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29 votes

Is this a statistical argument for reincarnation being almost inevitable?

The specific statistical error you're probably intuiting is that your sample is not representative. Even if you are non-existent for a million years, and existent only for a day, there's a 100% ...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
  • 30.4k
24 votes

Does the "gradual brain replacement" thought experiment prove consciousness is independent of substrate?

No thought problem provides a proof, as the thought problem has embedded assumptions which are not challenged by an actual test, where the assumptions might not hold. The explicit assumption that is ...
Dcleve's user avatar
  • 14.6k
23 votes

Is Alzheimer’s disease evidence for the non-existence of the soul?

Alzheimer's disease (and other brain disorders with some observable physical effect along with psychology and neuroscience generally) does seem to make the existence of an immaterial soul much less ...
NotThatGuy's user avatar
22 votes

Is Alzheimer’s disease evidence for the non-existence of the soul?

No, not really, the disease is just evidence for the corruption of the region of the brain that houses memory due to aging. It is just evidence for the degeneration of the human body and consecutively ...
How why e's user avatar
  • 1,408
15 votes

Should the evidence of OBEs and NDEs increase our epistemic probability of non-physicalist views of consciousness?

Near death experiences seem to largely be culturally and theologically neutral, and when they'renot they match the beliefs of the person having them, which suggests to me it's an entirely ...
TKoL's user avatar
  • 3,462
15 votes

Does the "gradual brain replacement" thought experiment prove consciousness is independent of substrate?

This appears to be a rephrasing of Chalmers' "Absent Qualia, Fading Qualia, Dancing Qualia" (1996) paper. Given your 12.5K score on Philosophy Stack Exchange, I presume you are familiar with ...
nir's user avatar
  • 4,950
14 votes

Is consciousness causally superfluous?

For me, the strongest argument for consciousness causing physical effects is our ability to make statements about our consciousness. If I move my mouth to say "I have a mind that experiences ...
Kaia's user avatar
  • 273
13 votes

Who am I? Mind, body, mind and body or something else?

You are ACCORDING TO : law A civilian. society Mainly your job. politics A vote. your partner Ask them. psychology A vulnerable human being, trying to cope with reality. intellectually Someone trying ...
Ioannis Paizis's user avatar
12 votes
Accepted

Is it possible that non-living systems possess consciousness?

I think the jury is still out on this one -- if you could answer it definitively that would be a huge discovery. The challenge is that we don't have a good theory of consciousness yet. There are ...
Annika's user avatar
  • 1,681
12 votes

Does the "gradual brain replacement" thought experiment prove consciousness is independent of substrate?

Neurons are examples of nanites themselves. They are tiny physical entities obeying the laws of physics. If the subject should report any weird sensations, you would have to conclude that your nanites ...
Niels Holst's user avatar
9 votes

Should the evidence of OBEs and NDEs increase our epistemic probability of non-physicalist views of consciousness?

I'll go ahead and say it. Yes, reports of out of body experiences and near death experiences make non-physicalist views of consciousness more likely than they otherwise would be. However this does not ...
causative's user avatar
  • 14.4k
9 votes

Can one be cruel to nonsentient things?

One conceivable scenario is akin to the impossibility defense in law: Are you guilty of a crime if you are trying to murder an already dead body, convinced they are alive? After all, this is factually ...
Peter - Reinstate Monica's user avatar
8 votes

How is AI changing our view of consciousness?

Wikipedia: Intelligence has been defined in many ways: the capacity for abstraction, logic, understanding, self-awareness, learning, emotional knowledge, reasoning, planning, creativity, critical ...
Ioannis Paizis's user avatar
8 votes

Is this a statistical argument for reincarnation being almost inevitable?

This looks like just another form of the lottery paradox. Suppose x buys one lottery ticket and there are a million other tickets. It is rational to believe that x will not win the lottery, yet it is ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
8 votes

Is this a statistical argument for reincarnation being almost inevitable?

You are making the faulty assumption that if a event A is more likely under circumstance X than under circumstance Y, then circumstance X is more likely than circumstance Y if A has happened. Suppose ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
  • 23.6k
8 votes

What would happen if I suddenly lost consciousness?

This is an interesting question: the philosophical term for what you describe is called a 'philosophical zombie' or p-zombie for short. This concept lies at the core of a debate between the dualists ...
Jumboman's user avatar
  • 382
8 votes
Accepted

Should the evidence of OBEs and NDEs increase our epistemic probability of non-physicalist views of consciousness?

Very Short Answer Yes. Both physicalist and non-physicalist models of consciousness are testable in principle, and every observation that is compatible/predictable from the perspective of one of ...
Dcleve's user avatar
  • 14.6k
7 votes

Can the Chinese room argument be used to make a case for dualism?

The short answer is that a defense of dualism is not what John Searle was doing with the thought problem. He was showing how knowledge is different from function -- IE it was an attack on ...
Dcleve's user avatar
  • 14.6k
7 votes

Does psychophysical harmony strongly point toward theism?

The paper correctly points out that physicalist naturalism requires a large number of mind-body relationships. However, it falsely claims that these are difficult to explain in principle within ...
Dcleve's user avatar
  • 14.6k
7 votes

Does psychophysical harmony strongly point toward theism?

The paper seems to be largely framed as an argument against some sort of dualist naturalist. But I would argue that reductive materialism has no problem explaining what they're trying to explain. The &...
NotThatGuy's user avatar
7 votes
Accepted

Can one be cruel to nonsentient things?

Metaphorically, sure, but not literally. Cruelty is an indifference to pain and suffering. Objects like rocks and trees don't suffer pain. Therefore, by definition one can only be cruel to that which ...
J D's user avatar
  • 28.4k
6 votes

Can the Chinese room argument be used to make a case for dualism?

I once attended a lecture by John Searle (circa 1996, on the UC Berkeley campus) in which the Chinese room thought experiment and its consequences was a primary topic. At one point I asked him ...
Scott McPeak's user avatar
6 votes

Is it possible that non-living systems possess consciousness?

We know from neuroscience that there are many unconscious processes operating in the human brain. It is even possible that a stimulus is registered in certain parts of our brain, but we do not have a ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
  • 33.5k
6 votes

Is the hard problem of consciousness really a problem?

Yes, it's a problem because we don't have a satisfactory explanation for how consciousness arises from the physical events in our brains. Saying that consciousness is essential for the Universe comes ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
  • 23.6k
6 votes

How is AI changing our view of consciousness?

Today it is an open question whether machines can develop consciousness. Neuroscience is searching for the neuronal correlates of consciousness (NCC), i.e for neuronal structures and activated ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
  • 33.5k
6 votes

Does the "gradual brain replacement" thought experiment prove consciousness is independent of substrate?

I've encountered this idea. I've also encountered its inverse. In essence, this is the same mistake as the philosopher zombie mistake; the result is assumed. However this time it is theoretically a ...
Joshua's user avatar
  • 792
5 votes

Can consciousness simply be a brute fact connected to some physical processes that don’t need explanation?

I'll begin by raising an objection to your assumptions: in fact, the questions of what makes physical laws work, why there is something rather than nothing, and how God can have certain attributes ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
5 votes

Do objects exist as the way we think they do even when nobody sees them

If you would have the size of an electron, no objects like cars or clouds would exist for you. If you would live a billion times slower, animals would look like sparks for you. If you would have the ...
RodolfoAP's user avatar
  • 7,661
5 votes
Accepted

What do people who say consciousness is an illusion mean?

Here's an exceprt from the 2017 BBC article, Is Consciousness Just an Illusion?, in which the view of philosopher and cognitive scientist Dan Dennett (the co-director of the Center for Cognitive ...
Futilitarian's user avatar
  • 4,428
5 votes
Accepted

How do we know that the superposition of states in quantum mechanics is a real phenomenon? Does this have philosophical significance?

The embarrassing truth for physics is that the ontology of quantum theory remains unclear. I might have some objections to your suggestion that electrons might 'disappear' between measurements- ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
  • 23.6k

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