All Questions

3
votes
1answer
37 views

Are phenomenological essences experiences that occur in every possible world?

Are phenomenological essences the case in every world? I believe they are a priori, but are they necessary and immutable? A stock example of an essence is the extension of white. We seem to ...
4
votes
1answer
47 views

What's so bad about giving up the Axiom of Choice?

The Axiom of Choice (AoC) in set theory famously gives rise to controversial and counterintuitive theorems. (Examples: Banach-Tarski paradox and existence of non-measurable sets.) I'm aware of some ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Why should we fear death

Shelly Kagan argues that contra Lucretius, we should fear death, because death necessarily involves the loss of the good things we enjoyed in life. Is Kagan’s argument a strong one, do we have ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Are these Two Premises Potential Flaws in Kant's Moral Theory?

In the Preface of the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals Kant says he believes that moral philosophy must be devoid of inputs from human nature (“anthropology”): [Starting at about 4:389] “...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Does Heidegger (or Blanchot?) reflect on the form of the question itself?

I have this notion that Heidegger is the first person to think about the framing of the question as a mode of inquiry. That is, to approach something as a question is to be already decided that a ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Nozick's Tracking Theory Problems

I have been studying Bonjour's clairvoyant rebuttal to externalist theories and also the New Evil Demon problem by Cohen and Lehrer. I wanted to ask whether Nozick's tracking theory can respond ...
4
votes
1answer
287 views

Is a paradox a concept?

Obviously 'paradox' is a concept, we name certain things to be so. We share the knowledge of those things through the use of language. But those things, "in themselves", those particular "instances of ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Examples of theories that assume the existence of an “External Reality”?

In this paper written by physicist Max Tegmark (https://arxiv.org/pdf/0704.0646.pdf) it talks about "External Reality Hypothesis". Specifically, he says: Although many physicists subscribe to the ...
-2
votes
1answer
27 views

Determining Ethical System

Is it possible to determine a moral system where the axioms aren't arbitrary? If no, then how could you prove that anything is right or wrong?
1
vote
1answer
29 views

How to create a “definition”, such as “what is the definition of a bear”

Dictionary.com defines bear as: Any of the plantigrade, carnivorous or omnivorous mammals of the family Ursidae, having massive bodies, coarse heavy fur, relatively short limbs, and almost ...
-1
votes
0answers
134 views

Is it there any model of the universe (considered by physicists) which would be the product of a simulation?

There are various philosophical theories that propose that the universe is the product of a simulation. But I was looking for theories that propose this and are also considered by physicists (not only ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Do qualia have Being?

Do qualia have Being? I'm unsure what 'Being' means, but take it that it has something to do with red always being red, self sameness or identity. If qualia do have Being, is that itself like ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Aristotle's Logic and Human Thought

Is Aristotle's logic sufficient to model human reasoning? If not, why not? Are there counter-examples, certain cases where we reason differently? Let's assume we're talking about sound reasoning,...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

The paradox of comprehension

If it can be known it cannot be communicated. Seemingly Gorgias held an ability to be communicated as intrinsic to the reality of a concept. And why not? Since for a solipsist there would be no ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Are the fundamental laws of logic always true in every field known to man?

the three fundamental laws of logic: (1) the law of contradiction, (2) the law of excluded middle (or third), and (3) the principle of identity. These are the three fundamental laws of logic and while ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Do ◊∃x◻(E!x → Ax) and ◻(∀x)(Ax → ◻E!x) entail ◊∃x◻[E!x & (E!x → Ax)]?

Say we are working in a free quantified modal logic S5 system. Would the following argument be valid: ◊∃x◻(E!x → Ax) (Premise) ◻(∀x)(Ax → ◻E!x) (Premise) ◊∃x◻[E!x & (E!x → Ax)] (1, 2)
2
votes
2answers
40 views

Is there an argument against physicalism on the grounds that the view would make what we call a subjective experience astronomically unlikely?

If we assume that physcialism is true and all that there is, then we can safely assume that what we think of as subjective experience and consciousness, is driven by the atoms in our brain and the ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Poetry in Philosophy

"Ineffable" is the word for that which can be touched by the mind but not the tongue. But in poetry images may be made that transcend the reality of mere language. This seems to me an excellent ...
2
votes
1answer
25 views

Is my understanding on Kant's section contained in the critique of pure reason “The transcendental Aesthetic” correct?

I'm attempting to 'self-study' Kant's "critique of pure reason". I've just finished the section "The transcendental Aesthetic"" from both versions of the book and I'm looking for feedback on what I ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

What is Kant's Proof for the Existence of the Noumenal World?

I have yet to read any convincing evidence that we should accept Kant’s assertion that a world outside our senses exists. I think Occam’s Razor tells us it is simpler to assume there is just one ...
-1
votes
0answers
24 views

advantages of philosophical and non-philosophical approaches [on hold]

Question : Given the differences between philosophical and non-philosophical approaches to ethics, what do you think the advantages are to each? Is a philosophical approach to ethics obviously ...
-1
votes
0answers
63 views

Is a “truly infinite reality” possible? [on hold]

A "truly infinite reality" must follow these guidelines: While a "truly infinite reality" normally allows the "re-occurrence" of most entities in either exact or self-similar form (like for example ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

Does Tegmark's hypothesis include dynamical mathematical structures?

Tegmark's hypothesis is the idea that mathematical structures are physical and thus have physical existence (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathematical_universe_hypothesis) Zuse's thesis says that ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

What’s the difference between rhizome and monad?

Those two concepts seems quite close but I’m not able to find much resource on their distinctions.
3
votes
1answer
223 views

How to prove □Q from P→Q and □P?

Given P→Q, and □P, in what systems can we conclude □Q? I want to know in which system the consequent is derivable from the premises and in which it is axiomatic (or perhaps we can include it as an ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Rigorous theories about what makes a statement “literary” or “profound”? [on hold]

Are there any philosophers or literary theorists who have worked on trying to rigorously determine why a majority of people would find statement A "literary" and not statement B, or would find ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Ethics of saying “this cause is a just cause, but now is not the time to fight for it”?

This question stems from a discussion I heard with regards to LGBTQ rights in Arab and Muslim communities: Arab progressive: LGBTQ rights are very important, and I respect LGBTQ people and think ...
0
votes
1answer
137 views

Can the Universe Be Infinite?

Some think that the universe is infinite. To convince one in the creditability of the idea they point mainly at our inability to conceive of its spatial limits. Hence, here, I use 'infinity' (of the ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

What would be the name of this fallacy?

Current Indian prime minister had left his wife very early for he was not interested in marriage. Today, a chief minister commented on him - Narendra Modi you cannot take care of your wife, how ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Debating: Opponent asking for proof to deny his own statements and insists his statements were right at some point of time

This was the gist of the conversation I had recently. Me: I got item x from the capsule. Opp: It's impossible to get item x from the capsule, because such and such. Me: It is possible. I just got ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

What to do before reading The World as Will and Representation

What should I do/read before reading the main work of Arthur Schopenhauer. I am 50 pages in and it seems like there has to be some pre knowledge before beginning this book. Any advices?
2
votes
1answer
39 views

For Kant, is it immoral to offer solutions that may backfire when generalized?

I once read long ago Immanuel Kant came up with a model of Maxim. What I interpreted of it is basically that "if everyone does this and it still works in the long run, then it is right." This makes ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Emotion and Knowledge [on hold]

I was always curious, how largely do emotions play a part in our decision making using individual knowledge possessed? This question is making me feel confused as this may imply does being completely ...
2
votes
0answers
18 views

What are points of disagreement between Gabriel Marcel and Michael Polanyi?

I see similarities between Gabriel Marcel's distinction between problem and mystery and Michael Polanyi's distinction between explicit and tacit knowledge. However, I suspect that similarity may be ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

What is moral particularism if there are no morally perfect persons?

Moral Particularism, at its most trenchant, is the claim that there are no defensible moral principles, that moral thought does not consist in the application of moral principles to cases, and ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Is there a perfect duty against self deception about imperfect duties?

I assume that Kant says that the categorical imperative exhausts all morality? I'm guessing so, both perfect and imperfect duties. There's, I think, a particular conclusion that appears a little ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Has any consensualists written on Wittgenstein?

"This was our paradox: no course of action could be determined by a rule, because any course of action can be made out to accord with the rule" - Wittgenstein This paradox is purported to call ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

On Latin reception of Avicenna

I'm looking for an article represents a general picture of Ibn Sina's (Avicenna's) Latin reception in the middle ages. For example in this book we read about reception of particular aspects: https://...
-1
votes
0answers
22 views

Introducing some sources about the meaning of life in science

Can someone introduce me some books of great scientists (especially physicists) about the philosophy of life or meaning of life?
2
votes
0answers
109 views

Relation of Mathematical Propositions to Natural Language

Treating Natural Language as a language game, what role does it play in our understanding of mathematics? Does natural language provide meaning to mathematics? Does a proof of a conjecture, say FLT,...
-1
votes
0answers
27 views

The word for something that can be good or bad? [closed]

For instance, quantities are "big" or "small". What is something that can only be "good", or "bad"? Put a more CS'y way, 1, 2, -5, 34 are all instances of the type "integer". "good", "meh", "okay"...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

What kind of fallacy or false logic is this?

I got into an argument with a friend on MMA fighters and said that any fighter that gets caught PEDs should probably have an asterisk by his record. His defence was that could I say for sure that ...
-1
votes
0answers
44 views

Whitehead's view on Western Philosophy - help [closed]

In regards to Whitehead's statement: ‘The safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato.’ (Alfred North Whitehead, ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

What are the accomplishments of critical theory vs. logical positivism

Coming from a natural science viewpoint I find that logical positivism is much more important for scientific research than is critical theory. I've read the critics/flaws of logical positivism and ...
0
votes
4answers
107 views

Can anyone do something to make their death less of a harm?

Can anyone do something before they die to make their death less of a harm? I'm guessing yes, unless death harms all people equally. But that seems strange. Can we do so by doing good? By 'good' I ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

What is the name of this fallacy?

What is the name of this fallacy? Someones says that because everyone cheats, I also can cheat! Or because someone stole my money, I got penniless and had to stole from someone else!
-1
votes
0answers
13 views

In Australia what is the philosophical basis of the Liberal party [closed]

What are the original philosophical basis of the Liberal party of Australia was it really always mean’t to be a “liberal” party or has it always been a “broad church” that is having elements of both ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Is there inherent selfishness within altruism? [closed]

Recently I have been noticing a theme on my social media. There is a post of someone passing away. Within that post the comment section is filled with comments such as: "I lost my mother 4 years ago. ...
-1
votes
0answers
37 views

Does the genius have a shorter life? [closed]

Let's say that a person is considered a genius based on his creation. Let's take for example film directors. In general I think that a film director creation is limited in time. This time is not the ...
1
vote
0answers
84 views

Is there such a thing as meta-metaphysics?

I started wondering about this while taking an undergraduate course in philosophy of language (studying Frege, Davidson, Kripke, and Kit Fine). This field, in my understanding, aims to describe the ...

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