18 votes

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

The short version is that argumentation requires premises and inferences to get to conclusions. Even if philosophers agree on a systematic approach to inference, let's call such agreement logic, the ...
J D's user avatar
  • 24.9k
14 votes

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

It has been said man is a rational animal. All my life I have tried to find evidence that could support this. Bertrand Russell While in the above, Russell takes aim at logic and the rational, he didn'...
Rushi's user avatar
  • 2,064
7 votes

Should reducing and simplifying explanations be a core aspect of Philosophical practice?

Suppose you are confronted with an intricate knot, like the Gordian one say, hard to untangle, and out of which a thick tapestry has been woven, blocking access to some wondrous treasure chest, or the ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
6 votes

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

I see two big reasons for this: Lack of precisely defined terms. Take for instance the innocent little term "existence". Fundamental to many philosophies, but there are quite a few ...
cmaster - reinstate monica's user avatar
5 votes

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

Rationality consists in taking facts into account and arguing logically about them using a common language. The problem is not philosophy, or philosophers, it is that different people will inevitably ...
Speakpigeon's user avatar
  • 6,784
5 votes

Should reducing and simplifying explanations be a core aspect of Philosophical practice?

I am very happy to live in an era where I have access to the useful insights of generations of prior deep thinkers. Wisdom is cumulative, and today just one educated adult knows more about their ...
Dcleve's user avatar
  • 11.9k
4 votes

Should reducing and simplifying explanations be a core aspect of Philosophical practice?

If simplifying explanations should be a core aim of philosophy, then many philosophers are hopelessly off target. What annoys me most about philosophy are the acres of verbose and impenetrable text (...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
  • 17.8k
4 votes

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

Reason and rationality underpin life generally, yet disagreements are rife. Consider politics and economics, for instance: you would not last long in either field if you could not apply reason, yet ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
  • 17.8k
3 votes

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

I suspect there might be several factors that contribute: Vagueness: Many philosophical debates are over concepts that are so abstract that the meaning of the words or topics is not precisely defined,...
D.W.'s user avatar
  • 137
3 votes

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

One reason is that not everyone agrees philosophy is based on reason and rationality. There's a fairly large consensus around that idea, but there are significant outliers. For instance, most people ...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
  • 29.4k
3 votes

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

I disagree. Science is the jugular vein of modern life. Science branched out of philosophy. Science is a gift of philosophy to humanity. There is not much disagreement in science. There are various ...
SacrificialEquation's user avatar
3 votes

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

Human language was never designed to convey the truth -- it can only describe how the truth appears from different angles. This puts the responsibility on the reader/listener to do the detective work ...
Yuri Zavorotny's user avatar
3 votes

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

Apparently it is not enough to base a method on reason and rationality alone. These two are big words. Each philosopher subscribes that they name basic capabilities for doing the job. The dissense ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
  • 28.3k
3 votes
Accepted

Should reducing and simplifying explanations be a core aspect of Philosophical practice?

This has been tried before, by the analytics. Here are some quotes for those interested, although this is well-known to those in the academe. Quine: "there are two types of people, interested in ...
emesupap's user avatar
  • 2,209
2 votes

Should reducing and simplifying explanations be a core aspect of Philosophical practice?

Should reducing and simplifying explanations be a core aspect of Philosophical practice? Absolutely, or rather: it is a crucial motivating aspect of certain philosophical systems; and in particular to ...
Joseph Weissman's user avatar
  • 9,582
2 votes

Do arguments arising from probability convincingly argue a mass human extinction event in the near future?

If #1 were true, then we would never exist, since the future always has a greater probability density than the present and the past. If #2 were true, then we would also never exist, for the same ...
g s's user avatar
  • 5,079
2 votes

Do arguments arising from probability convincingly argue a mass human extinction event in the near future?

Doomsday Argument Assume the total number of people who'll ever live = N Where are we among this N? We will call this our fractional position F. If the total number of people who've lived so far is n ...
Agent Smith's user avatar
  • 3,474
2 votes

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

The underlying reason is that the fundamentals are not clear: There is no consensus about how to discern what is true, let alone what is true. There is no consensus about how to argue. It is no ...
Peter - Reinstate Monica's user avatar
2 votes

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

There is disagreement because all inferences rely upon axioms that one cannot actually justify. In other words, all reasoning is based upon presuppositions that can never be proven as the Agrippa ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
2 votes

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

Since philosophy deals with abstract concepts, individual differences play an important role in this matter. Hence, the concepts people consider for analysis and their weightage are different. This ...
SonOfThought's user avatar
  • 3,685
2 votes

Doubts about common sense through recourse to an alleged authority

This is a trickier question than it seems. On the face of it, this is the fallacy called "appeal to ignorance," where we assert something is so just because we don't know. https://www.txst....
Chris Sunami's user avatar
  • 29.4k
2 votes

Doubts about common sense through recourse to an alleged authority

There's nothing in principle unreasonable about B's part of the exchange, because it's perfectly possible for a person to have knowledge of generalities without having knowledge of specifics. We can ...
g s's user avatar
  • 5,079
1 vote

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement? Is it due primarily to operating with different premises absent consensus on their truth, so that dissenters ...
Alistair Riddoch's user avatar
1 vote

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

It is because people disagree on premises, like other users have answered. however, why should they disagree on premises (like whether we saw GOD or a monkey when we open our human eyes for the first ...
Marxos's user avatar
  • 768
1 vote

If philosophy is based on reason and rationality, then why is there so much disagreement?

Cognitive biases are factors within our subjective analysis of reality that may lead to perceptual distortion, inaccurate judgment, illogical interpretation, and irrationality. This may be the result ...
NotThatGuy's user avatar
  • 7,049
1 vote

Precise definition of valid argument using model theory

@Conifold is correct to say that a model of only propositional formulas is essentially just a truth table. However, if you insist on taking it to the first order level, a standard treatment follows ...
emesupap's user avatar
  • 2,209
1 vote

Should reducing and simplifying explanations be a core aspect of Philosophical practice?

It is not the duty of the philosopher to makes things as simple as possible. It is the job of the Doctor of Philosophy to make things as simple as possible. In this way, philosophy converges, over ...
Marxos's user avatar
  • 768
1 vote

Should reducing and simplifying explanations be a core aspect of Philosophical practice?

I wonder if it is not actually the opposite. Modern philosophy deals with concepts, their critique and production. By "concept" I mean abstract but well identified ideas used as fundamental ...
armand's user avatar
  • 6,093
1 vote

Should reducing and simplifying explanations be a core aspect of Philosophical practice?

Philosophy has a handicap: It could not start as a greenfield strategy. Instead philosophy inherited its tasks from religious speculation. It took a while until philosophy had designed its tools ready ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
  • 28.3k

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible