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56 votes

What is the term for the fallacy/strategy of ignoring logical reasoning intended to disprove a belief?

Technically speaking a fallacy is an invalid argument. In practice, what we would expect to see is two people starting from shared premises, and reaching contradictory conclusions, because (at least ...
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33 votes
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Why can't humans believe contradictions?

You need to distinguish at least three cases here. Case #1: To believe consciously, at the same time , and with full understanding A and not A. In other words, this is the case where simultaneously ...
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20 votes

What is the term for the fallacy/strategy of ignoring logical reasoning intended to disprove a belief?

No fallacy, two people have stated their opinions The whole issue resolves itself quickly with one small clarification (my addition in boldface) Mr. Black then confronts Mr. Pink one day at lunch, ...
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12 votes

Why is belief necessary for justified true belief?

Your (1) and (2) are not enough. Here is an example: suppose I have excellent reasons to believe that the earth is round (I've seen photos, listened to lectures, etc.), and that it is in fact true ...
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12 votes
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What the Preface paradox tells us about the principle of explosion

I agree with Just Some Old Man's answer, but to expand on it a little... If we think of all the statements in the textbook as propositions A1, A2, ..., An then the situation we are trying to describe ...
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11 votes

What is the term for the fallacy/strategy of ignoring logical reasoning intended to disprove a belief?

You can't really identify a logical fallacy unless someone makes a claim, and the only claim your question describes is this: Mr. Black denies all claims that cannot be proved by evidence. Mr. ...
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10 votes

What is the term for the fallacy/strategy of ignoring logical reasoning intended to disprove a belief?

'Mr. Black denies all claims that cannot be proved by evidence.' It's easy to rug-pull Mr Black if he makes this claim, as a previous answer shows. But he has no need to make this claim. It is ...
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10 votes

What is the term for the fallacy/strategy of ignoring logical reasoning intended to disprove a belief?

Ugh. Let me rephrase the original post: Mr. Brown practices a lifestyle of scientific empiricism. Although Mr. Brown doesn't outwardly proclaim his beliefs, he passively makes them known to ...
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9 votes

Is it believed by the religious that God's values change over time, along with humans'?

God is entirely simple (not composed of parts), and God is immutable. God does not change in time; God is not in time; nothing about God changes. If this is so, how can God, for example, prohibit the ...
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8 votes
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What makes a basic belief a properly basic belief?

In general, what makes it properly basic is that it is justified. The word "properly," in this context, means "justified." A properly basic belief is a belief that has two properties: (1) it is ...
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8 votes

Why is belief necessary for justified true belief?

According to Eric Schwitzgebel, Contemporary analytic philosophers of mind generally use the term “belief” to refer to the attitude we have, roughly, whenever we take something to be the case or ...
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7 votes
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What makes a religion genuine or acceptable?

I'm looking for a little more than "A lot of adults believe it so it's OK". In other words, you are not willing to accept the premise that it is nothing but because "a lot of adults ...
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7 votes
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Can logic be used to prove any belief?

According to the Duhem-Quine thesis and the underdetermination of theories in philosophy of science, no theory can ever be completely dismissed by empirical data (See Quine's "Two dogmas of empiricism"...
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6 votes

About the beliefs of those who believe in no after life

Atheism is a belief that there are no deities (from the Greek ἄθεος, or "without gods"). It has nothing to do with their "existence," "minds," "personalities," or "selves." There are also degrees of ...
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6 votes
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Can someone be both a theist and an atheist?

If different times are involved, then there is no contradiction. S can be a theist at time t1 and an atheist at time t2. It is possible and quite common for a person not to realise the full ...
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6 votes
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What does "true" mean in "justified true belief"?

This is slightly tricky as not everyone uttering that may have the same conception of truth, but generally speaking I think the definition only makes sense for some external/correspondence notion of ...
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5 votes

Is it believed by the religious that God's values change over time, along with humans'?

One possible way to answer this question is to hypothesize that God wants good things for people at all times, but what those things are change as human circumstances change --even if God does not ...
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5 votes
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Aren't rational thinkers falling a prey to a logical fallacy?

The question reminds of the problem with Cartesian doubt and of the Clifford-James debates (somewhat poorly named because Descartes is not actually subject to this type of doubt). Early in the ...
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5 votes

Can "Gettier problems" be resolved by assuming JTB as the formal definition of truth?

What problems arise in responding to Gettier problems with an assertion "the formal definition of knowledge, as justified true belief, does not need to exactly correspond to intuitive notions of ...
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  • 6,995
5 votes

What makes a religion genuine or acceptable?

Let me propose as a working definition of religion, that it is a set of rituals, practices and beliefs organized around a "legitimate" attempt to understand the assumed deeper metaphysical realities ...
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5 votes

What is the term for the fallacy/strategy of ignoring logical reasoning intended to disprove a belief?

The problem is that both Mr. Pink and Mr. Black have made a commitment to a position. They made a choice and they are now going to rationalize their position to each other. That neither side can ...
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  • 18.9k
5 votes

Why is belief necessary for justified true belief?

Welcome George. The fact is true. She has justifiable reasons to conclude it is true. These conditions are not sufficient ('not enough') for knowledge because the fact may be true and she, X, may ...
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5 votes

How does one distinguish fact and belief?

When a person is arguing some point of uncertain truth, and to justify his argument he says, "it's a fact that X," what he means is that he asserts X is true and also he considers the truth ...
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5 votes
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Defending the Unpopular: Foundationalism

To expand slightly on what Conifold mentioned, according to IEP the "modest foundationalism" has Alvin Platinga as a prime exponent; Wikipedia mostly covers that under "reformed ...
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4 votes

Can "Gettier problems" be resolved by assuming JTB as the formal definition of truth?

The problem is one of terminology and effective communication. Suppose we have a mathematics paper that includes the line, "For the purposes of this proof, we refer to numbers of the form 2^2^n + 1 ...
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4 votes
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About atheism and secularism and what exactly they are

They are belief systems. Any conjecture on a situation that has no proven answer is a belief. No exceptions. Nobody knows for certain the meaning or lack of meaning in the universe and thus any ...
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4 votes

Is it believed by the religious that God's values change over time, along with humans'?

Focusing on my own religious views, I'd say something similar to the other posters as the solution. First, God is not in time, His existence precedes time and therefore is independent of it. In the ...
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4 votes

Why can't humans believe contradictions?

There's an ongoing discussing here between comments and answers about the definition of contradiction as asked by the OP. Since the question asked about the realm of logic, I'm going to provide an ...
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  • 329
4 votes
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Is it right to not believe someone simply because it is beyond our experience?

I think the limit you're running into is the idea the you either believe in something or you don't. Its trivial to show countless examples where that is insufficient. One approach you could take to ...
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4 votes

How to properly define the "neutral" position between Theism/Atheism and Agnosticism/Gnosticism?

The position in question has been called weak agnosticism (also "soft", "open", "empirical", or "temporal agnosticism"). Here are the relevant definitions from Wikipedia. Strong agnosticism (also ...
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