenstein, do we need language or thought for the mystical to show itself?

According to early Wittgenstein, do we need language or thought for the mystical to "show itself"? He does say the mystical shows itself. 6.522: There is indeed the inexpressible. This shows ...
0
votes
4answers
161 views

Definition vs Logic

Logical consequence means that, if, P implies Q, then Q is True not because (or when) we interpret (or find) it to be True, but it is set to True as soon as P is set to True. This means that Q is ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

How much background do I need to read the book: Tractatus logico-philosophicus?

Upon careful consideration of the literature I want to read in the following months, I have stumbled into a particular book which is called: Tractatus logico-philosophicus, written by brilliand author ...
2
votes
2answers
326 views

Wittgenstein's solipsist, from Tractatus?

According to the early Wittgenstein of the Tractatus, the solipsist is one and one and the same with the world. He then makes the claim that solipsism coincides with realism. 5.64, Wittgenstein ...
1
vote
0answers
107 views

Using solipsism's incoherence with doubt as proof of the external world?

I have the following rough outline of utilizing solipsism as a proof by contradiction to the goal of asserting an epistemological proof of the external world. A solipsist (Wittgenstian) lives in a ...
4
votes
1answer
257 views

Is all language meaningful?

Wittgenstein claimed that many philosophers misuse language and write nonsense. He later claimed that a private language, one that cannot in principle be understood, is impossible. Does that suggest ...
0
votes
0answers
97 views

How exactly Wittgenstein “inspired two schools of thought [logical positivism/logical empiricism and analytic/linguistic movement/Cambridge School]”?

In the page 527 of von Wright's Ludwig Wittgenstein, A Biographical Sketch in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 64, No. 4 (Oct., 1955), he tells: It has been said that Wittgenstein inspired two ...
2
votes
0answers
81 views

What could be “Wittgenstein's strong disapproval of Russell's introduction to the book [Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus]”?

In the page 536 of von Wright's Ludwig Wittgenstein, A Biographical Sketch in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 64, No. 4 (Oct., 1955), he tells: The author of the Tractatus thought he had solved all ...
5
votes
2answers
234 views

Where did Carnap express his disagreement with Wittgenstein's Tractatus?

I read the following in G. E. M. Anscombe's description of the consequences of Wittgenstein's picture theory of language: (page 82) Carnap strongly objected to Wittgenstein's doctrine with its ...

1
2 3 4 5