4

There is something to it, but things are more complicated. Sellars was not arguing against Husserl specifically, it is unlikely that he was even familiar with his phenomenology. He does draw on the continental tradition, unusually for an analytic philosopher, but mostly on Kant and Hegel. And his primary target were sense data theorists like his father, ...


4

The passage you quote is from Keith Donnellan's paper, "Reference and Definite Descriptions". Donnellan references a disagreement between Russell and Strawson about the correct way to understand definite descriptions, that is constructions that might have the form "the F". Russell in the classic paper "On Denoting" treats them as being equivalent to "the one ...


3

Edward Feser, speaking in the context of the philosophy of mind regarding arguments between dualism and materialism, claims that the "positivist" view that the OP presents is common and is indeed a misunderstanding of philosophical argumentation. (page 234) A related misunderstanding - and this time, one that even many philosophers are prone to - is to ...


2

Frederick C. Copleston and Bertrand Russell were debating the existence of God. The quote comes from the first part of the debate. To put this in broader perspective to understand why Russell is bringing up the term "analytic", let's follow part of the debate. Copleston starts with an argument from contingency for God's existence claiming that God "cannot ...


2

'Analytic philosophy' has evolved into an equivocal term. At one point in time it denoted a somewhat cohesive movement in philosophy, including the likes of Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, etc. It involved a self-conscious rejection of the Hegelian influence in Britain and America and it rejected speculation, metaphysics, etc., instead striving to ground ...


2

Wittgenstein is getting at the idea that any formal system rests on certain arbitrarily-chosen conventions, and by choosing different arbitrary conventions we can create different formal systems that represent exactly the same physical reality. For instance, because of early history we habitually do plane geometry on a flat plane with orthogonal axes. Thus, ...


1

"S is P" ( S for subject, P for predicate) is analytic iff its negation is contradictory ( due to the fact that the concept of the predicate is contained, as says Kant, in the concept of the subject). " Some bachelor is married" is clearly contradictory. Is " Some apple is not a fruit" contradictory. Can we conceive of a possible world in which something ...


1

The options I know have texts in searchable formats, but none is specific to major works or neatly organized like Gutenberg's Philosophy Bookshelf. You'll have to know the names and the authors you are looking for. PhilPapers: They try to list all books and publications in academic philosophy journals. Not all of it is freely accessible, sometimes they just ...


1

Internet Archive has some texts that may be useful. As an example consider C. K. Ogden's translation of Wittgenstein's Tractatus. Copyright is listed as Public Domain Mark 1.0. There is an option to download this in multiple formats including pdf and full text. Other texts are available.


1

Metaphysics does its job perfectly well but you have to realise there are different approaches to it, by one of which it is useless. Are there philosophers who have defended metaphysics and in what fashion have they attempted to this? There are many. I would be one. Briefly, the situation is this. Metaphysics proves that all positive metaphysical ...


1

This answer only provides some references that might be worth exploring in searching for the desired tools relevant to SOPHERE's conference call for abstracts. (The deadline for submissions was last July so I assume this question is to help the OP better explore this field.) In Mark Wynn's overview of the phenomenology of religion, the bibliography cites ...


1

I think your proposition is actually reversed. Rather than mathematics being the culmination of analytic philosophy, analytic philosophy was an effort to rebuild philosophy on the already-proven ground of mathematics and the natural sciences. People like Frege, Russell, and (early) Wittgenstein leveraged mathematical methods to try to build a more ...


1

Did Logical Positivist effect the direction of contemporary analytic philosophy? Definitely. Philosophy of science came into being solely because the logical positivists wanted to formalize "The" scientific method. Carnap(Axiomatic characterization of science), Hempel (deductive nomological characterization of explanation), and others positivists were the ...


1

We can focus in on 'doubt' in the first place by drawing a distinction, which I think few would deny, between (1) 'I doubt that p' and (2) 'It is doubtful that p'. (1) is a doxastic state, a cognitive state of the person, while (2) may be merely a mathematical calculation of probability produced by (say) a computer program. The computer is not in a doxastic ...


1

Wittgenstein was trying to limit skepticism From the times of René Descartes (and possibly even before that) and his Meditations on First Philosophy, we know that is possible to doubt almost every knowledge, and certainly those made empirically. If we define doubt as probability that some statement may not be true, this probability would always be greater ...


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