4 votes

do virtue ethics, deontology, and consequentialism all just assume their sets of preferences?

This is an interesting question (or cluster of related questions), because it highlights the complexity of understanding both what ethics is and how different approaches to ethics "work." ...
  • 24.1k
4 votes

Is self-interest ethical even when it means not helping others?

Many people make a mistake when they think about ethics: they believe ethics is a simple rule system for evaluating what is right and wrong in any given context, when ethics is actually a system of ...
  • 14.3k
3 votes
Accepted

Justification for axiom OB-RE in deontic logic

OB-RE: If p ↔ q is a theorem, then so is OBp ↔ OBq. In other words, if p and q have the same truth value in each world, and each model, then they're basically the same proposition, and so one is ...
3 votes

Is Ross' paradox really a paradox?

The issue arises if we consider imperatives, i.e. statements in the form : "Clean your room". In this case, the standard truth-functional accounts of connectives, that licenses inference patterns ...
3 votes

Can one be pragmatic when dealing with ethnic groups without being racist?

This may superficially seem like a question of ethics --a moral commitment against racism as opposed to the practical value of profiling --but I think that both overstates the practicality of ...
3 votes

Which philosopher maintained that virtue ethics, deontology and consequentialism can be reduced to each other?

There is an article by Marcia Baron in which she rejects the view that 'consequentialism, virtue ethics, and Kantian ethics form three distinct and competing ethical theories'. While this does not ...
  • 34.6k
3 votes

In Kant, how do Universalizability and Freedom relate to each other?

Freedom is a transcendental condition for the Categorical Imperative to be real. And the four different formulations mean exactly the same for him. I will argue how for Kant, the possibility of the ...
  • 11.5k
3 votes
Accepted

Why does rationality + free will necessitate an objective morality for Kant?

As Isaacson points out, Kant's moral system is very complex and, as such, focusing on a few aspects can lead us to lose sight of some other important aspects of his system. But your questions ...
3 votes

Is self-interest ethical even when it means not helping others?

I am not really sure how selfishness is relevant. Helping him is unethical because it is cheating, and for the utilitarianism you brought up has much farther reaching implications than someone is ...
  • 267
3 votes

Is it ethical to pursue one's own interests even at the expense of someone else's interests?

One of the under-appreciated aspects of moral theory is that morality is rarely (if ever) determined by the specific outcome of an event. Morality is determined by the relationship between the ...
  • 14.3k
3 votes
Accepted

If a Person’s Intent Is Good but the Outcome Is Negative, Is Their Action Ethical in the Framework of Deontology?

Deontological thought is generally defined as an ethical system in which ethical actions are those that follow principles, rules, or guidelines as opposed to a system in which ethical action is ...
  • 364
2 votes

Using Kant's Categorical Imperative, would it be ethical for tour agencies to organise tours to countries with poor human rights records?

I'd say, yes, it would. If the maxim of this action were turned into a universal law — that is, if everybody started doing tours of countries with poor human rights records — the human rights records ...
2 votes

Why does rationality + free will necessitate an objective morality for Kant?

It is a common misconception that Kant's ethics are detached from human desires. A better summary, for your investigation, might be that Kant places an extra step between the "will" and the action (...
  • 1,821
2 votes

Why does rationality + free will necessitate an objective morality for Kant?

My understanding is that Kant would see the exercise of reason as an end in itself, and he would identify the exercise of reason as proof of one's autonomy - so Kant's morality is built on the idea ...
  • 751
2 votes
Accepted

According to Kant, Is it ethical to prevent someone acting unethically against ones self?

There's several reasons to believe Kant would not include a duty to prevent another person's unethical actions OR consider preventing the action of another person in general moral First let's ...
  • 24.1k
2 votes

Is there anything wrong with this argument against Kantian Ethics?

Essentially your argument relies of a definition of free will which is quite deterministic. Despite his objections to it in metaphysics, Kant's ethics have a distinctly dualist feel with regards to ...
  • 1,821
2 votes

Is Ross' paradox really a paradox?

I don't think your suggestion resolves the paradox. If you allow that do(x) entails do(x) or do(y), there remains the problem of explaining why you are not left with the option to do y. In ordinary ...
  • 16.1k
2 votes

How might we define morality or ethics such that we can program it into an Artificial Intelligence?

As a starting point, a system of AI morality would have to be deontological, because for it to be something you can implement as a program, it would have to be a clear cut set of rules, as opposed to ...
2 votes

How does the golden rule apply in the case of reporting someone for a crime?

Perhaps taking a Kantian angle on the golden rule would help. Kant's formulation of the categorical imperative has often been likened to a formalization of the golden rule. On a Kantian deontology, ...
2 votes

In deontologism, is the enforcement of a duty a duty in and of itself?

Technically, “deontological ethics” is just a meta-ethical classification for ethical theories that evaluate the morality of an action according to a general rule/rules. (Though it is often used to ...
  • 4,502
2 votes

A deontic premise that leads to a necessity from a permission

I'm thinking you've made something akin to the Four Term Fallacy here. The problem is that you've used the terms 'ought to' and 'is permissible to' as though they are logical synonyms, when in fact (...
  • 14.3k
2 votes
Accepted

A deontic premise that leads to a necessity from a permission

Your axiom eliminates the distinction between what is permissible and what is obligatory, because it states that what is not obligatory is impermissible. The distinction between obligatory and ...
  • 6,328
2 votes

Is there any act utilitarian philosopher?

The act- and rule-utiitarian distinction It does not follow, because Richard Brandt first formulated the distinction, that therefore utilitarian philosophers had not recognised a distinction long ...
  • 34.6k
2 votes

Good (intro) textbook for deontic logic

I highly recommend the Handbook of Deontic Logic and Normative Systems. It provides an introduction to standard formalisms, conceptual distinctions, outstanding problems, and putative solutions, ...
2 votes

Is this moral philosophy consequentialist or deontological?

Other responses claim that moral rightness depends on foreseen, foreseeable, intended, or likely consequences, rather than actual ones. -Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy's Entry on ...
  • 849
2 votes

Categorical imperative vs. Consequentialism

When deontologists apply the categorical imperative, "Act only according to that maxim whereby you can, at the same time, will that it should become a universal law.", in layman terms "...
  • 3,392
1 vote

A typology of ethical theories for beginners?

Welcome Guilherme Penteado Normative ethics These ethical theories set out what (in their view) one ought to do or how one ought to be. I should say that very broadly there are three types of such ...
  • 34.6k
1 vote

A typology of ethical theories for beginners?

James Fieser divides the study of ethics into three subject areas: The field of ethics (or moral philosophy) involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior....
1 vote

Is Ross' paradox really a paradox?

Paul McNamara addresses Ross's paradox in deontic logic where there is an obligation operator, OB. His exposition may help explain why Ross's paradox appears paradoxical to some people even without ...

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