All Questions

0
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0answers
9 views

What do all these types of nihilism mean?

Nihilism manifests itself in various contexts—for example, individual and collective, historical and psychological—and different expressions, for instance, ontological, epistemological, ethical, ...
1
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0answers
9 views

Does morality care about its history?

In a recent debate we came to blows about whether or not it was immoral to eat meat. (I’m vegan so I’m surrounded by people who say it is). But I made the case that eating meat isn’t immoral. The act ...
-1
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0answers
13 views

Can one material thing have a different impact into two different beings?

People (A) From another dimension (B) We're talking about one place (A) Seeing the sun they are round (B) Seeing the sun they are square The question is. Can something material (Something that can ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Why is the ZFC not as susceptible to Godel's incompleteness as was the Principia Mathematica?

So, from what little I have read (such as this answer), it appears to be that one reason why the program of logicism, as laid out in the Principia mathematica, failed was that its goals (of finding a ...
7
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6answers
2k views

Are there moral objections to a life motivated purely by money? How to sway a person from this lifestyle?

Let’s say there’s a person, Z. Z has decided that his goal in life is to get as much money as possible, and at the end, to upload his consciousness into a robot/computer to live forever in his ...
-2
votes
0answers
31 views

Souls & god & worthless [on hold]

A man can produce more than 70 millions of children in just 1 ejaculation. So many children & crowds of people can exist in the world if man decides to. How is it possible for billions of ...
-2
votes
0answers
32 views

Need some expert help on this proof problem [on hold]

Not sure how to do these problems and need some guidance on it 1. ¬(Y → X) 2. ¬(X → H) Prove: K
3
votes
2answers
41 views

Logical analysis under Russell's theory of definite descriptions

My question stems from the two different logical forms for the following sentence under Russell's analysis. One in which the word 'not' has a wide scope and one where it has a narrow scope. The ...
4
votes
2answers
79 views

Testing scientific theories inside a simulated universe

The background of my question relies on the following points. Quine-Duhem thesis: it is difficult to test a theory with an experiment, because the test would rely on other theories. The discussion of ...
-3
votes
0answers
26 views

What is Real and reality [on hold]

Do you agree with Kant that we each, using ourtranscendental unity of apperception, to constitute or create our own unique world? Why or why not
0
votes
1answer
40 views

How Do I start on Premise: B ↔ ¬B Conclusion: J ↔ ¬C?

I have started a new chapter and I do not quite understand how you start questions like these? Do i need to just keep doing contradictions to get an answer like this? Can someone point me in the right ...
-1
votes
1answer
52 views

Can anyone help me solve this problem?

Hi can anyone help me with this problem? Would greatly be appreciated. M → I ¬ I ∧ L M ∨ B Prove: B
-4
votes
0answers
50 views

Should only philosophy students study logic, ethics, axiology, phenomenology, epistemology, and aesthetics? [on hold]

E.g a physician. Should they not start in any univeristy studying these modules? Actually a lawyer most law schools teach philosophy of law as an elective module. And no social philosophy or ...
9
votes
2answers
704 views

Philosophers who were composers?

Who are some famous philosophers who also composed music? I can think of one example: Boethius, one of the first music theorists / acousticians and author of Consolation of Philosophy; he composed: ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Aristotle's Four Virtues---A Negative Example

Aristotle's four virtues, as I understand it, in the modern context is that if I think of carrying out a job, then 1). Prudence: That I have sufficient reasons to carry out the job 2). Justice: ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

A physical thing to see [on hold]

I mean, can our reality have a different effect? For example, we see the sun as balls and someone else from another dimension as a square.
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Why is logical possibility relevant to the persistence questions of personal identity?

I can imagine splitting my brain in two and placing the individual hemispheres in individual bodies. This affects the psychological continuity view of personal identity because then I would not be ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Is it wrong to think that some continental philosophers make statements about the truth on an arbitrary basis?

The first thing I noticed when reading continental philosophers is that they make statements about the truth without any empirical or logical basis such that the statements were made on a completely ...
-5
votes
0answers
27 views

Psychoceramics? [on hold]

If anyone remembers the internet circa 2001-2005 there was a sort of psychoceramics movement over on YouTube and on the old PF. I missed the boat on that movement and seemingly have witnessed the ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

How does Hume argue that the rules of morality “are not conclusions of our reason”?

David Hume claims that the rules of morality “are not conclusions of our reason.” How does he argue for this?
0
votes
3answers
558 views

I'm stuck and having trouble with ¬P ∨ Q Prove: P → Q

I am having trouble with this problem as I have just started doing logic. Is this the same as P → Q Prove: ¬P ∨ Q ?
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Where can I study this in more detail?

I am finding al-Farabi's Philosophy of Plato and Aristotle on pages 13-17, paragraphs 1-9, (pages 11-13 in the pdf file linked below), very interesting: http://traditionalhikma.com/wp-content/uploads/...
3
votes
1answer
199 views

Why do some non-religious people reject artificial consciousness?

I use "artificial consciousness" as a broad term to describe the possibility that a computer may have the same experience of reality and of itself that we have. I guess that a religious view, more ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

What is the difference between Ars Erotica and Scientia Sexualis?

I work at a bookstore and I picked up The History of Sexuality. I read a few chapters of it and skipped around a bit to find Ars Erotica and Scientia Sexualis. I understood a bit of what each was (Ars ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Is consciousness just human arrogance in a inability to accept we are controlled by our instincts [on hold]

(disclaimer I am nee to this site. I am also dyslexic spell and grammar are not my strong suit.) I am struggling with the concept of consciousness when does it begin, when does it end. If we have ...
0
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0answers
52 views

The absence of invalidity is validity? [on hold]

I know there's one school of logic that says all claims must be justified before they can be valid and there is another school of logic that says claims only become invalid when they are invalidated. ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Why subjective probability cannot explain probability in Quantum Mechanics?

Is there a subjectivist account of probability that is able to explain probability in QM or at least in deterministic interpretations of QM?
3
votes
1answer
283 views

What should one know about term logic before studying propositional and predicate logic?

I'm hearing that predicate logic replaces term logic, but teaching of predicated logic assumes knowledge of term logic. What are essential to know from term logic before studying propositional and ...
2
votes
4answers
211 views

What is the name of this logical fallacy: Why should your god be the one?

Even if there is a deity, why should your god be the one? This is a common response from the nonbelievers. I assert that it is a logical fallacy, not because the statement in itself is totally ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

How did Aristotelian logic view this?

I am very interested in the logical aspect of Aristotelian philosophy, especially how it was used by al Farabi and Ibn Sina in explaining understanding and breaking this complicated process down ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

How did Peter L. Berger's view of capitalism differ from Ivan Illich's?

These two men had different opinions on capitalism. I thought Ivan Illich was an anarchist. But I thought Dr. Berger believed that socialism was a myth. I read that they disagreed on capitalism. ...
5
votes
1answer
59 views

If persona, anthropomorphism and anthropocentrism are removed as features of God, does anything remain? [on hold]

Most organized, monotheistic religions posit the existence of some type of personal interaction between God and humans. Whether it is as inspiration, etc. during life or judgement and either ...
4
votes
1answer
220 views

What criticisms of Wittgenstein's philosophy of language have been offered?

In a 2003 obituary, Anna Sherrat described one of my many philosophy heroes, Donald Davidson, as “one of the greatest American philosophers.” She did an excellent job of summarizing one of the ...
0
votes
2answers
83 views

Probability calculus and Quantum Mechanics

I am not an expert and probably this question highlights this. Anyway, is the probability calculus used in Quantum Mechanics? Does the concept of probability adopted in Quantum Mechanics satisfy the ...
0
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0answers
73 views

Distributions of outcomes in Quantum Mechanics

I have read an answer here about the probabilistic nature of QM and I am curious about why QM is able to predict only distributions of outcomes of an experiment. To be clearer, is QM’s inability of ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Is there a phenomenological real time, for Husserl?

Is there a phenomenological real time, for Husserl? I've read some relevant sections, I think in the Crisis of the European Sciences, but could not determine an answer from them. If it isn't, must we ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

In Being and Time, was Heidegger doing phenomenology, using the phenomenological reduction?

In Being and Time, was Heidegger doing phenomenology, using the phenomenological reduction? If so, how routinely, or even when?
0
votes
3answers
85 views

Do Heidegger and some of his readers know why there is something rather than nothing?

Do Heidegger and some of his readers know why there is something rather than nothing? There seems to the suggestion in the SEP that he may explain why, but it's unclear in what way the argument can be ...
-1
votes
0answers
46 views

What would happen if we saw an impossible thing? Would we see it? [on hold]

Consider there is a multiverse where all kinds of impossible worlds and things occur. Where illogical/logically impossible things exist. Where there are even, somehow, things that are logically ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

What is the difference between “conscious of nothing” and “not conscious”?

Consider the following line of thinking: If consciousness refers to that which experiences, then the idea of being conscious seems to always entail being conscious of something. For example, it is ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

What is the goal of the Übermensch?

I have been reading Thus spoke Zarathustra, and i understand that Man should attempt to act to be like an Overman, or a bridge to one. But i have a dilemma: Is the Übermensch the final goal of ...
-3
votes
0answers
171 views

Philosophy of Logic – Converting formal proofs to the sound deductive logical inference model [on hold]

How do we convert the formal proofs to theorem consequences of symbolic logic to conform to the sound deductive logical inference model? What would be the benefits of doing this? PROPOSED ANSWER: ...
5
votes
1answer
309 views

Was Kant an Intuitionist about mathematical objects?

In regards to the ontology of mathematics, as far as I can understand, Kant believed that Mathematical objects existed only as features of our perception that influenced how we viewed things-in-...
0
votes
2answers
55 views

What are some important essays/philosophical views on experiencing things objectively? [on hold]

I'm looking for some names/essays/philosophers on the topic of objective reality. Questions like, "Can we experience anything objectively?" and, "Is there an objective reality?" Anyone have any ...
3
votes
0answers
29 views

Understanding 'existence' and 'being' in debates about ordinary objects

Quine has brought forward his definition of existence: 'To be is to be the value of a bound variable.' But has also taught us that the sciences ultimately determine what actually exists contrary to ...
0
votes
1answer
10 views

Is constitution of a country simply a set of axioms?

Is it valid to think of a constitution or law in general as an axiomatic system? Because what they do is actually stating some rules one-by-one which we just accept. This means we accept also all ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

How can axiomatic foundations be laid out? How does one identify, when they form “foundations”?

How can axiomatic foundations be laid out? How does one identify, when they form "foundations"? This is a particular problem related to this: Can social sciences have a non-subject -related ...
0
votes
3answers
42 views

Can two different objects at the same time be the same? [on hold]

Can two things be different and yet the same at the same time? For example, a chair (white) does not have one leg and another (black) has all of its legs. As in the question, these two things with ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Non locality of consciousness

Are there any major philosophies that postulates the non locality of consciousness? I have tried searching for them but could not find anything...thank you very much.
3
votes
3answers
650 views

What are the discoveries that have been possible with the rejection of positivism?

I am wondering if the rejection of the positivism movement in philosophy lead to any major discoveries in mathematics and natural sciences? I am thinking it might have been able to contribute to those ...

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