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34 votes
Accepted

Are there any fallacies in Stephen C. Meyer's argument for classical theism from the Big Bang singularity?

There are several. First, both Meyer and Morgan are attacking a strawman argument: no atheist or physicist worth their salt will affirm they know that there was nothing before the Big Bang. We don't ...
armand's user avatar
  • 6,703
19 votes

Are there any fallacies in Stephen C. Meyer's argument for classical theism from the Big Bang singularity?

Argument from ignorance fallacy. Just because our current scientific understanding cannot fully explain the origin of the universe from the initial singularity, it does not necessarily follow that a ...
Groovy's user avatar
  • 1,137
15 votes

Does the "Sniper Firing Squad" analogy undermine the anthropic principle’s objection to the fine-tuning argument for God's existence?

To me, a more accurate "sniper analogy" for fine-tuning would be: You run between 2 points of cover in a heavy firefight. There was probably hundred bullets hitting somewhat near you without ...
NotThatGuy's user avatar
  • 10.9k
13 votes

Are there any fallacies in Stephen C. Meyer's argument for classical theism from the Big Bang singularity?

Let me summarize what Meyer said more succinctly: there was nothing material before the Big Bang, therefore nothing material could have caused the universe, therefore it must have been God. In fact it ...
causative's user avatar
  • 14.2k
10 votes

Does cosmological argument prove that anything that exists has a cause of its existence?

There is no such thing as the cosmological argument. Rather, there is a class of arguments that share similar themes and (sometimes) logical structure, but that rely on different premises that are all ...
Jayson Virissimo's user avatar
8 votes

Does the "Sniper Firing Squad" analogy undermine the anthropic principle’s objection to the fine-tuning argument for God's existence?

The fact that the odds, P, of the criminal being missed was one preceded by 20,000 zeros does not make it more likely that some other cause was at play. In particular, it does not mean that the ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
  • 23.5k
7 votes

Are there any fallacies in Stephen C. Meyer's argument for classical theism from the Big Bang singularity?

Like another answer says, he's basically presenting he Kalam (the universe began to exist, therefore it requires a creator), and it has all the typical Kalam problems: We don't know the universe had a ...
NotThatGuy's user avatar
  • 10.9k
6 votes

How to explain the cosmic expansion?

Some points to remember here: The way we walk back through time to eventually get to the instant when the so-called Big Bang began is by mathematically raising the density, pressure and temperature of ...
niels nielsen's user avatar
6 votes

Does the "Sniper Firing Squad" analogy undermine the anthropic principle’s objection to the fine-tuning argument for God's existence?

You are correct that in the sniper analogy, the extreme improbability of all the snipers missing by chance does make some other explanation considerably more likely. Practically certain, given the ...
causative's user avatar
  • 14.2k
6 votes

Are there any fallacies in Stephen C. Meyer's argument for classical theism from the Big Bang singularity?

I'd like to emphasize the last point of armand's very good answer. Even if we humor Meyer with his assertions that there was no "matter" before the Big Bang but some other reason for it ...
Peter - Reinstate Monica's user avatar
5 votes

Is topology used outside of cosmology in philosophy?

For an unfortunate preliminary example, Christopher Langan's infamous theory of everything uses the concept of topology in a way similar to how Alessio Moretti uses the concept of geometry. My take on ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
5 votes

Is topology used outside of cosmology in philosophy?

Stone Spaces If you consider formal logic to be part of philosophy then topology is relevant. The basic result is about Boolean Algebras. A Boolean algebra is something like a bunch of sets where you ...
Daron's user avatar
  • 941
5 votes

Is topology used outside of cosmology in philosophy?

I will elaborate a bit more on the connection between topology and the law of excluded middle (LEM), which Daron and Kristian have already mentioned. In logic, the basic objects of study are formulas (...
Somatic Custard's user avatar
5 votes

Why we haven’t observed any galactic civilization of III or IV type?

Perhaps for one or more of the following reasons: There are no such civilisations. They exist but are too far away. They deliberately cloak their presence to escape our notice. They only consume ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
  • 23.5k
5 votes

Does the "Sniper Firing Squad" analogy undermine the anthropic principle’s objection to the fine-tuning argument for God's existence?

Is this line of reasoning valid? If not, does it not undermine the objection posed by the Anthropic Principle? Not particularly, no. Let’s get the kneejerk reaction out of the way first: If you ...
MisterMiyagi's user avatar
5 votes

Does the "Sniper Firing Squad" analogy undermine the anthropic principle’s objection to the fine-tuning argument for God's existence?

I see two problems with the "sniper" rebuttal. Firstly, the Anthropic Principle supposes that there is vast range of possible universes, and then says that the one of those which we observe ...
kaya3's user avatar
  • 925
4 votes

Is the idea that people believed in a flat Earth in ages past grounded in historical documents?

Many ancient models of cosmology had a flat earth, but not in the sort of uninformed way that people imagine when they say things like, "Well, they used to think the Earth was flat!" Well, yes and no. ...
transitionsynthesis's user avatar
4 votes

How to explain the cosmic expansion?

Science very clearly explains the expansion. If you have a huge amount of energy in an unconfined space expansion is inevitable. The physics of what happened shortly after the Big Bang has been worked ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
  • 23.5k
4 votes

How to explain the cosmic expansion?

The scientific explanation for the expansion, such as it is, is split between (A) the theory of the unified inflaton field, which progressively decoupled from an electrogravitational to an ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
4 votes

Why does the world exist, as opposed to nothingness, from Indian perspective?

India has many religions and all of them have different theories. Hindus , Muslims , Christians , Sikhs , Jains , Parsis , Buddhists etc and even among them are difference of opinions. It is nearly ...
Dheeraj Verma's user avatar
3 votes

Has religion adapted to modern cosmology and if so how?

I wonder how existing major religions follow modern cosmology. The question is excessively broad, even when restricted to major religions. E.g., Christianity is a "major religion", but within its ...
Johannes's user avatar
  • 259
3 votes

Has religion adapted to modern cosmology and if so how?

Has religion adapted to modern cosmology and if so how? Allow me to play devils advocate for a moment... In modern cosmology, the big bang theory is widely accepted as an explanation of the ...
Jayson Virissimo's user avatar
3 votes

Can Something Exist in Nothing (Outside the bounds of our Universe)?

The question is based on a misconception of the geometry of a finite universe. A finite universe is not a 3-D ball but a 3-sphere. Therefore, if you could "outpace the current expansion of the ...
Johannes's user avatar
  • 259
3 votes

How can God be temporal if he never began?

How can God be temporal if he never began? I share belief in the following various premises with some other philosophers, although I may be the only one who believes all of them simultaneously: The ...
Bread's user avatar
  • 2,340
3 votes

How can God be temporal if he never began?

I don't think it's contradictory to say that timeless God exists temporally wherever time exists. According to Christians, God has overcome weirder transitions than that: omnipresent God became ...
elliot svensson's user avatar
3 votes

Can many worlds interpretation have universes with different laws?

Couldn't MWI predict universes with different fundamental laws of physics (as a level-4 multiverse hypothesis would do, like string theory)? No. To understand why, you need to really grok what MWI ...
H Walters's user avatar
  • 440
3 votes

Is the Kalam cosmological argument scientifically provable?

(1) Everything that has a beginning of its existence has a cause of its existence. (1) Everything that we know of, yes, it's causality (2) The universe has a beginning of its existence. (2) no,...
Manu de Hanoi's user avatar
3 votes

Philosophical papers based on modern cosmological theories

Philosophy of QM is a large subfield of philosophy of science. Philosophy of cosmology is smaller but still significant. Here are some relevant Stanford Encyclopedia articles: https://plato.stanford....
Dan Hicks's user avatar
  • 2,507
3 votes
Accepted

Are there any non-scientific non-religious cosmology theories proposed in recent times?

Consider the Elephantidae Testudinata Theory of creation: About 15 billion years ago, after eternally climbing an infinitely deep stack of turtles, an elephant eventually reached the top. The ...
Ray Butterworth's user avatar
3 votes

What exactly is Time and Space?

here is a very condensed summary of the process of getting the scientific community to seriously entertain your new theory. you must familiarize yourself with everything already accomplished in that ...
niels nielsen's user avatar

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