All Questions

0
votes
4answers
57 views

Is visualization : space :: simulation : time?

I'm trying to find the right word to complete this analogy. visualization : space :: w : time? The closest I could get is "simulation," but is this a good answer?
2
votes
3answers
36 views

How to explain value and goodness of things without resorting to Hedonism?

This has been bothering me for a while. I do not believe that the ethical theory of hedonism represents the world of which we live in truthfully, neither does it appeal to my common sense. However, ...
0
votes
0answers
6 views

Was Heidegger in some way influenced by Kierkegaard?

There are seemingly common ideas in the philosophy of kierkegaard and hiedegger on the self. I thought came into my mind, was Hiedegger in some way influenced by kierkegaard's self-actualization as ...
1
vote
2answers
134 views

Is God's disembodiment problematic?

I understand that most (though not all) Christians believe that God is disembodied. God cannot be corporeal because that would preclude his being eternal, immutable, and simple, for example. ...
-2
votes
2answers
47 views

If a creator of the universe was discovered then what effect would that have?

Suppose science finally unearths a creator of the universe. Let us say it is actually a collection of aliens who have always existed, that for them time is a synthetic concept, and we are all a part ...
18
votes
7answers
3k views

Is God either immoral or not omnipotent?

The usual (Christian) justification for suffering/evil in the world created by a benevolent God is freedom of the will. However, the more interesting question is not about the source of evil (which ...
2
votes
5answers
78 views

Does the individual meaning of two propositions determine or constrain what kind of logical connectives can be formed between them?

What is the basis for the definition of logical connectives? Are they just arbitrary convention? Or does it depend on the meaning of the constituent propositions? Does the individual meaning of two ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Arguments for and against morality as objective [on hold]

morality needs not to objective but can be a fact from point of view of humans . we can say Africa exists its a fact but for whom , for humans because in reality what even Africa would mean if humans ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Propositional logic problem

My question is how should I use propositional logic rules for → and ↔ (although other rules may be required) to prove the following: A → B, B → C ⊢ (AvB) → C A ↔ B ⊢ ¬A ↔ ¬B Please use the ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Is there any rational justification to the counterargument “I refuse to answer your question on the basis that it is a hypothetical question?”

This is common contention that comes up in heated debates, and it seems as though it qualifies as a non sequitur and a red herring. I would like to know if anyone could give a good analysis of this ...
3
votes
2answers
557 views

What arguments are there for the existence of a personal God?

Classical arguments for God's existence, like ontological, cosmological, teleological, etc., only derive the existence of something very abstract, greatest entity, first cause, etc., which is then "...
1
vote
2answers
48 views

Logical equivalence proofs

Trying to master logical equivalence proofs out of a textbook is proving to be difficult. I’m hung up on these four problems. I can make some progress, but usually get stuck towards the very end. Any ...
-1
votes
1answer
60 views

Explanation of the “value of art”?

So, it's generally accepted belief that art is subjective or at least contains subjective parts (the perception the interpretation by the subject). However, the subject can still assess value to art. ...
32
votes
16answers
9k views

Asserting that Atheism and Theism are both faith based positions

I am recently testing an assertion that I have concluded namely that atheism is a faith based position just like theism is a faith based position. The reason I arrived at this conclusion is that ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Lists and predicates on lists in classical first order logic

I have to express some basic Prolog code in classical first order logic (FOL). In Prolog i use lists, together with member/2 and append/3 a lot. Could you give me some tips for writing clauses like ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Is disability an inability to do something, or to be unable to without significant distress? [on hold]

Is disability an inability to do something, or to be unable to without significant distress, whether or not the latter is life changing? On the one hand, I like definitions of 'illness' which add up ...
2
votes
4answers
56 views

How to avoid nihilism as an agnostic?

As an agnostic I end up as a nihilist on morality. Philosophers say we need a framework for morality but if that framework is religious, which itself is not empirical or sometimes is contradictory, ...
-2
votes
2answers
450 views

We do everything for pleasure

I have been in debate for a while now with me friend. I come here looking for feedback and possible outlooks to related sources. The question we posed a long time ago is interesting one: why do we ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Using Kant's Categorical Imperative, would it be ethical for tour agencies to organise tours to countries with poor human rights records?

An example would be Myanmar. Aung Suu Kyi previously urged travelers to boycott Myanmar to deny the military junta of income.
2
votes
1answer
24 views

What is the connection between objective uncertainty and truth as subjectivity in Kierkegaard?

I just want to understand clearly what is the possible connection between the objective uncertainty and the truth as subjectivity of Soren Kierkegaard. Since we cannot find much in his books his ...
-1
votes
0answers
18 views

Ethics of everything [on hold]

1. World/reality exists outside of consciousness and it is not one's fantasy. True: Science gives us objective truth. => Correlation between a state of our consciousness and brain activity has ...
-1
votes
1answer
33 views

Efficient cause and answering questions unambiguously

I am trying to understand the physical concept of friction in terms of Aristotle's efficient cause. This is not a physics question. Friction is said to be caused by the electromagnetic force between ...
14
votes
14answers
6k views

Does consciousness depend on our five senses?

Does consciousness depend on our five senses? If we never have senses, would we have consciousness? It seems that if we lose our senses, we would maintain our consciousness. But if we never had senses ...
5
votes
1answer
518 views

Why did Socrates not believe in democracy?

According to Plato's writings, Socrates went on trial and was executed because he didn't believe in democracy while people practiced it in Athens. What was the core arguments or reasons that he didn'...
5
votes
5answers
196 views

Is theism necessarily 'faith-based'?

Reading this question recently posted, an assertion was made that theism and atheism are both "faith-based" positions. Ignoring the argument regarding atheism, I feel the initial premise deserves a ...
2
votes
1answer
263 views

What role can guilt play in Bentham's utilitarianism?

If Bentham posited a sense of guilt as pain that most would feel when doing wrong by others, then surely Utilitarianism would be unnecessary due to Bentham's own work on the motivation of human beings....
9
votes
13answers
839 views

Does being a moral atheist require being a vegetarian?

A semi-serious question: (a) Excluding the rare cases of atheists who are also dualists, most atheists are materialists who don't believe in souls. (b) Many such atheists are also moral/ethical ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

What types of ethics are there?

In philosophy, there were some people who wrote about ethics. So, what are the classifications of these ethics? Ex: Deontology, Utilitarianism, Consequentialism...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Is emergentism incompatible with reductionism?

I've read, on several occasions, that emergentism is maybe not all the way contrasted but at least to some degree conflicted with reductionism. As I understand, emergentism is a doctrine within ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Pragmatism: A one-sided view? [closed]

Pragmatism, as defined by William James, seems to suggest a one-sided view of things, not by their essence, but by their effects. It seems to be one-sided, in that it does not seek knowledge of the ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Reality from perception [on hold]

Is reality determined by what we perceive or what it is? Can we know reality, or at best, do we perceive it through knowledge of our immediate members?
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Philosophical journal that allows blind referee

I'd like to know which journals in Philosophy (logic) allow papers without author's information to be reviewed by referees.
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Why did Nietzsche think that only the happiness of higher types mattered?

Why did Nietzsche think that only the happiness of higher types mattered? Was it due to some repulsion from normal people and their behaviours? Or was he just fascinated by greatness? I would assume ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

What does Levinas mean by “the Same” in contrast to the Other?

Emmanuel Levinas frequenty uses the terminology of "the Same" and "the Other". What is the meaning of "the Same" in his philosophy?
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Is it possible to conclude, whether similarity or difference is more fundamental notion?

Is it possible to conclude, whether similarity or difference is more fundamental notion? Is there any support from e.g. biology as to whether our senses support similarity more than difference? From ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Private rule following

If I understand Wittgensteins Philosophical Investigations correctly, it is not possible to follow a rule in private. First of all, I am not quite sure if my understanding of rule-following is correct ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Kant and Theodicy

I am looking for some general overview on Immanuel Kant's theodicy. I need resources, such as an SEP page, on the topic of Kant's theodicy. Did Kant discuss theodicy at all? What possible ...
5
votes
3answers
98 views

Why is “re-evaluating all values” necessary to become an Übermensch?

From previous answers it became clear to me that Nietzsche did not think that there has been any Übermensch yet. He identified Goethe as a person that has overcome and disciplined himself to advance ...
4
votes
1answer
375 views

Moral 'ought' and the Principle of Generic Consistency?

Late philosopher Alan Gewirth introduced the Principle of Generic Consistency, or the PGC, which says that moral agents ought to respect the generic rights of freedom and well-being because they are ...
-2
votes
1answer
40 views

How to solve A ∨ (B ∧ C), A → C |— C using Natural Deduction? (Conclusion is C) [on hold]

This question has been troubling me for days. Kindly help with it. The conclusion is C for A ∨ (B ∧ C) and A → C
6
votes
6answers
241 views

What is the proper response in a debate when your opponent ignores your counterarguments?

I keep running into a situation in debates and arguments. My opponent makes an argument (or counterargument), and I carefully disprove all of my opponent's points. However, instead of addressing my ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Which, if any, moral theories say that doing some good deeds absolve us from doing others?

Which, if any, moral theories say that doing some good deeds absolve us from doing certain others? So suppose that Dave gives quite a lot of money to charity. Do any moral theorists claim that ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

What are some differences between Avicenna and Descartes in regards to being unable to doubt one's own existence

Given Descartes' Cogito and Avicenna's Floating Man arguments, what are some differences between them? It appears to me that they are both arriving to the same conclusion but the process by which they ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

How can an army be justified with the right to physical and psychological integrity?

The human being has a right to physical and psychological integrity. If a person dies during a military operation, the relatives receive compensation from the state. However, financial compensation is ...
5
votes
1answer
123 views

The Anonymous Internet: Philosophical opinions?

People have been commenting "off the record" for ages. However, the Internet has made pseudonyms a major meme. Indeed, anonymity on the Internet may be the default choice for the majority of people ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Philosophical Investigations Part one and two

I was wondering how is the book "Philosophical Investigations" by Ludwig Wittgenstein split? I have read that there are part one and part two. It may sound stupid but I have the "critical-genetic ...
3
votes
2answers
64 views

What's this historiographic method of argumentation used by Foucault?

I heard that Foucault, the French philosopher, uses this historiographic method of argumentation. What is this and is this a method of argumentation like Socrate's dialectic (not saying that they are ...
0
votes
2answers
111 views

How is egalitarianism even possible? [on hold]

How is egalitarianism (broadly, any idea about equality between humans) even possible? I find it hard to chew as to how can egalitarianism be demonstrated to even exist in any, even simple sense. ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Please what do we call this type of hypothetical statement?:

"It is certain you have a nose when you can smell but not everyone with a nose can smell". Or "It is certain you have a brain when you can think. But not everyone with a brain can think" Note: As I ...
1
vote
4answers
85 views

How is/was “good” (as the contrary of bad) defined?

As Nietzsche differentiated there are two kind of good: this question focus is on the contrary of bad, not the contrary of evil. There are quite a lot possibilities to define the common term "good". ...

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