All Questions

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0answers
9 views

What is Nagel's definition of 'The Absurd'?

Why does Nagel consider life to be absurd? And correct me if i'm wrong but it feels like he's telling people to live life despite life being absurd? Why does he do that if that's the case?
-1
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0answers
5 views

Socrates and the Republic Analysis

What role do economic considerations play in Socrates's account of the foundation of cities? Why does he think that people come together to form cities? What distinguishes the first city Socrates ...
0
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0answers
18 views

Ontology in the nietzschean framework

Would you say that Nietzsche held any regard to the ontological question in his work ? I know more or less his account on metaphysics, he seem to push the question aside as he considers it does not ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

What is horizontal attentional displacement?

I recently came across this article https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/bjop.12399 an excerpt from it says Furthermore, other concepts were also shown to rely on horizontal ...
-2
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0answers
33 views

Is it unethical for antinatalists to buy animal leather, if artificial leather offers much less warranty?

I lighted upon this question at r/changemyview. Assumptions - please don't challenge these. For her birthday, I'm gifting my grandma a Steelcase office chair worth $2000 USD, with 2 choices of seat ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Ultimate goal of science?

Sorry if I seem to be redundant about this or if my exposition is not clear enough. May you help me clarify about what to rationally expect for the 'final explanation' that science could give us when ...
1
vote
2answers
117 views

Can zero be defined without some definition of one? Can one be defined without some definition of zero?

I would prefer to ask this in the math community, but that crowd is hostile toward anything hinting of philosophy. It is my contention that a construction of the real number system which begins with ...
0
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0answers
33 views

What are the identity conditions for “ a truth”

Here I'm not talking about "truth" in general ( as when one says " truth is correspondence between thought and reality") but about truth considered as a particular truth, as when one says " this ...
4
votes
2answers
484 views

What are the conditions for RAA?

My textbook states that: In this case, however, what about situations where we can get Q ^ ~Q (sorry, unfamiliar with this formatting) without depending on P? For instance, the proof of EFQ: 1 (1) ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Negation of equality in FOL

I am unsure if there is a rule in FOL that allows me to make this derivation ¬(a = b) Assumption a ≠ b ??? Is this derivation allowed, and if so what notation should I use to justify it?
0
votes
2answers
24 views

Aristotle's Categories: Original Greek text for Chapter 2?

I'm trying to find the original Greek for this passage in the Octavius Own Oxford edition. Does anyone know of a source? Likewise also some things are predicated of a certain subject, yet are in ...
0
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0answers
44 views

Cause and Effect - Finished infinity

I have a question it's best if I give you an example right away. Our universe has its limits. in terms of the effect or cause e.g. if we kill a human for some reason will also have the effect. I'm ...
1
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0answers
38 views

The philosophy behind probabilistic events

I was thinking about probability, based on the definition a probability can assume any real value between 0 (impossible event) and 1 (the sure and absolute event). In my mind these two extremes never ...
0
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0answers
51 views

Do morality requires a grounding (especially a being)?

The Moral argument for God's existence as used by William Lane Craig is: If God doesn't exist, objective moral values do not exist. Objective moral values do exist. Therefore, God exists. Now, I ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

What are the disadvantages of utilitarianism? [on hold]

For a philosophy that is founded on usefulness I don't see much of a disadvantage. But, I'd love know more about it.
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Are there recent coherence theory of truth for mathematical truths?

Are there any recent works (papers, books, etc) in philosophy of mathematics where it is given an account of mathematical truth in terms of a coherence theory of mathematical truth? I am interested ...
2
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0answers
66 views

Does ◻(∀x)[Px ≡ ◻(E!x → Qx)] and ◻(∀x)(Qx → ◻E!x) entail ◻(∀x){Px ≡ ◻[E!x & (E!x → Qx)]}?

Say we are working in a free quantified modal logic system S5. Would the following argument be valid: ◻(∀x)[Px ≡ ◻(E!x → Qx)] (Premise) ◻(∀x)(Qx → ◻E!x) (Premise) ◻(∀x){Px ≡ ◻[E!x & (E!x → Qx)]}...
0
votes
3answers
90 views

Would it be ethical to use AI to determine a user’s gender from the content they upload, without them knowing?

I originally tried to find an answer on /UX but was told that this would get a better response here. I’ve been thinking about this for a while, and am unsure how the average user would feel about ...
1
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0answers
51 views

Can anyone explain the concept of “being-thus”?

I was reading a letter from Einstein to Max Born that says something like this: It is further characteristic of these physical objects that they are thought of as arranged in a space-time ...
-3
votes
0answers
202 views

How could the Tarski Undefinability Theorem be Refuted? [on hold]

When we specify that True(x) is the subset of the conventional formal proofs of mathematical logic having true premises then True(x) is always defined and never undefinable. In this case the Tarski ...
5
votes
1answer
62 views

Where can I read Kant's view of thinking as willing, spontaneity and re-presenting?

I am reading Martin Heidegger's Discourse on Thinking. At the beginning of "Conversation on a Country Path About Thinking*, the Scholar remarks: (page 58-9) But thinking, understood in the ...
-2
votes
1answer
41 views

Can a different universe be built with three dimensions? [on hold]

Can you theoretically create a universe that will have the same dimensions but will look different? For example, a paper that has a limit, or another similar dimension can it be different?
3
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0answers
32 views

What is the difference between a “ particular” and an “ individual being ”? ( Ontology)

The standard ontological classification distinguishes: (1) particulars and universals (2) concrete and abstract entities. I'm wondering what place to attribute to " individuals" in this ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Are phenomenological essences experiences that occur in every possible world?

Are phenomenological essences the case in every world? I believe they are a priori, but are they necessary and immutable? A stock example of an essence is the extension of white. We seem to ...
6
votes
1answer
254 views

What's so bad about giving up the Axiom of Choice?

The Axiom of Choice (AoC) in set theory famously gives rise to controversial and counterintuitive theorems. (Examples: Banach-Tarski paradox and existence of non-measurable sets.) I'm aware of some ...
0
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0answers
57 views

Why should we fear death

Shelly Kagan argues that contra Lucretius, we should fear death, because death necessarily involves the loss of the good things we enjoyed in life. Is Kagan’s argument a strong one, do we have ...
0
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0answers
35 views

Are these Two Premises Potential Flaws in Kant's Moral Theory?

In the Preface of the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals Kant says he believes that moral philosophy must be devoid of inputs from human nature (“anthropology”): [Starting at about 4:389] “...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Does Heidegger (or Blanchot?) reflect on the form of the question itself?

I have this notion that Heidegger is the first person to think about the framing of the question as a mode of inquiry. That is, to approach something as a question is to be already decided that a ...
0
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0answers
15 views

Nozick's Tracking Theory Problems

I have been studying Bonjour's clairvoyant rebuttal to externalist theories and also the New Evil Demon problem by Cohen and Lehrer. I wanted to ask whether Nozick's tracking theory can respond ...
5
votes
1answer
311 views

Is a paradox a concept?

Obviously 'paradox' is a concept, we name certain things to be so. We share the knowledge of those things through the use of language. But those things, "in themselves", those particular "instances of ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

Examples of theories that assume the existence of an “External Reality”?

In this paper written by physicist Max Tegmark (https://arxiv.org/pdf/0704.0646.pdf) it talks about "External Reality Hypothesis". Specifically, he says: Although many physicists subscribe to the ...
-2
votes
1answer
45 views

Determining Ethical System [on hold]

Is it possible to determine a moral system where the axioms aren't arbitrary? If no, then how could you prove that anything is right or wrong?
3
votes
1answer
40 views

How to create a “definition”, such as “what is the definition of a bear”

Dictionary.com defines bear as: Any of the plantigrade, carnivorous or omnivorous mammals of the family Ursidae, having massive bodies, coarse heavy fur, relatively short limbs, and almost ...
-2
votes
1answer
215 views

Is it there any model of the universe (considered by physicists) which would be the product of a simulation?

There are various philosophical theories that propose that the universe is the product of a simulation. But I was looking for theories that propose this and are also considered by physicists (not only ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Do qualia have Being?

Do qualia have Being? I'm unsure what 'Being' means, but take it that it has something to do with red always being red, self sameness or identity. If qualia do have Being, is that itself like ...
2
votes
3answers
117 views

Aristotle's Logic and Human Thought

Is Aristotle's logic sufficient to model human reasoning? If not, why not? Are there counter-examples, certain cases where we reason differently? Let's assume we're talking about sound reasoning,...
1
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0answers
80 views

The paradox of comprehension

If it can be known it cannot be communicated. Seemingly Gorgias held an ability to be communicated as intrinsic to the reality of a concept. And why not? Since for a solipsist there would be no ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Are the fundamental laws of logic always true in every field known to man?

the three fundamental laws of logic: (1) the law of contradiction, (2) the law of excluded middle (or third), and (3) the principle of identity. These are the three fundamental laws of logic and while ...
2
votes
2answers
41 views

Is there an argument against physicalism on the grounds that the view would make what we call a subjective experience astronomically unlikely?

If we assume that physcialism is true and all that there is, then we can safely assume that what we think of as subjective experience and consciousness, is driven by the atoms in our brain and the ...
0
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2answers
116 views

Poetry in Philosophy

"Ineffable" is the word for that which can be touched by the mind but not the tongue. But in poetry images may be made that transcend the reality of mere language. This seems to me an excellent ...
4
votes
1answer
45 views

Is my understanding on Kant's section contained in the critique of pure reason “The transcendental Aesthetic” correct?

I'm attempting to 'self-study' Kant's "critique of pure reason". I've just finished the section "The transcendental Aesthetic"" from both versions of the book and I'm looking for feedback on what I ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

What is Kant's Proof for the Existence of the Noumenal World?

I have yet to read any convincing evidence that we should accept Kant’s assertion that a world outside our senses exists. I think Occam’s Razor tells us it is simpler to assume there is just one ...
-1
votes
0answers
25 views

advantages of philosophical and non-philosophical approaches [closed]

Question : Given the differences between philosophical and non-philosophical approaches to ethics, what do you think the advantages are to each? Is a philosophical approach to ethics obviously ...
-1
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0answers
67 views

Is a “truly infinite reality” possible? [closed]

A "truly infinite reality" must follow these guidelines: While a "truly infinite reality" normally allows the "re-occurrence" of most entities in either exact or self-similar form (like for example ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Does Tegmark's hypothesis include dynamical mathematical structures?

Tegmark's hypothesis is the idea that mathematical structures are physical and thus have physical existence (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathematical_universe_hypothesis) Zuse's thesis says that ...
0
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1answer
48 views

What’s the difference between rhizome and monad?

Those two concepts seems quite close but I’m not able to find much resource on their distinctions.
3
votes
1answer
231 views

How to prove □Q from P→Q and □P?

Given P→Q, and □P, in what systems can we conclude □Q? I want to know in which system the consequent is derivable from the premises and in which it is axiomatic (or perhaps we can include it as an ...
0
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0answers
19 views

Rigorous theories about what makes a statement “literary” or “profound”? [closed]

Are there any philosophers or literary theorists who have worked on trying to rigorously determine why a majority of people would find statement A "literary" and not statement B, or would find ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Ethics of saying “this cause is a just cause, but now is not the time to fight for it”?

This question stems from a discussion I heard with regards to LGBTQ rights in Arab and Muslim communities: Arab progressive: LGBTQ rights are very important, and I respect LGBTQ people and think ...
0
votes
1answer
197 views

Can the Universe Be Infinite?

Some think that the universe is infinite. To convince one in the creditability of the idea they point mainly at our inability to conceive of its spatial limits. Hence, here, I use 'infinity' (of the ...

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