All Questions

1
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0answers
21 views

Origin of “normalization of deviance” [closed]

For starters, sorry if this is the wrong forum, but I searched for sociology and got here. What is the original article/book where the term was first used? I searched Wikipedia, but only found ...
4
votes
3answers
237 views

Can science prove or provide evidence that the brain is the source of the mind

I am seeking published discussions or arguments about this proposition, though some discussion here would be useful: Science can prove or provide significant evidence that the brain is the source ...
1
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0answers
49 views

What were Hegel's criticisms of Newton?

I recently read this thread THREAD describing the relationship between Hegel and Newton. Apparently, Hegel misread Newton's principia, and criticized a specific point of science on Newton. This is ...
1
vote
2answers
193 views

Does philosophy of mathematics affect mathematical research?

I am interested in a special case of the general question about whether the philosophy of X has an effect on the research or practice of X. My special interest is in the area of mathematics. I am a ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

If idealism is correct, why (the idea of) a brain can change all the other ideas?

If ontological idealism is correct, a brain is an idea among the others. Then why if we modify (the idea of) a brain, the whole mental world changes accordingly? Why is there a mental representation (...
1
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0answers
48 views

An argument for something being “full blooded” because it's all or nothing [closed]

I've seen the phrase "full blooded" used for concepts, not arguments, that do more work, are able to cover more of the ground, so to speak. This is metaphorical. But I wondered if a full blooded ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

What kind of counterevidence is there against “morality is inborn”?

What kind of counter-evidence is there against "morality is inborn"? Since "morality is inborn" is not the only view on the source of morality. And yes, intuitively, one can conceive that ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

What makes you, you? [closed]

Is it your name or your body or your mind? Also, similarly, fans of a certain sports club will cheer for the sports kit and the name. The players change and so does their coach, but the name and kit ...
-1
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0answers
18 views

Sources on greek philosophers

There are many books written by Plato and Aristotle. I was wondering if there are any good books that capture the central ideas and themes of these two philosophers?
3
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0answers
48 views

What is the strongest link made in the philosophical literature between privacy and civil liberties?

What is the strongest link made in the philosophical literature between privacy and civil liberties? In particular, an analysis which eschews 'democracy', or separates out democracy from 'civil ...
-1
votes
2answers
58 views

Are Christians more afraid of death? [closed]

This might be a better question for a psychology forum, but I'll try here first. I've observed many Christians who spend much of their lives talking about how they don't fear death because they know ...
-2
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0answers
25 views

Wittgenstein argues in the Tractatus that the laws of logic lack sense, say nothing about reality, and are analytic [duplicate]

1) What does this mean? and what's his argument? 2) What do you think of this view?
1
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0answers
124 views

Which kinds of academic revolutions has philosophy of science indentified so far and when?

Recently, I had an interdisciplinary discussion with some friends about Industry 4.0, internet of things,...which brought up the question, which kind of academic revolutions apart from industrial ...
0
votes
1answer
165 views

Where to start with the philosophy of mathematics?

This may be a duplicate question. What is the best way to get started with the philosophy of mathematics? Given that I know (from university) the basics that are discussed (Set theory, Russell's ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

Formal proof errors

I am trying to prove A ^ B from the premises shown in the screenshot. As you can see in the screenshot I am struggling with the second sub-sub proof. Do you have recommendations for how to continue/...
1
vote
1answer
194 views

Are axioms in mathematics comparable to hypotheses in experimental sciences?

Remark: my question deals more particularly with the axioms of set theory, arithmetic, probability theory, etc. I think the status of the axioms in geometry is clearer. The French fictitious ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

When writing commentary on well-known philosophers, which method is more effective: comparative analysis or straightforward interpretation? [closed]

Although there are numerous methods for eliciting accurate transliteration of historical philosophers' intended meaning, two appear to be most prominent: Comparative analysis; where the author ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Help with epistemology homework related to film Shutter Island

I am really sorry to ask this but I need some help regarding the philosophical interpretation of the movie Shutter Island. Hope someone can help me! I need to analyze how does Teddy Daniels know who ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Why do there exist “logical fallacies” that are not really consistent logical fallacies?

Why do there exist "logical fallacies" that are not really consistent logical fallacies? By logical fallacy, consider e.g. ad hominem. By consistent logical fallacy I refer to a type of logical ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Where Wittgenstein argues that thinking is done in natural language?

I am looking for a precise reference where Wittgenstein writes about the use of ordinary language when people think, and that they do not use formal logic. Even in the case of mathematics. Can you ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Is a dictionary of philosophy necessary for reading Schopenhauer?

Is a dictionary of philosophy necessary for reading Schopenhauer? I heard that he refused to use jargon and tried to write very clear.
1
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0answers
58 views

Standard Argument against free will rebuttal

The Standard argument against free will states that an action is either predetermined or random and that these two options exhaust all the possibilities, leaving no room for true free will. To ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Name of “then you also cannot” pseudo argument

There are two parties, P1 and P2. There are two behaviors B1 and B2, which both parties agree are ethically undesirable or at least questionable. P1 consciously refrains from B1, but not from B2, ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Why did Kant, Hegel, and Adorno leave some words and phrases in the Greek alphabet?

I know this mostly from continental philosophers, like Hegel, Adorno or Kant: they use the greek alphabet when writing ancient terminology like ergon, telos or megalopsychos, while MacIntyre for ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

Is it possible to track the truth?

Epistemology seems to show that knowledge is always fallible. How can that position be satisfying at all? It seems to me that we are eternally condemned to hope we are going in the right direction and ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

What did Nietzsche mean? [duplicate]

What does, Nietzsche in Beyond Good and Evil, mean exactly when he states: Whoever fights monsters should see to it that in the process he does not become a monster. And if you gaze long enough into ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Logic : steps to prove valid reasoning [closed]

I am very new to this and I can't figure out the steps to prove that these reasonings are valid. Thank you for your help. p ¬r p → (q→r) ___________ ¬q (¬p ∨ ¬q) → r p q __________ ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Fallacy of affirming the consequent or of denying the antecedent? [closed]

If patient has condition X, then we would see symptoms A, B and C. We do see symptoms, A, B and C. So the patient must have condition X. Is it the fallacy of affirming the consequent or the fallacy ...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

Descartes’s skepticism of the external world and belief in God

There is this popular opinion that Descartes overcame his notorious doubt in the existence of the external world because of his conviction that a benevolent God exists, who wouldn’t deceive him in ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Can pure randomness be computed?

Algorithm for randomness usually use seed, and thus having an unique input it cannot be said to be completely random, so can pure randomness be theoretically computed?
2
votes
3answers
69 views

Does it make sense to have a causal component in a definition?

I am trying to respond to a comment from a reviewer, where he/she suggests that there might be definitions which have a causal component. Suppose I have the following totally made up definition (...
6
votes
3answers
285 views

What happens if we accept inconsistency?

(Philosophy novice here and not sure how best to phrase this question; if it's unclear please point out the problems). Imagine this conversation: Alice: I believe that X. Bob: Do you also ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Could generalization of scientific theories be possible by just adding an ad hoc hypothesis?

In a seventeenth century world the Newtonian model did mostly very well to describe how gravity works in the universe and did well with most empirical evidence of that time. Of course now we know that ...
4
votes
2answers
75 views

What are some realistic situations where Kantian ethics can be applied?

By 'realistic' I mean ones which have a good chance of happening with someone.
-1
votes
1answer
49 views

Why should/can politics concern aspects of social life?

Why should/can politics concern aspects of social life? Such as those pertraining to relationships or labour rights. Why can one claim that "there exists a right social life model", which is what the ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

ELI5: what is 'Pragmatic Encroachment'?

questions what is 'Pragmatic Encroachment'? what's the limit on what 'Pragmatic Encroachment' counts as a 'pragmatic factor'? does it count just a few things, or just any practical factors? overview ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

Can nationalism be labeled a non-theistic religion?

I define religion as (taken from a dictionary definition) a particular system of faith and worship. One can have faith in government and worship nationalistic symbols (flag,anthem etc) ...
8
votes
2answers
112 views

What does Aquinas mean in this passage from Summa Theologica responding to the claim that goodness is prior to being?

In his article on goodness in general, Summa Theologica I q. 5 a. 2, Aquinas considers the question of whether goodness is prior in idea to being. He is responding to the following objection (arg. 1): ...
3
votes
3answers
123 views

Is everything that exists an actual entity?

My professor asked us to think about this question as we go through the unit but I am not sure what the question means. I would greatly appreciate could help me understand the question or give me a ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Does Plato relatively upgrade democracy between the Republic and the Laws?

Does Plato actually lean more towards democracy in the Laws? III.693d ff. suggest an upgrading of democracy's relative position from its low status in the Republic.
3
votes
1answer
215 views

Does collectivism actually exist?

Does collectivism actually exist? Wikipedia defines: Collectivism is a cultural value that is characterized by emphasis on cohesiveness among individuals and prioritization of the group over ...
0
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0answers
18 views

Are dreams just the world without the big Other?

Are dreams an alternative world where there is no big Other as the ever observing agency mentioned by Lacan?
2
votes
1answer
68 views

What does Marx mean by “the real will of the cooperative”?

This is an extract from A Darwinian Left by Peter Singer: Marx: Under collective property, the so-called will of the people disappears in order to make way for the real will of the cooperative. ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

What exactly is the 'potential' that is actualized in Aristotelian metaphysics?

From my understanding, Aristotelian metaphysics uses the concepts of potentiality and actuality to explain change. Since being cannot come from non-being, when change occurs a potential is simply ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Amoral argument for god?

Has there been a push for or the development of an amoral argument for a god that is indifferent to the moral practices of humanity, a sort of anti-moral argument for an indifferent god? This idea ...
1
vote
2answers
63 views

Is “Societal Science” impossible?

Is "Societal Science" impossible? Social science one can understand as dealing with more concrete groups, but to suggest that someone can study and predict societies sounds absurd. Also, it seems ...
4
votes
3answers
190 views

Does the demand for evidence run contrary to faith?

As the title suggests, and in accordance with a recent theme here on philosophy stack exchange, I'm wondering if the demand for evidence runs contrary to faith. My intuitive notion of faith is that it ...
3
votes
2answers
66 views

Is the idea of potential energy (from physics) influenced by the idea of potentiality found in Aristotelian metaphysics?

Aside from the common usage of the term 'potential,' was the development of the idea of potential energy influenced by the Aristotelian idea of potentiality and actuality, at least historically? ...
-1
votes
0answers
42 views

Can you help me tackle this question by giving formal proof using natural deduction

Using the natural deduction rules, give a formal proof that the following three sentences are inconsistent: ¬P∨Q ¬P→Q ¬Q
2
votes
4answers
160 views

Is math arbitrary?

Math at its core begins with calling something true or false and following logic. WE for example call an odd number 2n+1, but what if we called an odd number 2n and flipped it for it to become an even ...

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