All Questions

1
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3answers
123 views

Where does a soul (aatma) lie in our body?

Like does it lie in our apparent heart, not the physical heart, like the place were we feel emotions? I am not able to understand it. They say soul never dies. It is inside us and self-realisation is ...
4
votes
1answer
51 views

Help with logical fallacy

There’s a fallacy presented when someone makes the argument that more of A on some continuum is bad(good) but rejects the idea that less of A is good(bad) thus reducing to either the current status is ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Is there an aspect of the person that is outside time and or size? Does anyone argue that to defeat nihilism?

Is there an aspect of the person that is outside time or scale? Does anyone argue that to defeat nihilism, and does that come up in discussing value nihilism? I just think that anyone who claims that ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

When Russell refers to “the morality of slaves” in In Praise of Idleness is he referencing Nietzsche?

In Praise of Idleness features the line "The morality of work is the morality of slaves, and the modern world has no need of slavery." It also later references "the morality of the Slave State". Is ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

trouble with rules of inference practice problems [closed]

Prove the following symbolized arguments applying the appropriate rules of inference: 1) P ∨ Q = M ⊃ ¬ Q M =conjunction Therefore P 2) (P V Q) ∧ ¬ Q P ⊃ R =...
1
vote
4answers
103 views

What is the point of acquiring knowledge when time would take it away soon enough?

After spending hours and hours of researching on different aspects of philosophy, not to mention the effort, here is my question: What is the point of acquiring knowledge when time would take it ...
2
votes
4answers
179 views

How can Determinism be true in light of the Free Will Theorem

The Free Will Theorem states: Given the axioms, if the two experimenters in question are free to make choices about what measurements to take, then the results of the measurements cannot be ...
-1
votes
3answers
165 views

Nominalistically Finding Radioactive Half-Life?

In Science Without Numbers by Hartry Field he talks about stating things nominalistically. What seemed obvious to me is "How would you find radioactive half-life without math?". I looked all around ...
3
votes
2answers
141 views

Does the history of our concept of reality, tell us something about Reality?

Whether looking at a human maturing or the progress of civilization, the idea about what Reality is, keeps on changing. And mostly it changes toward the more complex, more elusive, more difficult to ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Does Kant’s argument against idealism refute Cartesian epistemology?

While Kant arguably manages to show in section 65 of the Critique of Pure Reason (“Refutation of Idealism”) that the concept of a self existing through time cannot be reconciled with skepticism of the ...
7
votes
1answer
69 views

Frege: Truth as an expression of assertoric force

I am writing an essay on Frege's redundancy theory of truth. As far as I have read, his theory is that the word 'true' does not add anything to the thought of a sentence in which it appears, however, ...
6
votes
11answers
7k views

Where is the fallacy here?

Where is the fallacy here: whatever is natural is not unnatural whatever is unnatural is not natural the phenomenon of cats being born into this world is natural the phenomenon of rabbits being born ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Is there a traditional concept for virtues that inform our ideas of what we can know?

Is there a traditional (singular and delimited) concept for virtues that inform our ideas of what we can and can't know, virtues that mean that their bearers show prudence (I can't know I'll roll a ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

Imagination versus reality [closed]

How can I know of something that happened billions of years ago if I cannot even recall what happened just a day before I was born? Just wondering.
2
votes
0answers
19 views

For Kant, why is the Cogito an analytical proposition?

Could someone please explain to me why is that Kant thinks of the Cogito as an analytical proposition? Is it only because the predicate of the Cogito is already presumed in the concept of an thinking ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

If scientists proved that there is life after death, would you rather die than remain alive? [closed]

If scientists proved that there is life after death, would most people rather die than remain alive?
2
votes
2answers
98 views

Can I define morality as “maximizing pleasure/happiness”? Why yes or why not?

I heard in this video https://youtu.be/ebuve4INdAU?list=WL&t=699 that it is difficult to define morality as maximizing happiness for the maximum number of people. I also read about the open-...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Is there a fallacy

I want to know if there is a fallacy in this type of conversation. CA=Country A and  HRA=Human Right Association Example: CA: it is now gonna be forbidden in CA for feminist to express their ...
1
vote
2answers
95 views

Can math be done without syllogisms? [closed]

Question seems self explanatory. Is there anything in mathematics that can be stated to be true without using a logical syllogism? Had a discussion with somebody about this recently. Sorry if this is ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Propositional logic problem

My question is how should I use propositional logic rules for → and ↔ (although other rules may be required) to prove the following: A → B, B → C ⊢ (AvB) → C A ↔ B ⊢ ¬A ↔ ¬B Please use the ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

Cyclical Argument in Plato's Phaedo

Can anybody tell me in simple words the major objections to the Cyclical Argument in Plato's Phaedo ?
2
votes
0answers
92 views

Why don't two equivalent propositions contribute to the same semantics?

We often have 2 propositions that have the same truth table, in that they are true and false given the same conditions. Nevertheless, we still feel as though there different semantics (i.e meaning..),...
5
votes
1answer
119 views

Inferring from (∃x)Fx to (∃x)(∃x)Fx using existential generalization?

I was introduced to EG as follows (for some name 'a'): One can infer from Fa to (∃x)Fx. But today within a proof my professor posted he used EG to infer from (∃x)Fx to (∃x)(∃x)Fx. I'm not sure how ...
4
votes
3answers
173 views

Morality of infanticide

The Spartans had a tradition of discarding infants that were physically weak or deformed. When I was younger, I thought this practice is cruel and absolutely immoral. But nowadays I'm not so sure. In ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Was there any valid criticism of Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit?

I only saw criticisms levied against him from people who have never read the book, so I was wondering if there was any valid criticism levied against the ideas from the book. Arthur Schopenhauer ...
-1
votes
0answers
67 views

The Curry-Howard correspondence & Classical Logic

The Curry-Howard correspondence is supposed to show that a computer programme is effectively equivalent to a formal logical proof. However, I would expect that the correspondence is really between a ...
8
votes
1answer
386 views

If turtles see everything, and nothing seen can see, does it follow that non-turtles exist?

Consider the following argument: Turtles see everything. Seeing is asymmetric (for the sake of argument). Therefore, something is not a turtle. I have problems symbolizing these statements. My ...
5
votes
3answers
222 views

Is symmetry real?

Ask almost anyone, and they'll hold up their hands, put them together and say "there you go!" Except, your hands aren't really symmetrical. In fact every "symmetry" I can think of suffers from this '...
5
votes
1answer
184 views

How does philosophy not fall into the confirmation bias?

Daoism and Buddhism in Eastern philosophies emphasize adaptation and flexibility, and critique rationality. They have different frameworks to understand the same phenomenon, and different goals for ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

What Latin phrase did Descartes use to denote his Cartesian demon

I'm referring to the "evil demon", "malicious demon", "evil genius", etc, depending on translation. I'm looking for the original latin phrase.
0
votes
1answer
29 views

What can did Pythagoras mean by Power and Necessity?

The "Golden Verses" write that "Power is a near neighbour to necessity." Does anyone have an idea about what could that mean?
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Is unhappiness a principle of utility for any moral philosopher?

G. E. M. Anscombe criticizes the following happiness principle of utility in Modern Moral Philosophy as an adequate judgement for moral behavior (midway, page 7 of the link): "The greatest ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

What is the relationship between knowledge and light that Plato presents in the Cave Allegory in Book Seven of his Republic?

I think: Light represents truth in the allegory. The prisoners only see shadows that are cast by light but are never able to see the source of that light. How about you?
2
votes
1answer
73 views

How to prove or disprove validity of ◻◻p → ◻p in the frame (Q,<) of the rational numbers with the usual less-than ordering?

I was wondering if someone can perhaps help with this proving. I am not sure how to handle a temporal frame that is not a set of only natural numbers. Any suggestions? Thank you.
3
votes
1answer
45 views

Does the adjective “physical” apply only to worlds that obey the laws of physics? [duplicate]

Note: My question assumes a conceptual distinction between minds and the external world, regardless of whether they're actually two different kinds of substances. There seems to be widespread ...
4
votes
1answer
279 views

What is the relevance of applicability to the natural sciences in pure mathematics?

I think I am coming to a good, new understanding of the relationship of pure mathematics to the natural sciences. A major concern of mine is just how reliable is rigorous (characteristically "pure") ...
2
votes
2answers
119 views

Is beauty a property?

If beauty is not a property, because it is subjective, then why is the color red a property? Seeing a color is subjective, not only it is subjective, but we cannot confirm we see the same color, and ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

What does Aristotle mean by this text?

Poetry in general can be seen to owe its existence to two causes, and these are rooted in nature. First, there is man's natural propensity, from childhood onwards, to engage in mimetic activity (and ...
1
vote
6answers
129 views

Can a theory that is now wrong be right in the future?

For example we take as granted that energy is conserved (Energy conservation Principle). Imagine someone “build” a theory where the energy conservation doesnt apply. Scientific community should reject ...
0
votes
2answers
112 views

How is egalitarianism even possible? [closed]

How is egalitarianism (broadly, any idea about equality between humans) even possible? I find it hard to chew as to how can egalitarianism be demonstrated to even exist in any, even simple sense. ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

What does Augustine suggest that the slave do instead of killing his master?

I was just wondering this question from Book One of Augustine's On Free Choice of the Will
5
votes
1answer
126 views

The Anonymous Internet: Philosophical opinions?

People have been commenting "off the record" for ages. However, the Internet has made pseudonyms a major meme. Indeed, anonymity on the Internet may be the default choice for the majority of people ...
3
votes
2answers
133 views

Which logical fallacy is this: A is a C, B is a C, therefore A is a B?

Does this kind of logical fallacy have a name? Apples are fruit. Oranges are fruit. Therefore, apples are oranges. I'm guessing it's a particular kind of statistical syllogism?
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Ontological argument (existence is part of essence) and an implication

God has attributes: Omnipotent Righteousness Eternity Goodness Etc... All of them in his maximum expression. Man has the negation of all that attributes in his maximum expression. Therefore, man ...
2
votes
3answers
146 views

Plato's cave in reality

Does anyone know the system we live in? Is it something abstract like that described in the movie The Matrix? It exists. Why does it cost others their lives like Socrates? Lastly, do philosophers ...
0
votes
4answers
307 views

Have I contradicted the “law” non-contradiction?

In the 2nd half of the 20th century the American mathematician Haskell Curry and logician William Alvin Howard discovered an analogy between logical proofs and working computer programs. This is known ...
23
votes
15answers
4k views

How can animals be objects of ethics without being subjects as well?

Most people seem to agree that animals cannot act immorally, even when they inflict suffering. They are thus completely excluded from being subjects of any kind of ethical framework. At the same time,...
0
votes
2answers
65 views

The illogical nature of want/motivation and its effects on free will

Are all the decisions and desires of humans made in order to stimulate pleasure centers and avoid pain? If so, could someone/thing which is unable to feel pleasure and pain, and only had the power of ...
3
votes
2answers
66 views

What's this historiographic method of argumentation used by Foucault?

I heard that Foucault, the French philosopher, uses this historiographic method of argumentation. What is this and is this a method of argumentation like Socrate's dialectic (not saying that they are ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Does the idea that universe obeys logical laws paradoxical?

Sorry if this is the wrong place, I've asked this question elsewhere, and I've been told this place is better for this. Here is the idea: The universe obeys logical laws or it does not. If it does ...

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