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48 votes

Why doesn't philosophy have higher standards for its arguments?

Do you have a proof that we don't hold ourselves to higher standards? There's actually a rather interesting little corner of mathematics called "proof theory." It deals with the question of what a ...
Cort Ammon's user avatar
41 votes

What is this logical fallacy? (Nothing new under the sun?)

Its a funny thing. Like David Blomstrom, I don't think this is actually a fallacy. The trick is that, in order to have a logical fallacy, one must have a logical argument. This consists of premises ...
Cort Ammon's user avatar
36 votes

Is reductio ad absurdum a fallacy?

Reductio ad absurdum is not a fallacy. Rather, RAA is correct reasoning that exposes a fallacy. From the Logically Fallacious page for it: [RAA is a] mode of argumentation or a form of argument in ...
Mark Andrews's user avatar
  • 6,294
35 votes

Is reductio ad absurdum a fallacy?

Your example is not a valid case of Reductio ad Absurdum. It's just an example of an absurd argument. A real example would be: Miles: "Copying a DVD is stealing" Frank: "Why?" Miles: "If ...
IMil's user avatar
  • 500
34 votes

What fallacy is assuming something is the case because of past events

This is not a fallacy, just the old problem of induction. A case of hasty generalisation would be to conclude that the witness tends to lie, if you have observed it two times in a row.
Jishin Noben's user avatar
  • 1,008
33 votes

What fallacy is assuming something is the case because of past events

All informal fallacies take their force from their similarity to strong arguments. In this case, if you say "This boy lied 19 days in a row, therefore we have good reason to disbelieve him on Day 20,"...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
  • 30.1k
32 votes

Is it fallacious to argue that something is correct, of good quality, or acceptable because a community of experts has established it as such?

Well, if I asked a community of non-experts how to perform key-hole surgery and I also asked a community of doctors, I am more likely to get a better answer from the second group. But of course, these ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
32 votes

Is there a name for this fallacy when someone says something is good by only pointing out the good things?

The specific fallacy is cherry picking evidence to support a conclusion. This is one of the most common fallacies committed by people with actual intention to be rational and is based on the invalid ...
Dcleve's user avatar
  • 14.3k
22 votes
Accepted

Why bother with anything else besides Aristotle's syllogistic logic?

Aristotle's syllogistic logic is too weak for serious work. It does not readily express multi-place predicates. You cannot express two-place relations like, "John loves Mary", or three-...
Bumble's user avatar
  • 26k
22 votes

Dawkins on God: What are the strongest counters to his argument?

Since philosophers don't tend to comment on his argument, one can only speculate about why they don't, but the most likely answer is that it is a bad argument which was already addressed early in the ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
22 votes

Does a counterargument exist to the claim "Too much diversity is a problem/cannot be controlled"?

Sigh... The notion of 'diversity' only makes sense from an ethno-nationalist perspective of mono-ethnicity. Sure, if everyone is just like the collective 'me' governmental problems decrease ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
  • 20.1k
22 votes

What is this "going to the other extreme to make it look stupid to prove something"?

This is an invalid (although very informal) reduction to absurdity: the interlocutor is contesting the claim by contending that, if the claim is accepted, an obviously false result logically follows. ...
g s's user avatar
  • 6,190
21 votes

Is reductio ad absurdum a fallacy?

Frank’s argument is not a reductio. It is an argument from analogy, which is not deductive reasoning and needs to be evaluated differently (Mark’s answer adequately covers the fact that reductio is ...
Dave's user avatar
  • 5,348
19 votes

Why doesn't philosophy have higher standards for its arguments?

If I'm understanding your question correctly, then you're basically asking "why doesn't philosophy have the same level of rigor as mathematical proof?" I think there's two parts involved in ...
virmaior's user avatar
  • 24.7k
19 votes

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

The short version is that argumentation requires premises and inferences to get to conclusions. Even if philosophers agree on a systematic approach to inference, let's call such agreement logic, the ...
J D's user avatar
  • 27.5k
18 votes

What fallacy is assuming something is the case because of past events

I think I found something that comes close: Appeal to probability (Wikipedia) An appeal to probability (or appeal to possibility) is the logical fallacy of taking something for granted because it ...
Zebrafish's user avatar
  • 461
17 votes

What kind of a logical fallacy is giving an example from the past - in order to justify present unjustice?

This is called an Appeal to tradition. Wikipedia states Appeal to tradition (also known as argumentum ad antiquitatem or argumentum ad antiquitam, appeal to antiquity, or appeal to common practice) ...
Weather Vane's user avatar
17 votes

What are philosophical arguments for the position that Intelligent Design is nothing but "Creationism in disguise"?

Did the court of the law that judged ID to be creationism in disguise employ philosophical arguments to come to that conclusion? ... More generally, are there philosophical arguments for the position ...
J D's user avatar
  • 27.5k
17 votes

Is there a name for the widespread logical fallacy in which you prove your point by 'eliminating' anyone who contradicts you?

Suppression is not an argument at all, so it isn't a fallacious argument. Instead, suppression is an example of one of the reasons why appeals to authority or popularity may generate false conclusions,...
g s's user avatar
  • 6,190
16 votes

What are philosophical arguments for the position that Intelligent Design is nothing but "Creationism in disguise"?

Reasonnably, you can make a philosophical argument that creationism and intelligent design are close from each other and overlap, or point at the flaws of intelligent design that make it a ...
armand's user avatar
  • 6,689
16 votes

Is there a name for the argumentative tactic where you play dumb and ask for extreme simplification?

The closest I could find is : Sealioning: A subtle form of trolling involving “bad-faith” questions. You disingenuously frame your conversation as a sincere request to be enlightened, placing the ...
Idiosyncratic Soul's user avatar
15 votes

Why doesn't philosophy have higher standards for its arguments?

Philosophical theories are more like scientific theories than mathematical theories, in that they have empirical content. As such, there aren't any (universally agreed upon) "first principles" that ...
Adam Sharpe's user avatar
  • 3,844
15 votes

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

It has been said man is a rational animal. All my life I have tried to find evidence that could support this. Bertrand Russell While in the above, Russell takes aim at logic and the rational, he didn'...
Rushi's user avatar
  • 3,219
13 votes

Does a counterargument exist to the claim "Too much diversity is a problem/cannot be controlled"?

The counter argument is that a more diverse government is more representative. If your prime objective is to streamline decision making, then replace the elected government with a dictatorship so that ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
  • 22.8k
13 votes

Is there a name for the argumentative tactic where you play dumb and ask for extreme simplification?

In rhetoric, argumentation requires a certain level of good will and willingness to participate honestly in the communication process. If you are on a debate stage and your opponent fakes a heart ...
J D's user avatar
  • 27.5k
12 votes

Is there a name for this fallacy when someone says something is good by only pointing out the good things?

Short Answer What you seem to be interested in is not so much a fallacy, but is called paltering. Long Answer Is there a name for this fallacy when someone says something is good by only pointing out ...
J D's user avatar
  • 27.5k
12 votes

Does a counterargument exist to the claim "Too much diversity is a problem/cannot be controlled"?

No. When does it make sense to talk about arguments / counter arguments? In a discussion with clearly defined terms. "Diversity" is an ideological propaganda term, and basic logic does not ...
Dennis Kozevnikoff's user avatar
11 votes

Why are French postmodern philosophers (like Baudrillard) so hard to read/understand?

John Searle apparently asked Michel Foucault, and Pierre Bourdieu, why they wrote so badly. (Apparently they were both much clearer in conversation or when lecturing, and Searle respected them both ...
David Bahry's user avatar

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