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14 votes
Accepted

What is the fallacy / bias where the sample is taken after the fact?

The example with the bicycles would seem to fall into the category of survivorship bias (which can apply to more than just physical survival of people but also more general survival of data points ...
Hypnosifl's user avatar
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4 votes

Is it possible to be completely objective?

Bias is a disposition of mind. Most of our biases are traits of the structure of human mind: we have biases as long as we are human beings. What the question implies, if I understand it correctly, is ...
David's user avatar
  • 169
3 votes

Difference between fallacies and biases

A fallacy is flawed reasoning. For instance, if one concludes that a math proof is correct, not on the merits of the steps of the proof, but because a famous mathematician is providing it, the ...
J D's user avatar
  • 28.5k
3 votes

How can you know if your judgment is unbiased?

First, it helps to know what the common cognitive biases are, so that you can be aware of the possibility of being biased whenever they might apply. In general, to eliminate bias you need to construct ...
causative's user avatar
  • 14.4k
3 votes
Accepted

What is the difference between the Narrative Fallacy and the Post-hoc Rationalization?

The narrative fallacy The narrative fallacy involves selecting a sequence of events, say in a person's life or in the history of a nation, and reading cause and effect between events in the earlier ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.8k
3 votes

Is it scientific or a logical error to claim something is true because I can't think of another explanation

The forums on that newspaper article is closed. Apparently the newspaper want to suppress public debate. With these exact words, I'd vote for argument from ignorance and jumping to conclusions. ...
bobflux's user avatar
  • 529
3 votes

Is it possible to be completely objective?

I will split my answer in a few sections. Do not take my answer as a complete one, but merely as some considerations to have when wondering about "objectivity." TL:DR You must ask yourself ...
Tama Yoshi's user avatar
3 votes

What is the basis of the sunk cost fallacy?

I would say it's not a total fallacy. If you're 90% done with something meaningful but you're suffering, quitting might be or might not be a good idea, depending on the activity.
Kevin Kalbermatten's user avatar
2 votes

Is it scientific or a logical error to claim something is true because I can't think of another explanation

All that follows from your not being able to find another explanation is - that you cannot find another explanation. There is no valid inference from 'I cannot think of another explanation of X than Y'...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.8k
2 votes

If knowledge is structural, does "confirmation bias" follow of necessity?

Well, yeah. A version of this problem has been tacked by many people for millennia. In terms of philosophical school, the idea can be found in the ancient school of skepticism. In terms of examples, ...
Jencel's user avatar
  • 390
2 votes

Veganism and Cognitive dissonance

The zeal of your beliefs on the matter has prevented you from seeing your question assumes a false dichotomy (actually, trichotomy). Looking at your last paragraph, you have neglected the possibility ...
Just Some Old Man's user avatar
2 votes

How can you know if your judgment is unbiased?

Short Answer For the philosopher, bias is generally engaged through metaphysical discourse and an investigation of 'what is objectivity' through the lenses of epistemology, ontology, and axiology, ...
J D's user avatar
  • 28.5k
2 votes

Veganism and Cognitive dissonance

The short view is this. Human beings have emotions, and they have objects of those emotions. A person may look at the NSDAP's bent cross with horror, or they may have positive feelings towards it. The ...
J D's user avatar
  • 28.5k
2 votes

Why is a rare but unique kind of event seen as more surprising as a rare but common kind of event?

Your question is based on a misunderstanding. If you take an individual event it might have a low probability p. If you take a basket of n events each with a probability p, the chance that at least ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
  • 23.6k
2 votes

What is the basis of the sunk cost fallacy?

According to this article (thedecisionlab.com), the sunk cost fallacy stems from the commitment bias. How so? In the context of cognitive science, a fallacy might be viewed as a defect in reasoning ...
J D's user avatar
  • 28.5k
2 votes

What is the basis of the sunk cost fallacy?

It is perhaps worth starting with the question "What is a fallacy?" A fallacy is a connection in a logical argument which does not necessarily follow. There is in fact a wonderfully named &...
Josiah's user avatar
  • 1,933
2 votes

What is the basis of the sunk cost fallacy?

There are situations where you have the choice: Either admit that you made a costly mistake or spend more money on the mistake. If admitting a mistake is a cost to my reputation and the cost of ...
gnasher729's user avatar
  • 5,647
2 votes

Fallacies and biases of analogical reasoning

There is no fallacy, but it is not logically proven either. Rather, it is a defeasible argument. There is no logical fallacy here, nor is there an informal fallacy. This argument is reasonable and ...
TimothyAWiseman's user avatar
2 votes

Are algorithms on the internet going to 'completely' remove any sort of common ground to discuss and share 'objective' knowledge in the future?

That's a great question, and the problem is real. However -- and I don't know it supposed to make anyone feel better -- this problem is also a very very old one. Basically, it goes to the heart of ...
Yuri Zavorotny's user avatar
2 votes

Are algorithms on the internet going to 'completely' remove any sort of common ground to discuss and share 'objective' knowledge in the future?

I can make an argument that your feared phenomenon was worse before the advent of the internet and search engines. When I was growing up- in the 1960s- the main sources of information were school text ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
  • 23.6k
1 vote

Veganism and Cognitive dissonance

You may always struggle with this is issue, whether it presents within friendships or outside of them. Maintaining friendships with those who operate under substantially different ethical frameworks ...
Futilitarian's user avatar
  • 4,426
1 vote

Veganism and Cognitive dissonance

Your friend shows a classic case of what the Existentialists call acting in bad faith. He is not facing his freedom, or accepting responsibility and accountability for his actions. Akrasia certainly ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
  • 22.3k
1 vote

Veganism and Cognitive dissonance

The nature of life, is that life multiplies dramatically, and there are scarce resources. As a result, our universe is designed such that every living thing, in order to survive, must compete ...
Dcleve's user avatar
  • 14.6k
1 vote

Veganism and Cognitive dissonance

The question seems not about ethics and philosophy, but about psychology. In typical humans, empathy with others (humans, animals) is an ability, not a compulsion. During extreme situations though, ...
tkruse's user avatar
  • 4,774
1 vote

How can you know if your judgment is unbiased?

Humans are very bad at identifying and eliminating cognitive bias in themselves. Everyone likes to think they are unbiased. But talk to anyone you know on a subject you disagree on, and you will ...
Dcleve's user avatar
  • 14.6k
1 vote

If knowledge is structural, does "confirmation bias" follow of necessity?

The basic concept as outlined is well-represented in philosophy, though no one I know of uses this particular terminology. 'Confirmation bias' is a modern term — mid-20th century — and is mostly used ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
  • 20.6k
1 vote

Does everybody have a bias?

Does everybody have a bias? It's more accurate to say that everyone, without exception, has biases. From the WP article on bias: Bias is disproportionate weight in favor of or against an idea or ...
J D's user avatar
  • 28.5k
1 vote

Why do I doubt my instincts and instead take a wrong decision for that task or situation though the answer or solution or strategy is within my reach?

This is a great concern for Taoism, and for Zen Buddhism. These can be described as Philosophers or philosophical traditions that reject symbolic reasoning There is great emphasis on acting with ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
  • 22.3k

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