All Questions

4
votes
4answers
305 views

Is meaning distinct from language?

Many theories of speech describe speech acts as being phenomena with both a sign and signified aspect. ( http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/meaning/ etc.) In another perspective, which is exemplified ...
0
votes
1answer
223 views

The Ontological Status of Chance [closed]

An occurrence such as bumping into a friend at a bus terminal bring to fore the role of Chance in the happenings of events. In this example, would Chance be exhaustively identified as the cause of the ...
1
vote
2answers
235 views

Must the present be instantaneous in a non-deterministic universe?

The special relativity theory teaches us that simultaneity is relative to the motion of our reference frame. This seems to contradict the intuitive notion of the present to be instantaneous. Some ...
6
votes
1answer
294 views

Does Bergson view symbols negatively or only as a secondary source of knowledge?

In the Introduction to Metaphysics, metaphysics is defined as "that science which claims to dispense with symbols." Bergson contends that the human mind operates discursively, or by taking snapshots ...
1
vote
2answers
403 views

To what extent did belief in monotheism play a role in the development of modern probability theory?

The most appropriate statement of monotheism is surely the Shema which, as is widely known, is highly related to the Abrahamic faiths. In Chapter 1 of the book "against the gods: the remarkable story ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

What area of philosophy deals with that which is outside of the normal (physical) reality (i.e. the “paranormal”)?

I know that several different philosophy currents touch the subject of what we are as humans, what does it mean to be alive, and if we are something transcendent to the mere bodily representation that ...
14
votes
3answers
352 views

What are the present views on genetic selection and modification of humans?

A medical ethicist recently proposed that selecting (and possibly engineering) certain traits into our children is not just morally permissible but desirable: Professor Julian Savulescu said that ...
3
votes
2answers
274 views

Can we say that no matter what philosophy a person holds, it must break down sometimes, because human must hold double standards?

Can we say that no matter what philosophy a person holds, ultimately, all humans use double standards to live? The reason is: all continuously living human beings, will prefer to eat other living ...
4
votes
6answers
4k views

Is it possible for something PERFECT to be created by humans?

Once in high school, a philosophy professor asked us the following question, as homework: Is it possible for something perfect to be created by humans? We were to discuss this question in the next ...
11
votes
1answer
917 views

If eating in vitro animal meat is morally acceptable to vegetarians, does it follow that eating in vitro Human flesh is morally acceptable?

Several research groups around the world are attempting to perfect techniques for growing animal flesh for human consumption, without requiring the killing of a complete intelligent organism. This is ...
4
votes
5answers
1k views

Does a moral act have to be necessarily beautiful?

Kant argues in his Third Critique (sec. 59) that moral uprightness and decency brings us pleasure as in a reflective, judgment of taste: Now I say that the beautiful is the symbol of the morally ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

What responses have there been to Popper's idea of theory-laden observation?

One of the most appealing parts of Karl Popper's philosophy for me is the idea of theory-laden observation. To provide an unjust summary: whenever you are making an observation-statement to question ...
2
votes
0answers
164 views

How are we to interpret the logos with God in the beginning? [closed]

We've all heard of the Gospel of John and "In the beginning was the logos and the logos was with God." Many commentators and scholars have etymologically traced the term back to the notion of Word or ...
12
votes
2answers
278 views

How does language alter our experience of the world?

I was thinking — if we didn't have words our experiences would be different somehow. It seems to me that perhaps words are limiting our experiences because as soon as we relate an experience to a ...
18
votes
5answers
766 views

Do any philosophers disagree with Occam's razor?

I never bought into the razor. For example, if I have two hypotheses A and B with equal evidence, the razor would have me pick the simpler one. But personally in my mind, I create a sort of credence-...
7
votes
1answer
729 views

Why did Heidegger (postmodernism) ignore Schelling's later thought?

F.W.J. Schelling (1775-1854) seems to be a seriously overlooked figure of modern philosophy: is there a good reason (beyond the merely historical) for his diminished relative importance compared, for ...
0
votes
2answers
696 views

Is there a name for the philosophy of increasing happiness more than reducing it is the only moral good?

I recently answered this question on the ethical duty to help educate others, where I wrote: I feel like if a person increases "happiness" more in his life then he decreases the "happiness" then ...
7
votes
3answers
311 views

Can we justify anything without resorting to 'a priori' truths?

Without a clear answer to the infinite regress problem, can we justify anything without resorting to 'a priori' truths? And if not, how is there a reliable standard for testing the validity of a ...
10
votes
15answers
3k views

If I upload my brain into a computer is it still me?

I think the answer is yes but I know a lot of people disagree. So, I would like to ask these people when exactly does it stop being me. Let's say I want to upload my brain into a computer using the ...
1
vote
3answers
203 views

What is the role of representation in medieval vs modern epistemologies?

What is the difference in the role and in the notion that representation had in the middle age epistemologies vs the modern ones?
0
votes
1answer
203 views

Which schools of ethics claim one has a duty to educate the uneducated?

Background: I am taking a philosophy of ethics class at a local college for the summer and my teacher brought up this prompt for discussion. The class discussion came down to the question if we have a ...
2
votes
2answers
450 views

Can the Universe be deterministic and still allow free will? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the difference between free-will and randomness and or non-determinism? Is free will reconcilable with a purely physical world? As asked in the title, can a Universe ...
4
votes
1answer
249 views

Cosmological truth and the theory of cosmic epochs

According to Whitehead’s theory of cosmic epochs and extensive continuum, there are material conditions that drive the more general metaphysical descriptions and principles. We only can account for ...
1
vote
4answers
4k views

What is a hybrid in Bruno Latour's theory?

I'm reading Latour's book We have never been modern, but I can't imagine a single example of a hybrid thing. Can you name one?
1
vote
2answers
121 views

Does the Weak Anthropic Principle make certain assumptions about the nature of sentient biological organisms?

There are various forms of the Anthropic Principle, and the Weak Anthropic Principle in the version stated by Barrow and Tipler roughly says that the observed values of the physical and cosmological ...
3
votes
1answer
200 views

“Avoid irreversible acts!” - where does this statement about morals come from?

In the novel (I think, could be another in the trilogy) "Beetle in the Anthill" one of the protagonists states that it is wrong to do acts that are irreversible, in the context of a grand decision ...
16
votes
1answer
11k views

How valid is Nietzsche's critique of Buddhism?

According to a paper titled Nietzsche's Reception of Buddhist Psychology With Constant Reference to Christianity by McDonald (2012), given at a conference in Copenhagen, Nietzsche's work contains 158 ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Was Hobbes a natural law theorist?

I would like to hear some opinions on a question I am asking myself due to contradictions in the references of my term paper. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy article on "The Natural Law ...
8
votes
7answers
9k views

If the universe is infinite, shouldn't I already have been contacted by a time and space travelling doppelgänger?

If the universe is infinite, by virtue of chance it means that every possible configuration of matter must exist somewhere (according to this documentary). Therefore, if the universe is infinite and ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

How could maxims become universal laws? (What does Kant's Categorical Imperative mean?)

This states 'act only in accordance with that maxim through which you can at the same time will that it become a universal law'. How can I will a maxim to become a universal law, surely that kind of ...
3
votes
3answers
254 views

Can mental experiences exist unperceived?

I have noticed recently that my mental experiences seem to posses the appearance of temporal continuity even when I cease to be aware of them. For example, if I'm running through a song in my head, I ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How philosophy defines “intention”?

I'd like to know all of the definitions of intention in philosophy. Where can I find them? I've found just this article which I couldn't understand much of it. P.S. Cause I'm a computer science ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Do you agree with Hegel's assertion: 'quantity changes lead to quality changes'? [closed]

Material things change every second (through natural (atomic) "decay"). However. things in the mind seem to not change at all. For example, 1+1=2 never varies. What is the difference between '...
2
votes
6answers
1k views

Is Buddhism a religion or philosophy?

I am planning to live with Buddhist monks. But I am hesitant. I am not sure whether I shall be able to live with them without leaving my current religion. I think, if Buddhism is a religion, I am ...
3
votes
3answers
919 views

Are our desires driven by destiny?

Could there be a possibility that everyone has a destiny pre-written and their desires are just driven by that destiny? And the concept of free will is just a blindfold with limited options. No ...
2
votes
1answer
296 views

Does Nietzsche make distinctions between men and women regarding human duties?

If Nietzsche is writing about humans, is he really writing about men or doesn't he make the distinction? The way I came up with the question is complicated, but specifically I was thinking about the ...
9
votes
3answers
838 views

Are there any resources for teaching young children philosophy and logic?

My oldest child is nearly six years old and will be starting his first level of formal schooling in a few weeks. I don't believe he will be taught philosophy and logic in the classroom, so I would ...
17
votes
5answers
2k views

Why should almost extinct animals be protected from going extinct?

The feeling that it's "sad" if a species dies out seems to be coming from an aesthetic point of view how the world should be. But is there a rationality behind it? The only rational reason I was ...
7
votes
2answers
273 views

Can the self exist instantaneously/without time?

Certainly your past experiences will affect how you perceive the world, process events, think about things, and behave but do you think the high level thinking required for the conception of self ...
0
votes
0answers
90 views

Murderer at the Door Moral Duty [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What would Kant do when two categorical imperatives conflict? Could he ever justify lying? I have read about Kantian ethics, and want to make sure I understand the categorical ...
14
votes
5answers
2k views

Does a Background in Mathematics Make One a Better Philosopher?

I was a Philosophy major as an undergrad and became obsessed with the beauty of rigorous argumentation. There I didn't take a single class listed under the Mathematics department and was almost ...
10
votes
2answers
4k views

Is there a difference between the concepts of reality and existence in Aristotle's philosophy?

I'm reading a book on the history of philosophy and the author makes use of the word real-reality-really in such a way that is a bit confusing for me. For example: Aristotle's knowledge theory ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Contemporary philosophers similar to Schopenhauer

Who are the contemporary -not necessarily living- philosophers whose view of the world is similar to Schopenhauer's?
2
votes
1answer
930 views

Relativism and 'I think, therefore I am'

I'm no philosopher and haven't extensively read or studied any philosophers. I've recently been reading up a little on relativism and what it means and I'm a little confused about to what it is ...
6
votes
1answer
414 views

Aristotelian logic vs. propositional logic and other controversies in philosophical logic

As we all know until late XIX century, only offical logic was the Aristotelian logic. Also it's known fact that many scholars were aware of existance of propositional logic and disregarded it ex ...
3
votes
5answers
727 views

Validation of Enlightenment in Buddhism

What standards are used to evaluate and validate the potential enlightenment one may have achieved in Buddhism? Do these vary between Theravada and Mahayana traditions, or vary in even more ...
4
votes
2answers
442 views

Is there an utilitarian stance on top-down utility maximization?

Frequently, utilitarian ethics are presented from the point of view of individual decision-making, that is, the maximization of the "pleasure less suffering" function which underlyies rational choice ...
0
votes
1answer
326 views

Epicurus: the greatest thinker of all time? [closed]

I have read somewhere that Epicurus introduced (English author, I can provide the full details), among others: A moral code of values of integrity, serenity and peaceful acceptance to life Acceptance ...
2
votes
2answers
648 views

Do animals deserve rights? [closed]

I've been thinking about this lately and I cannot come to a consistent conclusion. Do animals deserve any rights? If so which rights and to which animals? For example: testing medicine on chimps ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the difference between propositional and acquaintance knowledge?

What is the difference between propositional and acquaintance knowledge? It seems that acquaintance knowledge deals with sets of propositional knowledge - both known and unknown sets of propositional ...

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