7

One should keep in mind two points. First, historical materialism in its traditional form is later Marx, taking final shape in Das Kapital, the theory of alienation is young Hegelian Marx of 1844 Manuscripts, and the "species-essence" is borrowed from his left Hegelian predecessor, Feuerbach. In 1845 Theses On Feuerbach Marx reinterprets him in the general ...


5

I haven't read Richard Schmitt which makes me hesitant to answer the question as to what he means, but I can address the quote and what Kierkegaard means. First, the idea is not singular to Kierkegaard. It, in fact, traces back to Aristotle. For Aristotle, we are animals -- but we are animals who join to being animals some form of rationality. Being ...


3

Since alienation is at the very kernel of capitalist relations, I don't think it is possible to approach the issue from a pro-capitalist point of view except by denying its existence, or fundamentally misunderstanding it as something different. A critique like you hint at, "socialism and communism would only exasperate alienation if one considers them to be ...


2

Nothingness is a key word for Existentialism, a central philosophical movement in the post WW II in France; see at least Jean-Paul Sartre and Albert Camus. In Foucault's reading of the Enlightenment worldview, reason and truth are "being" and thus the key features of madness: unreason and hallucinations, "are nothingness, since they represent nothing". See ...


1

Without Hegel, everything is Bouville or Mudtown. See Sartre’s “Nausea” set in “Bouville”. The bourgeois paradise: Bouville. I think Goethe had a little ditty about the orange that Hegel quoted. The rind and the core. Get to the core. Don’t be fooled by appearance. We can think of Kant in reading off the appearance. But we don’t want to be hard on Kant ...


1

First, let's be clear that the SEP article linked above is not specifically about the Marxist conception of alienation, but about the more general concept of alienation that runs through modern philosophy. That is a big topic, so it's no wonder the SEP spoke in overly general terms. I'm not certain whether this question is asking about the Marxist view or ...


1

Eknath Easwaran quotes Mahatma Ghandi in his translation, The Upanishads, as saying: (page 53) "If all the Upanishads and all the other scriptures happened all of a sudden to be reduced to ashes, and if only the first verse in the Ishopanishad were left in the memory of the Hindus, Hinduism would live forever." This is the first verse in Easwaran's ...


1

I agree with Conifold in that the key to this apparent contradiction is in the Fifth Thesis on Feuerbach: "Feuerbach resolves the religious essence into the human essence. But the human essence is no abstraction inherent in each single individual. In its reality it is the ensemble of the social relations". To Marx, the "species-being" of humans is ...


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