All Questions

3
votes
1answer
85 views

Axiomatization of philosophy?

In mathematics, many theories are built on assumptions that are taken to be true, and they are most often called axioms, and then, with the help of logical laws and definitions and with various ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

What is the essence of stoicism?

I am a materialist, and I heard that stoic philosophers can be described (to some extent) as materialists. I am a big fan of stoic logic and ethical philosophy (and attitude towards death, emotions, ...
3
votes
0answers
29 views

Is Virtue Ethics based on self-interest?

I hope this question makes sense, but is it correct to say that virtue ethics accounts are based on self-interest? If virtue ethics are concerned with achieving a good life, is it possible for them ...
1
vote
0answers
189 views

What did Bohm exactly mean when he said that mind and matter were the same?

In 1990, the physicist David Bohm published a paper named "A new theory of the relationship of mind and matter" promoting a "panpsychist" theory of consciousness based on Bohm's interpretation of ...
-3
votes
0answers
34 views

Discovery of sky [closed]

I want to know that how philosophers like Aristotle,Plato came to know about space is different from the earth surrounding where the philosophers live at that time there was no invention of telescope
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Are the philosophies of fallibilism, evidentialism and pragmatism mutually exclusive? [closed]

Are the philosophies of fallibilism, evidentialism and pragmatism mutually exclusive? Can these philosophies be compatible and/or complimentary
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Can a Rigid Designator still exist if there is only one possible world?

According to Kripke, a rigid designator is a pronoun (but not all pronouns are rigid designators) and they pick out the same unique individual in each possible world. I understand this, however, if ...
1
vote
0answers
99 views

Did Wheeler's “It from Bit” allow inconsistencies to exist?

Physicist John Wheeler proposed a model of the universe based on "It from Bit" asserting that the world is fundamentally information. I've been told both that Wheeler's It from Bit is compatible with ...
-1
votes
0answers
17 views

Rationality in Kantian ethics [closed]

What is the importance of rationality in Kantian ethics? The role it plays in Kantian ethics.
-1
votes
2answers
81 views

Illusion of choice and free will [closed]

I'm making a presentation and I need to find philosophers who have talked about topics such as free will or the illusion of choice. If you could recommend any, it would be a great help. Thanks.
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Language confusion; necessary/nomological/true in all worlds

I got confused by the way different people use language in the context of physicalism. In particular, Kripke seems to equate "necessary truths" with something that is true in all possible worlds. Is ...
9
votes
1answer
442 views

Enchiridion, 16: Does a stoic moan, or not?

The translation of Epictetus' Enchiridion, part 16 by Elizabeth Carter (http://classics.mit.edu/Epictetus/epicench.html) seems to contradict that of Thomas Wentworth Higginson's (https://www.gutenberg....
-1
votes
0answers
24 views

How do we get science interested in formal logic as a model of the logic of the human mind?

To the extent that deductive logic is thought of as a capacity of the human brain, and to the extent that formal logic is meant to be a model of it, I believe a scientific approach is badly needed. ...
-2
votes
0answers
65 views

How soon could a student study the main branches of philosophy and be expected to understand the concepts as well as they understand other concepts? [closed]

With main branches I mean formal logic, mainly rules of inference, axiology, as in ethics and aesthetics, phenomenology and epistemology. Even if students do not appreciate the deepest meanings at ...
-3
votes
0answers
149 views

How do we get science interested in formal logic as a model of logic? [closed]

To the extent that deductive logic is thought of as a capacity of the human brain, and to the extent that formal logic is meant to be a model of it, I believe a scientific approach is badly needed. ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

How and why Aristotelian essentialism is a problem for Quine?

I cannot understand how and why the Aristotelian essentialism is problematic for Quine. I have tried to read articles on the theme but probably I am not smart enough to understand them. Could you ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Can a solipsist doubt?

I've been thinking about epistemological solipsism, which seemingly necessarily follows from metaphysical solipsism. Namely, that the "world" of the solipsist is one and the same with the self of the ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Philosophers dealing with fundamental structure of everything

I'm looking for authors dealing with the fundamental structure of everything, starting with no prior assumptions. One such authors is Hegel, which in Science of Logic does the following: Hegel aims ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

What are the top candidate ideas for pursuing a good life?

What are the candidate pursuits for a good life and who are the best to read to get a good understanding of the argument for pursuing any one over others? So far, these come to mind: Self-expression ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

What is Quine’s reductionism?

I am especially interested in how reductionism is related to the fact that even though science broadly comprehends a number of subjects, physics is paradigmatic.
0
votes
0answers
67 views

What are the limits of language?

Provably (or by sufficiently rigorous arguments), what are the limits of language (natural & formal)? What can a language not speak about? If there is something non-senseless which language cannot ...
-2
votes
0answers
34 views

Dimensions and Perception / Other Dimensions than 3D [closed]

Please correct In our universe we have 3 dimensions (xyz)** Whether one dimension for example (x) or any other dimension. can have an infinite number of combinations of the appearance? Does the third ...
0
votes
3answers
90 views

Does our knowledge increase or decrease when we assign 0.5 probability to our belief, after being presented with new evidence?

Suppose there was a girl who wanted to check if she was pregnant. She was relatively confident that she is NOT because contraceptives that she and her boyfriend used are very reliable. Also the ...
3
votes
3answers
280 views

Analogy between an unknown in an argument, and a contradiction in the principle of explosion

Context I like to argue that, since we do not know what consciousness is, we can not specify what it can not do. Therefore we can not state we can't do something now, nor in the future. Up to the ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Proof Tree to Fitch Proof

I was wondering if anyone could help me on a proof I've been working on: I was able to check that it is valid with a proof tree generator (prooftools): However, I still haven't figured out the proof....
0
votes
3answers
81 views

Is possible to define “time” without the concept of “space”? [closed]

Time and space are related concepts but maybe if you consider other philosophical categories there are other ways to define time.
2
votes
0answers
107 views

Modal logics - philosophical paradoxes using modeling by possible worlds

I'm searching for "paradoxes" in classical modal logics, meaning lines of reasoning which give a counterintuitive conclusion if performed in classical logic, which can be modelled by the (semantical) ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Does the Münchhausen trilemma negate its validity?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%C3%BCnchhausen_trilemma In epistemology, the Münchhausen trilemma is a thought experiment used to demonstrate the impossibility of proving any truth, even in the ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

What is the meaning of “philosophical question” and “philosophical thought” [duplicate]

All I know is that Whenever we think or talk about a topic long enough, if our thinking or discussion is the least bit organized, we may become engaged in philosophy Stated in the book philosophy ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Logical Necessity

Logical necessity is that which is necessary by definition. Otherwise it is sometimes considered to be that which cannot possibly be false, or cannot be otherwise metaphysically. The usual example is ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

How do Thomists justify “same causes in the same circumstances produce always the same effects.” in light of Quantum Mechanics?

One of the Scholastic axioms says: 7.7 The same causes in the same circumstances produce always the same effects. How do Thomists justify that axiom when in Quantum Mechanics we see a different ...
1
vote
2answers
85 views

Calumnies on Aristotle's character

I've heard people allude to writings of some of Aristotle's students alleging bad character of Aristotle. I've not found the actual writings or any secondary literature on them. Can someone point me ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

What is the meaning of using a mathematical structure to describe physics?

I'm trying to understand the meaning of using a mathematical structure in order to do physics, what does this really mean? My idea is that first we performs experiments on a physical system in order ...
3
votes
3answers
119 views

Does falsifiability merely demarcate science from non-science, or does it actually say we should reject non-science?

I see from a quick read of the Wikipedia article that falsifiability is argued by some philosophers to be the defining criterion of science, setting it apart from non-science (there's lots of talk ...
0
votes
2answers
52 views

Another logic proof problem I'm stuck on :(

sigh stuck on another problem Premises P Conclusion (( ~(Q → R) → ~P) → (~R → ~Q)) I am allowed to use Modus Ponens, Modus Tollens, Hypothetical Syllogism, Simplification, Conjunctions, Addition, ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Name of fallacious reasoning about the reality of abstractions

There is a kind of reasoning that is often heard, where the irreality of some abstraction is inferred from the fact that entities that fall under it are not perfectly homogenous. (1) A lot of times ...
1
vote
3answers
65 views

Having trouble starting a proof

I am given the following premise: ( Q --> R ) and the following conclusion (( ~ Q --> ~ P ) --> ( P --> R )) I am allowed to use Modus Pollens, Modus Tollens, Hypothetical Syllogism, ...
0
votes
2answers
56 views

Fitch Question Please Help Me [closed]

I'm having trouble understanding writing out a proof. The proof I'm trying to work with is : [![enter image description here][1]][1] How do I reach this goal? Which rules do I use and with which ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Is marxist dialetic according to Aristotle classical logic?

Is a static binary logic compatible with one based on dynamic evolution by overcoming?
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Word for naming (complex, abstract) phenomena

Is there a word or a (catch) phrase for naming more or less complex, mostly abstract phenomena? An example for this is the naming of the phenomenon known as serendipity as "serendipity". Naming the ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Fitch Questions Please Help Me

I'm having trouble understanding writing out a proof. The proof I'm trying to work with is : How do I reach this goal? Which rules do I use and with which support steps to each rule (proofs to prove ...
2
votes
3answers
120 views

Why are non-logical predicates of 0-arity treated as logical variables?

In the "Non-logical symbols" section of Wikipedia, it states: A predicate symbol (or relation symbol) with some valence (or arity, number of arguments) greater than or equal to 0. These are ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

'Truth conditions cannot simultaneously serve as both a definition of truth and meaning of sentence' What does this mean?

I am reading Hintikka's article on logical consequence in Oxford handbook of Philosophy of math and logic, and he was talking about the meaings of logical constants, when the following excerpt ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Resource recommendations for cogent arguments against the MWI of quantum mechanics

I am looking for cogent, current arguments against the Many-Worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics, from a philosophical, rather than purely physical point of view. To be clear, I am interested ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Is knowledge possible without theory?

Knowledge in the "hard sciences" seems to depend entirely on attested facts upon which a theory is built, the goal of which is to imagine the most plausible none-attested facts (which are in truth no ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

Interpreting conditional statements

If we have the conditional statement: a -> b -> c Do we interpret it as "if a, then b, if b, then c" or "if a, then if b then c"? In other words, which of the arguments would be valid: 1) a -...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

What does Kant mean by the terms “objective” and “subjective”?

This shows up a lot on his "Groundworks to the Metaphysics of Morals", without a prior definition, such as in Everything in nature works according to laws. Rational beings alone have the faculty ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

What does it mean to have an “account” of something?

It seems like many of the papers I've read and the goal of many fields in Philosophy is to come up with an "account" for something. For example, one of the goals of Epistemology is to come up with an ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

The ethics of evolutionary custodianship

Firstly of note is that the closest genetic/evolutionary family of humans, namely the chimpanzee, also engages in an activity once thought to be uniquely human: namely warfare. And just to forestall ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

Do people tend to immorality like every Abrahamic religion told? [on hold]

In many sentences of the Quran and other Abrahamic religious books, we are told about many different people who were immoral (thieves, corruption, adultery, etc.) until prophets come and help them ...

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