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9 votes
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Buddhism in Phaedo

SOCRATES VERSUS BUDDHA ON THE SOUL If Buddhism denies the existence of any continuing self or soul, this appears to conflict with Socrates' view of a continuing soul which is freed and released from ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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9 votes

Do all religions summarise into the same principle?

No, it is not true that all religions can be summarized as a single principle. What principle would that be? Belief in an afterlife or immortality of the soul There are religions that have no such ...
HsvvbF21's user avatar
7 votes

Is Taoism a philosophy?

I do not agree with the other answers (at the time this comment was made, I agree with some of the answers now). Just because an eastern philosophy values different ways of doing philosophy (like an ...
notwithstanding's user avatar
6 votes

Is Logic Empirical?

Not exactly. Of course, there is a broad reading of "empirical", which includes anything somehow extracted from experience, upon which the answer is trivially yes. But on this reading God is also ...
Conifold's user avatar
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6 votes

Did Greek philosophers know about Eastern philosophies?

The Ancient Greeks were definitely aware of Zoroastrianism-(in fact, the name, "Zoroaster", is a Greek translation of the original Farsi name, "Zarathustra"). The main reason why ...
Alex's user avatar
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6 votes

Is Taoism a philosophy?

Like many questions in philosophy, this is the subject of live controversy, and does not admit an entirely agenda-free, objective answer. I will outline some of the major points of view, try to give ...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
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5 votes
Accepted

Do all religions summarise into the same principle?

If Google is correct and there are roughly 10,000 distinct religions worldwide, it makes sense to be very wary of any answers which profess to know what 'all religions' say. It would also make sense ...
Futilitarian's user avatar
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5 votes

Is Taoism a philosophy?

First, let me point out that this question blurs Buddhism and Daoism a bit. That's understandable; Buddhism has tended to absorb and co-opt other traditions as it expanded, so a lot of our perspective ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
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4 votes

Does the dueling notion of good and evil exist in non-Abrahamic (Eastern) philosophies as it does in the Western tradition?

I think the question is somewhat problematic in that there are many different views outside of the Abrahamic monotheisms which don't all sit well together as an "Eastern bloc." I cannot answer for the ...
virmaior's user avatar
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4 votes

Question about the Four Noble Truths

"some scholars".. Not ones of Buddhism. Anicca anatta and dukha are the three marks of existence. These are usually translated, unsatisfactoriness, impermanence and not-self. They are not ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
4 votes

Do all religions summarise into the same principle?

Do all religions summarize into the same principle? There are probably several unifying ideas that are common to all religions. Let me offer one: No one ever dies, really. By this statement I mean ...
Mark Andrews's user avatar
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4 votes

Do all religions summarise into the same principle?

Let me tell you a rather famous joke that was voted best religious joke. Its author is Emo Philips. Once I saw this guy on a bridge about to jump. I said, "Don't do it!" He said, "...
Peter - Reinstate Monica's user avatar
4 votes

What are some problems or counterpoints to Oneness or Non-Dualism

If you're talking about this: On the other end of the range is the Advaita Vedanta school (advaita = not two) which is well-known in the West but not as dominant in India. It reads the theocosm/...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
4 votes

What are some problems or counterpoints to Oneness or Non-Dualism

The Problem of Discussing and Debating Non-dualism or Oneness Zen master: Words cannot describe everything. Words evoke distinctions which give rise to duality such as the distinction between ...
SystemTheory's user avatar
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3 votes

Are there sources in daoistic philosophy regarding the concept of the specifically human?

During recent years, there's been some pushback at distinguishing the texts of ancient Chinese philosophy by school. Instead, it is now commonly believed that separating them into schools arose later ...
virmaior's user avatar
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3 votes

Difference between information and knowledge?

I'll bite. This is how I understand it, and I think at least 3 distinctions are needed given the way the concept is used in various disciplines. Data = Bits or other un-grounded symbols which denote ...
user3646932's user avatar
3 votes

"For one who is dead, birth is certain." Counter arguments

If you just want to use logic there is no counter argument as these are just propositions. As there's no argument there's nothing much to counter. I can see two ways in which you could offer a ...
Alex's user avatar
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3 votes

Is extra-sensory perception considered a valid source of knowledge in any Western branch of philosophy?

ESP is not a widely recognised source of knowledge in the Western tradition - probably something of an understatement. It would be dogmatic to say that ESP does not occur or is impossible. Acceptance ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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3 votes
Accepted

Can a category of non-difference exist in Western logic?

Short Answer As far as I'm aware, no. In the West, logic is strongly rooted in the Law of the Excluded Middle, Law of Identity, and the Law of Non-Contradiction. It is possible to have a system of ...
J D's user avatar
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3 votes

Can a category of non-difference exist in Western logic?

The areas of Western analytic philosophy that would give an account of your drop of water/ocean example are mereology, the study of parthood, and more specifically material constitution. Just as you ...
dbmag9's user avatar
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3 votes

Are there resemblances between Daoism and Buddhism?

Hmmmm... First point: Chinese Buddhism (Chan Buddhism, which extended into Korea as Seon and into Japan as Zen) is markedly influenced by Daoist philosophy. This is typical of Buddhism in general, ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
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3 votes

Do all religions summarise into the same principle?

To say that all religions lead to the same god would be to make a claim about what the "true" god is like and what leads to them. This isn't really all that different from the claims made by ...
NotThatGuy's user avatar
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3 votes

What are some problems or counterpoints to Oneness or Non-Dualism

Ramanuja (an exponent of "Vishishtadvaita" or "qualified non-dualism") had a number of critiques of Advaita, but one in particular stands out to me. I'm paraphrasing the gist of ...
JamesB's user avatar
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2 votes

What are some good resources for learning Indian philosophy?

I would recommend also The Shape of Ancient Thought: Comparative Studies in Greek and Indian Philosophies by Thomas McEvilley. While being a product of an admirable research on the influence of the ...
Tankut Beygu's user avatar
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2 votes

Can empiricism be found in any Eastern Philosophy/philosopher?

Buddhism is perhaps both empiricist and non-empiricist. At a fundamental level, everything in our consciousness is an illusion cooked up by our minds. We must look elsewhere for enlightenment. We ...
Guy Inchbald's user avatar
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2 votes

Can empiricism be found in any Eastern Philosophy/philosopher?

There are three separate origins of schools of logic, the Indian tradition through Nyaya and Nagarjuna, the Greek system which influenced the Islamic & Christian spheres, and the Chinese Mohist ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
2 votes

Can empiricism be found in any Eastern Philosophy/philosopher?

I recall a paragraph from Eknath Easwaran's introduction to the Gita: in the early part of the first millennium B.C. we find clearly stated both the methods and the discoveries of brahmavidya. ...
nir's user avatar
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