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...does [the problem of induction] invalidate all predictions and models made from science? Yes. The problem says that “we are not entitled to any degree of confidence whatever, no matter how … slight, in any predictions regarding what we have not observed” Lange (2011), "Hume and the Problem of Induction", p. 43. The sticking point is the problem's underlying premise: there is no reason to …
answered Dec 15 '17 by Mark Andrews
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Hume denies the validity of the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR), and, as I see it, he effectively denies all cause and effect. In A Treatise of Human Nature, he considers several arguments in PSR …
answered Apr 10 '18 by Mark Andrews
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Induction is a “Generalization from Experience” (Mill, p. 223, §1). But Hume sees a serious problem. “[T]here is no justification for regarding what has been observed to happen in the past as any … statements. The conclusion is invalid, and will remain so after every observation. References: Howson, Colin. 2000. Hume’s problem: induction and the justification of belief. Clarendon Press …
answered May 5 '18 by Mark Andrews
4
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...it seems that any inductive reasoning can be done with deductive reasoning by adding in some assumption that a particular pattern continues to hold. You got it exactly right. The assumptio …
answered Dec 11 '18 by Mark Andrews
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Here is the best I could come up with: C is the cause, but E negates C. This is what we know. (A+C+D) = Event (A+D) = No Event (B+C) = Event (B+E) = No Event Those two pairs isolate C as the cau …
answered Dec 2 '17 by Mark Andrews
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Is Goodman's new riddle of induction a restatement of Hume's problem of induction? I think that Goodman’s riddle is not a restatement of Hume. The two philosophers are hard to compare on this … from the straight path of a billiard ball, any result is conceivable. Such an assumption destroys both the possibility of induction and the uniformity of nature. I understand Goodman to focus on the …
answered Jan 7 '18 by Mark Andrews
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'What does he mean by "go beyond" the content of the premises?' Probably the author means that induction calls upon the uniformity principle: If a given occurrence has caused a certain result, then …
answered Oct 13 '16 by Mark Andrews
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. From Popper, "Demarcation", in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/popper/#ProbDema Popper … repudiates induction…, substituting falsifiability in its … both confirmed by the same set of observations. (“The New Riddle of Induction”, in Fact, Fiction, and Forecast. 1983, Harvard University Press, p. 73-75). Although the truth of one hypothesis …
answered Feb 8 '18 by Mark Andrews