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8 votes

Do distinctions and concepts exist?

Concepts are relations between two or more phenomena. Distinctions are discrete concepts whose function is to classify. Concepts and language are very closely related. I discuss this in my post on the ...
Michael's user avatar
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7 votes

Is symmetry real?

Here is the question: So did we discover symmetry, or do we impose it? (like numbers) And why do we need it? David John Baker describes symmetries (page 2): ...symmetries of a theory are ...
Frank Hubeny's user avatar
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7 votes

Do distinctions and concepts exist?

What you are asking about is the place of abstract objects in our universe. There are basically three approaches to abstract objects: Nominalism holds that abstractions are invented by us. This is ...
Dcleve's user avatar
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5 votes

Is topology used outside of cosmology in philosophy?

For an unfortunate preliminary example, Christopher Langan's infamous theory of everything uses the concept of topology in a way similar to how Alessio Moretti uses the concept of geometry. My take on ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
5 votes

Is topology used outside of cosmology in philosophy?

Stone Spaces If you consider formal logic to be part of philosophy then topology is relevant. The basic result is about Boolean Algebras. A Boolean algebra is something like a bunch of sets where you ...
Daron's user avatar
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5 votes

Is topology used outside of cosmology in philosophy?

I will elaborate a bit more on the connection between topology and the law of excluded middle (LEM), which Daron and Kristian have already mentioned. In logic, the basic objects of study are formulas (...
Somatic Custard's user avatar
4 votes

Are abstract ideas concepts (sets) or invididuals in an ontology?

Long comment We have in place two dichotomies : abstract/concrete and universal/particular (or individual). If we use the term "concept" not to denote a psychological entities (a mental ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
3 votes

Can concrete objects have multiple occurrences?

There is nothing unusual about abstract objects in this sense. Consider the sentence "John always puts John first." In this sentence, "John" is a word, not to be confused with John ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
3 votes

Is symmetry real?

How do you know that your hand is the same hand that you've had yesterday? How do we recognize a river? As Kant suggests, perception is not reality. Nature changes constantly, a river is not the ...
RodolfoAP's user avatar
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3 votes
Accepted

Why can one abstract (prescind) space from color but not color from space? (from C. S. Peirce's article "On a New List of Categories")

Why can one abstract space from colour but not colour from space? Colour is extensive and hence presupposes space and hence we can abstract space from colour. But space does not presuppose colour. A ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
3 votes

Why can one abstract (prescind) space from color but not color from space? (from C. S. Peirce's article "On a New List of Categories")

As defined in the passage, prescision "arises from attention to one element and neglect of the other", where "exclusive attention consists in a definite conception or supposition of one ...
Conifold's user avatar
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3 votes

Is there an infinite amount of things that are not present?

I suspect that anyone with real training in philosophy, especially analytical, will not find this question meaningful or will be able to readily swat it aside with a closing argument. It is badly ...
Nelson Alexander's user avatar
3 votes

Is topology used outside of cosmology in philosophy?

The average person is more familiar with space-time as a concept then mathematical theories, so the other domain in which topology matters, and may not be noticed, is the philosophy of mathematics (...
J D's user avatar
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3 votes

Is topology used outside of cosmology in philosophy?

There are some works on Analytic Philosophy. One important work on this area is called mereotopology. In formal ontology, a branch of metaphysics, and in ontological computer science, mereotopology is ...
Luciano Silva's user avatar
3 votes

Why are abstract realms/the abstract realm thought of as being so orderly/restricted?

Note in advance: I am assuming that the abstract realm you're referring to is something along the lines of the "third realm" that Frege posited (alongside physical and mental domains). ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

What is the definition of "abstract"?

The SEP article on the topic lists seven positive demarcations, and caps the list off with a variety of negative opinions. To quote sec. 3.8 in full: We come finally to proposals that reject the ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
2 votes

Is concept abstract or concrete noun

"Newspaper" and "New York Times" are concrete nouns, not abstract. You can see that by the way they are used: The newspaper is on the table The New York Times was wrong about Trump's chances ...
Luís Henrique's user avatar
2 votes

Goals and benefits of the process abstraction for minds

A "concrete" example from everyday life would be the statement, "Mary is my friend." Compare to other ways I could describe her: "Mary is a person. I have met and spent time ...
thejohnbackes's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

Name for a form of naturalism that allows for abstract objects

The term is Ontological Pluralism. It is the acceptance of more than one type of thing in the universe. Before elaborating, I offer a few corrections. Naturalism does not exclude gods, spirits, or ...
Dcleve's user avatar
  • 14.6k
2 votes

How to understanding abstract things easily?

This is a weakness in human thinking, but one which we have a need to overcome. YES -- we almost always initially understand concepts with physical examples, which we then try to generalize. The ...
Dcleve's user avatar
  • 14.6k
2 votes

How to understanding abstract things easily?

Abstraction means removing characteristics. You start with a group of items and concentrate on a unifying characteristic (or a small number of such), while disregarding the other characteristics. At ...
Boba Fit's user avatar
  • 1,015
2 votes

Is there an infinite amount of things that are not present?

Yes, there is an infinite number of things that are not present at any point. Do please let us know if you find a useful or interesting application of that insight.
Marco Ocram's user avatar
  • 24.5k
2 votes

Do distinctions and concepts exist?

Your question and its wording reminds me of the Heart Sutra, which I posted an excerpt from here. Eventually you may see the truth of it, but then it is no longer a subject for discussion. Body is ...
Scott Rowe's user avatar
  • 1,590
2 votes

Do distinctions and concepts exist?

I'm going to work on distinctions. Are they all in the head (arbitrary) or are they really out there and we merely discern them (justified). I'd say a little bit of both: distinctions do exist in the ...
Hudjefa's user avatar
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1 vote
Accepted

What do contemporary philosophers mean when they say abstract objects exist (or realism of abstract objects)?

I don't think that Putnam or Quine (or for that matter Plato) were all that concerned about the exact nature of these 'abstract objects'. The point is that they felt certain other philosophical ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
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1 vote
Accepted

Is the term "freedom" sometimes used by those who govern a nation into a poor state of affairs for the people?

Short Answer It's a fair question to explore in political philosophy the connection between the term and advocacy of "freedom", and the outcomes. But, ultimately, "freedom" is a ...
J D's user avatar
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1 vote
Accepted

Is abstraction always mind-dependent?

Abstractions are mind-dependent in the sense that they do not interact with the physical world except through the medium of the mind. Abstract objects have no mass and exert no forces; they are ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
1 vote

How understand abstraction when some cases can’t be abstracted?

Abstractions throw away details for tractability. For example, (regular two-value) logic throws away all sentences that don't have a binary truth value so that we can define logical operations, rules ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
1 vote

Why do we call logical concepts abstract when logic is specific to the situation?

Abstraction is a matter of degree. Whenever we perform an abstraction, some features are held constant and others are generalised. For example, in physics, we can speak of the electrostatic force ...
Bumble's user avatar
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