4

There could be difficulty in finding precise comments by both Aristotle and Thomas Aquinas on 'boredom', as generally conceived as "being weary due to being unoccupied or lacking interest in one's current activity." However, this does not mean that we cannot infer what their thoughts could have been concerning boredom from what it is that they have ...


2

I see the Private Language argument as the best way to dismiss solipsism, and to establish that truly private experiences are not coherent - though considering non-social adaptively intelligent animals seems to indicate limits to that (in the sense of language as conceptual abstracts, but not in the sense of a shared cognitive/evolutionary space of mutual ...


2

The octopus is probably quite a good model. It is included among the sentient creatures in the Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness, which states that; “The absence of a neocortex does not appear to preclude an organism from experiencing affective states. Convergent evidence indicates that non-human animals have the neuroanatomical, neurochemical, and ...


1

It is not possible to tell something objective about the "feelings" of a non-human entity due to multiple reasons. First, the concept of feeling is the result of a set of subjective experiences. Even if you agree about the meaning of pain with another human being, the concepts behind are completely different. Each one develops an idea of what it does mean ...


1

I think it is a mistake to correlate the analogy of the chariot and two horses exactly with the Republic's tripartition of the soul. In the Phaedrus: All three capacities, and not only a rational part of the soul, are given an essential and positive role in striving toward the good and the beautiful, and each capacity is represented as having ...


1

One can view this from the perspective of divine command theory. Michael W. Austin describes this view of moral obligation as follows: ...Divine Command Theory is the view that morality is somehow dependent upon God, and that moral obligation consists in obedience to God’s commands. An obligation requires someone with enough power to require this ...


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