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12 votes
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Why did Pythagoras prohibit eating beans?

The prohibition concerned specifically fava beans (vicia faba), associated with hemolytic response (rupturing of red blood cells) in some people, called favism. In a milder form, it causes excessive ...
Conifold's user avatar
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11 votes

The older, the smarter. Is the wisdom of time a scientifically proven fact or just human prejudices?

The Egyptians understood Pythagoras' theorem. Guess what, we didn't bin. They say no average citizen was able to live as well as a citizen of Ancient Rome before the Fall, until London in the 1720s, ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
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10 votes

"There is no difference, if no difference can be detected"

This sounds like the identity of indiscernibles, (not to be confused with the indiscernibility of identicals) first formulated by Leibniz. If two objects have all their properties in common, then ...
Adam Sharpe's user avatar
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8 votes

"There is no difference, if no difference can be detected"

tl;dr– This is a pretty basic observation that appears in a lot of ancient works. I'd guess that you might be thinking of Heraclitus, who was big into how "no man may step into the same river ...
Nat's user avatar
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8 votes

How should I pronounce words from Ancient Greek philosophy?

The simple fact is, we don't know how ancient Greek was pronounced. In the 16th century, the Dutch scholar Erasmus devised a pronunciation system that is still widely used in academic settings in many ...
Bumble's user avatar
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6 votes

Did Greek philosophers know about Eastern philosophies?

The Ancient Greeks were definitely aware of Zoroastrianism-(in fact, the name, "Zoroaster", is a Greek translation of the original Farsi name, "Zarathustra"). The main reason why ...
Alex's user avatar
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6 votes
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Why is it true that anything that changes must be divisible according to Aristotle?

My expertise lies more towards the ethics side of things (especially with Aristotle), but I think Aristotle's point here generally makes sense so I will see if I can spell it out better. One ...
virmaior's user avatar
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6 votes

"Corresponding behaviour" in text on Socrates' philosophy

I'm put in mind of Socrates' speech in the Symposium, 201d- 212c, expressed as the report of a discourse of Diotima, the wise woman from Mantinea. I summarise from W.R.M. Lamb, Symposium, Loeb: ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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6 votes

Is the temperance resulting from the socratic maxim "know thyself" always about knowing others?

As I see it, it's crucial to acknowledge the source of the maxim - from inscriptions on the Temple of Apollo at Delphi where this was 1st of 3 above the entrance, so held in the highest honour of all. ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
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5 votes
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Does Aristotle think universals are identical to particulars?

Same locus [translated by R.P. Hardie and R.K. Gaye, from The Complete Works of Aristotle. Volume 1, the Revised Oxford Translation, edited by Jonathan Barnes, 1984]: The universal is knowable in ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
5 votes

What was ancient Philosophy written on/with?

According to Quintilian (Inst. 8 6.64) and Diogenes Laertius (3.37), Plato probably first wrote on wax tablets, and then retranscribed them on papyrus. The image of the wax tablet (Plato: Theaetetus, ...
Florian Marion's user avatar
5 votes
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Did Ancient Greeks believed that only God can give Agape Love, the unconditional love for everyone?

Nygren believed and argued that agape, in the sense it bears in the New Testament, is a distinctively Christian notion, without counterpart in Ancient Greek or at any rate in Ancient Greek philosophy. ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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5 votes

The older, the smarter. Is the wisdom of time a scientifically proven fact or just human prejudices?

Your premise is flatly at odds with evidence, to the point where I believe that it is incoherent. Physicists credit Democritus with the concept of atoms. Engineers use principles first documented by ...
Corbin's user avatar
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4 votes

Why is Nietzsche so against Socrates?

Most philosophers - esp those who focus on Nietzsche do not believe that he disliked Socrates - see Kaufmann among many others [including me]. Kaufmann, Walter A. "Nietzsche's Admiration for Socrates....
James Joyce's user avatar
4 votes
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Do wholes tell us what the parts are?

I'm not familiar with Einstein's views on this topic, nor am I sure that we have enough of it in writing to definitively state what they are. So the best I can give you is a partial answer concerning ...
Dennis's user avatar
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4 votes

Which ancient Greeks are known to have commentated on Zeno's Paradoxes?

The prime critic was Aristotle : 'Physics', VI. Plato does not set out Zeno's arguments but in his dialogue, 'Parmenides', there is in connexion with the paradoxes some argument or interplay between ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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4 votes
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Are there any ancient Greek philosophers with a 'complete' philosophy that never made it to prime time?

I'm not sure whether 'prime time' is their time or our time. For our own time I'd nominate Sextus Empiricus (160 - 210 CE) who wrote subtly and coherently on a wide range of philosophical topics, and ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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4 votes
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What are the important questions about pre-socratic philosophy?

Jacob N. Graham provides this introduction to Presocratic thought: Presocratic thought marks a decisive turn away from mythological accounts towards rational explanations of the cosmos. Indeed, ...
Frank Hubeny's user avatar
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4 votes

"There is no difference, if no difference can be detected"

The closest quote I can think of from ancient authors is Seneca's:"One thing must be separate from another if they are to be two" (Ep CXIII 4-5). But he allows merely numerical, not necessarily ...
Conifold's user avatar
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4 votes

"Corresponding behaviour" in text on Socrates' philosophy

It seems that Diogenes Laertius' passage is not often commented into Socrates' literature. If we try with different translations, we may say that Socrates recommends to take care of appearance: "...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
4 votes
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Does the Platonic triad originate with Plato?

No. Nor does it originate with other venerable authors commonly implicated, Plotinus, Aquinas, Ficino, etc. Plato's "triad", as read into Philebus, was supposedly Truth, Beauty and ...
Conifold's user avatar
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4 votes

Is the temperance resulting from the socratic maxim "know thyself" always about knowing others?

In the context of the question you ask and the quotation you provide, yes. It's true in the analytic sense. Remember, know thyself being uttered since ancient times whether as gnothi seauton or later ...
J D's user avatar
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4 votes

The older, the smarter. Is the wisdom of time a scientifically proven fact or just human prejudices?

Analytic and continental philosophies might be seen as programmes, in the sense that they are sets of related activities with long-term goals. But in counter-distinction to that view, philosophy also ...
J D's user avatar
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3 votes
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What is the meaning of the quote from Anaxogoras? “even those who have occasion for a lamp supply it with oil.”

It is about friendship (Ancient Greek: φιλία): Anaxagoras of Clazomenae was friend and counsellor of the Athenian stateman Pericles. See V.Azoulay, Pericles of Athens, (French ed., 2010), page 90: ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
3 votes

Can somebody please give me good tips about how to write a high quality philosophy essay?

Writing in philosophy is difficult. It presupposes that: You understand what you are reading. You have a clear argument you are making. You present this argument in accord with the expectations of ...
virmaior's user avatar
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