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1 vote

Benjamin Libet Free Will Experiment

IMO your interpretation is correct. The explanation of the above scetch of Libet's experiment says: 0 repose 1 (−500 ms) EEG measures Readiness potential 2 (−200 ms) Person notes the position of the ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
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0 votes

Does the denial of free will necessarily imply determinism?

Half a cent. No, the denial of free will does not necessarily entail that strict determinism is valid. It can also entail that a form of indeterminism that is incompatible with free will is valid ...
Nikos M.'s user avatar
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1 vote

Are there different types of randomness?

Beyond the probability theory, there are theories that deal with uncertain probabilities ("Knightian uncertainty"). These include Possibility theory, Demprter-Shafer evidence theory, and ...
Anixx's user avatar
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1 vote

Are there different types of randomness?

Yes. Much like with infinity, there are a variety of approaches to distinguishing different kinds of infinity. (Also, like with infinity, this leads to several different frameworks which aren't ...
Henry Towsner's user avatar
4 votes

Are there different types of randomness?

Randomness has many different uses in practice. It is a negative term that can really only be understood by reference to what it is being contrasted with. In fundamental physics, random is contrasted ...
Bumble's user avatar
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12 votes
Accepted

Are there different types of randomness?

The core intuition underlying randomness is that of unpredictability. For simplicity, I'll use a discrete time stochastic process as an example. We say process X is "random" if knowing its ...
Annika's user avatar
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6 votes

Are there different types of randomness?

Oooh. REF: white paper on 5 types of randomness Type 0: Fixed numbers or known outcomes fully predictable, either because it is a fixed process, or because the outcome is known already Type 1: ...
Mike Steele's user avatar
-1 votes

Are there different types of randomness?

There are several types of randomness, or several meanings for the word "random". Mathematical randomness is a property of a series. It is the unpredictability of the next item in the series....
Pertti Ruismäki's user avatar
0 votes

Is life possible in a deterministic system?

Determinism is one of the central notions of positivism, but now it is an obsolete concept because chaos theory and systems theory showed us that even simple things like pendulums can behave non-...
Dennis Kozevnikoff's user avatar
2 votes

Is life possible in a deterministic system?

There is no universal definition of life . SEP states in https://plato.stanford.edu/archIves/sum2020/entries/life/index.html Living entities metabolize, grow, die, reproduce, respond, move, have ...
tkruse's user avatar
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1 vote

What is Life in a Deterministic Universe?

The question of whether the Universe is fully deterministic is irrelevant to the question of how we define life. Yes, it is possible that our conception of life might be limited, in the sense that ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
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1 vote

What is Life in a Deterministic Universe?

Kant's 3rd antinomy offers two contradictory proofs regarding whether the world is deterministic or not. I.e. Arguing for freedom (spontaneity): With an infinite causal chain, there's no identifiable ...
Chris Degnen's user avatar
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0 votes

What is Life in a Deterministic Universe?

The premise of your question is faulty: The idea that the universe could be deterministic came of age with the huge success of Newtonian mechanics. However, Aristotle noted that some philosophers said ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
0 votes

Is Everything in Time Subject to Cause and Effect?

You say : ... if it is a construct of human perception rather than a universal truth. Well, it's both. When examining determinism, in relation to cause and effect, we identify some causes and some ...
Ioannis Paizis's user avatar
2 votes

What is Life in a Deterministic Universe?

Defining life does not require one to decide between common ontological commitments. Dualists, monists, naturalists, supernaturalists, and so on all agree that there exist sequences of processes with ...
g s's user avatar
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3 votes

What is Life in a Deterministic Universe?

You say: In a deterministic universe, where every event is a result of preceding causes, the distinctions we make between living and non-living entities might be an illusion. Well, if that's the ...
Ioannis Paizis's user avatar
-2 votes

What is Life in a Deterministic Universe?

In a deterministic universe there can be no life. For the same reason there can be no deterministic universes. For a universe (and life within) to exist, it must either: Evolve, or Be created by a ...
Pertti Ruismäki's user avatar
2 votes

Can determinists take decisions?

Free will - what ordinary people, educators, moralists and lawyers call "acting on one's own free will" - is not incompatible with determinism. It requires determinism. This view is called &...
mudskipper's user avatar
0 votes

Can determinists take decisions?

I believe that a determinist believes that behind everything that happens, there must be a series of factors that we cannot know (even infinite), rather than "my decision is meaningless because ...
Mike Song's user avatar
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0 votes

Is Everything in Time Subject to Cause and Effect?

OP: is cause and effect the exclusive framework through which time-bound events happen, or is this a construct of human perception rather than a universal truth? The rationality of cause & effect ...
Chris Degnen's user avatar
  • 6,284
0 votes

Is Everything in Time Subject to Cause and Effect?

Physically, the causal correlation between eating a big sandwich and getting 1g more of belly fat is impossible to prove scientifically. You don't believe it. Check this out. Historically, there was a ...
RodolfoAP's user avatar
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1 vote

Is Everything in Time Subject to Cause and Effect?

There are multiple frameworks for reasoning about events. For most practical purposes of physical reality, cause and effect is the most useful framework to describe reality. This is also used mostly ...
tkruse's user avatar
  • 4,956
-1 votes

Is Everything in Time Subject to Cause and Effect?

All physical events are both causes and effects. Except perhaps the Big Bang, which supposedly had no cause. However, the Universe is not deterministic, as causes do not determine their effects with ...
Pertti Ruismäki's user avatar
1 vote

Any argument against determinism?

I think that one powerful argument against determinism is that it implies no human free will; and the logical implications of this are not practically livable. For example, with no human free will, ...
Peter Rankin's user avatar
0 votes

Any argument against determinism?

Another two cents. Another kind of argument against (strict) determinism is a transcendental argument (that can be traced in some sense back to Kant) which, under various guises, has been used many ...
Nikos M.'s user avatar
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0 votes

Mechanistic view of the universe

What encourages a mechanistic view... I've already argued in a comment that a mechanistic model attempts to answer a "how" question, e.g. how does the observed motion of the planets arise? ...
Simon Crase's user avatar
4 votes

Mechanistic view of the universe

An additional (perhaps minor) point: Maxwell himself spent his later years hypothesizing various mechanistic models for electromagnetic wave propagation in which space was filled with submicroscopic ...
niels nielsen's user avatar
1 vote

Mechanistic view of the universe

As you have probably understood from the book, the mechanical view of the universe is a thing of the past. Nowadays, how things works, is described (by physics) in terms of fields. With regards to ...
Ioannis Paizis's user avatar
3 votes

Mechanistic view of the universe

The term mechanistic is outdated. It characterizes Newtonian mechanics. Already in the 19th century Maxwell’s electrodynamics is a theory which cannot be understood in mechanical terms. The principle ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
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