All Questions

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0answers
5 views

Is the story “The happiness of fish” in Zhuangzi about naïve realism?

Here is the story, translated by Victor Mair: Zhuangzi and Huizi were strolling along the bridge over the Hao River. Zhuangzi said, “The minnows swim about so freely, following the openings ...
2
votes
3answers
116 views

How to give proof for Q ∧ R with the premisse ¬(¬¬¬P ∨ P)?

I'm trying to use Fitch to get to an answer, but I'm really confused right now. Can someone help?
0
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0answers
11 views

Where did Carnap express his disagreement with Wittgenstein's Tractatus?

I read the following in G. E. M. Anscombe's description of the consequences of Wittgenstein's picture theory of language: (page 82) Carnap strongly objected to Wittgenstein's doctrine with its ...
3
votes
6answers
4k views

Is time travel only possible if the world is deterministic?

Let's say that true free will (and not only the impression of free will) is only possible if the world is not deterministic (meaning that the future of universe in not determined by its state at an ...
0
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0answers
24 views

Deriving “ought” from “is”? The case of linguistic usage

I really believe that one cannot derive " ought" from "is". But the case of linguistic usage causes me some intellectual trouble. (1) Linguistic usage is a simple fact. (2) Linguistic usage ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Are there any well known academic philosophy forums?

Apart from Philosophy Stack Exchange (PSE), are there any well known academic philosophy forums? PSE does not seem to me as active as MathSE or PhysicsSE. That's the reason I'm asking the question ...
0
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1answer
27 views

Language and Philosophy

It is clear that many words are defined by how they are used. That context defines the word. The setting of the environment together constitutes the context, and a word is a meaningless string which ...
1
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0answers
22 views

Circularity between truth and meaning?

These two common claims are equally appealing: (1) the meaning of a ( declarative) sentence consists in its truth conditions (2) the truth of a sentence depends on its meaning But are we moving ...
1
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2answers
130 views

Can “knowledge” only be synthetic according to Kant?

I have read secondary sources claiming that Kant conceives of knowledge as a strictly synthetic affair, and that analytic judgments are thus not knowledge. This is relatively consistent with what Kant ...
-1
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0answers
30 views

Same rules. And other properties. - Universe

From our dimension. You can build something else. I mean, is our space as we see it, i.e. the 3 dimensions? Can they arrange themselves differently and look different, e.g. square world. Can a piece ...
-5
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1answer
426 views

Deductively sound formal proofs of mathematical logic? [closed]

Introduction to Mathematical logic Sixth edition Elliott Mendelson (2015):28 A wf C is said to be a consequence in S of a set Γ of wfs if and only if there is a sequence B1, …, Bk of wfs such that C ...
2
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0answers
27 views

Nothing human is foreign to me

I've been reading this great book 'Love Yourself As If Your Life Depends On It' by Kamal Ravikant. Absolute great book, changing my life right now even. Whenever I come across this quote, it always ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

What to do before reading The World as Will and Representation

What should I do/read before reading the main work of Arthur Schopenhauer. I am 50 pages in and it seems like there has to be some pre knowledge before beginning this book. Any advices?
2
votes
2answers
55 views

Ontology in the Nietzschean framework

Would you say that Nietzsche held any regard to the ontological question in his work? I know more or less his account on metaphysics, he seem to push the question aside as he considers it does not fit ...
2
votes
3answers
65 views

Confused by “there are [no] necessary truths. Therefore intuition has no epistemic role to play.”

I am making my way through Relativism and the Foundations of Philosophy by Steven D. Hales (MIT Press 2006). Chapter 1 discusses intuition and how it relates to knowledge; he sketches out "the problem ...
0
votes
3answers
271 views

Does free will contradict the theory of infinite universes

Let's imagine that we live in a world with infinite universes. One of these universes is the same as the one we live in, except for one change: this morning I choose to cut off my leg for some reason, ...
1
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3answers
80 views

Has anyone claimed that any eternal return is not for and to me, because “a perfect repletion is the same”?

Has anyone claimed that any eternal return is not for and to me, because "a perfect repletion is the same"? I use quotes cos it's something a friend said, and I reckon that (if their original ...
5
votes
1answer
246 views

Isomorphism vs homomorphism in the Tractatus' picture theory of language

People often mention that there is an isomorphic nature between language and the world in the Tractatus' conception of language. As far as I can see it, according to Wittgenstein (it's been a few ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Ernesto Laclau: 'Any repetition that is governed by a structural law of successions is space'

There is a debate going on about Ernesto Laclau's argument that any repetition that is governed by a structural law of successions is space But what does he actually mean by that?
2
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1answer
86 views

Slavery, God and Prayers

I was hearing discussion among a group of philosophy students over Aristotle agruing that Slavery is Natural in his work Politics. I too get thought after hearing them which is "We should worship ...
-2
votes
0answers
61 views

Is it unethical for antinatalists to buy animal leather, if artificial leather offers much less warranty? [on hold]

I lighted upon this question at r/changemyview. Assumptions - please don't challenge these. For her birthday, I'm gifting my grandma a Steelcase office chair worth $2000 USD, with 2 choices of seat ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Logic of associated rights

I am trying to understand the logic of associated rights (i.e. if I have right A, then I must also have right B). Imagine I have the right to own the white house (which is a property), then it ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

Cause and Effect - Finished infinity

I have a question it's best if I give you an example right away. Our universe has its limits. in terms of the effect or cause e.g. if we kill a human for some reason will also have the effect. I'm ...
-2
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7answers
710 views

Is color a hallucination?

This is a continuation of my last question in which I showed that color does not exist in reality but only in our perceptions. So I ask, is seeing something which does not exist not classified as ...
1
vote
2answers
92 views

Where can I study this in more detail?

I am finding al-Farabi's Philosophy of Plato and Aristotle on pages 13-17, paragraphs 1-9, (pages 11-13 in the pdf file linked below), very interesting: http://traditionalhikma.com/wp-content/uploads/...
3
votes
2answers
147 views

Are the fundamental laws of logic always true in every field known to man?

the three fundamental laws of logic: (1) the law of contradiction, (2) the law of excluded middle (or third), and (3) the principle of identity. These are the three fundamental laws of logic and while ...
4
votes
2answers
516 views

What are the conditions for RAA?

My textbook states that: In this case, however, what about situations where we can get Q ^ ~Q (sorry, unfamiliar with this formatting) without depending on P? For instance, the proof of EFQ: 1 (1) ...
3
votes
0answers
52 views

What is Nagel's definition of 'The Absurd'?

Why does Nagel consider life to be absurd? And correct me if i'm wrong but it feels like he's telling people to live life despite life being absurd? Why does he do that if that's the case?
1
vote
2answers
162 views

Can zero be defined without some definition of one? Can one be defined without some definition of zero?

I would prefer to ask this in the math community, but that crowd is hostile toward anything hinting of philosophy. It is my contention that a construction of the real number system which begins with ...
-1
votes
0answers
14 views

Socrates and the Republic Analysis [on hold]

What role do economic considerations play in Socrates's account of the foundation of cities? Why does he think that people come together to form cities? What distinguishes the first city Socrates ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

What is horizontal attentional displacement? [on hold]

I recently came across this article https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/bjop.12399 an excerpt from it says Furthermore, other concepts were also shown to rely on horizontal ...
4
votes
2answers
133 views

How to live the present instead of just surviving?

When I was younger, I always tried to imagine how my future would be, and how it would feel like. I tried to imagine how my relationships would be, how my house would be, what my job would be, etc., ...
1
vote
1answer
150 views

Are there recent coherence theory of truth for mathematical truths?

Are there any recent works (papers, books, etc) in philosophy of mathematics where it is given an account of mathematical truth in terms of a coherence theory of mathematical truth? I am interested ...
10
votes
9answers
4k views

What came first, language or consciousness?

What came first, language or consciousness? Has any philosopher said that language gives us consciousness by allowing us to communicate with ourselves and therefore giving us choices that we did ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Ultimate goal of science? [on hold]

Sorry if I seem to be redundant about this or if my exposition is not clear enough. May you help me clarify about what to rationally expect for the 'final explanation' that science could give us when ...
0
votes
5answers
156 views

Can anyone do something to make their death less of a harm?

Can anyone do something before they die to make their death less of a harm? I'm guessing yes, unless death harms all people equally. But that seems strange. Can we do so by doing good? By 'good' I ...
4
votes
8answers
255 views

What am I missing in texts that say things that are so obvious as to seem pointless?

I'm currently taking a course in early modern philosophy. The focus is on psychology, morality, and aesthetics. I've taken philosophy courses in the past, but I'm having a lot of trouble with this one,...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Why argues Wittgenstein: If someone has solved the problem of life, and believes everything quite easy now, he can see that he is wrong?

Source: The Meaning of Life: A Very Short Introduction (1 ed 2007) by T. Eagleton. p. 50 Middle - p. 51 Top. We can always ask, after all, why someone should want to know the meaning of life. Are ...
1
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0answers
51 views

Can anyone explain the concept of “being-thus”?

I was reading a letter from Einstein to Max Born that says something like this: It is further characteristic of these physical objects that they are thought of as arranged in a space-time ...
5
votes
1answer
64 views

Where can I read Kant's view of thinking as willing, spontaneity and re-presenting?

I am reading Martin Heidegger's Discourse on Thinking. At the beginning of "Conversation on a Country Path About Thinking*, the Scholar remarks: (page 58-9) But thinking, understood in the ...
2
votes
3answers
133 views

Aristotle's Logic and Human Thought

Is Aristotle's logic sufficient to model human reasoning? If not, why not? Are there counter-examples, certain cases where we reason differently? Let's assume we're talking about sound reasoning,...
0
votes
2answers
26 views

Aristotle's Categories: Original Greek text for Chapter 2?

I'm trying to find the original Greek for this passage in the Octavius Own Oxford edition. Does anyone know of a source? Likewise also some things are predicated of a certain subject, yet are in ...
0
votes
3answers
91 views

Would it be ethical to use AI to determine a user’s gender from the content they upload, without them knowing?

I originally tried to find an answer on /UX but was told that this would get a better response here. I’ve been thinking about this for a while, and am unsure how the average user would feel about ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

What are the identity conditions for “ a truth” [on hold]

Here I'm not talking about "truth" in general ( as when one says " truth is correspondence between thought and reality") but about truth considered as a particular truth, as when one says " this ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Negation of equality in FOL

I am unsure if there is a rule in FOL that allows me to make this derivation ¬(a = b) Assumption a ≠ b ??? Is this derivation allowed, and if so what notation should I use to justify it?
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Do morality requires a grounding (especially a being)?

The Moral argument for God's existence as used by William Lane Craig is: If God doesn't exist, objective moral values do not exist. Objective moral values do exist. Therefore, God exists. Now, I ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

The philosophy behind probabilistic events [on hold]

I was thinking about probability, based on the definition a probability can assume any real value between 0 (impossible event) and 1 (the sure and absolute event). In my mind these two extremes never ...
0
votes
2answers
119 views

Poetry in Philosophy

"Ineffable" is the word for that which can be touched by the mind but not the tongue. But in poetry images may be made that transcend the reality of mere language. This seems to me an excellent ...
4
votes
4answers
195 views

How can an attitude toward death be 'appropriate', but unwelcome?

Source: The Human Predicament: A Candid Guide to Life's Biggest Questions (1 edn, 2017). pp. 137 Bottom - 138 Top.   In addition to asking what attitudes toward death are appropriate, we might ask ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

What are the disadvantages of utilitarianism? [on hold]

For a philosophy that is founded on usefulness I don't see much of a disadvantage. But, I'd love know more about it.

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