All Questions

1
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2answers
93 views

Is Frank Herbert's view on 'equality' similar to Aristotle justice?

Herbert was not a philosopher, but a philosophically astute author that used futuristic fiction to comment on contemporary problems, "impossible to pin you down to neatly packaged ideas" according to ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Do humans have the comprehension of an ant regarding certain things?

The leading theory behind the anomaly that is human intelligence is that humans had the greatest diversity in selective pressures over the course of our evolutionary history which allowed only the ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Problem understanding a paragraph about the Enlightenment project

Could you explain the following sentences especially the last one? I have a problem understanding them: The Enlightenment project, writes David Harvey in The Condition of Postmodernity, 'took it as ...
3
votes
0answers
111 views

Is there a natural example of a non-self-referential semantic paradox in philosophy?

A commonly studied paradox is the liar's paradox. The liar's paradox is to determine whether "this statement is false". The usual resolution is to state this the sentence is not actually a statement ...
4
votes
2answers
152 views

Can an animal have qualia without self awareness?

Can an animal have qualia without self awareness? I understand that many animals are said to have qualia but not self awareness (perhaps not the great apes). In particular, I'm having a hard time ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

What are the best arguments for the defense of the “principle of motion”?

How would someone (I would love to hear how Aquinas and/or Aristotle would) defend the principle of motion (that is, whatever is changed is changed by another or only actual being can actualize ...
0
votes
2answers
90 views

Validity of a modal argument?

Would you say that the following argument is valid? And if not, why exactly? For all we know, A may be the state of B; What C does is determined by the state of B; Therefore, for all ...
4
votes
4answers
110 views

Does Reality change when theory change?

I was going to include a caveat to prove a premise: to show that truth has become more subjective and then proceeding from older to newer theories of truth, I would cite a survey showing how ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Does strong AI disprove physicalism?

This question is motivated by a comment to an answer I provided to another question about John Searle and the Chinese Room Argument: What relevance, if any, does collective memory in ants have to John ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Does Descartes explain or define how the sensation mechanism works?

Especially in Meditation 2, Descartes uses "sense", "sensation" many times when he argues for the mind-body distinction. But does he explain the sensation mechanism? I wonder this because it seems to ...
1
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1answer
63 views

What does Tarski mean when he says that truth is a property of sentences?

A fundamental statement of Tarski's Theory of Truth is that truth is a property of sentences. What does this statement mean? What kind of Truth is it referring to? What is the formal definition of '...
-1
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0answers
171 views

Counter-examples in modal logic

I’m getting stuck on counter-examples to formulas in modal logic. I’m now doing the exercises in Girle’s Modal logic and Philosophy, 3.4.1. Let’s take (a), since the answer to that one is given. The ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Is harming others always considered bad?

Do any philosophers either explicitly avoid condemning harm, or condone it, especially harming others, in their ethics? Why do humans consider causing bad to others as bad and represent it as bad act ...
2
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0answers
165 views

If Satan punishes bad people, doesn't that make him a good person? [closed]

In Christian theology, the devil is generally thought of as both being evil in himself AND as being the punisher of bad people. But isn't punishing bad people a good thing? And if so, wouldn't that ...
5
votes
3answers
130 views

Could reality be a projection of another reality?

I'm new to metaphysics. So, I apologize if this is an established question. I've been asking the question, could reality be a projection of another reality? In geometry, you can project a three ...
-1
votes
0answers
155 views

Integrated Information Theory - If correct could humans create artificial consciousness with spatially dynamic digital systems? [on hold]

First off please keep in mind I am self-learning and am learning about this for fun, I have no end goal. I'm trying to make predictions about what I am learning implies or means, so I can ask better ...
4
votes
2answers
71 views

What relevance, if any, does collective memory in ants have to John Searle's Chinese Room argument?

In his Chinese room argument, Searle dismisses the possibility that a system of separate agents can possess collective knowledge even if the individuals don't have it. Yet, it's possible that ant ...
1
vote
1answer
128 views

Finding desirabilities and probabilities in Jeffrey's Logic of Decision

I'm trying to solve problem 16 (Ch. 5) of Jeffrey's Logic of Decision. The problem says: Suppose that A and B are pairwise incompatible propositions, and suppose that the preference ranking is as ...
6
votes
2answers
337 views

Book on Meinong's theory of objects

Could anyone please recommend a book to begin to learn about Meinong's theory of objects and "Meinong's Jungle". I thought a good one might be "Meinong's Theory of Objects and Values" by Findlay (1963)...
1
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4answers
147 views

Where's Sophia along the “spectrum of consciousness”?

This is really more of a follow-up to all the recent (and not-so-recent) somewhat goofy (and maybe some not-so-goofy) ai-and-consciousness-type questions. In that vein, I serendipitously stumbled ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

If we had a hive mind, could we discover it?

Question prompted by @jobermark answer to my question: Are there many minds or is there only one? The idea that 'greater-that-the-sum-of-its-parts' minds (functional decision capable entities) exist ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

How to motivate a general AI to be curious and explore the world [closed]

I recently posted a similar question over on Stack Overflow but they just weren't having it, so I figured I'd bring it over here. I'm developing a model for a general AI based roughly on Douglas ...
1
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1answer
48 views

What are the differences between semi-compatibilism and compatibilism?

If it helps, by "compatibilism" I mean classical compatibilism
3
votes
1answer
57 views

Measurement units and metaphysical necessity

I understand Kripke as arguing (in Naming and Necessity) that "a meter" is a rigid designator - it designates the same length in all possible worlds (on the other hand "the standard stick is a meter ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Is alienation (Heideggerian) related to assimilation and accommodation?

According to this paper: Dasein experiences being-in-the-world and thrown-ness with the disclosure of this state through moods such as angst and boredom, in which Dasein experiences a sense of ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

What fallacy is this?

I am curious about what fallacy the following kind of reasoning represents. Let's say we are questioning if something is true. I would argue that in order for us to question if something is true we ...
2
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0answers
47 views

Grounding without fundamental relations

Philosophers from Leibniz to John Heil have proposed the reduction/elimination of relations to non-relational features of their relata; essentially, they seek to formulate an ontology which does not ...
5
votes
1answer
48 views

Aesthetically judging without concepts?

In the Second Moment of the Critique of Judgement, Kant writes about how the universality of the judgment of beauty is without concepts. I understand what he is doing here, but keep wondering whether ...
2
votes
2answers
120 views

Lack of meaning in life [closed]

Most of people probably associate depression only with sadness, but it is a big mistake, because often there is huge drowsiness, apathy, indifference, constant physical fatigue, derealization, ...
2
votes
3answers
133 views

Are there many minds or is there only one?

"If a lion could speak, we cannot understand it" - Ludwig Wittgenstein Machines vs Chaos of Human Language Mathematical Consensus Is a proof still valid if only the author understands it? ...
2
votes
3answers
497 views

Two Solutions to the Problem of Death

Many people have long been plagued with the fear of their eventual demise. But suppose in the future two possible solutions to the problem may be developed. The first solution is a pill that if taken,...
1
vote
3answers
71 views

What kind of fallacy is this (resembles false cause)?

An African leader dispatches troops to the border of a neighboring country. A critic who happens to be a white U.S. citizen says, "That man's a militaristic bully!" One of the African leaders' ...
1
vote
2answers
197 views

Are there counter-examples to this broad characterization of mathematics?

Mathematics can be broadly characterized as the study of non-trivial apriori symbolically displayed axiomatic systems. Or more elaborately the study of non trivial apriori implicit or explicit ...
1
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0answers
49 views

On the nature of reality from different scientific views [closed]

I apologize from many imprecisions that you will find both in the grammatic and in the ideas. Close your eyes and then reopen them. So: how does the universe, the experience, emerge? Then, we can ...
1
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1answer
40 views

What is the name of this logical fallacy

What is the name of the fallacy: "If you buy XXX, which is expensive, then you would also buy YYY, because if you spent so much on XXX then you would spend as much on YYY." The fallacy implies that ...
2
votes
5answers
148 views

Would it be morally wrong for an AI to intentionally harm “inferior” and “irrational” humans?

Suppose in the future we develop super intelligent AI beings, which in addition to their superior intelligence, also posses superior powers of rationality, emotional capacity, and free will. Now ...
-1
votes
1answer
36 views

Human science and contasting perspectives

In my lecture notes on introduction to philosophy, my professor asked us some questions in class last semester, and I was so confused even till now. So I want to hear some perspectives in this forum ...
8
votes
1answer
79 views

What is the difference between depth and surface information?

I was looking for an answer to this question: Was Euclid's method of proof axiomatic? While doing so I ran across an abstract of Jaakko Hintikka for an article "What is the axiomatic method?" ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

On that p does not imply necessarily p

Am I right to assume that in no modal logic, whether in K or in a logic where the accessibility relation is specified as either reflexive, symmetrical or transitive, does ”p implies necessarily p” ...
-1
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0answers
20 views

Question about the 'methodology' of metaethics (in relation to the open-question argument)

I have started reading Alexander Miller's "An Introduction to Contemporary Metaethics". The second chapter deals with Moore's the Open-Question argument against naturalism and various reformulations ...
2
votes
7answers
82 views

How comes AI is expected to be ethical?

To question ethics of people doing science is completely legitimate to me. So, there can be ethically questionable things you research like bio-weapons or experiments on animals. Also for sure while ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Is there no basis for differentiating a personal from a historical narrative?

Is there no basis for differentiating a personal from a historical narrative? My narrative is a mess, so I'd like to get to grips with the question, ideally as it links to literature. Who in ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Descartes on Llull's logic

I recall from readng long ago that Descartes described Llull's logic as something that would allow one to speak on many subjects without knowing any of them That quote from Bonner, Art and logic ...
1
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0answers
52 views

Is this short summary of phenomenology accurate?

"Classical, pure phenomenology aims to comprehend “those structures of experience and understanding that permit different types of beings to show themselves as what they are.” It does this by ...
2
votes
2answers
51 views

How to get the refutation of (OP ⊃ OQ) ∴ O(P ⊃ Q) in Deontic Logic

In Deontic Logic, one could easily infer "If it is obligatory that P, then it is Obligatory that Q", from "It is obligatory that if P then Q" O(P ⊃ Q) ∴ (OP ⊃ OQ) Where the ⊃ is an implication (...
-1
votes
0answers
35 views

Cause and Effect relation to Butterflyeffect

While thinking about the Butterflyeffect I came across some Questions. First I want to mention that I want to exclude the general layer concerning determinism and indeterminism. I therefore want to ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

Name of Principle Giving Precedence to a More General Hypothesis

As far as I know, there is a principle that gives precedence to a theory that is more general than a more specific one, i.e the more general one is more acceptable. What is the name of that principle?
1
vote
3answers
81 views

Can art be honest?

I was watching an episode of "Penny Dreadful" (ep.04 of season 1, here's the YouTube link for the scene in question: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vxp21dbnRnA). In this episode, Dorian Gray (the one ...
2
votes
2answers
121 views

Is there a special language for expressing subjective idealism?

Subjective idealism is the monistic metaphysical doctrine that only minds and mental contents exist. It entails and is generally identified or associated with immaterialism, the doctrine that material ...
3
votes
4answers
122 views

Why does Descartes think that we know our mind better than we know our body?

According to Descartes we know our own mind better than we know bodies. Why does he think so? How can this view be criticized?

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