# Tag Info

### Is circular reasoning always wrong?

This is not a circular argument, it's an if and only if statement. There's nothing formally wrong with circular arguments. A therefore A is always true. They just don't prove anything, since they're ...
• 6,375

### Are arguments that Reason is circular themselves circular and/or self refuting?

One expression of this problem is as a matter of metaphysical grounding and a comparison of two levels of questions about causal explanations (so to get at your issue, replace "causal" with &...
• 16.1k

### Simple question really: If pi is an irrational number, what does that say about circles and our measurements?

You are assuming that your pieces of thread have well-defined lengths, which is incorrect. To begin with, the length of the threads will vary with humidity and temperature. More fundamentally, however,...
• 23.7k
Accepted

### Past-Memory Loop

A few points. One, even if it were a loop, there is no reason to go round it. Two, x can be a past event without being a memory. Three, memories can be checked against other evidence. I know this from ...
• 23.7k

### Is circular reasoning always wrong?

Quite the opposite. Circular reasoning is always correct, it is just useless. “If A then A” is absolutely true. It just doesn’t tell you anything about A. Now what will happen that someone tries to ...
• 5,695

### Can circular reasoning be logical, and can it provide support for the Bible?

Your movie example is missing two unstated premises. There exists some incentive for honesty in statements made by a film about whether it is creditable. This film is produced by people who respond to ...
• 6,375

### Can circular reasoning be logical, and can it provide support for the Bible?

Can circular reasoning be logical, and can it provide support for the Bible? Well, no. Here is your example: This historical movie is creditable. This historical movie says that it is creditable. ...
• 6,422

### Can circular reasoning be logical, and can it provide support for the Bible?

If we view circular logic from the standpoint of digital logic in a computer science context, the circuit model of a circular argument is a straight piece of wire. You always and forever get out of ...
• 8,663

### How it's possible to describe something if description itself is action that changes universe?

Well Hegel would say things are forces since our conception of them continually changes. When we attempt to describe something we are caught in a dialectical cycle which can be described as follows: ...
• 381

### How it's possible to describe something if description itself is action that changes universe?

Basically the thing must be made into a description of itself. One might write upon an answer: This answer is part of this universe, one of whose functions is to describe itself, as itself. ...
• 1,281

### Past-Memory Loop

My memory of the event and the event itself are two separate things, and they are notably different in that the event and my memory of the event do not happen at the same time. Suppose, X is an event ...

### Does all justification lead to infinite regress?

Clearly in some sense yes. Hit your thumb with a hammer. Believe it hurts. No infinite regress. QED. What is belief? It is a state of mind, a state of a type mind that has evolved to improve survival ...
• 23.7k

### Can circular reasoning be logical, and can it provide support for the Bible?

Your question is a classic theme in epistemology, which is the topic about the circularity in reasoning also known as epistemic circularity (IEP): An epistemically circular argument defends the ...
• 28.6k
Accepted

### Begging the question is a type of circular reasoning?

The article on question-begging in Wikipedia is not particularly good as it currently stands. In fact the first paragraph contradicts itself. The lede for the article on circular reasoning is better. ...
• 26.5k
1 vote

### Simple question really: If pi is an irrational number, what does that say about circles and our measurements?

All measurements and all ratios of measurements are rational because all measurements have a limited precision. Numbers can be irrational because they are abstract objects that can be specified to ...
• 6,375
1 vote

### Is it circular to say the meaning of the name "Feynman" is "the famous physicist called 'Feynman'"?

Not circular. The meaning of a symbol is the thing (in this case, the person) to which people refer when they make a certain noise which we represent by that symbol, or draw a certain squiggle picture....
• 6,375
1 vote

### Are arguments that Reason is circular themselves circular and/or self refuting?

I'm with Gödel on this one. Self-referential systems of reasoning lead to madness. In order to declare a system of reasoning sound or circular, you need a greater system of reasoning outside it, that ...
• 941
1 vote

### How does culture add meaning to acts?

I'm not following your second sentence, and "meaning" can be a notoriously vague and vexed term. Let's just say that any and all acts, objects, gestures, words, can be rendered "...
• 13.6k
1 vote

### How does culture add meaning to acts?

I think this question has things reversed a bit. Culture doesn't 'add meaning' to acts (as though we were going to do those acts anyway). Culture defines acts as meaningful, by creating a set of ...
• 20.9k
1 vote

### Does all justification lead to infinite regress?

If you fiddle with logical pluralism and the set-theoretic multiverse enough, you can find a way to infer infinitism from foundationalism. Now, usually foundationalism is equipped with an exclusivist ...
• 16.1k
1 vote

### Does all justification lead to infinite regress?

No, it can end on accidents -- the completely random occurrences that eventually, given no constraints on Time, will create order out of disorder -- even if only temporarily. We may be in such an ...
• 772
1 vote

### Does all justification lead to infinite regress?

Is there any such thing as justification for believing in any statement X that doesn’t lead to infinite regress? There is of course not blanket justification for believing any statement, but we can ...
• 8,173
1 vote

### Past-Memory Loop

There are two kinds of images I have in my mind: images that I intentionally assemble images that assemble themselves I know the latter are past events because I always see images that assemble ...
• 1,937
1 vote

### Past-Memory Loop

Information here:, derived from logic: If there was a past event, there is a memory. If there was no past event, there is no memory. If there is a memory, there is a past event. If there is no ...
1 vote

### Reliabilism, rule-circularity, and the "an inference rule is innocent until proven guilty"-principle

The rule-circular reliability paradigm is functional-pragmatic; we can do things with it. Obviously we could invoke other rule-circular paradigms and apply them self-consistently, and obviously we ...
• 20.9k
1 vote

### Can circular reasoning be logical, and can it provide support for the Bible?

As is evidenced by the persuasiveness, proliferation and popularity of religious apologists, including many who are academically trained, reasoning of all sorts - whether sound or not - can be ...
• 4,426
1 vote

### Can circular reasoning be logical, and can it provide support for the Bible?

Although on a bare enough logical level, there isn't a direct problem with circular inferences (see Conifold's comment about A implying A), what if we frame the problem on the level of epistemic logic?...
• 16.1k
1 vote

### How it's possible to describe something if description itself is action that changes universe?

I think you are talking about the Observer Effect, which historically was confused with the Uncertainty Principle. Godel's theorems are anti-foundationalist - a 'final vocabulary' is not possible. ...
• 22.3k

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