All Questions

1
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1answer
132 views

Do people tend to immorality like every Abrahamic religion told? [on hold]

In many sentences of the Quran and other Abrahamic religious books, we are told about many different people who were immoral (thieves, corruption, adultery, etc.) until prophets come and help them ...
-1
votes
1answer
57 views

Why is the word “however” used here? What does it mean? [closed]

I was reading a Wikipedia article on fatalism and the idle argument. It says a Stoic philosopher "attempted to refute" it and then it states the argument. The very next line it uses the word "however"....
0
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0answers
132 views

Multiverse and the anthropic principle?

I put this question here since the anthropic principle is more a philosophical argument than actually a physics concept, so I thought that since this may not have much to do with mainstream physics ...
1
vote
5answers
96 views

Is Vox Day right about “extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence”?

https://donotlink.it/YOAV It's quite amusing to hear self-proclaimed "rationalists" attempt to make use of this quote, since the claim that "extraordinary evidence" is required is fundamentally ...
-3
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0answers
52 views

Why did Nozick use differential (not different) in 'differential entitlements' and 'differential deserts'? [duplicate]

I'm not asking about the calculus or mechanical meanings of 'differential'. ODO doesn't distinguish them. 'different' is synonymized with 'differential', and vice versa. Was Nozick correct to use '...
-1
votes
1answer
100 views

What is the purpose of the existence of the universe? [closed]

Why did the universe come into existence? Going through the timeline of the universe (Big Bang, separation of forces, symmetry breaking, particle formation...), everything that happened lead ...
3
votes
0answers
33 views

Is there a quantitative model of Bentham's Hedonic Calculus?

Jeremy Bentham, in Chapter 4 of his 1781 An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation, defines what has become known as the Hedonic Calculus. He states, Pleasures then, and the ...
2
votes
2answers
113 views

Academic papers/longer works on the refutation of God?

The subtitle would be: "or the inevitable arguments which follow said refutation." Almost all of the work in the atheist department is by pop-culture philosophers like Christopher Hitchens or Sam ...
0
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0answers
20 views

Has Thomas Nagel written on love?

I found and read "Sexual Perversion" by Nagel, but I wanted to know if he has written anything else on the subject of romantic love.
-3
votes
0answers
44 views

Modal logic in S5 - tableau [closed]

Use the concepts of modal logics D, T, and S5 to respond to these exercises. Assume that A, B, C stand for arbitrary formulas in Frm(LMOD) in these exercises. I don't know how to apply T Access Rules ...
0
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0answers
19 views

Pragmatic encroachment: how is the basis for X being accurate different from the basis of when it is accurate to say someone knows that X is accurate?

When is it accurate to say that a person (P) knows that X is true/accurate? This question seems to be answered by the idea/concept of 'Pragmatic Encroachment'; The basic idea/concept of 'Pragmatic ...
-2
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1answer
58 views

Can the height in another dimension look different from different dimensions? [closed]

Can the height in another dimension look different from different dimensions that we know? For example, can the width looks different than we see it?
0
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2answers
36 views

Fitch Proof Help

I'm having some trouble solving this proof in Fitch. How do the universals switch place from the premise to the goal? There is no negation in the goal so negation introduction is not the way to go, I ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Was there a potentiality for God to create a perfect being? [closed]

I have read some people argue that if there was a God that created, his creation was imperfect because we have a potentiality and thus making him act in an imperfect way, and not being pure actuality. ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

How this dilemma (about freedom) go? And where is it from?

I'm not sure if this is the right SE to ask, but it seemed like the best fit. I once saw this "dilemma" in the internet, but I don't remember where or exactly how it goes, I hope someone herealready ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Is Hegel's sublation a gateway to Deleuze's Difference and Repetition?

I am trying to find the best vantage point from which to penetrate Difference and Repetition. Is Deleuze's title not just another way of saying "aufheben" (Hegelian sublation)? What is the relation ...
1
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0answers
19 views

Do all arguments against mind-body identity theory assume that every pain is the same?

I don’t get (any of) the arguments against mind-brain identity theories. It’s usually argued that multiple realisability kills MBIT (see also this post). In a talk I attended it was stated as ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

What are problems that arise by denying the existence of abstract things? [closed]

Suppose if we only regarded the concrete as real, and that abstraction is only a process of using the concrete to represent other concrete things. For example, a number is not a real thing, but it is ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Is materialism a philosophy accepted by the majority in western societies?

I was in a philosophy class and the teacher mentioned some philosophical ideas and asked us to raise our hands if we agreed with a certain statement. The overwhelming majority agreed with materialism ...
5
votes
1answer
149 views

Is existence essential to God?

Thomas Aquinas said that God was absolute perfect, God being pure actuality and had no potentiality. If there was a time where there wasn't an existence, then God would have a potentiality and not ...
5
votes
0answers
49 views

Plato - against teaching philosophy to children

I'm trying to hunt down a half-remembered quote from Plato, possibly from the Republic, where he actually argues AGAINST teaching children philosophy too early, in the fears it will confuse them and ...
2
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3answers
147 views

Is Spiritual aspect a part of Western Philosophy?

I am from India and hence, I am little aware of Western ways thinking with respect to Spiritual matters. I would like to clarify that the Spiritual that I am referring to is an individual ...
4
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2answers
53 views

Nietzsche on Goethe: Not an ascetic priest, “He knows more.”

Nietzsche constantly praised Goethe as being a truly remarkable human. But one passage from Genealogy of Morals does raise a question for me, after he spends much time setting up and criticizing the ...
0
votes
1answer
411 views

How is Wittgenstein’s “notorious paragraph” about the Gödel's Theorem not obviously correct?

Timm Lampert quotes from Wittgenstein's "notorious paragraph" (§8 of Remarks on the Foundations of Mathematics, Appendix 3) in http://wab.uib.no/agora/tools/alws/collection-6-issue-1-article-6....
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Why does a philosophical zombie need to have qualia to see colours?

Can a philosophical zombie, who has no qualia, see colours? At least he has eyes to perceive colours, then why does he need to have qualia to see colours?
0
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2answers
49 views

Ethics of Cryonics

I was always interested in the question "to what extent is extending the life of an individual through technological means considered ethical?" That is to say, are human beings trying to extend our ...
-3
votes
2answers
112 views

Do the dimensions have an infinite number of combinations of the appearance? [closed]

Can a piece of paper in our universe have more depth. something that we can't see. something that's more material. something that's more material. something that's more material. something that's more ...
4
votes
2answers
243 views

Are there philosophers who argue for a close connection between consciousness and existence?

(I'm not entirely satisfied with this question because I can't quite express it clearly, but a personal experience has moved me to ask it. I know it may be too vague or general.) The consciousness my ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

The essence of real Europeans [closed]

I'm a European living in America. A fellow countryman is trying to coerce me into doing something for him. He claims that if I was a "True European", I would do what he wants. I've not done a lot of ...
3
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0answers
48 views

De Re, Counterfactuals, and rigidity

This is going to come off as vague or obscure; but, I hope the idea is performatively expressed: Two questions: Do you think that Kripke would argue that the impossibility of de re counterfactuals ...
2
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0answers
36 views

How does Plantinga's “transworld depravity” compare with what Calvinists call “total depravity”?

In God, Freedom and Evil Alvin Plantinga offers a challenge: (page 48) (I leave as homework the problem of comparing transworld depravity with what Calvinists call "total depravity.") He defines "...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

How many types of theodicy are possible?

For the sake of this question I define a theodicy as an attempt to see how three Christian ideas fit together: God is holy. God made everything. Sin exists. Three candidates: 1a. A theodicy ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Is it there any specific and well known continous/analog alternative to Wheeler's discrete “It from Bit”?

Physicist John A Wheeler (https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Archibald_Wheeler) suggested the concept of "law without law" and "it from bit" which suggested that the universe did not have any laws ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

How is 'existence' defined? [closed]

How would you define 'existence'? Is it a requisite for an entity to be able to interact with other entities to be considered as 'existent'? What if there are real objects in the universe which ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Is there a reason to know? [closed]

I am going to talk about the necessity of the reason to know by talking about the nature of spacetime, and therefore, of our nature. I'm not sure whether this is specific enough for StackExchange, but ...
-3
votes
3answers
180 views

Why do we need model theory to express semantics?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Model_theory Why can't semantics be directly expressed in the formal language? This is the key part of model theory that I don't understand: https://www.lesswrong.com/...
1
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2answers
68 views

Hard Predicate Proof Help

I have been working on this proof for over a week now, and I can't seem to figure it out: Pd ⟷ (Hj & Mj), Gsd, ∀x∀y∃z(((Gxy & (Py ➝ Pz)) & Rxyz) ➝ Gxz), Pe ⟷ ∀x(Hx ➝ Mx), Rsde |- Gse I ...
2
votes
2answers
137 views

What is a natural deduction proof from ~(A↔B) to ~(A→B)?

It feels intuitively correct, but I cannot work out how to prove it. I would appreciate any help.
2
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3answers
98 views

Are we biologically limited from knowing the universe?

Consider the relationship between a human and a dog. A dog can be very intelligent or not very much. Border Collie is considered to be the most intelligent dog breed in the world, while Afgan Hound ...
0
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0answers
39 views

How exactly Wittgenstein “inspired two schools of thought [logical positivism/logical empiricism and analytic/linguistic movement/Cambridge School]”?

In the page 527 of von Wright's Ludwig Wittgenstein, A Biographical Sketch in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 64, No. 4 (Oct., 1955), he tells: It has been said that Wittgenstein inspired two ...
1
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0answers
53 views

What could be “Wittgenstein's strong disapproval of Russell's introduction to the book [Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus]”?

In the page 536 of von Wright's Ludwig Wittgenstein, A Biographical Sketch in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 64, No. 4 (Oct., 1955), he tells: The author of the Tractatus thought he had solved all ...
1
vote
2answers
61 views

Fitch Question Help

I'm having trouble understanding quantifiers in proofs. The proof I'm working with is : ¬∀x Tet(x) -- Premise ¬∀x (Tet(x) ∧ Medium(x)) -- Goal How do I reach this goal and also get to the goal ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

The meaning behind Seneca's quote

Seneca once said, "What need is there to weep over parts of life? The whole of it calls for tears". I have read this quote over and over again and I have searched for a clear explanation about this ...
2
votes
4answers
147 views

How do we know what we know is right?

The more i study science and maths these days, the more i continuously question myself whether all the knowledge we have built up until now is in fact true or correct. But before being picky with ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Are the following examples hypocritical? [closed]

My friend and I got into a big argument over whether some of the following examples are hypocritical positions to take: Being pro climate protection while not doing ANYTHING to stop it yourself (such ...
4
votes
2answers
114 views

What is the the difference between common sense and phronesis?

For refference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_sense https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phronesis For me this started with Giambattista Vico who pretty much had the same idea of "common sense" ...
0
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2answers
125 views

Is God a solipsist?

If you accept God: omnipotent, omniscient, eternally omnipresent. Solipsist: Nothing outside the mind should be believed to exist. If one's own mind is the sum total of existence, then all perceived ...
4
votes
3answers
229 views

How do Thomists prove that: “Everything that exists must exist by something.”?

One variation of principle of sufficient reason that Thomists use is: Everything that exists must exist by something. How do they prove such a statement? In particular, why can not something just ...
1
vote
0answers
110 views

Are all explanations either personal or scientific?

In A New Cosmological Argument, Richard Gale and Alexander Pruss offer up a cosmological argument for a personal God, from the weak principle of sufficient reason (among other premises, but the WPSR ...
1
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2answers
63 views

Are there truth tables for strict implication?

Lewis defined the concept of strict implication to resolve some problems of material implication. Basically, strict implication is defined as [](p --> q), where [] denotes the predicate 'is necessary" ...

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