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17 votes
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How can substance dualism survive the arguments from neuroscience?

Disclaimer: None of the ontological positions detailed is my own. 1. Neurosciences and the category mistake: a first take As Peter Reynaert puts it in Reynaert, P. (2015): "Neuroscientific ...
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15 votes

How can substance dualism survive the arguments from neuroscience?

There are other arguments for mind-body dualism on the "Mind-body dualism" Wikipedia page, but the question is about a specific argument against it coming from neuroscience: In some contexts, the ...
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14 votes

Can someone be an atheist and subscribe to substance dualism at the same time?

From what I have read so, atheism and materialism/physicalism are considered to be the same thing. This is incorrect. Atheism is a view about the existence of God. Materialism is a metaphysical view ...
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10 votes

Are there any philosophical writings/works about Fourier transforms?

A prolific modern Leibnizian, Mike Hockney, might be somewhat like what you are looking for, see e.g. his Mathematical Universe and Smith's review of it, but do not expect the caliber of Badiou or ...
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9 votes

How do modern dualists explain the mind-body interaction?

Believe it or not, but the biggest challenge to dualism does not come from neuroscience or physiology, and in fact is shared with materialism, it is the threat of epiphenomenlism. Whether mental is ...
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9 votes

Can someone be an atheist and subscribe to substance dualism at the same time?

Being an atheist does not imply a materialistic worldview, it simply means one does not believe in (a) God. Having said that, I think an atheist would likely have a materialist worldview simply ...
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9 votes

Are there philosophies that call for things which are not mind nor matter?

The question refers to ontology. The classification matter or mind is a strong simplification. Popper advocated a tripartition with world 1: physical objects and events world 2: mental objects and ...
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  • 20.6k
8 votes

What are the problems with the argument for the mind-body dualism from immateriality of thoughts?

This argument is a variation on what Kitcher calls the "rational psychologist's fallacy" in Kant's Transcendental Psychology. It is a particular case of the argument from ignorance fallacy, and was ...
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7 votes

Is any aspect of the supernatural testable? What level of proof is possible for the supernatural?

Yes, of course. You can *scientifically prove** things deemed supernatural. But once you do, they are no longer supernatural. They are "natural," as demonstrated by the methods of the natural ...
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6 votes

"How does an immaterial activity (eg thinking a thought) inform a material medium (eg the brain) in which it is manifested?"

The question is based on a flawed premise, namely that thinking is an immaterial activity. In fact, thinking is a product of electrochemical activity in the brain that requires energy. In fact brain ...
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  • 2,871
5 votes

The demarcation problem and the materialism/dualism debate?

The line is typically drawn slightly differently, mostly because the word "explain" is not precise enough for a hard-edged debate on the topic. As given in the introduction to Phyiscalism on ...
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  • 17.3k
5 votes

Are there philosophies that call for things which are not mind nor matter?

It is very popular among philosophers to "overcome" the divide between idealism and materialism by dissolving the distinction, i.e. "embedding" both ideality and matter into something more fundamental,...
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5 votes
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For Kierkegaard, how does being "animal" and "rational" compel us to invent meaning?

I haven't read Richard Schmitt which makes me hesitant to answer the question as to what he means, but I can address the quote and what Kierkegaard means. First, the idea is not singular to ...
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5 votes

Scientific consensus about the soul

There seem to be several questions packed into this post. From the philosophy of mind point of view, please refer to the extensive literature on Dualism vs Materialism. Musolino isn't the first to ...
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5 votes
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How can substance dualism (Cartesian) explain how the mind is affected from brain damage?

This is an important question, and one that interactive dualists are generally poor at even admitting exists. Most of the other physicalist attacks on interactive dualism are based on reasoning or ...
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4 votes
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Can someone be an atheist and subscribe to substance dualism at the same time?

Its a matter of definitions. Whether it is possible to be an atheist and not be a materialist/physicalist depends on how you define atheist and materialist. Generally speaking, they are different ...
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4 votes
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If materialism is true, then what accounts for pleasure and pain?

According to wikipedia, physicalism is now-a-days the preferred term to materialism in order to better include physical phenomenon which might be considered immaterial, e.g., fields or space itself. ...
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4 votes

How do modern dualists explain the mind-body interaction?

According to my observation it is rather seldom that dualists actually explain the interaction of the mind and body. Often they restrict themselves to criticizing the monist position, hereby calling ...
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4 votes
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What is the difference between functionalism and property dualism?

The main difference is that functionalism is not an ontological doctrine, although it imposes some constraints on ontology, while property dualism is. The point of functionalism is to reduce ...
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4 votes
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Hubert Dreyfus & Heidegger - is Heidegger a dualist?

Thanks for the referred video. I cannot agree more with l_ruth on the interpretation of what Dreyfus was saying. I post this answer since I do not think l_ruth's response is sufficient to answer the ...
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4 votes
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Can theism be reconciled with the apparent state of dualism?

I think the actual beliefs of philosophers are more open to dualism than the "discredited" quote implies. The philosophical survey shows a majority of philosophers to be physicalists (56.5%), but ...
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4 votes
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What is the argument posed by Katherine Hayles in "The Condition of Virtuality" as to the relation between matter and virtuality and why?

What a wonderful contribution in the philosophy of technology. Let's see if we can't provide some clarification of this philosophical topic. INTRODUCTION From the article you cited: Virtuality is ...
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4 votes
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Why is it that philosophers use terms that aren't literally true in their literature?

Short Answer Philosophy is almost completely conducted in natural language, and the study of the origins of the "why's" of natural language are a concern of the philosophy of language. What ...
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3 votes
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Does dualism in conjunction with strong AI imply pan-psychism?

1) pan-psychism can be both true and irrelevant; think of the popular thought experiment of simulating a brain with the entire population of china; the fact that each person in that experiment is ...
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3 votes

How do res cogitans and res extensa interact?

For monists, such as Plotinus or Spinoza, they are but different versions of the same essence. Plotinus for example would hold the res extensa to be "gross spirit", and the res cogitans to be "...
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3 votes
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How do res cogitans and res extensa interact?

In all religions what ever existed there are soul and God Hinduism doesn't have 'God'; it does have Brahman, which is sometimes identified with it; since in this sense it is a monotheistic aspect of ...
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3 votes

The Emperor's New Mind and Free Will

As far as I understand, in Emperor's New Mind, Roger Penrose puts forward the idea that certain elements of the laws of physics, yet unknown, might be deterministic but not computable. Deterministic ...
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3 votes

Contemporary proponents of Cartesian dualism

W.D. Hart's Engines of the Soul (1980) gives a book-length defense for the indivisibility of mind and its substantial distinction from matter (as opposed to more modern property dualism). Unlike many ...
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