All Questions

0
votes
1answer
40 views

Which fallacy is “if not P, not Q. P. Therefore Q”?

“If you don’t go to the doctor tomorrow, you won’t get better. You will go to the doctor tomorrow. So, you will get better.” What kind of fallacy does this argument fall under? I have a suspicion it’...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

Truth-functional connectives - functions of what exactly?

In a recent piece of work I described sentences containing a specific natural language connective as ᴛʀᴜᴛʜ ғᴜɴᴄᴛɪᴏɴᴀʟ. More specifically, I wrote something along the lines of [wording changed to make ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Critical rationalism and Evolution

Lets assume I. Kant would have became aware of Darwins theory of Evolution after writing his "Kritik der reinen Vernunft". How could the knowledge have affected his idea about the "ursprünglich ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Does 'until' imply a conditional with a negative consequent?

Suppose a father tells his kid that he can play video games whenever he wants. Then, one day, when the kid fell sick, the father told him that he can play video games until he recovers. Does this '...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

With infinite language would the meaning of words collapse?

If our language was infinite to describe an infinite amount of objects, would it even be possible for any of those concepts to mean anything? My intuition is that the meaning of a word is given to it ...
1
vote
2answers
94 views

Why should we even think about determinism?

So I've browsed through some questions here but none of them really fits my thought process: If you assume that determinism is not the case, your actions will therefore be the right decision. If ...
-1
votes
4answers
238 views

Where is the line between Quantum Mechanics and Relativity?

I've asked the question below on Physics SE but it seems an answer may not be straight forward... Question: Is there any answers from Epistemology or philosophy-of-science? Its often said QM is ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

What does this Zarathustra's sentence mean?

I started reading the most famous work of Nietzsche's, and then on the first chapter after the prologue, thus spoke Zarathustra: Or is it this: wading into dirty water when it is the water of truth,...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

What did Kant say on the invention of new terms?

I remember I once read in Kant's "Kritik der Reinen Vernunft" about the tendency to come up with or invent new terms/words, about which he was quite "critical" (pun intended). I need the exact quote, ...
7
votes
5answers
256 views

Frustration in studying philosophy

I have a question about why philosophers seem to disagree on virtually everything. I have been reading up on philosophy since I was 16 (now 19) with the goal of finding an end solution to the ...
3
votes
2answers
74 views

Can there be objective moral facts that have no innate imperative bindingness – what everyone ought to do regardless of their needs and preferences?

My interest is in presenting results from the science of social morality in ways that will be culturally useful. (This science is the study of the origins and function of behaviors motivated by our ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

What if the Evil Genius in Descartes' “I think therefore I am” put into our minds the action of doubting?

I am briefly aware of Descartes' argument that even if an Evil Genius made us believe that the world is real the fact that we can doubt this shows that we are thinking and that through thought we can ...
0
votes
3answers
77 views

Is “showing-off” ethical? [on hold]

The argument can be made that "showing-off" is not ethical since that behaviour will likely make other people jealous and feel bad about themselves. But on the other hand, jealousy and self-loathing ...
-1
votes
3answers
159 views

Have dead people really died if they don't exist? [closed]

Have dead people really died if they don't exist? Can we predicate having died of a dead person, if they don't exist? I'm not asking if they're dead, they are. I'm not sure that Pegasus has ever ...
-1
votes
1answer
46 views

From voltages to natural language text, the nature of reality as provided by computers? [closed]

I am trying to understand the abstraction that is provided by computer software. Below is my understanding. Do I have a correct understanding? Suppose my computer has this data: Hello, world The ...
2
votes
4answers
78 views

How do utilitarians defend their moral philosophy against the impracticality objection?

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11098-005-3021-y This paper made me think what there's left for Utilitarianism when "utilitarians are worried about the impracticality objection, they ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Symbolic logic and rules of inference: two questions

Question one: (C>D) & (D>B) (B>D) & (E>C) (D>C) BvE ∴ DvB ? ? ? ? DvB I'm fairly sure this questions has constructive dilemma at the end, but after four hours of working on these two ...
1
vote
4answers
78 views

Illustration of Necessary & Sufficient Conditions [closed]

What is the clearest and most concrete illustration of the difference between Necessary & Sufficient Conditions found in an office setting?
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Did Schopenhauer study Mahayana Buddhism?

Did Schopenhauer study Mahayana Buddhism? Seems like the meaning of the latter definitely is likely not that this is the worst of all possible worlds, at least given that the other vehicles to ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Null Hypothesis Appearing in Everyday Life [closed]

What are examples of a Null Hypothesis we use in everyday life but do not recognize?
3
votes
2answers
42 views

What are some good English translations of the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad

I have acquired a desire to read Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, but I do not read Sanskrit and I do not know which translations should be trusted. What are high quality translations of the Brihadaranyaka ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Will to power: why doesn't it work sometimes?

I'm reading Nietzsche and he had this interesting idea that all lives tend to expand their influence on the world as much as possible. And for human beings, that means seeking to start a family, or to ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

What is the fallacy regarding knowing someone who is X therefore you know about topics regarding X

What is the name of the fallacy that goes along the lines of: My brother is a doctor so I can claim arguments about medicine.
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Who invented definitions?

Is an intensional genus–differentia definition an invention of ancient greek philosopy? "Chair is a seat typically having four legs and a back for one person" Have you seen definitions like this ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Relation of Propositions to Reality

Consider world. I see the world, note some state of affairs, and I make some interesting proposition P which describes it. Another person now reads it. What the other person sees is just P. This P is ...
-2
votes
3answers
102 views

What feelings are unique to humans?

What differentiates humans from machines? We feel. We want to feel pleasure and to abstain from pain. Now, I can build (with a little help of my friends) a machine that will alert/make sound whenever ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

How to live the present instead of just surviving?

When I was younger, I always tried to imagine how my future would be, and how it would feel like. I tried to imagine my how my relationships would be, how my house would be, what my job would be, etc.,...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

How is the nature of logical principles commonly defined in contemporary philosophy?

In contemporary philosophy, how exactly is the nature of logical principles defined? For example, the way I've commonly seen logical principles construed are as true propositions which described the ...
2
votes
4answers
241 views

Is a miracle a sufficient evidence of the truth of a religion?

Does a miracle constitute a sufficient evidence for the truth of a claim? I see lots of religions really presenting a history of their pivotal figures being able to perform miracles. However, the ...
2
votes
3answers
84 views

Is this argument about “either or” valid or invalid?

Unless something weird has occurred, either the basketball game is cancelled, the football game is cancelled, or Churchill never entered Switzerland. If any game is cancelled, then something weird has ...
3
votes
5answers
425 views

valid or invalid: “S or R. Not S and Not R. Ergo, B.”

“Either it is sunny or it is raining. But now, it is neither sunny nor is it raining. So, the Boston Bruins will win the Stanley Cup this year.” Is this argument valid or invalid? I’m pretty stumped, ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

What super ontologies have been proposed?

An super ontology is list of the types of things that exist. My personal super ontology right now is that there are objects, relations between objects (which themselves are objects), and changes in ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

Free will and the principle of sufficient reason

According to Hume, "All distinct ideas are separable from each other, and as the ideas of cause and effect are evidently distinct, it will be easy for us to conceive any object to be non-existent this ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Does anyone say that Being is a primitive, unanalyzable, term?

Does anyone say that Being is a primitive, unanalyzable, term? That probably would make Being and Time the greatest work of nonsense of all time. I certainly feel able to imagine that Being is ...
6
votes
3answers
131 views

Is Socrates' happiness possible for average, normal people?

Socrates talked a big game in the Republic: we don't need money, family or friends to be happy; all that requires is that we pursue truth and wisdom. I can sort of see how this can make sense for ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Has the other parts of the soul the ability to superpose its will on the mind?

I am working on an idea between the soul, and the mind; relating to the unconsciousness, and consciousness. According to this article from the web it states that depression may very well be caused by ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Aristotle's use of predicate [duplicate]

I'm currently reading categories, and I'm struggling with how Aristotle uses the word predicate in its various forms. From what I can determine, he's not using "predicate" in reference to the form of ...
5
votes
1answer
228 views

Why is a predicate of 0-arity considered as a sentence letter?

I often find that nullary functions are considered constants and 0-arity predicates are considered sentence letters. What is the intuition behind that notation?
4
votes
1answer
57 views

Can the Socratic method be used to teach science or math?

I'm not sure if this is philosophy or pedagogy, because it kind of straddles both! I've seen this method used for extremely abstract problems in philosophy. But I haven't seen it used for resolving ...
0
votes
0answers
159 views

Is physical space-time real? [closed]

Is physical space-time real? By real I of course mean mind independent. By space-time I mean the referent of the mathematical model that physicists use in relativity in which four dimensions always ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Under what definitions of truth and knowledge (especially Bayesian) are 'definitely knowing' and 'certain' different

Under what definitions of truth and knowledge are 'definitely knowing' and 'certain' different? Apologies if too much of a semantic question, but I think we should agree that we can have a sense of ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

De Morgan for Quantifiers Formal Proof: ∀∃-intro and -elim Questions

I have a problem reading existing question's answers. I've successfully encoded the proof of one of De Morgan's Laws, ¬∃x P(x) → ∀x ¬P(x), for Quantifiers formally via cubicaltt type-checker via Curry-...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

De Morgan for Quantifiers Formal Proof: Inhabitance Question

I have a problem reading existing question's answers. I've successfully encoded the proof of one of De Morgan's Laws, ¬∃x P(x) → ∀x ¬P(x), for Quantifiers formally via cubicaltt type-checker via Curry-...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Universality of aesthetic judgment in Kant

In the Critique of Judgement Kant tries to characterise the aesthetic judgement as (among others) universal, i.e as a judgement that we can demand others to have as well as us. If I understand ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

Are there clear counter-examples to this definition of mathematics?

Here I'll re-present the question about a definition of mathematics as being about deduction, that I've given in a prior posting, but here I'll further clarify that this might not be what is usually ...
2
votes
2answers
136 views

What is the fallacy when someone refuses to be specific

A Muslim apologist was debating two Atheists on DW channel in Arabic, the host asked him whether he agrees with "executing atheist apostates". The Muslim apologist knows that apostates are to be ...
4
votes
2answers
55 views

Where to start to be savvy about the current literature on consciousness?

I imagine that there are probably only a few major schools of thought, though this may be a misjudgment on my part. I am very familiar with Daniel Dennett's work, Chalmers, Hoffman's (though I'm not ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Would a “Classless society” be better than the present society? [closed]

In today's era many countries have 'Marxist' political parties, and their purpose is a "classless society". Can a classless society be possible, can it run successfully run?
0
votes
2answers
78 views

What does it mean for something to be “evil”?

Is evil a perception or is it something that is objective? Here's my line of thought on it: "If evil were a perception then the law would be moot to some extent. However, if evil were objective then ...

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