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48 views

Is atheism the null hypothesis on god's existence? Can the null hypothesis be accepted? Is the proposition “god does not exist” falsifiable?

 Is Atheism the Null Hypothesis?  Is Atheism Falsifiable?  Does Atheism Carry the Burden of Proof? Atheism has distinct definitions which can be categorized as follows: • Weak/Soft ...
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16 views

Help with Circular Reasoning example and whether this example is fallacious

I thought of a scenario that raised some question for me, consider you: [A] Face prejudice because of X --> [B] Makes you more inclined to assume the next person who mistreats you is doing so ...
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0answers
18 views

Does the present only exist to the extent that it leaves traces in the future?

Under what conditions can we conclude from the position that the past only exists to the extent it leaves traces in the present to the position that the present only exists to the extent it leaves ...
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0answers
16 views

Oedipus Conflict [closed]

The following text is from the book Art and Psychoanalysis by Maria Walsh. I thought the Oedipus Complex was about "the boy child’s rivalry with the father" rather than "the boy child’s ...
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1answer
29 views

Are there any Things for which Hegel's approach to consciousness' apprehension of reality fails?

In the Consciousness chapter, Hegel presents two naive approaches to the picture of how consciousness interfaces reality. Hegel shows these approaches are inadequate in the endeavor of consciousness ...
2
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1answer
37 views

Epistemological Basis of Mathematics Debate

In the following link: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/intuitionism/ in the last paragraph in Section 1, there is mention of the "lack of epistemological and ontological basis for Mathematics.&...
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0answers
44 views

Questions about correlation vs. causation. Does correlation imply, prove, or count as evidence for causation? [closed]

My Questions, plus the Research that I have done. What are the sufficient conditions for causation? What are the necessary conditions for causation? Is a perfect correlation between X and Y ever ...
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1answer
41 views

What can we conclude about consciousness in the past?

All we can be certain of is consciousness in the present. What can we conclude about consciousness in the past? Can we even conclude that it existed? Whenever someone presents "evidence" of ...
2
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3answers
83 views

Do you create your own thoughts? [closed]

Once upon a time I came up with the following paradox: Statement 1. I have freedom of will. Statement 2. If I have freedom of will, then I create my own thoughts. For example: I'm gonna think about ...
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0answers
39 views

Solipsism, except everyone shares a single mind?

It's conceivable that I could suddenly switch places with someone else. I'm not talking about our brains switching places, but rather, from now on, my mind experiencing the other person's qualia. ...
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0answers
17 views

Has any physicist advocate for both Putnam's thesis of “Logic is Empirical” and the Multiverse?

Philosopher Hilary Putnam proposed a very interesting thesis 1, advocating that Logic itself may be empirical. I have found another interesting article 2 by the physicist Matthew S Leifer where he ...
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2answers
68 views
+100

What is the meaning of “epistemic”, “epistemological” and “ontological” in this context?

I was reading The Outer Limits of Reason: What Science, Mathematics, and Logic Cannot Tell Us by Noson S. Yanofsky and in some paragraphs of this books, The writer uses the words "epistemic",...
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0answers
14 views

Best books on gender and racism

(Please excuse my poor wording and bad english) What are the best books to learn about gender and racism as of July 2020? I feel like my generation (born between 1990 and 2005 approx) may be the first ...
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0answers
48 views

Can anyone explain to me explain to me what Robert Pirsig is trying to convey through the book ZAMM as a whole? [duplicate]

I feel that trying to go about analyzing his whole theory is pointless since his whole theory builds upon one point which is that analytical thinking shouldn't have taken the front seat in modern ...
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1answer
57 views

Differences in survivals

We, humans, claim that we survive diseases and dangers with the help of science/intelligence/brain. Intelligence and brain can be treated as something inside. Many creatures like cockroaches, ...
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0answers
14 views

Garson 2.7 (Tense Logic)

Exercise 2.7 wants me to prove PGA -> A in Kt. Summarily speaking, G/H (in/out) is exactly like [ ]in and [ ]out. [pp.50-51 lays out the rules in detail] Kt=PL + G/H (in/out) + GP +HF GP= A -> ...
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2answers
37 views

Does Heidegger, or any Heidegderian, say that my “ownmost” has Being?

Does Heidegger, or any Heidegderian, say that my "ownmost" has Being? Obviously, that term often means "death", and I'm guessing Heidegger says death has no Being. But perhaps he ...
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1answer
51 views

Is there a Physics-limited-mathematics?

For example,how about in this mathematics if If we calculate to the 80th power of 10 and still don't have a single counterexample, we can say that we have "proved" Goldbach's Conjecture, ...
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0answers
48 views

What is the name of this fallacy (if it is one)

So I stumbled on a discussion that went a little like this: Person A: "Something has happened to a family member and has been hospitalized, please be aware so it does not happen to you" ...
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3answers
67 views

Is there a rational response to the idea that my death is the ultimate evil?

Is there a rational response to the idea that my death is the ultimate evil? I'm asking just because I can't think of useful response, assuming my death is necessary -- inescapable, and most ...
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1answer
29 views

What comes first, words or biological states?

When we speak, do we say the things we say because we are in a certain biological state, or do we actually effect our own biological state with words ?
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1answer
47 views

Sartre on morality in “Existentialism is a Humanism”

After reading Existentialism is a Humanism, I am struggling to understand Sartre's stance on morality. If I understand correctly, he believes that no moral rule can be derived from reason, and that ...
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2answers
46 views

Do mathematicicans care about implications where the hypothesis is always false?

Suppose we want to prove the implication P implies Q. Now we can use proof by contradiction and show that there is no case were P is true and not Q is true. But this does not imply that there is a ...
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1answer
31 views

Where does Moore admits that none really knows the truth about those propositions that supposedly we all know?

Alfred Jules Ayer, in a conference where he exposes the achievements of Moore, starts it by saying: "It is true that Moore diminishes the force of his position by adding that no one knows the ...
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1answer
28 views

Looking for references to political/moral philosophy literature on communal child-rearing and the institution of the family

[Note: this question was previously closed under the reason "needs to be more focused". I subsequently edited the question to make it more focused and then hoped it would be reopened, but no ...
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0answers
45 views

Are there famous unsolved problems in logic akin to the Millenium Prize problems?

Are there major theorems that logicians have yet to tackle? And I don't mean any problems that pertain to the philosophy of logic (i.e. logical pluralism, the nature of logical consequence, etc), but ...
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1answer
40 views

counterfactuals in premises for arguments

Can counterfactuals in premises make an argument sound and valid? I understand that soundness requires both validity and true premises whilst validity requires the premises to follow to the conclusion....
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1answer
96 views

Can god violate the laws of thought (i.e., the logical absolutes)? If so, can such a god be ruled out of existence? [duplicate]

**The Laws of Thought** Laws of Identity, Non-Contradiction, Excluded Middle Something is what it is, ...
2
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1answer
118 views

Why did Nietzsche call Spinoza his 'precursor'?

In a letter Nietzsche made the following comment about Spinoza; "I am utterly amazed, utterly enchanted! I have a precursor, and what a precursor! I hardly knew Spinoza: that I should have turned ...
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0answers
25 views

What's the problem with this form of comprehension axiom

If something that wouldn't be A and exists has the attribute c you can define anything that has the attribute c has to be in A unless it is A or the last rule defines it as an element . Is there a ...
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3answers
80 views

How to contradict a general statement?

Consider the statement, "All the geometrical shapes on the screen have radius equal to 6". Suppose on the screen we have 6 circles with radius equal to 6 and also 1 triangle. In order to ...
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0answers
22 views

Good explanation of the meaning behind what constitutes a “personal choice”?

Most people define and understand situations of "personal choice" as personal opinion, quality, or things that belong or relates exclusively to the person making the choice (i.e., does not ...
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2answers
172 views

Any concrete, real life example of Peirce's Law?

What would be a real life, concrete example of Peirce's Law? ((p → q) → p) → p There is a Wikipedia article on it, if you are unfamiliar with it: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peirce's_law There ...
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0answers
23 views

Dialectics and Machiavelli

What is the relation between Marxist dialectics and Machiavelli's philosophy? I have read Lefort, and he seems good, but I was unsure if he was an academic playing games.
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2answers
92 views

If the “Problem of Qualia” is valid, then how can we communicate?

I was reading about qualia and how there's apparently the problem of qualia because a unique experience is constrained to one subject (?). But I don't see how this is meaningful in any way since ...
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0answers
33 views

How warm countries result in precocious maturity and decay? [closed]

In the book The Complete Story of Civilization by Will Durant , page 1, he wrote that “The heat of the tropics, and the innumerable parasites that infest them, are hostile to civilization; lethargy ...
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1answer
35 views

argument analysis on valid/sound in reference to opinions

Can an argument be valid and sound if some of its premises are opinion(s)? I'm doing a first year course in philosophy and I am having trouble understanding if opinions as premises can make a valid ...
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1answer
29 views

Show S5 contains S4; Garson 2.4

<> = possible [ ]=necessary Hey all, I am trying to show the following axiom is provable in S5: [ ]A -> [ ] [ ]A = (4) The hint says to prove: [ ]A -> [ ] <> [ ]A first, which ...
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0answers
23 views

how do Sense and Denotation relate to translation?

i would like to know how are Sense and Denotation relate to translation and the role that they have in translation
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1answer
54 views

Could nature have no “physical laws” at all?

Why scientists assumes that nature have laws? Is it possible to have no laws at all? I mean that how nature behaves may vary with space and time but this doesn't mean it is unpredictable at all. It ...
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1answer
40 views

contradictio in adjecto

Arthur schopenhauer comments on Spinoza's God accordingly: For the word God, honestly used, means a cause such as this of the world, with the addition of personality. An impersonal God is, on the ...
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20 views

Does modus tollens capture the essence of “necessary condition”?

Does modus tollens capture the essence of "necessary condition"? (1) P → Q, ¬Q, … so ¬P. (2) So Q is a necessary condition of P. Is (1) the inner structure of (2)? Are any of these true: The ...
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0answers
68 views

Is the Law of Identity a Logical Absolute? Can it be doubted, violated, or disproven (i.e., proven false)?

**The First Law of Thought: The Law of Identity** Something is what it is [L_1], and it is not what it is not [LI_2]: -| yields the logical conjunction: [LI_1 & LI_2], & = “and”; Therefore, ...
1
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1answer
45 views

How can someone infer something does not exist?

First, I came across the Penrose triangle and then a variety of impossible objects. I understand that an object might not exist in a specific domain. For example, Penrose triangle does not exist in 3 ...
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0answers
32 views

Trying to find a quote on the trappings of democracy surviving even as democracy dies [closed]

I don't remember the source or the exact wording, but I remember some years ago reading a quote that Americans will continue to wave the flag, we will continue to have elections, and play the national ...
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2answers
90 views

Are these two propositions equivalent?

Are the propositions "Everything happens for a reason", and "Nothing happens without a reason" logically equivalent?
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0answers
49 views

Lucretius, III: exploring a passage in 'On the Nature of Things' [closed]

What do you make of this? I want to understand this passage! Furthermore, suppose that nature suddenly burst into speech, and personally addressed the following rebuke to one of us, "What ...
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0answers
67 views

What is the solution of the Russel class paradox [closed]

It can be these options Everything has no properties or the same properties (any set has itself as a property ,something that has to be an empty set and is an empty set and does not exis) The property ...
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0answers
31 views

Nietzsche's stance on how language makes us live in a world of “things” and “events”

In A Teacher's Introduction to Postmodernism by R. Linn, it says: Whereas Kant argued that the concept of a "thing", as opposed to en "event", was produced in consciousness as a ...
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1answer
96 views

Help with an excerpt from Hume, A Treatise on Human Nature

“To begin with resemblance; suppose we could see clearly into the breast of another, and observe that succession of perceptions, which constitutes his mind or thinking principle, and suppose that he ...

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