11 votes

Did Plato record actual conversations in his dialogues?

Both of the answers are correct to point out that the dialogues are fictitious. It is extremely unlikely any section of any length is a transcript of an actual conversation between Socrates and anyone....
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8 votes

Which philosopher discusses simultaneously considering an opinion and its opposite?

This sounds like the Hegel's view of speculative thought. According to Hegel, it is a natural movement of thought to turn to its opposite ("negation"), and for the two to coexist until the opposition ...
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7 votes

Which philosopher discusses simultaneously considering an opinion and its opposite?

"It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it," is a statement erroneously attributed to Aristotle, possibly a misquote of the Nicomachean Ethics. To my ...
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  • 183
6 votes

What philosopher said that knowledge is about discerning differences?

You may be referring to the motto extracted from Spinoza: Omnis determinatio est negatio, every determination is negation. As applied to knowledge, it means that we know something by knowing what it ...
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6 votes

Did Plato record actual conversations in his dialogues?

As far as I know Plato's dialogues are fictitious. E.g., Parmenides died at about 460 BCE in the South of Italy, while Socrates was born at 470 BCE in Athens. Hence the meeting of Parmenides with a ...
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  • 19.7k
6 votes
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Dialectical Relationships

I am not at all familiar with Rollo May's work (I just looked at the wikipedia entry to get grasp on who he was). In philosophy, the term "dialectic" can have several meanings. One meaning is just ...
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6 votes
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What is Hegelian dialectic of good and evil and how does it relate to binary opposition in structuralism?

There is no "synthesis" in Hegel, it is Fichte's term later adopted by Marx and Engels. Hegel specifically discards Fichte's thesis-antithesis-synthesis triad and replaces it with his own: ...
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5 votes
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Questions concerning the Hegelian dialectic

The myth of thesis-antithesis-synthesis " Dialectic" does not for Hegel mean " thesis, antithesis, and synthesis." ... Hermann Glockner's reliable Hegel Lexikon (4 volumes, Stuttgart, 1935) ...
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5 votes

How do logicians think about Hegel's logic

In a very compressed nutshell, modern logic is concerned with relations of implication, contradiction, independence and the like between propositions and predicates. In contrast Hegel's logic ...
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5 votes

Is Hegel's sublation a gateway to Deleuze's Difference and Repetition?

I'll consider that your question is two-fold, one relating to the relationship between Deleuze & Hegel, and secondly, the source of inspiration of Difference & Repetition. With regard to the ...
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5 votes
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What is the meaning of "dialectic"and "analytic" in Kant's First Critique?

The genesis of the terms "analytic" and "dialectic" in Kant's time is discussed in Tonelli's Der historische Ursprung der kantischen Termini „Analytik“ und „Dialektik“, who ...
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4 votes
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What is the difference between dialectic and logic?

The link between the two is strong. The "dialectical method" (ἡ διαλεκτικὴ μέθοδος)was used by Plato in his dialogues as the central tool for philosophical inquiry; see Rep, 533c and see e.g. : ...
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4 votes

Did Hegel propagate the concept of dialectical materialism?

I believe Marx proposed Dialectic materialism by "reversing" the Hegelian dialectic idealism so to make it stand with "the feet on the ground". As i know "material" for Hegel is an idea. But "idea" is ...
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  • 1,315
4 votes

Dialectical materialism outside Marxism

Henri Lefebvre wrote a book Dialectical Materialism to attempt to divorce DM from its vulgarization by Stalinists and official Communist party philosophers and develop it as a form of "logic." I ...
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4 votes
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What's this historiographic method of argumentation used by Foucault?

To explain Foucault's method of archaeology it might be best to work from an example. In the history of economic thought there are various systems of of ideas : mercantislism, physiocracy, 'classical' ...
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3 votes

Which philosopher discusses simultaneously considering an opinion and its opposite?

Two philosophies come to mind. Pyrrhonism (see Sextus Empiricus) uses opposing arguments to leave one in a state of suspension of belief, and hence achieve ataraxia. Hegelian dialectic believed that ...
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3 votes

How does Søren Kierkegaard use the word "dialectic" and how does his use of it differ from G.W.F. Hegel's?

There is a footnote in Postscript which is very useful here: "There is no excluding dialectics. It may be that a generation, perhaps two, can live in the belief of having found a barricade that is ...
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3 votes

Did Hegel propagate the concept of dialectical materialism?

Hegel himself can be read as materialistic (in a very, very weak sense): In the sense that the general in which the particular being is thought, the concept ("Begriff"), is always "grounded" in the ...
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3 votes

Is Humankind just a stage in the chain of stages, of which evolution of Nature is comprised of?

There is absolutely no guarantee that anything devised by human minds or hands will survive the eventual extinction of the human race. That's the short answer - there's a myriad number of ways and ...
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3 votes
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What does Kierkegaard think the self is?

It can be difficult and misleading to try to comprehend Kierkegaard line by line. Like Lao Tzu, he's a philosopher of paradox, and you gain an apprehension of the grand sweep of his ideas by ...
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3 votes
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is there an any practical application of dialectical materialism?

▻ AMBIGUITY OF 'PRACTICAL APPLICATION' There is no doubt that politicians, academics, activists and others have used the label, 'dialectical materialism', some in good faith and others not, to ...
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3 votes

How do I differentiate between synchronic and dialectic approaches?

I think that it has more to do with Synchronic vs Diachronic structuralism. Synchronics look at an idea in a specific time interval while Diachronics look at the evolution of an idea. Atleast as Hegel'...
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  • 344
3 votes
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How to build up clear ideas

I don't think there's a technique you can apply or a practically useful set of rules. The best way to learn the clear, concise and accurate expression of ideas in philosophy is to read, and assimilate ...
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3 votes

Is there an issue with the Socratic method arguing against points?

The Socratic method isn't meant to convince people of specific points, the way that modern (Aristotelian-based) logic is. The Socratic method is meant to bring people to understands internal ...
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3 votes

Fredric Jameson's "Dialectical Sentences"

In regards to Jameson, the assertion that we could take individual sentences, lift them out of context and observe their "dialectical" style, is itself an inherently undialectical approach (...
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2 votes

Did Hegel propagate the concept of dialectical materialism?

Aristotle, says in the Metaphysics, that: All philosophers agree that the Principles of Change are Contraries And that they act on some Other; he admits it's hard to establish whether they are in ...
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2 votes

What is the role of subject and object in human history, according to Hegel?

The terms subject and object have a very complex history (the terms have opposite meanings in classical and modern philosophy). For the purposes of this question, I'm going to restrict myself to the ...
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2 votes
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Could a Marxist claim that interpreting the world is all that a Marxist vanguard can do (but that the working class can still change it)?

To the contrary, the worker has to be almost completely immiserated and desparate before he will revolt on a large scale. Take for example the sailors at Kiel toward the end of WWI, they could go no ...
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