All Questions

2
votes
1answer
78 views

What is Kant's Proof for the Existence of the Noumenal World?

I have yet to read any convincing evidence that we should accept Kant’s assertion that a world outside our senses exists. I think Occam’s Razor tells us it is simpler to assume there is just one ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

Does Tegmark's hypothesis include dynamical mathematical structures?

Tegmark's hypothesis is the idea that mathematical structures are physical and thus have physical existence (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathematical_universe_hypothesis) Zuse's thesis says that ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

What’s the difference between rhizome and monad?

Those two concepts seems quite close but I’m not able to find much resource on their distinctions.
3
votes
1answer
243 views

How to prove □Q from P→Q and □P?

Given P→Q, and □P, in what systems can we conclude □Q? I want to know in which system the consequent is derivable from the premises and in which it is axiomatic (or perhaps we can include it as an ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Ethics of saying “this cause is a just cause, but now is not the time to fight for it”?

This question stems from a discussion I heard with regards to LGBTQ rights in Arab and Muslim communities: Arab progressive: LGBTQ rights are very important, and I respect LGBTQ people and think ...
0
votes
1answer
212 views

Can the Universe Be Infinite?

Some think that the universe is infinite. To convince one in the creditability of the idea they point mainly at our inability to conceive of its spatial limits. Hence, here, I use 'infinity' (of the ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

What would be the name of this fallacy?

Current Indian prime minister had left his wife very early for he was not interested in marriage. Today, a chief minister commented on him - Narendra Modi you cannot take care of your wife, how ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Debating: Opponent asking for proof to deny his own statements and insists his statements were right at some point of time

This was the gist of the conversation I had recently. Me: I got item x from the capsule. Opp: It's impossible to get item x from the capsule, because such and such. Me: It is possible. I just got ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

What to do before reading The World as Will and Representation

What should I do/read before reading the main work of Arthur Schopenhauer. I am 50 pages in and it seems like there has to be some pre knowledge before beginning this book. Any advices?
2
votes
1answer
45 views

For Kant, is it immoral to offer solutions that may backfire when generalized?

I once read long ago Immanuel Kant came up with a model of Maxim. What I interpreted of it is basically that "if everyone does this and it still works in the long run, then it is right." This makes ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Emotion and Knowledge [closed]

I was always curious, how largely do emotions play a part in our decision making using individual knowledge possessed? This question is making me feel confused as this may imply does being completely ...
2
votes
0answers
18 views

What are points of disagreement between Gabriel Marcel and Michael Polanyi?

I see similarities between Gabriel Marcel's distinction between problem and mystery and Michael Polanyi's distinction between explicit and tacit knowledge. However, I suspect that similarity may be ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

What is moral particularism if there are no morally perfect persons?

Moral Particularism, at its most trenchant, is the claim that there are no defensible moral principles, that moral thought does not consist in the application of moral principles to cases, and ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Is there a perfect duty against self deception about imperfect duties?

I assume that Kant says that the categorical imperative exhausts all morality? I'm guessing so, both perfect and imperfect duties. There's, I think, a particular conclusion that appears a little ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Has any consensualists written on Wittgenstein?

"This was our paradox: no course of action could be determined by a rule, because any course of action can be made out to accord with the rule" - Wittgenstein This paradox is purported to call ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

On Latin reception of Avicenna

I'm looking for an article represents a general picture of Ibn Sina's (Avicenna's) Latin reception in the middle ages. For example in this book we read about reception of particular aspects: https://...
2
votes
0answers
122 views

Relation of Mathematical Propositions to Natural Language

Treating Natural Language as a language game, what role does it play in our understanding of mathematics? Does natural language provide meaning to mathematics? Does a proof of a conjecture, say FLT,...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

What kind of fallacy or false logic is this?

I got into an argument with a friend on MMA fighters and said that any fighter that gets caught PEDs should probably have an asterisk by his record. His defence was that could I say for sure that ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

What are the accomplishments of critical theory vs. logical positivism

Coming from a natural science viewpoint I find that logical positivism is much more important for scientific research than is critical theory. I've read the critics/flaws of logical positivism and ...
0
votes
4answers
171 views

Can anyone do something to make their death less of a harm?

Can anyone do something before they die to make their death less of a harm? I'm guessing yes, unless death harms all people equally. But that seems strange. Can we do so by doing good? By 'good' I ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

What is the name of this fallacy?

What is the name of this fallacy? Someones says that because everyone cheats, I also can cheat! Or because someone stole my money, I got penniless and had to stole from someone else!
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Is there inherent selfishness within altruism? [closed]

Recently I have been noticing a theme on my social media. There is a post of someone passing away. Within that post the comment section is filled with comments such as: "I lost my mother 4 years ago. ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

Is there such a thing as meta-metaphysics?

I started wondering about this while taking an undergraduate course in philosophy of language (studying Frege, Davidson, Kripke, and Kit Fine). This field, in my understanding, aims to describe the ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

How does 'moral luck' link up with 'blame'? [duplicate]

How does 'moral luck' link up with 'blame'? I have a specific question. Suppose something very evil happens, and it is reasonable to suppose that without a course of action you partook in it would not ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Help with philosophical interpretation of the movie 'V for Vendetta' [closed]

I am having a hard time with my essay on the film, 'V for Vendetta'. I am required to analyze the film from the perspective of two masters of suspicion, Marx and Nietzsche, but I cannot reach a ...
1
vote
1answer
207 views

Does any mathematician today work on a logic he explicitly presents as somehow true of human logic, as Boole did in his time?

Mathematicians make sure their theories are logically consistent but not necessarily that they are somehow true of anything in the real world. This may be compared with scientists whose research ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Why is it obviously false that the distribution of prime numbers can only be a matter of knowledge and never of opinion?

I'm reading "The Routledge Guidebook to Plato's Republic" (3rd edition) and Plato's "Republic". In the Guidebook (chapter 7, pg 158, the section on Knowledge and Opinion), the 12th fundamental ...
2
votes
0answers
14 views

How many academic Philosophers in Australia are still influenced by John Anderson “Andersonians”

John Anderson was a well known Philosopher in at Sydney University whom influenced many involved in the Sydney push and the those involved in the sexual revolution of the 1960’s. Are any of his ideas ...
-2
votes
1answer
49 views

Can loneliness make you more creative? [closed]

Can loneliness, living in solitude, or living alone make a person more creative?
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Avoiding A Dilemma About Definitions

Suppose we naively concieved of a word as being defined when it is expressed in terms of other words. I call this naive because it runs into a problem: while some words may be expressed in terms of ...
4
votes
1answer
52 views

Did Leibniz dismiss reincarnation?

I believe that I many years ago read that Leibniz discarded belief in reincarnation on something like the grounds that there is no difference between not having an earlier life and having a previous ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Is infinity possible [duplicate]

Can there be such a thing as infinity if the universe isn't growing constantly? Or is it a finite universe? I tried to ask myself this but is it really possible to understand?
1
vote
3answers
131 views

Does our language determine our “religious experiences”?

Does our language determine the character of "religious experiences"? I don't mean merely 'influence', but, as I explain in the next paragraph, whether religious experiences of a certain nature are ...
2
votes
2answers
38 views

Help wanted - need descriptor for a partcular type/form of argument

I am writing a paper on cognition, and to simplify my discussion I need an adjective or descriptor for particular category of argument as follows: I am arguing for the necessity of a construct with a ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

What is the division of philosophical doctrines with respect to absoluteness/relativity of truth?

Right now I am listening to a talk on youtube which starts with the declaration "of course we all know truth is a relative notion". There are certainly some directions in philosophy which accept this ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Is it ethical to profit from an anomaly at some else’s expense?

In some states in the US you can return your cans/bottles for a fee. This fee was added to your purchase and you redeem the fee by returning the can/bottle. The process of collecting your fee is ...
6
votes
1answer
101 views

How does Epistemology show that it's not a language game?

I'm looking for pointers towards texts that treat the issue of "doing philosophy with language" as a foundational problem-- which must be justified in order to go on and make meaningful statements ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

A reply to the Chinese room argument

All replies to the Chinese Room Argument (CRA) that I've seen assume the computer science concept (explanation, "definition" as Searle says) of the electronic digital computer. But what of other ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Is knowledge/data infinite?

Firstly, I don't even understand what knowledge is. I've been doing some machine learning and for the most part it's mainly limited by data. Would knowledge be data? That would be my guess. Assuming ...
3
votes
1answer
41 views

What to know before reading The Myth of Sisyphus?

Does one need a solid knowledge on anything in particular before tackling this essay? He mentions quite a lot of writers and philosophers (Nietzsche, Lequier, Jaspers, Chestov, Kierkegaard and, in ...
6
votes
5answers
3k views

Is it nonsense to say B -> [A -> B]?

Is it nonsense to say B → [A → B]? I would have thought so, it seems to say that every fact deductively follows from every other. But I was looking at a recent closed question, on natural deduction, ...
6
votes
4answers
73 views

How far does the fallaciousness of the recourse to authority fallacy reach?

In all honestly, I've always had a problem with the "recourse to authority" fallacy. In theory it seems all sound and convincing: a claim should be judged purely and solely on the argumentation laid ...
4
votes
2answers
64 views

How to find a stance towards a controversial topic

When is a stance towards a topic "proven"? To create this example I will take the anti vax topic. My first impulse is: anti vax people are stupid. They ignore basic science. I myself would (...
-2
votes
2answers
23 views

How do I prove ~(A & B) therefore ~A V ~B using natural deduction? [duplicate]

Been trying to prove this one for a while now and can't crack it. Assume ¬(A ∧ B) Derive ¬A ∨ ¬B
-1
votes
3answers
126 views

Why is 2 + 2 = 4? [closed]

It is clear that 2 + 2 = 4. It is also clear that applying the successor function on 1 yields the next number, i.e. 2, and this operation can be repeated infinitely. This method can be used to verify ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Is physicalism an unfalsifiable position?

A follow up from this question: is materialism a self refuting position Does physicalism include epistemological principles that make it impossible to disprove by its own standard ? If I am a ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

What does “Something” mean ontologically?

Many refer to the question of there is something rather than nothing by assuming that something refers to the universe. Is the word “something” an existential quantification in this context? Is ...
1
vote
2answers
188 views

What are the known philosophical works about a God without revelations?

Have the following ideas been proposed by philosophers of Religion, all in one package! The universe is well organised that calls for the belief in the existence of some intelligent agency that ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

What are the important questions about pre-socratic philosophy?

I am self-studying pre-socratic philosophy. I want to know what are the relevant questions that I need to ask to myself. The idea is to ensure that I understood the important parts of this period in ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Where does Aristotle say it's impossible to do philosophy and its methodology simultaneously?

In which of Aristotle's works does he say it's impossible to do philosophy and its methodology simultaneously?

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