All Questions

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0answers
1 view

What approach, choosing from Barnes and Bloor from SSK, or Kitcher from ESK, best described current practices in economics

Can someone help me with this question, because I can't get the answer myself, would like to start a discussion as well.
0
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0answers
3 views

How does the relational conception of autonomy differ from the Kantian conception of autonomy?

Can someone give examples related to the differences in both the conceptions of autonomy?
-1
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2answers
35 views

What fallacy/effect/paradox is this?

You do an advertisement, "Lowest price in town" but a vast majority of people now suspect that your prices are not the lowest. They now start hunting around for lower prices than yours and they indeed ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

What kind of circularity, if any, is it acceptable for a philosophical argument to contain?

I'm studying circularity in arguments and was wondering if there is any acceptable circularity possible in a good philosophical argument. For instance, I gather that some regard rule-circularity as ...
1
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0answers
66 views

How long was justification “by faith alone” (sola fide) absent from Christian understanding?

Martin Luther began the Protestant reformation in 1517 and justification by faith alone was one of the major revived tenets seemingly lost and rediscovered. Is it accurate to say that it was a lost ...
2
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1answer
34 views

Equivalence of strings of modal operators in modal logic

I'm trying to solve a question which asks me to show that for any two finite strings O₁ and O₂ of □s and ◊s, (e.g. □□◊□◊□), that i) if O₁≡O₂ then OO₁≡OO₂ and ii) if O₁≡O₂ then O₁O≡O₂O where O is ...
2
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2answers
37 views

Universal consciousness

What do you suppose is happening when we traverse our mind to recall a memory or experience? Is this our innate ability to traverse a universal consciousness and immaterial repository of knowledge ...
1
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1answer
116 views

What is the current state of translation of Hegel's Lectures on the History of Philosophy in English?

There seem to be quite a few different versions of Hegel's Lectures on the History of Philosophy floating around. What gives?
3
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0answers
40 views

Why did the quest for an objective universal demarcation criteria had been deemed untenable after Kuhn?

I know that Kuhn had developed his own demarcation criteria to determine whether something is science or not. But according to my lecturer the quest for an universal demarcation criteria had been ...
2
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1answer
43 views

Nietzsche aphorism about happiness - interpretation

THE DANGER IN HAPPINESS.--"Everything now turns out best for me, I now love every fate:--who would like to be my fate?" From Beyond Good and Evil. I wondered if anyone could share some wisdom ...
0
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1answer
107 views

Defending the value of Moral Philosophy against Scientism

What are the best arguments against someone who believes 'Moral philosophy is useless, what we call morality is simply evolutionary instincts to do what we were designed to do as a species'. This ...
0
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1answer
31 views

For interactionist dualism, what is the mechanism that allows the mind to interact with the body?

I've looked everywhere for this answer but still can't find anything. If the mind and body are separate substances how can the mind interact with the body? What's the mechanism for the interaction?
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0answers
41 views

Definition of Cults in Popular language vs Sociological Terms

There seem to be a huge difference between the use of the word cult in popular use and the academic definition of cult. To my understanding the academic definition basically fit any new religious ( ...
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0answers
34 views

Did Nietzsche have anything to say about the trans-Atlantic slavery trade?

Given that there are over 300 references to slavery in Nietzsches work did he, in any of his works, address what was the most significant revival of slavery since Graeco-Roman times, that is the trans-...
1
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0answers
21 views

What did Confucious mean by saying that the 'rectification of names' is the first thing required to rule a state?

In Analects XII, a disciple asked Confucious the right principle of government whereupon Confucious said: The one thing needed first is the rectification of names. What did Confucious mean by this?...
2
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7answers
282 views

Is anything real?

What if everything were fake? We are not real. We are all figments of the imagination of a single person's mind generating all the countless different minds with different worlds and different ...
3
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0answers
42 views

Is there any evidence that Nietzsche read anything by Zarathustra?

Here are two verses of Zarathustra from his Gathas published in the The Hymns of Zoroaster: A New Translation of the Most Ancient Sacred Texts of Iran by M. L. West: 40.10 And that reward, ...
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4answers
185 views

Is the Kalam cosmological argument scientifically provable?

Kalam Cosmological Argument: (1) Everything that has a beginning of its existence has a cause of its existence. (2) The universe has a beginning of its existence. Therefore: (3) The universe has a ...
1
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1answer
52 views

Ethical question: Student unknowingly benefitted from cheater [on hold]

Hypothetical: Alice and Bob are students, and will be tested in a week. Bob steals a copy of the test (and answer key) ahead of time. Bob likes Alice, so he helps her prepare for the test, but doesn't ...
0
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1answer
69 views

Of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, who is generally considered the better philosopher?

Of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, who is generally considered the better philosopher? My apologies if too subjective. I don't mean to ask whose ideas are more current (Socratic irony?) or of ...
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0answers
25 views

In what order should I read The Republic, Aristotle's Politics, and The Prince?

I want to read Plato's The Republic, Aristotle's politics, and Machiavelli's The Prince. Is there an order in which I should read them to better understand the development of political philosophy?
0
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1answer
27 views

What does it mean to be a consequence?

A Logical Consequence, in terms for formal language, is derivable from a given set of statements by manipulating symbols according to fixed rules. That I understand, for that is the only way to move ...
2
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1answer
42 views

Why do I doubt my logical reasoning?

I have been wondering for several years why I just can't trust my own proofs in math or when giving some logical arguments. I keep thinking I might be making a mistake at some step of the proof and ...
1
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1answer
19 views

What does Descartes mean by thinking?

He says, that he cannot think that he is thinking while actually not thinking. So, the fact that he thinks that he is thinking already guarantees that he thinks. But what kind of thinking is it? Does ...
1
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1answer
29 views

If the mind is spatial does that mean it is material and cannot contain qualia?

The reason that people like mind body dualism is that material things cannot contain qualia and therefore there must be another entity that explains our consciousness. However, if we assume that the ...
3
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5answers
183 views

Why must the first mover be unmovable?

In the first way of Aquinas it is proved that there exists an unmoved mover (or unchanged changer or even better, actualizer which was not actualized). It is often claimed that God is pure act without ...
2
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2answers
75 views

Wittgenstein and the meaning of intermediate cases

I am reading Wittgenstein's philosophical investigations and want to understand what intermediate cases are. In paragraph 122 Wittgenstein writes in the first section A main source of our failure ...
1
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2answers
54 views

Logical expression that non-existent things don't do anything?

How could we express the idea that "something that doesn't exist cannot possibly do anything" using a logical argument? And if so, it is at all possible to prove that kind of proposition?
-2
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1answer
33 views

How many Greek gods are there in Greek mythology? [on hold]

I was wondering how many Greek gods there were. I'm working on a Greek school protect and need the answer. Thanks!
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Meaning, Properties and Definition

According to my understanding, language is an attempt to describe the properties of objects. A sentence can only succeed so far as to be able to list the properties or characteristics. There are ...
-1
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0answers
88 views

Is there anything analogous to the withdrawal of labour in a mass strike, on the internet? [on hold]

Is there anything analogous to the withdrawal of labour in a mass strike, on the internet? Obviously, Marxists talk about the internet. And e,g. this paper I haven't read (I lack library access) on ...
-3
votes
1answer
91 views

Apart from nurture, nature and grace is there another ingredient from which humans are made?

Some think we are, say, 70% formed by nurture and 30% nature and since together these make 100% that together they represent the totality of that from which we are formed. Others might argue for ...
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0answers
27 views

Did Nietzsche elaborate on his notion of a 'political caste to rule over Europe'

In Aphorism 251 in Beyond Good and Evil, Nietzche says: What is serious for me ... [is] the cultivation of a new caste to rule over Europe. And according to Nietzschean scholar Ronald Beiner, when ...
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0answers
15 views

What were the 'philosophical cover-up' practised by Heidegger in his Nietzschean lectures 1936-45

In Bambachs, Heidegger Roots, he offers an authoritative analysis of the manipulations practised by Heidegger in his Nietzsche lectures between 1936-45. He calls them a 'philosophical cover-up' ...
3
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1answer
38 views

Had Kant ever said anything about “Beauty is not on the rosy cheeks of a maiden”?

My "Introduction to Aesthetics" textbook (a cheap-looking book made by people of questionable credentials) claims that Immanuel Kant had said something to the effect of "Beauty doesn't lie on the rosy ...
18
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18answers
5k views

Can time exist without change?

Imagine an event of one second in length, like two hands clapping. Suppose that another interval of time elapses between the clap, a period in which nothing happens in the whole universe (or in all ...
-2
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0answers
76 views

Did Nietschze repudiate his philosophy in his madness, or was his madness itself a repudiation of his philosophy? [on hold]

Nietzsche wrote in The Twilight of the Idols and the Anti-Christ: Formerly he [God] represented a people, the strength of a people, everything aggressive and thirsting for power in the soul of a ...
1
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1answer
123 views

What do theologians study about?

I have never seen a word which is as ill defined as the word "God". Consider a group of 10 people, if we ask them what do they mean by God.I am certain all of them will have different definitions. Yet ...
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0answers
24 views

Did Simone Weil analyse the conditions that allowed the growth of an oppressive bureaucratic state in the former Soviet Union?

In the short book by John Hellman, Simone Weil, an introduction to her thought, he quotes from her essay, La Revolutienne Proletarienne: Throughout history men have struggled, suffered and died to ...
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0answers
126 views

Semantic expressiveness of modal logic

I am wondering how much of the semantic of basic philosophical questions can be expressed by formal arguments in modal logic. Here is one argument I formalised myself: P1 ◇ ∀a, ∃x // GNB(x, a) ∧ ...
1
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2answers
112 views

How does Ravi Zacharias' defence of the problem of evil jump from the need of a moral law giver to there being a God?

On first finding this defense by Zacharias, I was rather convinced, but upon reading it again, I have some doubts. Firstly, here is the transcript from what he said about the problem of evil. ......
-1
votes
1answer
45 views

Aren't we most likely subject to artificial selection?

Since intelligent design is just artificial selection, and since we're most likely to be artificially selected for, then you can say we've been subjected to intelligent design. Since most animals on ...
1
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1answer
23 views

Do I have to use the BARBARA, CELARENT… etc?

My logic book is making me memorize the mnemonic that lists all these Latin names in order to remember valid syllogism forms, as well as how to reduce them into the first figure. My question is, do I ...
3
votes
5answers
107 views

Can an exception ever “prove” a rule?

It is a common thing to say that, when an "exception" is found, this proves (as in it provides evidence) there is a rule (or succinctly stated as "the exception proves the rule"). Is there a logical/...
3
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3answers
133 views

Can potentiality be used to dispel Parmenides's monism?

Can we say that beings are different precisely because this being has this potencies and that being has that potencies? Is the (only) thing differentiating two different things their set of potencies? ...
2
votes
4answers
119 views

Is there an alternative to cardinalities that makes proper subsets smaller than their sets?

Cantor defined an infinite set as a set whose subset can be placed in a one-to-one correspondence with its subset. That is, take the set of all natural numbers: {0, 1, 2, 3, 4,...}. From that set, you ...
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2answers
60 views

Which English translation of “The Social Contract” is better?

I was trying to read Rousseau's The Social Contract and Discourses. On archive.org I found a copy of the Everyman's Library version translated by G.D.H. Cole (1913). However, on amazon.com, a reviewer ...
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2answers
114 views

How much the world is logical [closed]

In her book The Art of Logic in an Illogical World, Eugenia Cheng writes:"I have already asserted the fact that nothing in the world actually behaves according to logic. So how can we use logic in the ...
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2answers
64 views

Can we infer the rarity of sapience in the universe by looking at the rarity of the universe itself?

This is similar to the anthropic principle, where we can make certain claims by looking at the conclusion: our existence. We can see that our universe is huge and therefore rare. A smaller universe ...
0
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1answer
42 views

What if people were immortal? [closed]

After watching this stimulus https://youtu.be/2kLSiE-eNjw students generated a range of question but choose the one above.

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