All Questions

0
votes
1answer
76 views

How do you falsify the theory that Santa Claus is real?

I know Santa Claus isn't real, but if someone asked me how to falsify the theory that he DOES exist, I'd be stumped.
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Are the Argument From Perspectival Variation and the Argument From Perceptual Relativity one and the same?

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy explains Perspectival Variation as follows: Perspectival variation is the kind of variation in one's sensory experiences that normally attends changes in ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

partial fictionalism about propositions

One theory of propositions is that they're "useful fictions." However, this faces the formidable objection that fictionalism makes it hard to explain how something fictional can tell us about the ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

What's the difference between ontical and ontological?

I looked it up on Wikipedia and got this: Ontical refers to a particular area of Being, whereas ontological ought to refer to Being as such. Ontic vs. Ontological I also read the above, but I ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

Is “If…then” not a truly logical connective?

Since you can completely fill out a truth table for "not A", "A and B", and "A or B", but not for "if A then B", can it really be a logical connective? The only thing that can be confirmed about the ...
4
votes
3answers
339 views

Who or what is the being for whom Being is a question for Heidegger?

Did a quick search of Dasein on Google and found this: In Being and Time, Heidegger investigates the question of Being by asking about the being for whom Being is a question. Heidegger names ...
4
votes
3answers
157 views

Do forces really exist?

In physics there are 4 fundamental forces the EM force, the weak and strong forces and gravity. Now gravity is already a bit declassified as a force by the curved spacetime theory of Einstein. But ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Can social sciences have a non-subject -related axiomatic foundation? Why not?

Can social sciences have a non-subject -related axiomatic foundation? Why not? Problems: Interpretation is always relative to subjective interpretation. Which is not similar in natural sciences. In ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

what does it mean to have philosophical study of something

Because we see there are many philosophical Study at present like philosophical study of education, philosophical study of Judgement etc. Therefore please explain me what does it mean to have ...
1
vote
0answers
107 views

Is it there any trivialist model in physics (like in quantum mechanics)?

Trivialism is a system that proposes that literally every proposition is true and false at the same time blatantly breaking the principle of no contradiction and triggering the principle of explosion (...
3
votes
6answers
154 views

Would it be sensible to say “I know Santa does not exist”?

Would it be sensible to say "I know Santa does not exist", and more generaly, what do we really say when we say "I know that [some fact]" ? It is a well known principle that "absence of evidence is ...
0
votes
2answers
33 views

Recursive definitions (a couple questions based on them)

From the book Logic, laws of truth, by Nicholas J.J Smith: What does Smith mean by recursive definitions? Why does it matter? How do you make recursive definitions for something such as: a) the set ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Ontology of space/time

Are space and/or time considered abstract objects or concrete objects? They seem causally inert yet more real than the typical abstract objects we think of.
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Can hypercomputation compute the impossible?

There are things which are illogical/logically impossible (like saying that 2+2=4 and 2+2=5. Without changing anything in the axioms of mathematics or logic, this would be a contradiction and would be ...
7
votes
2answers
249 views

Should truth entail possible truth?

It is a well-accepted axiom of modal logic that truth implies possible truth. Is there any philosophical argument against this conclusion? In other words, should truth entail possible truth?
3
votes
1answer
38 views

In Spinoza's Epistemology what role is played by his concept of 'idea'? How do the idea in 'thought' and the object in extension interrelate?

Depending on which among the diverse variety of depictions of the status and possibility of humans being in possession of 'knowledge', Spinoza's Epistemology has been described in various ways. The ...
3
votes
2answers
60 views

Does natural science assume indirect realism?

The wiki on Direct and Indirect Realism seems to claim that indirect realism is part of natural science. The wiki defines indirect realism as follows: indirect or representative realism [is] the ...
2
votes
2answers
69 views

Must the physical phenomenon of the universe be differentiable?

The use of Calculus for the analysis of real-world phenomenon depends entirely on our universe not only being continuous, but being differentiable. By "real-world phenomenon" I mean things like the ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

Can you identify a philosophical argument involving Lifeboats? (Not 'Lifeboat Ethics')

long time since I studied philosophy. I'm trying to remember an argument / thought experiment that went something like, "lifeboats are placed throughout a ship and not just by the wealthy passenger ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

What is the connection between celibacy and the acts/omissions distinction?

In "Kuhse, Helga and Singer, Peter. Should the baby live?: The problem of handicapped infants. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985," the authors argue in Chapter 4 that there is no distinction ...
2
votes
1answer
177 views

Are we facing a new iteration of social prejudice and discrimination? [closed]

How is it different from previous forms of social injustice? Why is this a new kind of systematic prejudice and discrimination? - Firstly, the "old" way was entrenched in law and custom, whereas now ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Syntax of propositional logic

From the book Logic: The laws of truth by Nicholas J.J Smith, page 40, sub-heading: "Syntax of PL". What does the author mean by the syntax of PL? Can someone explain what the author is trying to ...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

Why Quantum Mechanics states that nature is probabilistic? [duplicate]

I am new here and I am studying the philosophical implications of Quantum Mechanics. I read somewhere that QM and determinism are mutually exclusive and that QM involve a number of philosophers to ...
3
votes
4answers
123 views

What's the role of certainty in discussions about philosophical positions?

Karl Popper was one of the twentieth century’s preeminent philosophers of science. He was an avowed realist who was dedicated to the correspondence theory of truth. In his seventh decade of life, ...
3
votes
3answers
122 views

Is fallibilism a better option than absolute certainty?

Fallibilism is the epistemological thesis that no belief (theory, view, thesis, and so on) can ever be rationally supported or justified in a conclusive way. Always, there remains a possible doubt as ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

To View Things by their Function

Jordan Peterson regularly talks about how we view things in the world as tools, instead of mere objects. Some examples: 1) We see something as a chair because we can sit on it. If you cannot sit on ...
2
votes
2answers
54 views

Judging importance by one's actions

If you'd ask people about what's important to them, you'd get answers that might differ from their actions. For example: someone who states that playing soccer is important to them, yet always skips ...
-1
votes
0answers
55 views

Is “conquering” a woman no more adequate mating habit in the context of gender equality? [closed]

Is "conquering" (originally a war term) a woman no more adequate mating habit in the context of gender equality? That is, a romantic but an unreflected, obsolete descent of customs? That is, in ...
3
votes
0answers
162 views

Which modern philosophers profess an atheist personalism?

Thomas D. Williams and Jan Olof Bengtsson describe the origin of personalism in the following way: Personalism in the sense of a distinct philosophy or worldview focusing on the full, accumulated ...
4
votes
6answers
221 views

A Ground or Foundation of Morality

I am currently reading the very fascinating paper Unspeakable Ethics, Unnatural Law by Arthur Allen Leff. It seems that the thrust of his paper is that there is no "naturalistic" way of grounding or ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Hume's analogy to prove that the soul is mortal

Passage from "The immortality of the soul" by David Hume Where any two items x and y are so closely connected that all alterations we have ever seen in x are accompanied by corresponding ...
2
votes
2answers
40 views

Can someone expand Rousseau's proper definition of war?

Rousseau, in his 'Of the Social Contract', chapter IV, 'Slavery', puts that: Men, from the mere fact that, while they are living in their primitive independence, they have no mutual relations ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Does foreverism imply that AI is potentially more moral than us humans are? [closed]

To set the groundwork, the argument goes like this: behaviors that don't exist, are not-good. An agent that has a wider array and duration of behaviors is not-good in fewer cases than an agent that ...
0
votes
1answer
153 views

What is the difference between the resolution rule and the elimination in natural deduction?

I understand that elimination is: p v q ¬q then p and resolution is: q1 v q2 v q3...qn ¬q1 v q2 v q3...qn then q2 v q3...qn I see no difference, but my teacher is telling us don't use the ...
20
votes
6answers
6k views

Falsification in Math vs Science

In the beginning it was thought that the statement 1+1=0 is false, and necessarily so. However, with the birth of modular arithmetic, it was found that indeed, 1+1 does indeed equal to 0 (in the mod 2 ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views
5
votes
8answers
299 views

Why is equality assumed to be good?

I personally hold the belief, like most, that human beings are equal and that they should be treated equally under the law. However, I am still curious as to why this claim is true and if it is not ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Is Nietzsche 'power' neither value neutral nor practical?

Main question Is Nietzsche 'power' neither value neutral nor practical? Subsidiaries that I considered in asking it If so, how can it be demarcated from the object of philosophy, generally enough ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Why is the body so important in Schopenhauer's philosophy?

I'm a beginner in this subject, but I've read on a textbook that the body is a fundamental key to the comprehension of the noumenon. I can't understand why one would say so.
0
votes
3answers
160 views

Isn't the sorites paradox predicated on a non-understanding of what a heap is?

Under the assumption that removing a single grain does not turn a heap into a non-heap, the paradox is to consider what happens when the process is repeated enough times: is a single remaining grain ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

How Kant's second formulation of the categorical imperative interacts with consent

Kant's second formulation (or the "ends in themselves" formulation) says: use humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, always at the same time as an end, never merely as ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

How should “knowledgeability” be defined? Is it merely w.r.t. to best scientific knowledge? [closed]

How should "knowledgeability" be defined? Is it merely w.r.t. to best scientific knowledge? What about things that science cannot measure? Or are there other "reasonable" forms of knowledge? Why ...
1
vote
3answers
111 views

Soft question: Is it possible to self study Aristotle?

I am a mathematics PhD student who has an interest in philosophy. In my undergraduate work, I took a minor in philosophy. I never took a course on the great thinkers such as Aristotle, Socrates, or ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Logic-related note-taking question

I have been thinking about note taking from a logical perspective recently. It started when I realized that note-taking is basically a process of extracting "statements" or "arguments" from a piece of ...
5
votes
6answers
1k views

Infinite past with a beginning?

I can conceive of an infinite past with a beginning. I can in fact represent this idea by a simple diagram, part analogical, part symbolic. So, to me, this idea is a logical possibility. I initially ...
0
votes
0answers
109 views

Bayesian epistemology and paraconsistent logics

My philosophical background I read a little on Bayesian epistemology, a while back, and I was both impressed by it and really disappointed that it was not, being a 20th century invention, embedded ...
0
votes
1answer
145 views

Using predicate logic, how to solve symmetric and anti reflexive

The networks is: A->B->C->D The channels used by the network are: lo, med, hi h-hi, l-lo, m-med i) A network uses one, and only one channel. ii) Networks within close proximity cannot both use the ...
-2
votes
1answer
80 views

To pass two time for the same place. Logic question [closed]

Let be the proposition: "To visit two times the same place is forbidden". It is forbidden to visit the same place three times? A says: "No, because it is forbidden to visit the place two times". ...
3
votes
2answers
161 views

What is the meaning of “comprehension” in logic?

I was reading about the axioms of Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory and the axiom of restricted comprehension. This led me to find out what the meaning of this word is and why it's called this. Then I saw ...
4
votes
1answer
478 views

Hiring someone is unethical to Kantians because you're treating them as a means?

I read it is unethical to hire someone because it breaks the second categorical imperative which is to treat people as an ends. If by hiring someone to do something you are treating them as a means to ...

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