All Questions

0
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0answers
6 views

Was Heidegger in some way influenced by Kierkegaard?

There are seemingly common ideas in the philosophy of kierkegaard and hiedegger on the self. I thought came into my mind, was Hiedegger in some way influenced by kierkegaard's self-actualization as ...
-1
votes
2answers
46 views

If a creator of the universe was discovered then what effect would that have?

Suppose science finally unearths a creator of the universe. Let us say it is actually a collection of aliens who have always existed, that for them time is a synthetic concept, and we are all a part ...
2
votes
3answers
36 views

How to explain value and goodness of things without resorting to Hedonism?

This has been bothering me for a while. I do not believe that the ethical theory of hedonism represents the world of which we live in truthfully, neither does it appeal to my common sense. However, ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Is there any rational justification to the counterargument “I refuse to answer your question on the basis that it is a hypothetical question?”

This is common contention that comes up in heated debates, and it seems as though it qualifies as a non sequitur and a red herring. I would like to know if anyone could give a good analysis of this ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Is disability an inability to do something, or to be unable to without significant distress? [on hold]

Is disability an inability to do something, or to be unable to without significant distress, whether or not the latter is life changing? On the one hand, I like definitions of 'illness' which add up ...
-1
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0answers
18 views

Ethics of everything [on hold]

1. World/reality exists outside of consciousness and it is not one's fantasy. True: Science gives us objective truth. => Correlation between a state of our consciousness and brain activity has ...
0
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0answers
19 views

Arguments for and against morality as objective [on hold]

morality needs not to objective but can be a fact from point of view of humans . we can say Africa exists its a fact but for whom , for humans because in reality what even Africa would mean if humans ...
2
votes
4answers
56 views

How to avoid nihilism as an agnostic?

As an agnostic I end up as a nihilist on morality. Philosophers say we need a framework for morality but if that framework is religious, which itself is not empirical or sometimes is contradictory, ...
-1
votes
1answer
33 views

Efficient cause and answering questions unambiguously

I am trying to understand the physical concept of friction in terms of Aristotle's efficient cause. This is not a physics question. Friction is said to be caused by the electromagnetic force between ...
0
votes
4answers
56 views

Is visualization : space :: simulation : time?

I'm trying to find the right word to complete this analogy. visualization : space :: w : time? The closest I could get is "simulation," but is this a good answer?
0
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0answers
49 views

Is emergentism incompatible with reductionism?

I've read, on several occasions, that emergentism is maybe not all the way contrasted but at least to some degree conflicted with reductionism. As I understand, emergentism is a doctrine within ...
2
votes
1answer
24 views

What is the connection between objective uncertainty and truth as subjectivity in Kierkegaard?

I just want to understand clearly what is the possible connection between the objective uncertainty and the truth as subjectivity of Soren Kierkegaard. Since we cannot find much in his books his ...
1
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2answers
44 views

What types of ethics are there?

In philosophy, there were some people who wrote about ethics. So, what are the classifications of these ethics? Ex: Deontology, Utilitarianism, Consequentialism...
0
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0answers
39 views

Reality from perception [on hold]

Is reality determined by what we perceive or what it is? Can we know reality, or at best, do we perceive it through knowledge of our immediate members?
0
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0answers
33 views

Philosophical journal that allows blind referee

I'd like to know which journals in Philosophy (logic) allow papers without author's information to be reviewed by referees.
0
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0answers
44 views

Why did Nietzsche think that only the happiness of higher types mattered?

Why did Nietzsche think that only the happiness of higher types mattered? Was it due to some repulsion from normal people and their behaviours? Or was he just fascinated by greatness? I would assume ...
0
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0answers
8 views

What does Levinas mean by “the Same” in contrast to the Other?

Emmanuel Levinas frequenty uses the terminology of "the Same" and "the Other". What is the meaning of "the Same" in his philosophy?
5
votes
5answers
195 views

Is theism necessarily 'faith-based'?

Reading this question recently posted, an assertion was made that theism and atheism are both "faith-based" positions. Ignoring the argument regarding atheism, I feel the initial premise deserves a ...
1
vote
2answers
48 views

Logical equivalence proofs

Trying to master logical equivalence proofs out of a textbook is proving to be difficult. I’m hung up on these four problems. I can make some progress, but usually get stuck towards the very end. Any ...
1
vote
2answers
133 views

Is God's disembodiment problematic?

I understand that most (though not all) Christians believe that God is disembodied. God cannot be corporeal because that would preclude his being eternal, immutable, and simple, for example. ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Private rule following

If I understand Wittgensteins Philosophical Investigations correctly, it is not possible to follow a rule in private. First of all, I am not quite sure if my understanding of rule-following is correct ...
-2
votes
1answer
40 views

How to solve A ∨ (B ∧ C), A → C |— C using Natural Deduction? (Conclusion is C) [on hold]

This question has been troubling me for days. Kindly help with it. The conclusion is C for A ∨ (B ∧ C) and A → C
1
vote
0answers
18 views

What are some differences between Avicenna and Descartes in regards to being unable to doubt one's own existence

Given Descartes' Cogito and Avicenna's Floating Man arguments, what are some differences between them? It appears to me that they are both arriving to the same conclusion but the process by which they ...
0
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0answers
28 views

How can an army be justified with the right to physical and psychological integrity?

The human being has a right to physical and psychological integrity. If a person dies during a military operation, the relatives receive compensation from the state. However, financial compensation is ...
32
votes
16answers
9k views

Asserting that Atheism and Theism are both faith based positions

I am recently testing an assertion that I have concluded namely that atheism is a faith based position just like theism is a faith based position. The reason I arrived at this conclusion is that ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Philosophical Investigations Part one and two

I was wondering how is the book "Philosophical Investigations" by Ludwig Wittgenstein split? I have read that there are part one and part two. It may sound stupid but I have the "critical-genetic ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Please what do we call this type of hypothetical statement?:

"It is certain you have a nose when you can smell but not everyone with a nose can smell". Or "It is certain you have a brain when you can think. But not everyone with a brain can think" Note: As I ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

What does proto-idealistic philosophy mean?

I am listening to a lecture on YT (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CbvG4KffgSI skip to 2:41) and the lecturer mentioned "Immanuel Kant's proto-idealistic philosophy." What does that mean?
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Epicurus's claim that the mind is in the heart

I'm looking for a reference to back the claim made on SEP: The mind, which is located at the heart, is a center that controls the other soul-parts as well as the body, and that receives and ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

Why does soul stay separate from the body?

In Plato's Phaedo, Socrates established that death is the separation of soul and body. But he did not give any clue for this separation. What are the factors that lead to this separation? Physical ...
2
votes
2answers
120 views

What is the difference between free will and freedom to choose?

The Wikipedia article on "secondary causation" notes the following without footnote: According to the Jewish Torah which brought down the original idea in Genesis, the phrase "free will" is a ...
0
votes
3answers
138 views

Are we seeing useless physics today [on hold]

Are we seeing useless physics today? By useless physics I refer to for example the study of multiverse(s): it is useless because there is no use for it to mankind - except that there are physicists ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

“Killing us softly” by Jean Kilbourne [on hold]

I was watching the documentary "Killing us softly" by Jean Kilbourne and it got me thinking whether or not young feminists might be conscious of the way media is used. In other words, I would say my ...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

Logical notation

I'm currently debating with someone whether something could be considered possible because we have no evidence that it's impossible. He made the statement that: "All things are possible which are not ...
1
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0answers
35 views

Are there any good sources that would help me read Lacan's Seminar XVII?

I've been interested in psychoanalysis for the past year or so; I've read a little bit of Freud (the introductory lectures, the case study on the Rat Man, Beyond the Pleasure Principle, and about half ...
-1
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0answers
30 views

Prove that if the truth tree method determines that a set of sentences gamma does not entail A then gamma does not entail A [on hold]

I’m on shaky ground right now in logic and I have no idea on how to start writing this proof. Please help. (It’s the third question) thank you!
-2
votes
2answers
48 views

Fitch-style natural deduction

How to prove the following questions? (a) p from assumption ¬(p → q) (b) ¬¬p → p from no assumptions.
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Is b⊢C∧¬b⊢C∧b⇒C∧¬b⇒C possible?

Are there any cases where b and C are real world statements where b⊢C∧¬b⊢C∧b⇒C∧¬b⇒C where b and C are not tautologies? It may seem like a silly question, but after searching hard and deep, I couldn't ...
0
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0answers
63 views

Pragmatism: A one-sided view? [closed]

Pragmatism, as defined by William James, seems to suggest a one-sided view of things, not by their essence, but by their effects. It seems to be one-sided, in that it does not seek knowledge of the ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

How do I show that given p(a&b) > 0, when p(a&b) decreases, and p(b) stays the same, p(a) must decrease? [on hold]

Just asking for a formal proof. Assume p(a&b) > 0. Let’s say p(a&b) decreases. But p(b) stays the same. How to I prove that p(a) must decrease? I’m thinking of using p(a&b) = p(a) + p(b) ...
3
votes
2answers
120 views

Does anyone know any philosophers who engage with (ordinary language) dictionaries in their work?

This may be a strange question, but here's the breakdown. I work on a concept that has received very little philosophical attention. For this reason, I have to consult good old dictionaries (Oxford, ...
4
votes
1answer
29 views

John Locke's historical context of Two Treatises of Government

I know that this a really vague question but, I just want to know what are the principal historical events that influenced John Locke regarding his Second Treatise (specifically the ideas exposed on ...
-1
votes
0answers
64 views

Why wouldn't you listen to a hobo promising infinities? [closed]

So there is this hobo. He tells you if you give him 100 dollars you will not suffer from eternal punishment after death. You don't do it. Why is the question. He promises eternal punishment if you ...
0
votes
3answers
72 views

How can you soundly argue for antinatalism based on lack of consent?

Of the many arguments that bolster antinatalism, I'm contemplating only consent here: Consent: The fact that life contains suffering might be tolerable under certain circumstances, i.e. if one ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

A Problem With Kripke's Rule-Following Paradox Example?

It seems that there is a problem with the example that Saul Kripke gives in "Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language" to explain Wittgenstein's rule-following paradox. I'm not asking about the ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Was Shakespeare a member of the lower classes? [closed]

Am I correct to assume there is a feud between academics considering Shakespeare's social origins? I understand that he was probably born as a member of the working classes (or even the Elizabethan ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

Ethics of downloading copyrighted printed material

At first blush it's "theft of services" (among other things), as already pointed out by @MichaelDorfman's answer to Is unauthorized downloading of music stealing? Below's my maybe (or maybe not) more ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Prove that if the tree method determines that a set of sentences T implies a sentence A, then T does in fact imply A

Having trouble wrapping my head around how to prove this. My first question about this is what it means for the tree method to determine that the set of sentences implies A. I'm taking it to mean that ...
1
vote
2answers
102 views

From dialogue to monologue : Why (Platonic) Socrates claims to know nothing but manages to give book-length speeches all the time?

This inconsistency is very confusing to me. Socrates takes pride in knowing that he knows nothing. But if that is the case, how is he able to, as he often does, give book-length of "truth" (as opposed ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Is this transposition principle justified? [closed]

Say the universe its infinite. How does that infinity compare to the infinity of microstates available to an arbitrary volume? Lets say it's a larger ordering, though I invite any experienced ...

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