All Questions

0
votes
1answer
13 views

Is math arbitrary

Math at its core begins with calling something true or false and following logic. WE for example call an odd number 2n+1 but what if we called an odd number 2n and flipped it for it to become a even. ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Is it okay for poor people to buy pirated copies of books?

In the light of development theories that show how the poor are doomed to remain poor under the status quo, is it morally correct for poor people to buy pirated copies of books? Original books cost ...
1
vote
3answers
54 views

If we are all just condemned to death, then why should we still live?

This maybe just a question thought while drinking a coffee at a balcony. But it caught me defenseless. Just as how it caught those who committed suicide. With all our efforts to find meaning in life, ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

How does Nietzsche define suffering?

Obviously, Nietzche thinks that suffering is important, but what exactly does suffering entail? Is it both physical and emotional?
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Are there any apparent inconsistencies with an uncreated material existence?

With regard to organic intelligence as a latter byproduct (or, end product) within a reductionist, materialist existence, especially that espoused by atheism, are there any apparent, (or, less ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Who writes about levels of power?

Recently, a senator stated that a bill would not be voted upon “because I get to decide what we vote on.” I recall a complete philosophy of exercising power at various levels, of which deciding when ...
1
vote
2answers
34 views

“Truth as subjectivity”, “Truth is subjectivity”, or “Subjectivity of truth”?

There might be a confusion in those phrases. As a reader of kierkegaard, specifically on reading his Postscript and in reading other books related to him, I have encountered those terms separately in ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Is it ethical for an employer to fire an employee who has criticized the company?

I understand in the United States it is perfectly legal for a company to fire employees who have made critical comments about the company. The 1st Amendment rights do not extend to employer/employee ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Fitch Proof and Logic prove A V D given premises 1. A V B 2. ¬C ∨ ¬B [on hold]

I have to prove this in Fitch without using any of the cons
1
vote
2answers
240 views

Why is it logical to invoke an uncreated universe with no intelligent design?

How can an atheist invoke an uncreated universe with no intelligent design and assert its logical consistency? Why is it logical? By moving the goal post to aliens seeded earth from another universe,...
15
votes
7answers
5k views

What's the name of the logical fallacy where a debater extends a statement far beyond the original statement to make it true?

Suppose that someone initially states that "fossil fuel consumption due to mobile phone usage is similar to that of private transportation, so if you think we should switch to electric/bike to fight ...
0
votes
2answers
69 views

Is it a fallacy to say “A = B therefore more A = more B?”

For example, 70% nominal tax rate leads to more growth, therefore, 100% nominal tax rate must lead to the most growth.
0
votes
2answers
103 views

Become immortal - blessing or curse?

This question is really important for understand what's actually matter to us as humans. Having a limited life span is factor by which everyone of us is driven to something (goals/dreams/fulfilling ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Was Heidegger in some way influenced by Kierkegaard?

There are seemingly common ideas in the philosophy of kierkegaard and hiedegger on the self. I thought came into my mind, was Hiedegger in some way influenced by kierkegaard's self-actualization as ...
-1
votes
2answers
102 views

If a creator of the universe was discovered then what effect would that have?

Suppose science finally unearths a creator of the universe. Let us say it is actually a collection of aliens who have always existed, that for them time is a synthetic concept, and we are all a part ...
3
votes
3answers
90 views

How to explain value and goodness of things without resorting to Hedonism?

This has been bothering me for a while. I do not believe that the ethical theory of hedonism represents the world of which we live in truthfully, neither does it appeal to my common sense. However, ...
0
votes
4answers
147 views

Is there any rational justification to the counterargument “I refuse to answer your question on the basis that it is a hypothetical question?”

This is a common contention that comes up in heated debates. It seems to me like it qualifies as a non sequitur and a red herring. Possibly a different fallacy that I am unaware of. I would like to ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Is disability an inability to do something, or to be unable to without significant distress? [on hold]

Is disability an inability to do something, or to be unable to without significant distress, whether or not the latter is life changing? On the one hand, I like definitions of 'illness' which add up ...
-1
votes
0answers
33 views

Ethics of everything [on hold]

1. World/reality exists outside of consciousness and it is not one's fantasy. True: Science gives us objective truth. => Correlation between a state of our consciousness and brain activity has ...
-1
votes
0answers
26 views

Arguments for and against morality as objective [on hold]

morality needs not to objective but can be a fact from point of view of humans . we can say Africa exists its a fact but for whom , for humans because in reality what even Africa would mean if humans ...
2
votes
5answers
96 views

How to avoid nihilism as an agnostic?

As an agnostic I end up as a nihilist on morality. Philosophers say we need a framework for morality but if that framework is religious, which itself is not empirical or sometimes is contradictory, ...
-1
votes
1answer
40 views

Efficient cause and answering questions unambiguously

I am trying to understand the physical concept of friction in terms of Aristotle's efficient cause. This is not a physics question. Friction is said to be caused by the electromagnetic force between ...
0
votes
3answers
76 views

Is visualization : space :: simulation : time?

I'm trying to find the right word to complete this analogy. visualization : space :: w : time? The closest I could get is "simulation," but is this a good answer?
0
votes
1answer
94 views

Is emergentism incompatible with reductionism?

I've read, on several occasions, that emergentism is maybe not all the way contrasted but at least to some degree conflicted with reductionism. As I understand, emergentism is a doctrine within ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

What is the connection between objective uncertainty and truth as subjectivity in Kierkegaard?

I just want to understand clearly what is the possible connection between the objective uncertainty and the truth as subjectivity of Soren Kierkegaard. Since we cannot find much in his books his ...
2
votes
2answers
58 views

A typology of ethical theories for beginners?

Ethical theories can doubtless be classified, cross-connected and contrasted in many ways. I am not looking for a definitive classification, only a useful typology to get me started. Refinements and ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Reality from perception [on hold]

Is reality determined by what we perceive or what it is? Can we know reality, or at best, do we perceive it through knowledge of our immediate members?
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Philosophical journal that allows blind referee

I'd like to know which journals in Philosophy (logic) allow papers without author's information to be reviewed by referees.
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Why did Nietzsche think that only the happiness of higher types mattered?

Why did Nietzsche think that only the happiness of higher types mattered? Was it due to some repulsion from normal people and their behaviours? Or was he just fascinated by greatness? I would assume ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

What does Levinas mean by “the Same” in contrast to the Other?

Emmanuel Levinas frequenty uses the terminology of "the Same" and "the Other". What is the meaning of "the Same" in his philosophy?
5
votes
5answers
261 views

Is theism necessarily 'faith-based'?

Reading this question recently posted, an assertion was made that theism and atheism are both "faith-based" positions. Ignoring the argument regarding atheism, I feel the initial premise deserves a ...
1
vote
2answers
50 views

Logical equivalence proofs

Trying to master logical equivalence proofs out of a textbook is proving to be difficult. I’m hung up on these four problems. I can make some progress, but usually get stuck towards the very end. Any ...
2
votes
2answers
162 views

Is God's disembodiment problematic?

I understand that most (though not all) Christians believe that God is disembodied. God cannot be corporeal because that would preclude his being eternal, immutable, and simple, for example. ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Private rule following

If I understand Wittgensteins Philosophical Investigations correctly, it is not possible to follow a rule in private. First of all, I am not quite sure if my understanding of rule-following is correct ...
-2
votes
1answer
43 views

How to solve A ∨ (B ∧ C), A → C |— C using Natural Deduction? (Conclusion is C) [on hold]

This question has been troubling me for days. Kindly help with it. The conclusion is C for A ∨ (B ∧ C) and A → C
1
vote
0answers
30 views

What are some differences between Avicenna and Descartes in regards to being unable to doubt one's own existence

Given Descartes' Cogito and Avicenna's Floating Man arguments, what are some differences between them? It appears to me that they are both arriving to the same conclusion but the process by which they ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

How can an army be justified with the right to physical and psychological integrity?

The human being has a right to physical and psychological integrity. If a person dies during a military operation, the relatives receive compensation from the state. However, financial compensation is ...
36
votes
18answers
11k views

Asserting that Atheism and Theism are both faith based positions

I am recently testing an assertion that I have concluded namely that atheism is a faith based position just like theism is a faith based position. The reason I arrived at this conclusion is that ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Philosophical Investigations Part one and two

I was wondering how is the book "Philosophical Investigations" by Ludwig Wittgenstein split? I have read that there are part one and part two. It may sound stupid but I have the "critical-genetic ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Please what do we call this type of hypothetical statement?:

"It is certain you have a nose when you can smell but not everyone with a nose can smell". Or "It is certain you have a brain when you can think. But not everyone with a brain can think" Note: As I ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

What does proto-idealistic philosophy mean?

I am listening to a lecture on YT (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CbvG4KffgSI skip to 2:41) and the lecturer mentioned "Immanuel Kant's proto-idealistic philosophy." What does that mean?
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Epicurus's claim that the mind is in the heart

I'm looking for a reference to back the claim made on SEP: The mind, which is located at the heart, is a center that controls the other soul-parts as well as the body, and that receives and ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

Why does soul stay separate from the body?

In Plato's Phaedo, Socrates established that death is the separation of soul and body. But he did not give any clue for this separation. What are the factors that lead to this separation? Physical ...
2
votes
2answers
123 views

What is the difference between free will and freedom to choose?

The Wikipedia article on "secondary causation" notes the following without footnote: According to the Jewish Torah which brought down the original idea in Genesis, the phrase "free will" is a ...
0
votes
3answers
142 views

Are we seeing useless physics today [on hold]

Are we seeing useless physics today? By useless physics I refer to for example the study of multiverse(s): it is useless because there is no use for it to mankind - except that there are physicists ...
2
votes
2answers
108 views

Logical notation

I'm currently debating with someone whether something could be considered possible because we have no evidence that it's impossible. He made the statement that: "All things are possible which are not ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Are there any good sources that would help me read Lacan's Seminar XVII?

I've been interested in psychoanalysis for the past year or so; I've read a little bit of Freud (the introductory lectures, the case study on the Rat Man, Beyond the Pleasure Principle, and about half ...
-1
votes
0answers
30 views

Prove that if the truth tree method determines that a set of sentences gamma does not entail A then gamma does not entail A [closed]

I’m on shaky ground right now in logic and I have no idea on how to start writing this proof. Please help. (It’s the third question) thank you!
-2
votes
2answers
51 views

Fitch-style natural deduction

How to prove the following questions? (a) p from assumption ¬(p → q) (b) ¬¬p → p from no assumptions.
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Is b⊢C∧¬b⊢C∧b⇒C∧¬b⇒C possible?

Are there any cases where b and C are real world statements where b⊢C∧¬b⊢C∧b⇒C∧¬b⇒C where b and C are not tautologies? It may seem like a silly question, but after searching hard and deep, I couldn't ...

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