All Questions

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0answers
12 views

Kant and Theodicy

I am looking for some general overview on Immanuel Kant's theodicy. I need resources, such as an SEP page, on the topic of Kant's theodicy. [1] Did Kant discuss theodicy at all? [2] What possible ...
2
votes
2answers
39 views

What is Merleau-Ponty's “perceptual faith”?

What is Merleau-Ponty's "perceptual faith"? Can it be summarized in a series of propositions, or is it less amenable to systematization than that?
3
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3answers
79 views

Anything that is wrong involves some kind of imbalance (true or false?)

I had a friend who claimed this to be true: Anything that is wrong involves some kind of imbalance Examples where it works: Overweight. Imbalance in the amount of calories eaten and calories ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

What's the problem with taking physicalism as “all there is is physical, so no problem between abstract/conceptual and physical can exist”?

What's the problem with taking physicalism as "all there is is physical, so no problem between abstract/conceptual and physical can exist"? Why is "all there is is physical" not enough? Why does one ...
3
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1answer
33 views

How does the phenomenon of moral luck pose a problem for Kantian ethical theories?

I was reading the paper "Moral luck" by Thomas Nagel which left me rather confused. In the paper, he describes four different kinds of moral luck:: constitutive luck, resultant luck, circumstantial ...
2
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1answer
33 views

Is feeling motivated in our control, from perspective of stoicism? [closed]

People often don't feel motivated and there is ample psychological literature that acknowledges this. But from a Stoic philosophical perspective it is indeed worth pondering whether "feeling not ...
3
votes
2answers
81 views

Can you be omnipotent and still change your mind?

Have been reading discussions about omnipotence and omniscience and got lost in the arguments. To me it seems there is no consistent definition of omniscience or omnipotence. But one thing struck me. ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Making It with Death: The complicity of Phenomenology with Effort

In his essay, Making it with Death, Nick Land makes some assertions about Phenomenology: Work is also complicit with phenomenology, which grounds the experience of effort, rather than treating this ...
0
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2answers
87 views

How can we describe consciousness?

Humans consist of complex physical materials. However, we determine and experience our lives through numerous spiritual moments. Should consciousness be described as an outcome of physical matter and ...
2
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0answers
27 views

Does falsifiability require reproducibility according to Popper?

I can see how the idea of falsifiability (rather than some form of verificationism) could support a demarcation between science and pseudoscience. Here is the Wikipedia definition of falsifiability: ...
2
votes
6answers
189 views

What's the name of the “God creates Evil” fallacy?

I see this fallacy everywhere, from anti-Christians to Socialists/Communists. It goes like this: "if God exists, then why did He make all this Evil?" Another example: "the baker, by baking bread and ...
2
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1answer
67 views

Kant: 7 + 5 = 12 and concepts

I have already read several posts on this topic but I have some other questions. According to Kant, 5 + 7 = 12 is synthetic a priori judgement. I want to know what the judgement really is. Is it ...
1
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1answer
70 views

What is a philosophical question?

Are there criteria for what a philosophical question consists in? Clearly they are not factual nor mathematical - even though they can be influenced and often discuss facts, and on Plato's academy ...
6
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4answers
965 views

What is actual is a metaphysical necessity?

You look out of the window and it's raining. You grab a bottle and pour some water into a glass. You probably don't consider these events as necessary: it could have been a sunny day and you were free ...
1
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0answers
36 views

What does 'they' refer to?

The passage below is from “Japanese Philosophy – A source book.” *Their reproductive activity has neither beginning nor end; it is without temporality. The sovereign Lord Above alone is thus the ...
2
votes
4answers
130 views

Truth in Science vs. Truth in Math

Two scientists independently try to solve a problem to predict a certain phenomenon. The two scientists come up with different answers, but both of their solutions seem logical to each other. How do ...
2
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1answer
24 views

Does anyone say that for some things to be fake just means that those things are not good?

Does anyone say that for some things to be fake just means that those things are not good? Sorry for the very convoluted sounding question, some brief background might help? I remember a snippet from ...
5
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0answers
59 views

Meaning in use and naturalisation of intentionality

What is the relation between pragmatism and intentionality? Two different enterprises in philosophy seem to be well established and yet contradicting: Inferential Pragmatism: from Wittgenstein and ...
6
votes
4answers
127 views

The myth of the given and externalism

According to Wilfrid Sellars any talk of a given out there should be condemned as a mere myth. Therefore, nothing from the physical world outside can limit our language - the "space of reason", and ...
2
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4answers
209 views

Can many worlds interpretation have universes with different laws?

The Many Worlds Interpretation of quantum mechanics is classified by Max Tegmark as a level-3 multiverse hypothesis. This means that in the universes that it will predict, there could be different ...
2
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0answers
54 views

Collingwood, existence of God and its relation to natural science

I am reading Collingwood's essay in metaphysics and I have hard time in understanding his argument to the conclusion that Catholic Faith consists in (part) of absolute presuppositions of Greek thought ...
2
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1answer
104 views

Is reality really “nothing but a hallucination”?

I asked this a few minutes ago on physics.stackexchange and they redirected me here This question relates to the premise put forth in this TED talk, that reality is nothing but a shared hallucination:...
2
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1answer
24 views

Aristotle: “No way composite” and “Independent”

I'm writing an essay but using a translation of Aristotle's Categories as a reference. At 1b.25-27, he writes: "Expressions which are in no way composite signify substance, quantity ..." If they are ...
3
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1answer
114 views

Are there any techniques for dealing with an arguer who continually denies facts?

Inspired by this question where individuals can't imagine something being possible, and somewhat similar to this. I've recently been in a debate where the debater had the very annoying habit of just ...
1
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0answers
20 views

Scholarly retorts to “Quining Qualia”?

I've been reading and rereading Daniel Dennett's dismissal of qualia, and I have been wanting to see what some of the experts in the field think of his portrayal. For example, has Nagel, Hoffman, or ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Are there useful logics that reject disjunction introduction?

Are there logics with fairly natural semantics that don't have disjunction introduction? Is there a good way of thinking about what "flavor of system" you're in when you don't take disjunction ...
6
votes
2answers
218 views

How to disprove “I'm entitled to my opinion”

Background There is an article in The Conversation that attempts to disprove the notion that people are "entitled to their opinions." That is, people have a right to believe whatever they wish. I ...
4
votes
9answers
626 views

How compatible is atheism with agnosticism?

My question is about the presence of God in people`s lives. If we reject the form of God as a supernatural being with forces of punishing people, or providing them with afterlife rewards, are we ...
29
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5answers
8k views

Is “I cannot imagine a mechanism for X to happen, so X can never happen” a named logical fallacy?

I have encountered this reasoning quite frequently: Somebody posits the hypothesis that an event X can happpen. A recent example I encountered was "vinegar and salt in the boiling water make eggs ...
5
votes
2answers
153 views

What is the order of questions?

I have heard the importance of "The order of questions" mentioned a few times by for example Bernard Stiegler in one of his seminars. I am working on a Phd, and it is being drummed into me framing the ...
2
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1answer
66 views

John Earman and Time Travel

Time travel and grandfather paradox: Earman suggests in his 1995 paper that physical possibility should be considered similarly with the laws of nature (i.e. logical possibility). Does this mean that ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

Logic and resolving a modus tollens

Wasserman presents a common argument against time travel: (P1) If backward time travel were possible, it would be possible to perform a self-defeating act. (P2) It is impossible to perform a self-...
2
votes
3answers
182 views

What is consciousness

Is it a question that science may answer? This article became the root of my thinking. https://www.theguardian.com/science/2012/mar/01/consciousness-eight-questions-science
2
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0answers
72 views

Does an informal logical fallacy require deception?

Bo Bennett's criteria distinguishing a logical fallacy from a pseudo-logical fallacy has three parts. The third part is: It must be deceptive in that it often fools the average adult. ...
3
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0answers
47 views

Time Travel arguments against David Lewis

To resolve the grandfather paradox, Lewis suggests that there is a semantic Can vs Cannot distinction between what a human can physically do (kill the grandfather) and logically cannot do (cannot kill ...
1
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0answers
61 views

“Realm of Symbolic” - Feminist Philosophy Context

What does "realm of Symbolic" in the following passage mean? 1: Apparently it seems to me that the writer simply wants to say the "realm of philosophy" or the "abstract matters". As, the two ...
2
votes
5answers
209 views

If time is discrete, does moving means teleporting?

Please follow this thought experiment: 1) A ball moves one centimeter in one unit of time. 2) A ball disappears. Then, after a unit of time, it reappears one centimeter far away. By now we don't ...
4
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0answers
234 views

Do you consider "essence“ a useful philosophical concept? [closed]

The term, "essence", is a technical term in philosophy. The usefulness of the concept has been assessed differently by different philosophers. E.g., the concept has been highly estimated by Plato, ...
0
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1answer
75 views

Grandfather Paradox and Can vs Cannot

Varanas and Vihvelin provide responses to David Lewis' 'Can vs Cannot' discussion. Have there been any appropriate counterresponses to these?
4
votes
4answers
141 views

Is evil a necessity?

I do acknowledge the fact that differentiating between good and bad is a next to impossible task due to lack of clarity in their definitions and their relative meanings. It just bothers me that the ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

What are Popper's views on employment and unemployment?

I recently read an interview where Popper ranked his interest in employment above education. Unfortunately, the interview was quite brief and didn't go further into Popper's thinking on this. Q. What ...
4
votes
2answers
140 views

What exactly is the philosophical genealogy of racism, in particular Locke and Hume?

Afua Hirsch in her book, Brit(ish) writes: I was in my thirties when I learned that both Locke and Hume were also important proponents of racism, pouring that same intellect they used to such great ...
3
votes
3answers
128 views

How can truth exist if every statement is ambiguous? [closed]

I have read online and personally believe that every statement has some degree of ambiguity to it. With this in mind, I was wondering how any propositions can be true. For example, I have heard some ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Is there anything interesting to read that unpacks the meaning of “ought” rather than what we ought to do or be?

Is there anything interesting to read that unpacks the meaning of "ought" rather than what we ought to do or be? I just wanted to read something of someone trying to make sense of the term, in the ...
-4
votes
2answers
92 views

Why is modern physics still connected to Western notions of time? [closed]

as Rasheedah Phillips says “Afrofuturism uses a completely different construct of time and engages a different notion of time consciousness and notion of the future than does the European brand of ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Justification for axiom OB-RE in deontic logic

Let OB p denote "p is obligatory". Axiom OB-RE is (p ↔ q) → (OB p ↔ OB q). This axiom seems false to me (under the interpretation of obligation). For example, let p denote "don't lie to me" and q ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Pleasure-maximizing hedonistic pacing

Suppose I am hedonist who wants to maximize the pleasure I experience in my life. I have observed the hedonic treadmill, and am aware that after having the same experience a few times, I will find it ...
2
votes
6answers
297 views

How can a non-Materialist Atheist explain the Universe's creation without God(s)?

If we define Atheism and Materialism as follows: "Atheism: disbelief or lack of belief in the existence of God or gods." [1] "Materialism: the theory or belief that nothing exists except ...
1
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3answers
53 views

Time travel and changing the past

Many philosophers argue that time travel is possible without causally affecting the past? Is it even possible to time travel without causally affecting the past. The grandfather paradox is an ...
-1
votes
1answer
60 views

The place of life in nature and time [on hold]

What's the relationship between nature, time and life? Is Nature like a static ball in which Time is a marble rolling in circular defined motion and Life just happens (life is a random indeterminate ...

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