Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange
102

Your reasoning would be sound if you picked any random human who ever lived and checked whether they would be alive today. This chance would indeed be rather low. (Because today's world population is far higher than ever in the past, the chance is not quite as astronomically low as one might think.) However, we are not looking at any random human who ever ...


42

Shuffle a standard deck of 52 playing cards and look at the arrangement you end up with. Assuming your sorting was completely random the probability of you getting that exact arrangement is about 1 in 8 x 10 ^ 67. What an incredible coincidence! Well not really - you had to end up with one of the possible arrangements and they are all improbable, so an ...


9

The first time I recall encountering this argument was in Alan Moore’s Watchmen, where the probability of what you describe is likened to “events with odds so astronomical they’re effectively impossible, like oxygen spontaneously becoming gold”. I find the argument similar to the gambler’s fallacy. An example: In a fair coin toss, the probability of ...


8

The probability of an event X happening, GIVEN THAT IT HAS HAPPENED, is always 100%. I hear thinking like you give used in many flawed arguments. For example, I once got into a conversation with someone who claimed that the Gospels in the Bible must be frauds, because the people who it is claimed wrote them would have been like 70 years old at the time they ...


7

Given that you have about a month and a half to prepare, in which you estimate you can read two or three books, I would not recommend starting with Aristotle to understand Being and Time. Instead, I might focus on the skills necessary to grasp Cartesian Meditations and also to understand the sort of problems Being and Time is dealing with. Neither of these ...


6

Time, for Bergson, is not different from duration. On the contrary, Bergson's view is that time is duration. Explanation: Bergson uses the word "time" like all of us do. That is, he uses the word "time" to capture the common, pre- theoretical and uncontroversial aspects of time. On the other hand, Bergson uses the word "duration" in a special, theoretical, ...


6

A couple of brief pointers on how to think about this: First, in your question you are assuming that the passage of time is an objective feature of reality. That is, in order to give a full description of the world, you need (perhaps) to describe what occupies every point in spacetime, but that's not enough: you also need to provide a concrete location for ...


6

Right now I am looking at a pair of scissors laying on my desk. What are the chances of that?!?? Think about it: that pair of scissors had to be created; the desk had to be created. The house that this is all in had to be created. What are the chances a house was built right at the location it has been? And that a desk was brought in, standing in the ...


6

Dead or unborn people don't ask themselves : "Why am I not alive today?". By contraposition, you've got your answer: You can ask yourself the above question, it means you're alive.


4

Your question is, why does your lifespan occur now rather than at some other time? But if it did occur at another time, then that would be your "now" and you would be asking the same question. Sometimes I get myself wrapped around the question "Why am I me and not someone else?" But of course the answer is that if I were someone else, then that would be ...


3

Asking about "anything" is rather vague especially in this case - Adorno and Heidegger share too many things: both wrested with Hegel, both had interests in aesthetics and despised postivism and that is just to name a few. Whether Adorno took something from Heidegger or both have a common source is a rather muddled point. The problem of their common ...


3

A reason why you might find it surprising/improbable, is having a view that you (i.e. "your mind, your soul, your very awareness", and your body) is a self that's independent of its present circumstances -- so you're remarking on an allegedly improbable coicidence between this self and its location. A different view suggests that this self is a product of (...


2

The possibility of existence "inside the intention" borders on paradox. Suppose X does not exist. And then I intend X. And then X exists (inside the intention). So that the X that I intend (which now exists) is not the same as the X before the intention (which did not exist). So that then it seems that I do not intend what I intended to intend (pun intended)....


2

The concept of duration is in its most simple presentation qualitative multiplicity or the fusion of this experience of nowness with the those that follow. What is commonly called "time" isn't duration but a quantified measure of duration that isn't itself derivative of duration but spatialization (which also gets referred to as "simultaneity"): i.e. what is ...


2

Whether or not time can extend infinitely into the past depends on the truth of a particular theory of time. Parmenides denied the reality of space and time, which is a metaphysic that begot Zeno's paradox. "If time extends infinitely into the past, this conversation would never occur" is a variant of Zeno's paradox because, in order for the hypothetical ...


2

There are a few key points that Adorno brings up: "Authenticity" is a spirituality that follows no doctrine. This way a way for someone, suggestive of heidegger, to prevent him from falling back into religion. This creates an environment prone to fascism and totalitarianism since the "Jargon" following the "authenticity" has a need for submission to an ...


2

You assume, I take it, that God is all-powerful and perfectly benevolent, so that (at least on the face of it) there should be no evil in the world. You also, I assume, consider a 'high' - resulting from the recreational use of psychoactive substances - to be an evil, or at least something harmful we would be better off without. There are (at least) two ...


2

There are many things which we are confident at some point in the past did not exist, like the language "English", or "flying Earth creatures", or "human beings", or Dubstep. Since these things exist now, there must have been a time when they came into existence. Hence, they each had a beginning (though the exact moment of "beginning" is vague and unclear ...


2

This has a family resemblence to the Machian conception of physics. Mach suggested that mass was related to the rest of the mass in the universe because he argued in a world where there is only a single particle it would have no mass. This conception was taken up by Einstein though its arguable whether Machs conception of mass is incorported into General ...


2

If you want to go even deeper into the formation of an embryo, millions of sperm are released each time someone ejaculates. Let's take this number as 400 million (400,000,000).Source The average human male ejaculates 7500 Source times in his life time. 400,000,000 * 7500 = 3,000,000,000,000 (3 trillion sperm) Add this variable to your thinking. The odds ...


2

There are many possible answers, depending on the nature of God and God's relationship to creation: One relatively orthodox answer is that drugs are here as a test, an unrighteous pleasure present in the world as a temptation. Conversely, there are several religious traditions, including Rastafarianism, and the traditional religions of many indigenous ...


2

The question is essentially, "I am alive right now, and I am alive at the exact same time that I am alive. Isn't that impossibly unlikely?" No, it's a tautology. It's the same as saying "Isn't it impossibly unlikely that the current room's temperature is equal to the current room's temperature?" Nope, it's 100% guaranteed, because it is a tautology. "...


1

If you do some research, you'll find that the assumption that starts and ends exist is not always the default. For example, many religions have a cyclical model of time which explicitly does not permit a beginning nor an end. Also, you will find that the assumption that we do not have an end is not always assumed either. Even in recent times, one of the ...


1

Well, your question might be more appropriate for a theology Q&A site, since it relates directly to God. Pretending that that's OK for PSE, here are a few thoughts from my own perspective. 1) High is a matter of degrees, and consciousness is as well. Are you high when asleep? When just waking up? After a run? After a concussion? During the last ...


1

Assuming the Judeo-Christian God. 1) The modern Christian belief system asserts a "fallen" existence. Meaning that at one point everything was perfect, but things have become corrupt by the introduction of sin into the world. This is typically referred to as the fall. The high may be a result of this and therefore not part of the perfection that God ...


1

We ask why earthquakes happen, and it turns out tectonic activity is neccessary to shield the Earth from cosmic rays. DMT, taken on it's own or in ayahuasca, occurs naturally in the body, during birth and death, it may help avoid panic or some other functions. Cannabinoid compounds are found in breast milk. Opiod receptors are involved in highlighting ...


1

Dodging issues around God for the moment, most of us can accept the evidence that our species was created either by or via evolution. Our basic understanding of the evolution of psychology predicts that pleasure should generally come from something productive -- especially something productive that we are not led to by other processes like competition, ...


1

I just want to point out that there's two standard translations of Being & Time. One by Maquarrie & Robinson in 1962 and another by Joan Stambaugh in 1996. I found the translation by Joan much the clearer. I also found Heidegger: A very short introduction very useful to set his thinking in context.


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible