All Questions

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0answers
28 views

How can you argue for a classification without assuming the classification?

Assume population x differs from population y by characteristic z. One group of scholars argues that x and y belong to the same class and that z is incidental and irrelevant to the classification. ...
1
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1answer
39 views

How did Heidegger argue for the certainty of death?

How did Heidegger argue for the certainty of death? I gather that's a component of one characteristic of death, that it's "not to be outstripped". The other component being its indefiniteness, that I ...
0
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0answers
38 views

What philosophers have been trashed by those that they influenced or followed them? [closed]

What philosophers have been trashed by those that they influenced or followed? By trashed I mean something like the relation between Marx and Hegel. Or Nietzsche and Schopenhauer or Kant ("that giant ...
2
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0answers
79 views

What were Plato's views on substance?

Forms are Plato’s substances, for everything derives its existence from Forms. In this sense of ‘substance’ any realist philosophical system acknowledges the existence of substances. Probably the ...
0
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0answers
60 views

Misbehaviour to seek revenge or suit our convenience (Edited) [closed]

Can our misbehavior towards an individual or group of individuals be ever evaluated, and if so, how much of it should be acceptable? There are examples in mythological texts & scriptures of ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

What is Wittgenstein referring to in 4.113

Philosophy limits the disputable sphere of natural science Does this refer to the demarcation problem (what is natural science) or occam's razor (what is the best explanation)? Or is it meant ...
-4
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0answers
24 views

How can the correspondence theory verify the statement “that person loves me” [closed]

Need help with this question for my philosophy test
0
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4answers
69 views

Finite Alphabets

This is a question based on section 2.5.6 from the book Logic, laws of truth, by Nicholas J.J Smith, page 48. What does Nicholas mean when he says: Note that we can further specify exactly what we ...
-1
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2answers
246 views

The more you know, the more you don't know

What is wrong with the following argument? The more you study, the more you learn. The more you learn, the more you know. The more you know, the more you forget. The more you forget, the less you know....
1
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0answers
65 views

The nature of Nominalist Formalism

In this entry in the stanford encyclopedia of philosophy, it is stated that the theory of nominalist formalism deals with the metatheory problem of formalism as follows: Commendably, Goodman and ...
3
votes
1answer
151 views

Why does Nietzsche think suffering is great?

"But not to perish from internal distress and doubt when one inflicts great suffering and hears the cry of suffering : that is great, that belongs to greatness." The Gay Science, Fourth Book, 325 How ...
0
votes
1answer
235 views

Is there any physics-model version of Tegmark's hypothesis?

Tegmark's mathematical universe hypothesis is very interesting (https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathematical_universe_hypothesis) but it has virtually no support among physicists because it is too ...
1
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0answers
35 views

What is a good history of logic book that covers all logic?

Including inductive, formal and mathematical. I find them separated a lot and I don't know if I have the ability to sit through all the Handbook of the History of Logic series.
2
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2answers
57 views

Why did Turing say computers manipulate symbols?

In his 1936 paper, Turing explains that humans compute by manipulating symbols that are external to the human brain (humans compute with pen and paper). Electronic digital computers do the same thing -...
3
votes
2answers
129 views

In what way is everyone not a utilitarian

I am having troubles understanding utilitarianism a little bit, and have posed this question to a number of people and been met mostly with bafflement about how I cannot see the error in my proposed ...
-1
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0answers
56 views

Are Millenials sacrificing more now for home ownership? Is it a social norm now? [closed]

Are current Millenials making more concessions or giving up more financially or job preference wise or space wise for the purpose of home ownership? Has it become a social norm or standard now? I ...
0
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0answers
16 views

is the conflict Rowe sees between God’s foreknowledge and human free will solutions to the problem is adequate [closed]

. Write an essay in which you outline the conflict Rowe sees between God’s foreknowledge and human free will and then argue whether or not any ONE of his solutions to the problem is adequate.
-8
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0answers
86 views

Does a White Man have a stronger objective duty to produce Sons or daughters? [closed]

I'm interested in learning about schools of ethics that discuss the value of Sons vs daughters. The most I know so far is that Darwinist Ethics says a White Man is objectively morally obligated to ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

What does this Jacques Hadamard quote mean?

What does this Jacques Hadamard quote mean? The shortest path between two truths in the real domain passes through the complex domain. Is this a philosophical statement? what is its mathematical ...
0
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0answers
25 views

Can someone explain Aristotle's 4 virtues (prudence, temperance, courage, and justice)? [closed]

If someone could give examples of applying these virtuous would be appreciated.
0
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0answers
26 views

Is there any moral dilemma/situation clearly showing the usefulness of virtue ethics?

I have to study a case where I take any moral dilemma or situation I want to and apply virtue ethics on it but I can't really seem to find anything.
-3
votes
2answers
74 views

Is it possible to mathematically define a hypercomputer-universe where things that could not be computed by it could exist? [duplicate]

There are a few physicists that propose that the universe is a hypercomputer. One example is Roger Penrose, who, basing in his quantum interpretation (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/...
-2
votes
2answers
74 views

What specific knowledge is purposefully held back by the universities from their students? [closed]

I read a quote once that this is done as a grocer would hold back the knowledge of the second half of a punnet of strawberries being mouldy. I have my theories but was there a specific knowledge set ...
-1
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1answer
66 views

Would it be reasonable to air-drop suicide pills during the Rwandan Genocide?

Thus I ask a different question - barring legal requirements, is my question a reasonable one? By the bye, has any philosophers published on the ethics of suicide in a war? Original Question on ...
5
votes
2answers
99 views

Why did Daniel Dennett not explain consciousness?

Dennett frequently talks about consciousness as if it has already been solved and that we're just inventing new problems because of some innate fear of naturalism. In his (now rather old) book ...
-1
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0answers
38 views

Can philosophy ask questions about what is moral or immoral without deriving the answer from a meta-ethical theory like deontology? [on hold]

Can philosophy ask questions about what is moral or immoral without deriving the answer from a meta-ethical theory like deontology? So can e.g. philosophy say that murder is wrong, even argue for it, ...
1
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0answers
68 views

Principle of proportionate causality - what are virtual and eminent causes?

I'm reading Edward Feser's book Five Proofs of the Existence of God. On pages 32-33 he introduces the principle of proportionate causality (PPC). I'm having trouble understanding what precisely ...
1
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0answers
43 views

Organ Donation Obligation

Mike has a genetic kidney disease, which caused his kidney to fail at the age of 7. Mike has a biological child named John, who Mike knew would have a 100% chance of getting the disease. Now John is 7 ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

In predicate logic, does existential quantification (∃) include universal quantification (∀), i.e. can 'some' imply 'all'?

I am having a discussion whether 'some' can also imply 'all'. The definition for some, 'an unspecified number or amount of people or things' seems to leave room for this interpretation. Discussion ...
-2
votes
1answer
77 views

Is there a way to tell which philosophers are correct in their musings? [closed]

Is quoting an authoritative source a useful or effective way to demonstrate that an assertion is correct?
1
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2answers
57 views

Was there any philosopher named Lexiphagoras?

I am reading this book: There's A Word For It! and the author Charles Harrington Elster claims that a particular excerpt was written by an ancient Greek philosopher Lexiphagoras of Alphasia. I did ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Why is the anecdotal fallacy a fallacy?

Why is the anecdotal fallacy a fallacy? I want to know why personal testimony is important in a court of law but in a debate it is considered invalid? And why is the claim of seeing a spirit met ...
0
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0answers
23 views

How has Nicolas Malebranche influenced our views of modern philosophy?

Nicolas Malebranche was a rationalist philosopher, theologian and French priest. Much of his philosophical views were based on St Augustine, a Roman African philosopher. To what extent has he ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Is the argument below valid?

If interest rates go down, then I will buy a house. If I buy a house, I will need a loan. Therefore, I will not need a loan if I do not buy a house. Is this argument valid?
5
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0answers
69 views

Hume's argument for the subjectivity of morality

I am trying to analyze the following argument by Hume in his Treatise of Human Nature: But can there be any difficulty in proving, that vice and virtue are not matters of fact, whose existence we ...
2
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0answers
13 views

What are the justification for Kants moral philosophy?

I have trouble understanding the justification Kant gives for his moral philosphy. My main problem is: Why is practical reason the way humans can figure out the morality of an action? Why is it ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Is the simulation argument an act of faith?

I have serious doubts about the reliability of the thesis raised by the philosopher Nick Bostrom in his paper Are you Living in a Computer Simulation? Even in its weakest version, where two or more ...
1
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0answers
31 views

Might Marx's argument in Das Kapital be less about justice and exploitation than it is about disenfranchisment?

Might Marx's argument in Das Kapital be less about justice and exploitation than it is about disenfranchisment? I specifically mean his analysis of work, the falling rate of profit, and movement of '...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

How does Quantum Mechanics disprove determinism? [duplicate]

I personally believe in determinism and understand the basics of quantum mechanics, but don't see how any of it disproves that the universe is deterministic. Electrons cannot move change momentum or ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Are deontologists arguing against virtue ethics, and if so does it matter?

This question got me thinking. If deontology and virtue ethics are not reconcilable but in direct competition with each other, does that mean that in arguing for one we are arguing against the other? ...
1
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0answers
32 views

DId Aristotle say there can be no virtue without action: and how accepted is that in virtue ethics?

Morality, Moral Luck and Responsibility: Fortune's Web By N. Athanassoulis, p64 I've not read Aristotle's Ethics, but am intrigued by whether we can have a virtue without an action that has that ...
0
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0answers
39 views

Is it there any model of the universe or any (physical) cosmological theory or model completely compatible with trivialism? [duplicate]

Trivialism is a system that proposes that literally every proposition is true and false at the same time blatantly breaking the principle of no contradiction and triggering the principle of explosion (...
-1
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0answers
102 views

Is “cultural appropriation” the consumption or just the production of culture by outsiders? [closed]

Is "cultural appropriation", in the unethical or problematic sense, the consumption or just the production of culture by outsiders? Does any philosopher claim that the former isn't, and, if so, how ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

What justified consciousness is an experience and not an thing? [closed]

No philosophers has justified that consciousnesses can be measured. Many philosophers have tried to describe the mind, but are there any specific scholars who describe justified methods to describe ...
0
votes
3answers
113 views

How do I reply to a conspiracy theorist that claims that the evidence is also part of the lie?

Person A: HIV is a disease created by the illuminati 2000 to eliminate 50% of the world population and in 2017 a scientist find a cure to HIV and the illuminati killed him Person B: that doesn't ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Term for the idea that regardless of our philosophy, only the observable/physical matters

I'm looking for terms that define the following presuppositions: every action should be valued based on its outcomes, not choosing is a choice impact of an action must be valued based on the ...
2
votes
2answers
115 views

Is skepticism a contentious issue? [closed]

I haven’t thought much about the application of the idea ‘skepticism’ since the first year of my philosophy program, because it had already been sorted out to my satisfaction and the satisfaction of ...
0
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0answers
35 views

Can we measure “braverity” objectively?

By saying "bravery/courage", we implicitly mean a hard task that we wouldn't do it in daily life, and we have to sacrifice something to get it - we are scared. It is, after all, just a cost-benefit ...
0
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0answers
49 views

How is justification related to truth?

We all learned to believe in true belief; some of us don’t anymore. I’ve found that better ideas are available to us if we don’t. Some ideas are better (better justified by evidence and logic) than ...
0
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1answer
76 views

How do you falsify the theory that Santa Claus is real?

I know Santa Claus isn't real, but if someone asked me how to falsify the theory that he DOES exist, I'd be stumped.

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