All Questions

2
votes
1answer
79 views

What direction does Ayn Rand's Objectivism give for making a decision that would benefit me slightly while damaging another greatly?

This question along with the scenario I give below may seem judgmental, but that isn’t the intent. I’m just trying to get a better handle on Rand’s sense of ethics. I’m looking at #3 in a list found ...
-5
votes
1answer
70 views

Why do peeps pursue reputation? [closed]

We have been told many times by many wise people (and in few ancient languages) to think of reputation as immaterial yet one sees characters wildly pursuing badges, titles, and funny hats. Why? ...
-1
votes
0answers
62 views

Where does free will come from? [on hold]

Assuming a free-willist perspective, Where does free will come from? Some possibilities(in the form of questions) and my opinions on them: is it intrinsic to any conceivable idea, only physical ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

Constant conjunction of events and probability

Hume argued that it's impossible to say that event A causes event B. For all we know, everytime event B is directly followed by event A, we could be witnessing the "constant conjunction of events." ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Can we be free toward death but hold ourselves responsible to more than just our own possibilities?

The background to this question is just that someone was trying to convince me that authenticity is a freedom to be anything we can, a fascist, a communist, whichever, as long as we have been ...
4
votes
0answers
76 views

Has anyone used Aristotle's philosophy to study social media?

It is my understanding that Aristotle believed one shouldn't work too many hours in the day (I am currently having a hard time finding any references on this, sorry). He (or maybe this was just the ...
8
votes
1answer
71 views

Kant and the ornament

I am getting somewhat confused about Kant's stance about ornaments. In the Critique of Judgement, Kant seems to make a strict distinction between parergon (the add-ons to say cruely) and ergon (the ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Is there overlap between semantics and syntax in the mind?

Please don't give me the Wikipedia or dictionary explanations, we're looking at mutual influence. In computer science the primitive expression of syntax would be as the format for instructions to the ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Mach and Norton thought experiments in science

Both Mach and Norton hold empiricist views on the notions of the role of thought experiments. Could someone please explain the difference? Have done some reading but it’s not totally clear.
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Do you know any Medieval philosophers, who have writings on the problem of anomie?

I know that the usage of the term declined in the Middle ages, but I was wondering, whether someone discussed this problem, perhaps referring to it as normlessness.
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Can science account for consciousness

Looking at the mind and body it can presumably all be accounted for with physics and chemistry each activity happening purely as a result of the previous state just like as machine works (making free ...
2
votes
2answers
139 views

Distinguishing between procedure-like and collection-like mathematical objects

Is it useful/productive to draw a distinction between "active" things with "computational force" (procedure-like) and "passive" things without such force (collection-like)? Does this distinction have ...
3
votes
2answers
166 views

How could an eternal God know that He is eternal? [closed]

In most religions, God is described as "eternal." In particular, in Christianity, God promises eternal life, a promise that seems to require His own eternity. But how does He know that He is eternal ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Why/when would discrimination of people who do less, try less and pursue a path of “easiness” be wrong?

Why/when would discrimination of people who do less, try less and pursue a path of "easiness" be wrong? Since if we accept their attitude, then that would mean that we in some respect regard it "...
2
votes
2answers
79 views

Marxism - primary contradiction of capitalism

After writing a long post, i decided to keep only the summary : I understand that in the marxist framework a mode of production is constituted by : the relations of production the productive forces ...
4
votes
2answers
98 views

Do you need to know what philosophy is to study it?

Do you need to know what philosophy is to study it? The question was prompted by one about literature, but I'll ask here. Poets tell me that you need to know what post-modernism and modernism are to ...
-1
votes
0answers
24 views

Marx - Capital - The two-fold Character of the Labour Embodied in Commodities

From reading Capital and A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy I understand this "two-fold Character of the Labour Embodied in Commodities" as the roughly following : the labour that ...
-1
votes
0answers
35 views

Can we abandon the concept of evil as useless and lacking in explanatory power?

According to Stanford Encyclopedia, the concept of evil can be discarded.But without the presence of evil, how the good can be defined by itself? https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/concept-evil/
0
votes
1answer
104 views

Is having a “type” ethical?

Some people have a particular “type”, a person with particular physical aspects that they look for in a partner. What ethical frameworks can be used to evaluate this phenomena? Do those frameworks ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

General solutions to the generality problem

The generality problem is determining when to count individuals as part of a group. It crops up in many places. In Epistemology, Reliabilism has a difficult time describing how general processes are. ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Popper and Platonism

Regarding thought experiments in science, James Robert Brown believes that thought experiments can provide knowledge of the laws of nature or the real world based on intuitive thinking (and not ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Are there logicians who argue that knowing and believing are NOT amenable to formal study via modal logics?

Vincent Hendricks and John Symons notes the following about epistemic logic: Epistemic logic gets its start with the recognition that expressions like ‘knows that’ or ‘believes that’ have ...
2
votes
3answers
270 views

Interpretation and symbolic notations of operations in mathematics

As we know a mathematical operation is a function. And a function is a special type of relation. Ultimately a relation is a set of ordered pairs. For example, what is addition of natural numbers? At ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

What difference is there between scientifically testable premises and personal biases that are tested? [on hold]

What difference is there between scientifically testable premises and personal biases that are tested? That's, when is it possible to do scientific probing that is not somehow subjectively-oriented? ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

A universal game

In this question by "metagame" I mean a game which functions to create the rules of a sub-game. Is there a universal metagame that would allow to create any game (including itself). Such game would ...
1
vote
2answers
50 views

What's the fallacy of relevance here?

To know absolutely that there is no God one must have infinite knowledge. But to have infinite knowledge one would have to be God. it is impossible to be God and an atheist at the same time. Atheists ...
4
votes
2answers
69 views

What should be understood by 'being' in the context of ontology?

I am trying to understand some very basic concepts in ontology and can't figure out if being is used as a noun or a verb. Sometimes it seems some authors use being to refer to (1) that which is, which ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

What is the minimum statement of faith?

Taking 'faith' to mean: an effective trust or acceptance of the veracity of certain statements of fact, or the truth of existential claims. I.e. the kind of faith/beliefs that are cardinal to the ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

What does Aquinas mean when he refers to things being “identical numerically” or “specifically identical” with things?

In his discussion on the simplicity of God in Summa Theologica, Thomas Aquinas considers the question of "whether God enters into the composition of other things": Objection 1: It seems that God ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

What does this line from “A Happy Death” by Camus mean? [closed]

Here is a set of lines from the book 'A Happy Death ' by 'Albert Camus' : 'In the past, whenever Mersault had spent any time with one woman, he made the first gestures of commitment, he was conscious ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Common name of “overgeneralization” logical fallacy

There is a fallacy (I believe) that I see committed often that goes something like this (super contrived example): X does not care if Joe stole Bob's car. X doesn't even know Joe or Bob. Y states ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Going from ◊(∃x)◻Fx and ◻(∀x)(Fx --> E!x) to ◊(∃x)◻(Fx & E!x)

Is it a valid inference (in, say, any quantified modal logic S5 system) to go from ◊(∃x)◻Fx and ◻(∀x)(Fx --> E!x) to ◊(∃x)◻(Fx & E!x)? (E!x is the existence predicate, by the way.)
-2
votes
2answers
73 views

How to prove : P v ( P → Q ) by Natural Deduction

Another of Tomassi's exercises I can't solve (Logic, page 109, Revision exercise III, 9) : P v ( P → Q ) I have to use natural deduction and the only rules I know are: • assumptions, • modus ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Do necessary ought nots follow from impossible oughts?

I'm reading about Hume's is-ought gap and how oughts can't follow from is's. My question is if there are impossible oughts and if these impossible oughts create necessary ought nots. Example: "you ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Does Langan think syntax is meaning free isomorphic structures?

Refer: Christopher Langan, "An Introduction to Mathematical Metaphysics", Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy, vol. 13, no. 2, 2017 Accepting syntax is that part or ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Making a computer simulation therefore being in a computer simulation?

Suppose we were to make a perfect computer simulation of our own world (granted, the Heisenberg uncertainty principle prevents this so consider it to be mostly, and not exactly, like our world). The ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Is Foucault's analysis of history opposed to absurdism?

Sisyphus, just like the absurd man, keeps pushing. Camus claims that when Sisyphus acknowledges the futility of his task and the certainty of his fate, he is freed to realize the absurdity of his ...
4
votes
2answers
106 views

Realism vs Antirealism…why does it matter?

I have a foundational knowledge of philosophy but Ive never managed to understand the basics of realism vs antirealism debates and why it matters. Ive read that there are ontological, epistemic, ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

In what way was Nietzsche anti-relativist and anti universalist?

Just trying to wrap my head round this very basic question. Relativism holds that moral claims contain an essential indexical element, such that the truth of any such claim requires ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

Does the pessimistic meta-induction say that best scientific theories may be untrue, or merely not true about reality?

Does the pessimistic meta-induction say that best scientific theories may be untrue, or merely not true about a mind independent reality? Might examples from the history of science of past refuted ...
6
votes
3answers
118 views

How can the credibility of dietary recommendations of medical sciences and EBM be upheld in light of a history of radical changes of its claims?

I know the typical argument is that science is a work in progress and is constantly self-improving. However, self-improvement demands some continuity in claims. For example, relativistic physics was ...
0
votes
3answers
57 views

The powerful will always exploit the weak! [closed]

"The powerful will always exploit the weak no matter how backward or advanced a society is." I mean this is the law of nature which apply not only to humans but to every living creature. Dogs always ...
-1
votes
0answers
23 views

Is an inductive premise an empirical premise?

Is an inductive premise an empirical premise? In developing the principle of equivalence, after seeing that bodies would free fall inertially in a box in space free of gravitation (just as it would ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

What did Mersault mean?

In the book "A happy Death" by "Albert Camus" , what did Mersault mean when he said, 'When I look at my life and its secret colors, I feel like bursting into tears' ?
-1
votes
0answers
43 views

Can some explain this quote from Fromm with an analogy?

I'm having a hard time figuring this out, but what would be an apt anecdote or fictional story that fully explains this quote - A person who has not been completely alienated, who has remained ...
0
votes
2answers
53 views

Privacy in the modern context [closed]

In Roman times, 'privacy' had more to do with one’s “private” domain where one is the master of one’s own house rather than the sense we have today where the emphasis is more on one’s private thoughts,...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

What's the difference between XY=F and XY=0 in Jeffrey's Logic of Decision?

I'm stuck solving problem 14 in Chapter 5 of Jeffrey's Logic of Decision. The first part of the problem says: Show that in presence of prob is nonnegative (prob X≥0) and prob is normalized (T=1)...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Does it make sense to say that change is just what is changing?

Does it make sense to say that change is just what is changing? If so, which philosopher or philosophers have claimed it? If no-one goes as far as to say so, then what could change be in addition to ...
3
votes
3answers
173 views

Is Benatar's “asymmetry of pleasure and pain” wrong?

I’ve some doubts regarding the epistyle of David Benatar's thought, the “asymmetry of pleasure and pain”. In Better Never to Have Been: The Harm of Coming into Existence he writes that: Both good ...
2
votes
0answers
87 views

Why did Nietzsche say he would not live his life again?

Why did Nietzsche say he would not live his life again? Kaufman Gay Science p. 19 introduction... “Nietzsche in ... one of his notes... “I do not want life again. How did I endure it? ...

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