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10 votes
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What does Nietzsche refer to with the "backworldsmen"?

I answer with the authority of being a native German speaker and having graduated in philosophy ;) Back-world is a bad translation here. Presumably, the translator has mistaken the term "...
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6 votes

Are concepts necessarily false even if useful?

I think you need to distinguish between "concepts" in general and the specific type of concept you raise here, models. Models are useful simplification of mechanisms. They are not "false," they just ...
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5 votes

Is topology of cultural ideas and concepts studied in modern philosophy?

Peirce was one of the first to invoke topology in his metaphysics. The notion of continuum and continuity is central to his account of the basic philosophical categories, and he was even led to study ...
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4 votes

Is entropy a circular reasoning concept?

The 2nd law of thermodynamics is an assertion. It is a statement that someone made that they believe to be true. It is also an assertion that is backed by an enormous body of evidence so vast that ...
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4 votes

How does Kant derive the categories of the understanding from the logical forms of judgment in the Critique of Pure Reason?

The missing piece for you seems to be the fact that Kant builds on the idea of "architectonic" borrowed from Aristotle, as he mentions in the paragraph following the first OP quote:"Borrowing a term ...
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3 votes

Could there be such a thing as a universal logical language?

If such a universal logical language exists, it would be subject to some very peculiar limitations which were developed by Alfred Tarski. His undefinability theorem puts some very interesting ...
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3 votes

How do medieval theories of reference account for *entia rationis* (objects of thought)?

Ens rationis = a being of reason is a “thing dependent for its existence upon reason or thought.“ The term being of reason contrasts to the term real being (ens in re extra animam). But of course ...
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3 votes

Can more than 2 things be in direct opposition?

In Boolean Logic, the answer is no. For any statement (A) in a set of possible statements (or propositions), there is exactly one unique opposite statement (¬A). There can be multiple distinct ...
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3 votes

In which text/paper was the concept of dialetheism first introduced as a serious position?

According to Priest, Routley and Norman's book Applications of Paraconsistent Logic the term "dialetheism" was coined by Graham Priest and Richard Routley in 1981. They cite Wittgenstein as ...
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3 votes

Does there a unifying concept of sin that works for all religions?

Sin is defined as separating oneself from God. For a polytheistic religion, for example, sin would have to be defined differently.
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3 votes

Is there a parallel between Hegelian "essence" and Kantian "concept"?

The concept of Concept is a very peculiar, basic and general category for Kant. And even more so for Hegel. The concept of Essence, for either Kant or Hegel, is by comparison standard, less basic and ...
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3 votes
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What does Kierkegaard mean by recollection, repetition and remembrance?

Repetition is a key concept for Kierkegaard, and he often uses it to depict a (generally vain) attempt to recapture an previous experience, typically one of aesthetic transcendence. As far as I know, ...
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3 votes

How could mathematics and logic exist without us, if they are concepts created by us independent of reality?

Take inverse square laws. You can see them as mathematical or relying on logic, but they are geometrical and relational and just a part of the beingness of things. The ratios involved come from the ...
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3 votes
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Concept Formation

Hint You can consider the "classical" theory of concept, from Plato to Frege. See "On Concept and Object" (originally published as "Ueber Begriff und Gegenstand" (1892)) : the application of a ...
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3 votes

Is a paradox a concept?

Nice question. Your textbox opens with what was going to be the first line of my answer! Take Russell's barber paradox about the town in which the barber is the "one who shaves all those, and those ...
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3 votes
Accepted

Is there a resource cataloguing unique and fundamental concepts cross-culturally?

Short Answer The most likely source to help you will be FrameNet which organizes words into linguistic frames, a human-codified attempt to construct a web of meaning. Long Answer In philosophy, there'...
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2 votes

What is the difference between an 'idea' and a 'concept'?

I agree with those who say the idea/concept distinction is not one that can be pinned down outside of a particular discourse (or even book). To give one example usage, Auxier and Herstein discuss the ...
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  • 156
2 votes

Does there a unifying concept of sin that works for all religions?

Sometimes it's clearer if you step back and try to understand exactly what you're asking. Let's break it down: Sx := x is a sin. Vxy := x violates y. Dx := x is divine law. Sx <-> (Vxy &...
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  • 1,449
2 votes

Would Frege say "blue" is a concept or object?

The "foundations" of Frege's analysis of language are in his articles : Funktion und Begriff (1891) Über Sinn und Bedeutung (1892) Über Begriff und Gegenstand (1892). Relevant for your ...
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2 votes
Accepted

The difference between innatism and empiricism

There's not much in this question that can't be answered by direct reference to the core definitions of the two terms: Empiricism: The theory that all knowledge is derived from sense-experience. (...
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2 votes
Accepted

Did Wittgenstein consider the possibility of a private language with public content?

The SEP article does a good job of pulling together various places in Philosophical Investigations over which the private language argument sprawls (including the rule-following paradox, and the ...
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  • 40.7k
2 votes

Distinction between concrete vs. abstract in software

Welcome to the fun of software engineering jargon! At work and play, I have run into the problem of shared terms a lot when it comes to designing software systems. Sorry if I don't answer your ...
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2 votes

Are Concepts Colorless?

It's been said that "colorless green ideas sleep furiously" but this is nonsensical - possibly poetic. Are Concepts Colorless? Yes, concepts have no color. It would be a category mistake to ...
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  • 2,371
2 votes

Concepts with inexistant definitions but for which our common intuition is enough for practical usage

Similar to this is the family resemblance concept - this is directed primarily against Augustinian notions of language and essentialism. "We find that what connects all the cases of comparing [i.e. ...
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  • 473
2 votes

What is "ownership"?

There is not a single universal concept of Ownership. Consider the following definitions: Wikipedia Ownership is the state or fact of exclusive rights and control over property, which may be an ...
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2 votes

How could mathematics and logic exist without us, if they are concepts created by us independent of reality?

There are two basic positions: Platonism which asserts a world of ideal forms and numbers, geometry and mathematics, ideally are part of that world. Mathematics is then a discovery and not an ...
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