All Questions

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1answer
23 views

Meaning, Properties and Definition

According to my understanding, language is an attempt to describe the properties of objects. A sentence can only succeed so far as to be able to list the properties or characteristics. There are ...
0
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0answers
45 views

Is there anything analogous to the withdrawal of labour in a mass strike, on the internet?

Is there anything analogous to the withdrawal of labour in a mass strike, on the internet? Obviously, lots of Marxists talk about the internet, but I wondered if, assuming that work place agitation ...
0
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2answers
54 views

Apart from nurture, nature and grace is there another ingredient from which humans are made?

Some think we are, say, 70% formed by nurture and 30% nature and since together these make 100% that together they represent the totality of that from which we are formed. Others might argue for ...
1
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0answers
19 views

Did Nietzsche elaborate on his notion of a 'political caste to rule over Europe'

In Aphorism 251 in Beyond Good and Evil, Nietzche says: What is serious for me ... [is] the cultivation of a new caste to rule over Europe. And according to Nietzschean scholar Ronald Beiner, when ...
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0answers
12 views

What were the 'philosophical cover-up' practised by Heidegger in his Nietzschean lectures 1936-45

In Bambachs, Heidegger Roots, he offers an authoritative analysis of the manipulations practised by Heidegger in his Nietzsche lectures between 1936-45. He calls them a 'philosophical cover-up' ...
3
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1answer
33 views

Had Kant ever said anything about “Beauty is not on the rosy cheeks of a maiden”?

My "Introduction to Aesthetics" textbook (a cheap-looking book made by people of questionable credentials) claims that Immanuel Kant had said something to the effect of "Beauty doesn't lie on the rosy ...
11
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10answers
2k views

Can time exist without change?

Imagine an event of one second in length, like the blink of an eye. Suppose that another second elapses between the closing and reopening of your eyes, a second in which nothing happens in the whole ...
0
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0answers
57 views

Did Nietschze repudiate his philosophy in his madness, or was his madness itself a repudiation of his philosophy?

Nietzsche wrote in The Twilight of the Idols and the Anti-Christ: Formerly he [God] represented a people, the strength of a people, everything aggressive and thirsting for power in the soul of a ...
1
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1answer
90 views

What do theologians study about?

I have never seen a word which is as ill defined as the word "God". Consider a group of 10 people, if we ask them what do they mean by God.I am certain all of them will have different definitions. Yet ...
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0answers
20 views

Did Simone Weil analyse the conditions that allowed the growth of an oppressive bureaucratic state in the former Soviet Union?

In the short book by John Hellman, Simone Weil, an introduction to her thought, he quotes from her essay, La Revolutienne Proletarienne: Throughout history men have struggled, suffered and died to ...
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0answers
97 views

Semantic expressiveness of modal logic

I am wondering how much of the semantic of basic philosophical questions can be expressed by formal arguments in modal logic. Here is one argument I formalised myself: P1 ◇ ∀a, ∃x // GNB(x, a) ∧ ...
1
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2answers
98 views

How does Ravi Zacharias' defence of the problem of evil jump from the need of a moral law giver to there being a God?

On first finding this defense by Zacharias, I was rather convinced, but upon reading it again, I have some doubts. Firstly, here is the transcript from what he said about the problem of evil. ......
0
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1answer
38 views

Aren't we most likely subject to artificial selection?

Since intelligent design is just artificial selection, and since we're most likely to be artificially selected for, then you can say we've been subjected to intelligent design. Since most animals on ...
1
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1answer
21 views

Do I have to use the BARBARA, CELARENT… etc?

My logic book is making me memorize the mnemonic that lists all these Latin names in order to remember valid syllogism forms, as well as how to reduce them into the first figure. My question is, do I ...
3
votes
4answers
88 views

Can an exception ever “prove” a rule?

It is a common thing to say that, when an "exception" is found, this proves (as in it provides evidence) there is a rule (or succinctly stated as "the exception proves the rule"). Is there a logical/...
3
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2answers
87 views

Can potentiality be used to dispel Parmenides's monism?

Can we say that beings are different precisely because this being has this potencies and that being has that potencies? Is the (only) thing differentiating two different things their set of potencies? ...
1
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4answers
99 views

Is there an alternative to cardinalities that makes proper subsets smaller than their sets?

Cantor defined an infinite set as a set whose subset can be placed in a one-to-one correspondence with its subset. That is, take the set of all natural numbers: {0, 1, 2, 3, 4,...}. From that set, you ...
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2answers
53 views

Which English translation of “The Social Contract” is better?

I was trying to read Rousseau's The Social Contract and Discourses. On archive.org I found a copy of the Everyman's Library version translated by G.D.H. Cole (1913). However, on amazon.com, a reviewer ...
4
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2answers
105 views

How much the world is logical [on hold]

In her book The Art of Logic in an Illogical World, Eugenia Cheng writes:"I have already asserted the fact that nothing in the world actually behaves according to logic. So how can we use logic in the ...
0
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2answers
59 views

Can we infer the rarity of sapience in the universe by looking at the rarity of the universe itself?

This is similar to the anthropic principle, where we can make certain claims by looking at the conclusion: our existence. We can see that our universe is huge and therefore rare. A smaller universe ...
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1answer
40 views

What if people were immortal? [on hold]

After watching this stimulus https://youtu.be/2kLSiE-eNjw students generated a range of question but choose the one above.
1
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0answers
69 views

Justification of existing methods of formal logic

What is it that mathematicians, and more likely perhaps philosophers, give as an explicit justification that any method of formal logic, which is actually used by mathematicians, or even by automatic ...
1
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1answer
161 views

Classical logic, symbolic logic, higher-order logic, First-order logic? Learning from scratch

I'd like to ask you a question about logic. I study philosophy in a Spanish Christian university. In the first year, we study logic but it's the classical one, following Aristotle's Organon, the ...
5
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2answers
67 views

Why is “re-evaluating all values” necessary to become an Übermensch?

From previous answers it became clear to me that Nietzsche did not think that there has been any Übermensch yet. He identified Goethe as a person that has overcome and disciplined himself to advance ...
2
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4answers
62 views

How would i go about using natural deduction to prove this argument is valid?

How would I use natural deduction to prove this argument is correct? It's always either night or day. There'd only be a full moon if it were night-time. So, since it's daytime, there's no full moon ...
2
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2answers
207 views

Is it light that is first or darkness? [on hold]

A friend asked about what the existence of darkness in the universe is, and that it's white light instead of darkness. And I said if the universe was only white, how can you see all the planets or a ...
2
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2answers
40 views

What irreducible functions constitute thinking?

Because all new knowledge, to be not illogical, must obey logic i.e. every thinking step must be consistent with rules of logic; so can we write an effective procedure/algorithm which may be followed ...
4
votes
1answer
30 views

Identification and identity

One's identity is routinely associated with one's body, and most will readily make the claim that they are their body. Their body is the referent for their identity. I'm having a bit of a problem ...
1
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0answers
33 views

Opinions on the Newcomb Paradox [on hold]

Need some opinions on the Newcomb Paradox. You’re invited to play a game, which consists of an opaque box and a transparent box. In the transparent box, there is $1000. You can see it and it will ...
1
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0answers
91 views

Does philosophy nurture guilt?

In his Eschatological Laundry List, Sheldon Kopp wrote, Learn to forgive yourself, again and again and again and again. That made me wonder if philosophy commonly leads people towards feelings of ...
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0answers
22 views

How to express that something that exists is possibly necessary in Modal Alethic Logic?

Suppose that A is True (like 1+1=2) , then how to formulate this proposition in Modal Alethic Logic? If A is the case, then it is possible that A is necessarily the case. For example : If I am ...
2
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3answers
127 views

Nihilist paradox

As Nietzsche is an obvious example, I am focusing on him. I think that there are no nihilist philosophers, because if someone is a nihilist, why would the nihilist even bother telling us? As a ...
2
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0answers
39 views

Which major philosophers (if any) prior to the 1900s believed that consciousness was an emergent property of the brain?

I am going to be doing an Independent Study with one of my professors, and I am obligated (due to the professor's expertise) to choose a philosopher prior to the 1900s. Were there any philosophers ...
0
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0answers
40 views

how to realize every 1 sec of life? [on hold]

We don't even realize how years passed away, at least I do, but as a student I can't realize how my time goes away, to know what life is, one has to know what time is in our mind. Our mind doesn't ...
1
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2answers
92 views

Is Frank Herbert's view on 'equality' similar to Aristotle justice?

Herbert was not a philosopher, but a philosophically astute author that used futuristic fiction to comment on contemporary problems, "impossible to pin you down to neatly packaged ideas" according to ...
1
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1answer
97 views

Do humans have the comprehension of an ant regarding certain things?

The leading theory behind the anomaly that is human intelligence is that humans had the greatest diversity in selective pressures over the course of our evolutionary history which allowed only the ...
3
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1answer
39 views

Problem understanding a paragraph about the Enlightenment project

Could you explain the following sentences especially the last one? I have a problem understanding them: The Enlightenment project, writes David Harvey in The Condition of Postmodernity, 'took it as ...
3
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0answers
111 views

Is there a natural example of a non-self-referential semantic paradox in philosophy?

A commonly studied paradox is the liar's paradox. The liar's paradox is to determine whether "this statement is false". The usual resolution is to state this the sentence is not actually a statement ...
4
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2answers
150 views

Can an animal have qualia without self awareness?

Can an animal have qualia without self awareness? I understand that many animals are said to have qualia but not self awareness (perhaps not the great apes). In particular, I'm having a hard time ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

What are the best arguments for the defense of the “principle of motion”?

How would someone (I would love to hear how Aquinas and/or Aristotle would) defend the principle of motion (that is, whatever is changed is changed by another or only actual being can actualize ...
0
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2answers
86 views

Validity of a modal argument?

Would you say that the following argument is valid? And if not, why exactly? For all we know, A may be the state of B; What C does is determined by the state of B; Therefore, for all ...
4
votes
4answers
108 views

Does Reality change when theory change?

I was going to include a caveat to prove a premise: to show that truth has become more subjective and then proceeding from older to newer theories of truth, I would cite a survey showing how ...
4
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1answer
86 views

Does strong AI disprove physicalism?

This question is motivated by a comment to an answer I provided to another question about John Searle and the Chinese Room Argument: What relevance, if any, does collective memory in ants have to John ...
1
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1answer
36 views

Does Descartes explain or define how the sensation mechanism works?

Especially in Meditation 2, Descartes uses "sense", "sensation" many times when he argues for the mind-body distinction. But does he explain the sensation mechanism? I wonder this because it seems to ...
1
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1answer
57 views

What does Tarski mean when he says that truth is a property of sentences?

A fundamental statement of Tarski's Theory of Truth is that truth is a property of sentences. What does this statement mean? What kind of Truth is it referring to? What is the formal definition of '...
-1
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0answers
169 views

Counter-examples in modal logic

I’m getting stuck on counter-examples to formulas in modal logic. I’m now doing the exercises in Girle’s Modal logic and Philosophy, 3.4.1. Let’s take (a), since the answer to that one is given. The ...
2
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1answer
104 views

Is harming others always considered bad?

Do any philosophers either explicitly avoid condemning harm, or condone it, especially harming others, in their ethics? Why do humans consider causing bad to others as bad and represent it as bad act ...
2
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0answers
164 views

If Satan punishes bad people, doesn't that make him a good person? [closed]

In Christian theology, the devil is generally thought of as both being evil in himself AND as being the punisher of bad people. But isn't punishing bad people a good thing? And if so, wouldn't that ...
5
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3answers
128 views

Could reality be a projection of another reality?

I'm new to metaphysics. So, I apologize if this is an established question. I've been asking the question, could reality be a projection of another reality? In geometry, you can project a three ...
-1
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0answers
154 views

Integrated Information Theory - If correct could humans create artificial consciousness with spatially dynamic digital systems? [on hold]

First off please keep in mind I am self-learning and am learning about this for fun, I have no end goal. I'm trying to make predictions about what I am learning implies or means, so I can ask better ...

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