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If you are the only being in the world, then what makes your life hard? It is quite reasonable for there to be another part of yourself that hates you. But then, what is the distinction between that other part of yourself and another being? If there is just more of you, at odds with itself, how do you consider yourself to be a single being with a single ...


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"I think; therefore I am". According to the trillema fallacies (Munchauseen, Fries, Agrippa, Albert) "I" is the point of awareness in which we assume reality. ((I)-->(I)) It is a self referential statement where self referentiality necessitates creation of multiple contexts of "I". The self looking on the self observes multiple selves where the I ...


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Thomistic realism refutes skepticism This is no place to give you a systematic treatment of the Thomistic view on knowledge, but if you want to defeat poisonous errors of skepticism about the external world you should learn about the Thomistic theory of knowledge. It defeats every form of idealism. Here is a good introductory article: How Thomistic Realism ...


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Ontology This question can be cast in many forms. The problem is that there are several "possibilities" that are ontologically distinguishable: Firstly Descartes' demon, where we have some entity with powers beyond our comprehension that can manipulate our senses to create any kind of reality in our minds. Closely related we have the brain-in-a-vat, This ...


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Do you think while asleep? Or under general anesthetics? If not, do you cease to exist? If you cease to exist, how come something happened to you during that operation? So logically, your definition of "thinking" apparently includes whatever happens in those states, because you assume continuity of being (otherwise things get really complicated). So your "...


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