All Questions

-3
votes
0answers
10 views

Fitch Arrow Proofs

Using the FITCH program and the FITCH derivation rules you should make a proof or derivation of C10 from P5 through P11. P5: ∀x∀y(StrongPref(x,y)→ ¬StrongPref(y,x)) P6: ∀x∀y∀z((StrongPref(x,y)∧...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

A question about material implication

I have a question about reading material implications. I know this read as "if p then q". like: if the moon is made of green cheese then the earth is round. but I can't read it in this sentence: ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Do Stephen Wolfram and Gerard 't Hooft propose that literally every Cellular Automata is a universe?

Both Stephen Wolfram and nobel laureate Gerard 't Hooft think that the universe is a Cellular Automata. As far as I know, 't Hooft developped a series of frameworks to build different models of ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

What is the difference between Adorno's 'fragmentation' and post-modern art's fragmentation?

the most authentic art is modernist art which reflects in its own fragmentation the fragmentation of society. What is the difference between Adorno's 'fragmentation' and post-modern art's ...
2
votes
2answers
288 views

Is there a term for the belief that “if it's legal, it's moral”?

Sometimes I hear arguments that seem to appeal to the fact that something is morally permissible because it is legally permitted. For example: Abortion is moral because it's legally permitted. ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Would this experiment establish whether wave function collapse is caused by consciousness?

I'm currently writing an article on the philosophy of physics. Part of the article, involves an experiment which would substantiate whether or not consciousness causes wave function collapse. Many ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Ethics and Mathematics

I am laying out a relationship between mathematics and ethics which I'm not sure is correct. In mathematics, we have axioms, statements we assume to be true. All the rest is logical deductions from ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Pythagorean metaphysics

I have developed an interest in studying Pythagoras, mainly his idea of Number as the Arche. It seems that neither him nor his school left any writings, and what survives of it comes through Aristotle'...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Prerequisites to study aesthetics

So, I plan to begin to self study aesthetics, and was wondering whether a working knowledge of art history would be helpful for the same? If so, would Gardner's History of Art be sufficient? Also, on ...
-1
votes
0answers
30 views

Do societies always end in a patriachy or a matriachy? [on hold]

Most societies through time (and even in the animal kingdom) seem to either exist as a patriachy or a matriachy. i.e. the head of the family and village in a society is either seens as the elder man's ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Which solution is better for this predicate?

We have this predicate: Prime(x) ≡ x>1 ∧(∀y)(Divide(y,x) → (y=1 ∨ y=x)). Now I have to turn this into an English sentence. I've come up with three answers: x is a prime number if x is greater ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

On the meaning of “θάνατός ἐστιν ὁκόσα ἐγερθέντες ὁρέομεν, ὁκόσα δὲ εὕδοντες ὕπνος”

Can someone give an explation on the meaning of "θάνατός ἐστιν ὁκόσα ἐγερθέντες ὁρέομεν, ὁκόσα δὲ εὕδοντες ὕπνος," a remaining fragment by Heraclitus. This website translated it as "All the things we ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

What does it truly mean to have a will? Is it the same as being conscious?

Like if we talk about making choices, how can we know if it's made out of a habitual or automatic thought process or is independent and conscious? To most degree, the succession of thoughts in a ...
2
votes
2answers
48 views

Is it possible to enumerate metaphysical hypotheses?

Recently, I had an argument with someone who stated that the chance of experiencing nothing after death is extremely low. Their reasoning was that one can think of many more metaphysical realities in ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Value of human life in a simulation

I’m interested to see whether people think the value of human life is worth less if our existence is the result of a simulation created by a “higher being.” Would living in base reality give more ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Can I use some software method to solve and derive logic proofs?

For example, suppose I have this problem: T (T ⊃ (B ∨ M)) (M ⊃ H) ~H I heard there's a programming language called Prolog which can verify whether the conclusion was true or false. I would like to ...
4
votes
1answer
171 views

What exactly is a first-order logic?

Can someone explain in simple terms what exactly is a first-order logic? From my amateur standpoint, I think that first-order logic is a some kind of a system of symbols and general logical rules and ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

ELI5 - Abduction vs. Inference to Best Explanation (IBE)

How can you explain to a 5 y.o. how abductive reasoning differs from IBE? I don't understand even though I read SPE and these papers: Campos, Daniel G. On the Distinction between Peirce’s Abduction ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Instinct driven decisions

I know there are many factors when making decisions such as emotion, logic and reason etc ... But my question is how significant is instinct or intuition driven decision making important when human ...
-1
votes
0answers
34 views

Science and ethics

I know that science and ethics must work hand in hand to lead to a better pathway and future development on preserving the health of the scientific discipline. But what are the major issues which ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

Ethically dilemmas, empathy,aggression [on hold]

Respected group members, I want ask you that if food scarcity in group and other group have limited resources for survive , my wife and children dying with starvation would I morally right to attack ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Utilitarianism revisited

I assume utilitarianism to be the doctrine that one should act to maximize the overall amount of some "happiness". Next to the fact that it's not quite clear what happiness is supposed to be and ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Does Gregory Chaitin propose a computable or an uncomputable ontology?

Gregory Chaitin is a mathematician who thinks that the universe is itself a computer, or similar... He has written papers closely related to the field of hypercomputation (For example, he invented ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Quantifying moral obligation

A follow-up, of sorts, on this question, in which I'd like to refine the notion of moral obligation. Consider some instances in which the notion might arise: Most people agree that a trolley operator ...
3
votes
0answers
89 views

Explanation vs. prediction in statistics and in the philosophy of science?

In the realm of statistics and machine learning, a lot of discussion has arisen recently around the difference between explaining and predicting: That the two are not the same, and that the difference ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Necessarily true/false and contingently true [on hold]

Charles Lutwidge Dodgson is Lewis Carroll. Mary loves roses Which one of the sentences are necessarily true/false or contingently true, and why?
-1
votes
0answers
28 views

Is there a particular name/origin for the hypothesis “every x seconds, y event occurs” [on hold]

I'm interested in whether there is a particular name for the above (part mesaurement, part prediction) formula/hypothesis (e.g. "every second, 4 babies are born","every minute, 330,000 google searches ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Intellectual History of Idea in A Geneaology of Morals Essay One

In Nietzsche's first essay in A Geneaology of Morals, he suggests that use of language in which subjects and verbs are distinguished may influence or at least correspond to conceptual distinctions in ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Do computer languages instantiate only predicate calculus?

All the computer languages I'm familiar with, be they imperative or declarative have the same core mechanics (arithmetic and logic).They have the same loops, conditionals etc. Whatever the language it ...
-2
votes
0answers
21 views

What the mind-body supervenience say about zombies and angels?

I cannot find a clear answer to what mind-body supervenience implies for non-material realisations of mind-properties and zombies. Let’s start with the zombies first, because it is often stated that ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Is it immoral to make a living off of a religious product that I made?

I'm a software developer, and I'm making an application that is, basically, a religious-inspired social media platform. It's free, not freemium, no consumables, nothing to pay for and users have ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

Is it immoral to kill a philosophical zombie?

Is unplugging a robot from power the same as killing a person? As the commenters said this does not quite work because robots can be plugged back in. So let's replace robots with philosophical zombies,...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Is it there any well known model/theory/interpretations where the whole universe is treated as a neural network?

I was looking for well known models/theories/interpretations in physics that would treat the whole universe as a neural network, do you know about any? I've heard about Hava Siegelmann's model, but ...
-1
votes
0answers
22 views

How would a plan to bootstrap civilization after a full collapse look like? [on hold]

Pretty open-ended question, so maybe it will be shut down. Provided civilization collapses, as it probably will sooner or later, how could a plan to bootstrap it after look like? A satellite system ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

What undergraduate-level books focus on analogical arguments?

I want books that dive deeper into nothing but analogies. I went to the library and riffled the books in the Bibliography of SEP's Analogy and Analogical Reasoning, but none were introductions at an ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Can voluntary radical change of core beliefs be considered as a suicide from perspective of psychological continuity?

I understand psychological continuity as view that only preservation of psyche is important in determining if somebody survived or not. Like if my body, including the brain, is gradually replaced by ...
-2
votes
0answers
30 views

What is the point does she missed? [on hold]

This video tells a story of a smart woman succeeded in genetic engineering that creates better human with longer lifespan, low sickness and mentally stable. But however, after a few generations, human ...
4
votes
1answer
46 views

What are good sources on vivid designators?

Wikipedia lists a vivid designator as the following: Vivid designator: In modal logic and the philosophy of language, a vivid designator is a term which is believed to designate the same ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Philosopher who believed in god when he got sick [on hold]

Like the title, I have read somewhere about someone who is either agnostic or strongly against the idea of god, but when he got sick, he believed in god. What is his name?
0
votes
1answer
44 views

What's illogical in Justice Kagan's hypothetical with law clerks writing and editing memos?

Is Kagan's slipup one of formal or informal logic? Can you please unravel in high-school terms, but more broadly, how Alito's counterargument rebuffed Kagan's argument? I have music degrees, but ...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

A question about possibility

1) If A, then B 2) ~ A 3) So, possible that B Valid or not? My take: Not valid. Reason: Valid means if all premises true, conc. must be true That means adding new information should not alter ...
-1
votes
0answers
27 views

Is Occam's Razor a valid response to Skepticism?

Skeptical Hypotheses are typically dismissed with the use of Occam's razor: simply put the theory with a less number of assumptions is more likely than any other theory that presents more assumptions. ...
-1
votes
1answer
61 views

The strangness of time [on hold]

What happened before time itself?Is a time period of an event necessary to say that this happened?In physics the passing of time is relativistic depending on your frame of reference.But we cant escape ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Can robots have rights? [on hold]

If the robots become so intelligent that they just dont follow orders based on their programming , does this makes them human.Will they have rights?What qualities does something need to have rights?If ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

The mechanics of logic [on hold]

I am interested in how fundamentally important measurement is in the process of logical thought. At what point in the logical process are we no longer engaged in some form of measurement. Measurement ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Moral reasoning asymmetry

​​Being a complete dilettante in the field of philosophy I will accept any warranted smackdown with grace. It is my understanding that moral philosophers are actively trying to resolve the following ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Attitude towards different animal species

I am not sure whether philosophy stack exchange is the right place to ask the following questions, if not please suggest the right website. How can people so easily kill a mosquito but not a dog or a ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

What is the Barcan Formula?

can someone please help explain this Barcan formula to me? (In English translation and maybe with an example?) (◊ ∃x Fx) ↔ (∃x ◊ Fx) And if there is only one possible state of the world, would it ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Axiomatization of philosophy?

In mathematics, many theories are built on assumptions that are taken to be true, and they are most often called axioms, and then, with the help of logical laws and definitions and with various ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

What is the essence of stoicism?

I am a materialist, and I heard that stoic philosophers can be described (to some extent) as materialists. I am a big fan of stoic logic and ethical philosophy (and attitude towards death, emotions, ...

15 30 50 per page