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0answers
6 views

Different ways of interpreting propensities

I am studying the propensity interpretation of probability and I am wondering if propensities are irreducibly intensional or if there is a possibility to interpret them in an extensional way. Could ...
1
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1answer
20 views

Transcendental and non-transcendental god and objectivism

Objectivism rejects transcendence as it is not part of the objective world that exists and which we can explore. But what if we put time in this equation? As we see through the years, many phenomena ...
1
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1answer
12 views

How do you prove (p => q => r) => (p => q) => p => r using the Fitch system?

I'm quite new to logic. Thank you for taking the time to review this post. I tried the following and got to the conclusion I wanted but I was never able to prove the statement.
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0answers
14 views

If entities are all that IS [entities = being], isn't Heidegger's claim that being is sth “extra” incongruent?

I saw there's already a question about this but the emphasis was on wht could be being be if not an entity... Heidegger thinks Being as something "exta", a priori, to entities. I'd like to question ...
1
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1answer
45 views

When is it okay to criticize someone?

Both in my family life and in politics, I see people running into the following dilemma. Some entity (a person, or an organization, or a country) is doing something that someone sees as wrong. So, ...
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2answers
48 views

Does knowledge have a “finite lower bound”?

Epistemology is the branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and scope of knowledge. Knowledge in the DIKW pyramid is represented in terms of information. Information, where the bit is the ...
0
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1answer
31 views

Cogito corollaries and meaning

Doubt implies thought. I'm doubting. So I'm thinking. [(d→t) ∧ d]→t Thought implies existence. I'm thinking. So I exist. [(t→e) ∧ t]→e d→t; ¬t→¬d; [¬t ∧ (d→t)]→¬d t→e; ¬e→¬t; [¬e ∧ (t→e)]→¬t [(d→...
1
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1answer
83 views

why “I think therefore I am” not “I think therefore I am thinking”? [duplicate]

why "thinking" jumped into the conclusion of "existence" as things can exist without thinking too. and what are all the other method except this that could prove our existence?
2
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0answers
30 views

Are there analytic philosophers of difference?

I've gathered from the IEP article on Differential Ontology that Gilles Deleuze wrote about difference in the sense that I'm interested in but not in a way that I'm interested in. I would like to see ...
0
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0answers
51 views

Does Bolshevik victory in the Russian Civil War make Marxism paradoxical?

Does Bolshevik success during the Russian Civil War make Marxism paradoxical in the context of 'Historical Materialism'? Please correct me if any of my understanding is incorrect, but as I am ...
2
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0answers
43 views

At what stage of human development does a person attain secondary consciousness?

In regards to Gerald Edelman's definition on consciousness, at what stage of human development would a person attain secondary consciousness apart from their existing primary consciousness? Could this ...
0
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3answers
89 views

Arguments against Relativism [on hold]

There are people who think that all claims are opinions. And no opinion is better than any other. It's clear to me that the reasons supporting 2 + 2 = 4 are on "higher ground" than the reasons ...
5
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4answers
3k views

Is the Münchhausen trilemma really a trilemma?

It claims there are three options of which none of them are satisfying. Circular argument doesn't prove anything because it's just when the premise is the same as the conclusion. x ∵ x Infinite ...
0
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4answers
91 views

How can one explain this conflict between philosophy and classical physics? [duplicate]

Consider two moving objects along X-axis direction with different speeds and different initial starting points. Let the initial distance of the objects be d0 and v1 is greater than v2 i.e v1>v2. ...
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0answers
44 views

Opposition to critical thought [on hold]

There are people who argument the following: In the absence of clarity and therefore more flexibility, we might generate the "next new thing". But that's like saying: an unclean room might ...
0
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0answers
74 views

Did we give up on Euclid's method? [on hold]

Most people seem to regard attempts at Euclid's method in philosophy as failures. Example: Spinoza's Ethics Some of them then say that because Spinoza failed, any modern attempt is futile. But I ...
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0answers
27 views

Formalism in (math) vs. (philosophy) [on hold]

What's the difference between formalism in math and formalism in philosophy?
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2answers
174 views

Does God still know what He has forgotten?

The following is from the Christian text Hebrews 10:15-17: [my emphasis] 15 The Holy Spirit also testifies to us about this. First he says: 16 “This is the covenant I will make with them ...
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0answers
70 views

Magical explanations in science? [on hold]

Why can scientists use a magical explanation such as "we do not know what's the origin of the first energy particle that existed in the universe, so we assume it was always there" with total impunity ...
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0answers
34 views

Natural/Artificial distinction

Is there in reality a distinction between natural and man-made products? Can airplane be considered natural as much as a squirel or a mountain?
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2answers
71 views

Trouble with cookies [on hold]

Matter cannot be created. Cookies are matter. So cookies cannot be created. I know this seems absurd but I'm using this to make an important point about arguments. The argument appears to be valid ...
0
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1answer
48 views

Does property dualism imply survival in the teletransportation paradox?

Property dualism posits the existence of only the physical substance, but the existence of both mental and physical properties. The teletransportation paradox presents a situation in which a person ...
1
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1answer
49 views

Does the real line mean that the start and end points of any line must exist?

In mathematics, a real number is a value of a continuous quantity that can represent a distance along a line https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Real_number We consider the set of real numbers, ...
1
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1answer
50 views

Free Will and Causeless Causes

When searching on free will, what will often be found is that free will is incoherent (Sam Harris) or an illusion. Other references will claim it exists while citing clinical studies which ...
0
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1answer
62 views

Why do people argue in favor of IQs, while then encouraging people (of any IQ) to use hard work to obtain the same successes?

At the same time people will say (science included) that IQ is a very important thing -- while at the same time saying that people with lower IQs can do things that people with higher IQs can -- while ...
-2
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2answers
62 views

Philosophy in everyday life [on hold]

We play "armchair gods" as we sit here and philosophise, but these are breif interim moments of our humdrum mesoscale lives. In the domain of managing our household, relationships, health, and ...
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0answers
50 views

Life and death paradox [on hold]

Our lifespans are finite. Our "deathspans" are presumably infinite. Yet, infinity minus (anything finite) is still infinity! By this line of reasoning, we should be dead. But we're alive. So, ...
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0answers
31 views

What's the problem with empirical research and rational thought? [on hold]

There's obviously a relationship between the aforementioned "epistemic programs" and the following systems: The human brain has the hippocampus and frontal lobe, presumably giving us the capacity for ...
0
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0answers
32 views

Who are the author of the principle “everything is permitted that does not contradict the freedom of others”?

Who are the author of the following philosophical principle? everything is permitted that does not contradict the freedom of others Where are roots of this principle?
2
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1answer
71 views

Is Hegel's Logic an Ontology?

Stephen Houlgate, in his book The Beginning of Hegel's Logic, puts forward the argument that Hegel's Logic is to be seen as an ontology. But is this view convincing? I'll try my best to reconstruct ...
6
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5answers
397 views

What is the goal and toolset of philosophy?

I'm beginning to realize that I might have misconseptions about philosophy in general. Is it to question and contend indefinitely or is there a goal? I thought the goal was truth. While I'm at it, ...
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2answers
140 views

Does the Universe make sense? [on hold]

When faced with a paradox, we say: well this can't be because it doesn't make sense. p = "x doesn't make sense" q = "x doesn't exist" The contrapositive preserves validity: p implies q (not q) ...
1
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0answers
34 views

David Lewis and probability

I have read a general overview on David Lewis in order to have an idea of his philosophical perspective and in particular about humean supervenience. I am wondering how Lewis considers probability in ...
1
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1answer
60 views

What is the historical relationship between physics and philosophy?

I often hear people say that physics is/was part of philosophy or that philosophy gave birth to physics but I think this isn't correct. Imagine a big country called anonati. After a civil war, ...
5
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0answers
56 views

The enunciation clause (Lyotard & Levinas)

As kind of introductory remark, let me state that I'm not academically-trained in philosophy, so my apologies if this comes up as a rather simple question. I was reading Logique de Levinas by JF ...
1
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1answer
47 views

How does Dummett see deductive inference extending our knowledge?

Michael Dummett writes (page 195) Once the justification of deductive inference is perceived as philosophically problematic at all, the temptation to which most philosophers succumb is to offer too ...
2
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0answers
48 views

Did Nietzsche “believe” in causality?

In Human, all too human, part 1, par. 107 (“non-responsibility and non-guilt”) Nietzsche clearly brings forth the Spinozian theory of the “innocence of becoming”. I am a bit confused by this claim. ...
1
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0answers
36 views

Personal and unviersal existential nihlism

Let's say Alice has logically arrived at existential Nihilism, which is the philosophy that life is without objective meaning, purpose, or intrinsic value (wiki) This carries two claims, Alice's ...
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0answers
50 views

Solipsistic Thinking :: Is there no maximum number;

I have something(s) that causes me both trouble with (keeping emotionally connected to what I'm trying to express) Λ (expressing myself). So please be nice and ask questions :: εὐχάριστος (Grateful) ...
0
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1answer
102 views

Can we know anything about the “outside” of our simulation?

Please note this question isn't about "simulation" as such. It is cast in this way to illustrate a particular sub-to-super ontology relationship: Given that all we see or seem, are the product of ...
36
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16answers
12k views

Why doesn't philosophy have higher standards for its arguments?

Mathematical systems are an excellent model for organizing and conducting thought: A conjecture is an unproven claim, while a theorem is a proven claim. A corollary is a claim that follows from ...
1
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0answers
25 views

Which Philosopher would you recommend for learning about the implied philosophy of gifted education?

I'm searching for a philosopher who either commented on gifted education or someone whose writings would critique/applaud gifted education in America. Someone who might be (or have been) a vocal ...
1
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3answers
182 views

Is the idea that people believed in a flat Earth in ages past grounded in historical documents? [on hold]

My question about this answer was tangential, but I'm very curious to know where the idea comes from that people believed in a flat Earth. For example, were there Greek philosophers that held this ...
2
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2answers
234 views

Can someone explain this logical statement?

I have been trying to teach myself philosophical logic, but my mind is completely stuck. I cannot seem to understand the abstractions, which is unusual for me given that I have taken very advanced ...
2
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1answer
118 views

If time is emergent, how can time exist in a Christian heaven?

Many physicists say that time is an emergent property from quantum phenomenon, such as entanglement. Many Christians theologians also posit that time will exist in heaven, forever. Let's say that ...
1
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1answer
60 views

How to define a new logical language

There are a number of logical languages defined that are so called flavors of a certain logic (for example, flavors of First Order Logic). Such new logical languages sometimes extend or restrict the ...
2
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3answers
47 views

Why is there an O type conclusion in modus celaront

Modus celaront is type logical syllogism. No reptiles have fur. (MeP) All snakes are reptiles. (SaM) ∴ Some snakes have no fur. (SoP) The conclusion is of a O type(Some .. are not ...). Why is ...
3
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3answers
89 views

How to select between two competing theories?

Suppose we have two scientific theories A and B. They have different postulates but both make the same predictions. If the selection can not be taken out by Ochkam razor then how we select what theory ...
0
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2answers
176 views

Existence of numbers on number line

Consider the fraction 10/3. One way to interpret this is by stating the following: in the process of long division, which is a rule, take divisor as 3, and take dividend as 10, and initiate the ...
3
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2answers
88 views

Has no epistemologist noticed the problem with “truth” before Gettier?

According to Wikipedia (indeed not the most trustworthy source, but the SEP article also portraits it this way) the classic belief-justification-truth method of defining knowledge has only been ...

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