All Questions

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0answers
5 views

Is a dictionary of philosophy necessary for reading Schopenhauer?

Is a dictionary of philosophy necessary for reading Schopenhauer? I heard that he refused to use jargon and tried to write very clear.
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0answers
3 views

Would Gilbert Harman agree with Philippa Foot that moral judgements are hypothetical imperatives?

Would 'Gilbert Harman' agree with 'Philippa Foot' that 'moral judgements' are 'hypothetical imperatives'?
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0answers
18 views

Standard Argument against free will rebuttal

The Standard argument against free will states that an action is either predetermined or random and that these two options exhaust all the possibilities, leaving no room for true free will. To ...
1
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1answer
23 views

Name of “then you also cannot” pseudo argument

There are two partys, P1 and P2. There are two behaviors B1 and B2, upon which both partys agree that they are ethically undesirable or at least questionable. P1 consciously refrains from B1, but ...
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0answers
27 views

Do Boltzmann Mechanics imply we're the only example of sentience in our observable universe?

My understanding of BM is that the Big Bang was just a statistical event. Under this model, many Big Bangs occur which result in a 2-power distribution of universes; there are twice as many universes ...
6
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2answers
1k views

Why did Kant, Hegel, and Adorno leave some words and phrases in the Greek alphabet?

I know this mostly from continental philosophers, like Hegel, Adorno or Kant: they use the greek alphabet when writing ancient terminology like ergon, telos or megalopsychos, while MacIntyre for ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Is it possible to track the truth?

Epistemology seems to show that knowledge is always fallible. How can that position be satisfying at all? It seems to me that we are eternally condemned to hope we are going in the right direction and ...
2
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0answers
43 views

Do we need to forget before we can be conscious? [on hold]

"Forgetting" is a familiar experience to most humans, yet we don't expect, or appreciate, it from our computers... Given the now long and costly search for AI, could the ability to forget be the ...
-4
votes
1answer
26 views

Post-birth abortion, and death as part of a natural cycle

From a societal point of view, suicide is "bad" because living people are a valuable resource for the economic machine. People who kill themselves prevent the hamster wheels from turning. However ...
1
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0answers
21 views

What did Nietsche mean?

What does, Nietzsche in Beyond Good and Evil, mean exactly when he states: Whoever fights monsters should see to it that in the process he does not become a monster. And if you gaze long enough into ...
1
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1answer
49 views

Logic : steps to prove valid reasoning

I am very new to this and I can't figure out the steps to prove that these reasonings are valid. Thank you for your help. p ¬r p → (q→r) ___________ ¬q (¬p ∨ ¬q) → r p q __________ ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Fallacy of affirming the consequent or of denying the antecedent?

If patient has condition X, then we would see symptoms A, B and C. We do see symptoms, A, B and C. So the patient must have condition X. Is it the fallacy of affirming the consequent or the fallacy ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Descartes’s skepticism of the external world and belief in God

There is this popular opinion that Descartes overcame his notorious doubt in the existence of the external world because of his conviction that a benevolent God exists, who wouldn’t deceive him in ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Can pure randomness be computed?

Algorithm for randomness usually use seed, and thus having an unique input it cannot be said to be completely random, so can pure randomness be theoretically computed?
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vote
3answers
51 views

Does it make sense to have a causal component in a definition?

I am trying to respond to a comment from a reviewer, where he/she suggests that there might be definitions which have a causal component. Suppose I have the following totally made up definition (...
4
votes
3answers
203 views

What happens if we accept inconsistency?

(Philosophy novice here and not sure how best to phrase this question; if it's unclear please point out the problems). Imagine this conversation: Alice: I believe that X. Bob: Do you also ...
1
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1answer
53 views

Could generalization of scientific theories be possible by just adding an ad hoc hypothesis?

In a seventeenth century world the Newtonian model did mostly very well to describe how gravity works in the universe and did well with most empirical evidence of that time. Of course now we know that ...
4
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2answers
49 views

What are some realistic situations where Kantian ethics can be applied?

By 'realistic' I mean ones which have a good chance of happening with someone.
-1
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0answers
31 views

Why should/can politics concern aspects of social life?

Why should/can politics concern aspects of social life? Such as those pertraining to relationships or labour rights. Why can one claim that "there exists a right social life model", which is what the ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

ELI5: what is 'Pragmatic Encroachment'?

questions what is 'Pragmatic Encroachment'? based on 'Pragmatic Encroachment', at what point exactly do we know if or not someone can claim something to be 'true' with 100% certainty, and when with ...
1
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2answers
52 views

Can nationalism be labeled a non-theistic religion?

I define religion as (taken from a dictionary definition) a particular system of faith and worship. One can have faith in government and worship nationalistic symbols (flag,anthem etc) ...
5
votes
1answer
64 views

What does Aquinas mean in this passage from Summa Theologica responding to the claim that goodness is prior to being?

In his article on goodness in general, Summa Theologica I q. 5 a. 2, Aquinas considers the question of whether goodness is prior in idea to being. He is responding to the following objection (arg. 1): ...
0
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0answers
109 views

What is will and intelligence if we just obey chemical reactions? [on hold]

Suppose chemistry dictates our thoughts i.e cognition, learning, thinking, understanding, mood and behaviour are greatly affected and explained by molecular biology; what is “our” role, are we any ...
-1
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0answers
59 views

Does this video portray Nietzsche's philosophy correctly?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5QuHJuas9W8 Also, does anyone have quotes from Nietzsche to collaborate some of her points? "the higher men shouldn't busy themselves with members of the herd, you ...
3
votes
3answers
106 views

Is everything that exists an actual entity?

My professor asked us to think about this question as we go through the unit but I am not sure what the question means. I would greatly appreciate could help me understand the question or give me a ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Why does the election process differ for different offices in Plato's Laws book VI?

In Laws 756a and 756b, PLato makes a distinction between the different army ranks and how they'll be nominated and elected such as generals, rank commanders, tribe commanders, etc. The questions are ...
-4
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0answers
53 views

Does ∀x True(x) ↔ ⊢ x complete Tarski: ∀x True(x) ↔ φ(x)? [on hold]

Philosophy of Logic – Reexamining the Formalized Notion of Truth Because formal systems of symbolic logic inherently express and represent the deductive inference model formal proofs to theorem ...
-1
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2answers
77 views

Why do some people refuse to believe and accept different ideas other than mainstream knowledge? [on hold]

Whenever I feel that I know something that others don't, I usually tell them. But then most of the time they don't believe me without "credible sources" and evidence. (I'm not a conspiracy theorist.) ...
3
votes
1answer
201 views

Does collectivism actually exist?

Does collectivism actually exist? Wikipedia defines: Collectivism is a cultural value that is characterized by emphasis on cohesiveness among individuals and prioritization of the group over ...
0
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0answers
16 views

Are dreams just the world without the big Other?

Are dreams an alternative world where there is no big Other as the ever observing agency mentioned by Lacan?
2
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1answer
46 views

What does Marx mean by “the real will of the cooperative”?

This is an extract from A Darwinian Left by Peter Singer: Marx: Under collective property, the so-called will of the people disappears in order to make way for the real will of the cooperative. ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

What exactly is the 'potential' that is actualized in Aristotelian metaphysics?

From my understanding, Aristotelian metaphysics uses the concepts of potentiality and actuality to explain change. Since being cannot come from non-being, when change occurs a potential is simply ...
0
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0answers
57 views

Amoral argument for god?

Has there been a push for or the development of an amoral argument for a god that is indifferent to the moral practices of humanity? A sort of anti-moral argument for an indifferent god. This idea has ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

Is “Societal Science” impossible?

Is "Societal Science" impossible? Social science one can understand as dealing with more concrete groups, but to suggest that someone can study and predict societies sounds absurd. Also, it seems ...
3
votes
3answers
154 views

Does the demand for evidence run contrary to faith?

As the title suggests, and in accordance with a recent theme here on philosophy stack exchange, I'm wondering if the demand for evidence runs contrary to faith. My intuitive notion of faith is that it ...
3
votes
2answers
60 views

Is the idea of potential energy (from physics) influenced by the idea of potentiality found in Aristotelian metaphysics?

Aside from the common usage of the term 'potential,' was the development of the idea of potential energy influenced by the Aristotelian idea of potentiality and actuality, at least historically? ...
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0answers
35 views

Can you help me tackle this question by giving formal proof using natural deduction

Using the natural deduction rules, give a formal proof that the following three sentences are inconsistent: ¬P∨Q ¬P→Q ¬Q
2
votes
4answers
123 views

Is math arbitrary?

Math at its core begins with calling something true or false and following logic. WE for example call an odd number 2n+1, but what if we called an odd number 2n and flipped it for it to become an even ...
0
votes
3answers
192 views

Is it morally excusable for poor people to buy pirated copies of books?

In the light of development theories that show how the poor are doomed to remain poor under the status quo, is it morally correct for poor people to buy pirated copies of books? Original books cost ...
1
vote
5answers
160 views

If we are all just condemned to death, then why should we still live?

This maybe just a question thought while drinking a coffee at a balcony. But it caught me defenseless. Just as how it caught those who committed suicide. With all our efforts to find meaning in life, ...
1
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1answer
47 views

How does Nietzsche define suffering?

Obviously, Nietzche thinks that suffering is important, but what exactly does suffering entail? Is it both physical and emotional?
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0answers
35 views

Who writes about levels of power?

Recently, a senator stated that a bill would not be voted upon “because I get to decide what we vote on.” I recall a complete philosophy of exercising power at various levels, of which deciding when ...
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2answers
38 views

“Truth as subjectivity”, “Truth is subjectivity”, or “Subjectivity of truth”?

There might be a confusion in those phrases. As a reader of kierkegaard, specifically on reading his Postscript and in reading other books related to him, I have encountered those terms separately in ...
0
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1answer
55 views

Is it ethical for an employer to fire an employee who has criticized the company?

I understand in the United States it is perfectly legal for a company to fire employees who have made critical comments about the company. The 1st Amendment rights do not extend to employer/employee ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Fitch Proof and Logic prove A V D given premises 1. A V B 2. ¬C ∨ ¬B [closed]

I have to prove this in Fitch without using any of the cons
1
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2answers
357 views

Why is it logical to invoke an uncreated universe with no intelligent design?

How can an atheist invoke an uncreated universe with no intelligent design and assert its logical consistency? Why is it logical? By moving the goal post to aliens seeded earth from another universe,...
16
votes
7answers
6k views

What's the name of the logical fallacy where a debater extends a statement far beyond the original statement to make it true?

Suppose that someone initially states that "fossil fuel consumption due to mobile phone usage is similar to that of private transportation, so if you think we should switch to electric/bike to fight ...
0
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2answers
74 views

Is it a fallacy to say “A = B therefore more A = more B?”

For example, 70% nominal tax rate leads to more growth, therefore, 100% nominal tax rate must lead to the most growth.
0
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2answers
112 views

Become immortal - blessing or curse?

This question is really important for understand what's actually matter to us as humans. Having a limited life span is factor by which everyone of us is driven to something (goals/dreams/fulfilling ...
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0answers
30 views

Was Heidegger in some way influenced by Kierkegaard?

There are seemingly common ideas in the philosophy of kierkegaard and hiedegger on the self. I thought came into my mind, was Hiedegger in some way influenced by kierkegaard's self-actualization as ...

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