Questions tagged [wittgenstein]

Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (1889 – 1951) was an Austrian-British philosopher, professor in philosophy at the University of Cambridge (1939-1947). He worked in foundations of mathematics and on mathematical logic, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of language. He played a central, if controversial, role in 20th-century analytic philosophy.

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Introductory lectures to Wittgenstein's ideas

can anyone recommend me a course on YouTube that explains the ideas of Ludwig Wittgenstein in an introductory manner. Thank you
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Where and from whom can I learn about Wittgenstein's family resemblance?

After reading the relevant Wikipedia article as well as the relevant Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy article, I still feel like I need a gentle introduction to Wittgenstein's Philosophical ...
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What did Wittgenstein mean by "Light dawns gradually over the whole."?

I agree with Wittgenstein that "we seldom learn new propositions piecemeal; rather we acquire propositional knowledge in holistic clusters". When I study math from a textbook, I definitely ...
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Why the linguistic turn at early 20th century? Why not the physics/psychology turn? [closed]

Early 20th century philosophy went through a "linguistic turn", presumably due to developments in mathematical logic by Frege and Russell, followed by Wittgenstein's work. However, in the ...
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What did Wittgenstein mean by saying that the belief in the causal nexus is a superstition?

In the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, Wittenstein says: 5.1361 The events of the future cannot be inferred from those of the present. Superstition is the belief in the causal nexus. I'm ...
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Relationship between early Wittgenstein and late Wittgenstein

I think most books treat his early and late theories as inconsistent theories, in a sense that one can agree on either his early or late theory, but not both. However, I think the two theories are ...
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What is the minimum feature structure for a valid family resemblance definition?

As part of a research project, I am trying to better understand Wittgenstein's family resemblance definitions. I have come across various interpretations of this idea and I want to check my ...
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Review articles on the rule-following paradox

Except for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP) article on private language, I am having a hard time finding review articles (or book chapters) on the rule-following paradox. What review ...
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According to Wittgenstein, why are the laws of logic valid?

According to Wittgenstein's tractatus, A fact is composed of atomic facts. An atomic fact corresponds to an elemental proposition. (Picture theory) A proposition is a series of elemental propositions ...
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Why does Wittgenstein say Schopenhauer has a crude mind?

"Schopenhauer has got quite a crude mind. Where real depth begins, his ends." What does Wittgenstein mean by this?
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Tractatus Proposition 1 -- nominal or real?

In Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, the opening proposition can be read as a definition: The world is everything that is the case. As such, which kind of definition is it: nominal, or ...
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The Picture Theory of Meaning

I'm not quite clear as to exactly how how Wittgenstein concludes that metaphysical/non-phenomenal talk is meaningless in his Tractatus. Doesn't a statement like, "God exists" and its propositional ...
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Is this passage about Wittgenstein misprinted or am I simply misreading it?

This question relates to the correctness of a particular passage from Time of the Magicians by Wolfram Eilenberger and translated by Shaun Whiteside, which describes a decade of philosophical thought ...
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Help with the details and source of an anecdote, Wittgenstein and Carnap on the paranormal

There is an anecdote in which the participants were Wittgenstein and Carnap (or Hempel). One of the two had a book on parapsychology/paranormal stuff. The other scolded him for this. The book owner ...
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How did Wittgenstein "cure" Anscombe of phenomenalism?

In "Collected Philosophical Papers Volume 2: Metaphysics and the Philosophy of Mind", Elizabeth Anscombe wrote the following: I always hated phenomenalism and felt trapped by it. I couldn’t ...
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Section 50 in Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations

Can anyone explain the argument in section 50 of PI, as it seems important enough not to gloss over (that "if this thing did not exist we could not use it in our language game- - what looks like ...
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Which philosophers did the young Wittgenstein meet as a child?

According to Wikipedia The family was at the center of Vienna's cultural life; Bruno Walter described the life at the Wittgensteins' palace as an "all-pervading atmosphere of humanity and ...
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Which problem is Russell focusing on while providing a solution, in his introduction to the Tractatus?

In the final part of his introduction to the Tractatus Logico-philosophicus, Russell provides a possible solution to the problem of the impossibility of self-reference of logic: There is one ...
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Do we have any finding that supports Wittgenstein's claim that there are no properties, but only objects and their interactions?

Do we have any finding that supports Wittgenstein's claim that there are no properties, but only objects and their interactions? Wittgenstein said that there are only simple atoms and their ...
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The role of clarity in the aesthetic judgment

What is clarity from the aesthetic point of view? for Adorno: “Rationalist in the historical sense, the ideal of clarity demands that knowledge trim and shape its object a priori, as though the ...
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What, if anything, has post-positivism left standing as the legacy of Frege’s Begriffsschriftis, Russel’s Principia, and Wittgenstein’s Tractatus

The goal of both Russel’s Principia (1910) and Frege’s Begriffsschriftis (1879) ["a formula language, modeled on that of arithmetic, for pure thought."] was essentially to defend the ...
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What sentence convinced Russell that Wittgenstein was not a "complete idiot"?

On several occasions I've come across Russell's account of his decision that Wittgenstein was not a "complete idiot", but I've never been able to figure out what Wittgenstein wrote to him or what that ...
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Confidence margin for logical verification

I'm starting to read Wittgenstein and I keep circling around a problem, which I'll lay out with the following ideas: a. Logical space is the totality of external reality. b. A proposition is logical ...
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What is meant by "Sense of the World" (TLP)?

Wittgenstein defines World as: TLP: World is the totality of facts, not of things. Clearly, Wittgenstein is referring to the mental "representation" of the World, not the physical World ...
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Tractatus differences

Wittgenstein's Tractatus was first published in 1921 and then republished, with an English translation, in 1922. A second edition came out in the early 1930s with a few differences from the first. ...
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Wittgenstein. The sense of the world must lie outside the world

I would be grateful if someone could recommend a book, or an article that really tries to get to the bottom of the above statement. Again "The sense of the world must lie outside the world".
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Difference between the correspondence and the picture theory of meaning/language

Was Wittgenstein's picture theory of meaning/language, as posited in the Tractatus, and which was closely aligned with his analytic realism/logical atomism, simply an elucidation and elaboration of ...
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How long is the standard meter?

In the Philosophical Investigations §50, Wittgenstein writes: There is one thing of which one can say neither that it is one metre long, nor that it is not one metre long, and that is the ...
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What are the "Simples" Wittgenstein discusses in Philosophical Investigations?

I first came across this term in §39 of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations, wherein he writes [O]ne is tempted to make an objection against what is ordinarily called a name. It can be put ...
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How much background do I need to read the book: Tractatus logico-philosophicus?

Upon careful consideration of the literature I want to read in the following months, I have stumbled into a particular book which is called: Tractatus logico-philosophicus, written by brilliand author ...
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Are Wittgenstein's propositions analytic or synthetic?

Wittgenstein provides a logical analysis of propositions in the Tractatus. Does he there admit the Kantian distinctions between analytic/synthetic and a priori/a posteriori divisions; or does his ...
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First person, present indicative of "To believe falsely"

There is a Wittgenstein quote I've been thinking about ever since going through AI to Zombies: If there were a verb meaning 'to believe falsely', it would not have any significant first person, ...
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How shall I understand Wittgenstein's comment on Russell's work?

Ludwig Wittgenstein said Russell’s books should be bound in two colours…those dealing with mathematical logic in red – and all students of philosophy should read them; those dealing with ethics and ...
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Arguments against "meaning is use "

Maybe , we can undermine this stance by looking at what "meaning is use" implies or requires. How do we determine the correct usage in a context or do the words decide the context ? This ...
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On the interpretation of functional and vanishing of Russel's paradox in Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus [duplicate]

3.333 A function cannot be its own argument, because the functional sign already contains the prototype of its own argument and it cannot contain itself. If, for example, we suppose that the function ...
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Wittgenstein's opinion that language must be public: How was this innovative and not already obvious?

Source: p 206, A Little History of Philosophy (2011 ed; not 2012 Reprint ed.) by Nigel Warburton PhD in Philosophy.   It may seem obvious to you that when you are in pain and you speak about it ...
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(In)formal languages and meaning of words

I vaguely remember having heard that one can formally prove that no amount of (successful) communication between two people ensures that the assigned meaning of their words converges. I think it had ...
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Does Wittgensteins own solution to Russells Paradox actually work?

In the Tractatus, Wittgenstein attempts a solution of Russells paradox 3.333 A function cannot be its own argument, because the functional sign already contains the prototype of its own argument and ...
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The form of elementary propositions in TLF

In Tractatus Wittgenstein states that: 4.22 An elementary proposition consists of names. It is a nexus, a concatenation, of names. Suppose now that L is a first order language. As far as I ...
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Why isn't Cantor's diagonal argument just a paradox?

Cantor's diagonal argument concludes the cardinality of the power set of a countably infinite set is greater than that of the countably infinite set. In other words, the infiniteness of real numbers ...
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C. D. Broad’s taxonomy of philosophical styles and theories?

I came across a reference to, C. D. Broad’s taxonomy of philosophical styles and theories, given in Broad’s series of undergraduate lectures, "Elements of Philosophy" in Ray Monk's biography, ...
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What exactly is a private language defined as?

I'm reading this section: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Private_language_argument What a private language is "If someone were to behave as if they understood a language of which no one else can ...
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Which currently active philosophers could be considered Wittgenstein followers?

A. C. Grayling offers the following description of currently active followings of Wittgenstein (page 129): The Wittgensteinians accordingly make a distinctive although relatively small group in ...
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Why did Wittgenstein read out loud metaphysical poetry to the Vienna Circle?

In this essay by Phil Shields, Wittgenstein & Silence he relates the following story: Wittgenstein was invited to a meeting of the Vienna circle: “When he finally came, instead of answering their ...
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How should we read Tractatus' proposition 6.4311?

How should we read Tractatus' proposition 6.4311? Death is not an event of life. Death is not lived through. If by eternity is understood not endless temporal duration but timelessness, then he ...
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How did Wittgenstein become interested in the philosophy of language?

As far as I know he was doing engineering and became interested in the foundations of mathematics and went to Frege and upon his advice he went to study logic from Russell. So what happened which ...
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Collaborative work between Linguists and Computer Language designers to help fix the English Language

Is there work being done to help remove all the ambiguities and loose meaning of the English language by using low to mid level computer programming languages (avoiding more recent "high level" ...
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Does anyone discuss 'limit' in Wittgenstein?

Does anyone discuss 'limit' in Wittgenstein? The word "limit" keeps appearing in the Tractatus: of thinking; of language; of the world; of the natural sciences; of my visual field. It's used even more ...
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A question about Wittgenstein's Tractatus

"It is an hypothesis that the sun will rise tomorrow: and this means that we do not know whether it will . There is no compulsion making one thing happen because another has happened" is a well-known ...
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Synthetic a priori judgments and Hinge Propositions

Is anyone aware of any books or articles that explicitly discuss the relationship between Kant’s notion of the Synthetic a Priori [judgment], e.g. “every color is extended,” "Nothing can be ...

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