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11 votes

Is mathematical truth empirical?

Mathematics is not empirical: A mathematical proof is independent from any experience. It only relies on the correct application of the usual or a refined logic. To check new and original ideas on a ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
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9 votes

How do empiricists explain the existence of perceptual illusions?

I think that empiricists would not deny that they may be deceived. Indeed, philosophy of science generally holds an "all models are wrong" sort of attitude. The key defining aspect of ...
Him's user avatar
  • 468
7 votes

How to not fear the supernatural?

Considering you are aware you need professional help, please take this speculation with a skeptical and critical mind. In order for this question to belong to this Philosophy group, I would formulate ...
RodolfoAP's user avatar
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6 votes
Accepted

Is there an evil god?

Arguments against supernatural claims One of the main arguments against supernatural claims in general is a lack of good evidence supporting the claim. The principle of parsimony (or Occam's razor) ...
NotThatGuy's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

How to not fear the supernatural?

Cognitive bias Recognising our cognitive biases can help us deal with fears of things that don't seem to exist. A bias towards unjustified fear helped us in ancient times, so evolution selected for ...
NotThatGuy's user avatar
5 votes

What is the origin of sense data?

A good start is here at the SEP's Sense Data, and since I'm no expert, I'd encourage you to read it and prefer it where my answer differs. In the classic conception, our representations are free of ...
J D's user avatar
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4 votes

How do empiricists explain the existence of perceptual illusions?

Cut-out the two figures and place them side-by-side. You can verify that the two lines have the same lenght. This fact speaks against the original visual appearance of different lenght. We prefer the ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
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4 votes

Have there been attempts at modeling 'essential reality'?

Your "essential reality" sounds a lot like observations of the world given the presupposition of phenomenology as emanating from direct realism. It presumes that somehow, we are in direct ...
J D's user avatar
  • 28.5k
3 votes

What is the origin of sense data?

The issue about perception, and the difficulty in explaining it in physicalist terms, is outlined in SEP's article on The Problem of Perception. The most common view of perception is that our nerves ...
Dcleve's user avatar
  • 14.6k
3 votes

How to not fear the supernatural?

Here is how I see it. When life delivers a punch, for whatever reason, or probably just by accident, we might develop this idea of the world being a dangerous place, populated by people who don't care,...
Yuri Zavorotny's user avatar
3 votes

How to not fear the supernatural?

Having not experienced PTSD myself, nor worked with people afflicted by it, nor suffered religion of any kind, I can still offer this attempt: In my personal experience, based on being somewhat past ...
AnoE's user avatar
  • 3,005
3 votes

How do empiricists explain the existence of perceptual illusions?

How do empiricists explain the existence of perceptual illusions? We realise that an illusion is an illusion through subsequent experience falsifying the illusion, if any. An empiricist may well ...
Speakpigeon's user avatar
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3 votes
Accepted

Do contradictions rule out holism and vice versa, and pluralism?

If you are asking specifically about Quine's position, he sticks rigidly to classical logic. He does not accept logical pluralism and does not allow that any contradictions are true. In Two Dogmas (...
Bumble's user avatar
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3 votes

Do individuals over the world expect a social system to provide "peace and abundance"?

On the Cyrus Cylinder, arguably the first reciprocal commitment between a ruler and their people, Cyrus is portrayed as having been chosen by the chief Babylonian god Marduk to restore peace and order ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
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3 votes

Is there an evil god?

You are correct that the full Epicurean argument does not follow for a non-all-good deity. However, if the deity is all-powerful, then the standard argument against omnipotence is still viable; see ...
Corbin's user avatar
  • 1,554
3 votes

Is mathematical truth empirical?

We can say that there are many questions whose answers coincide with the answers of mathematics, that are empirical. By an "empirical question," I mean a question that can be answered by ...
causative's user avatar
  • 14.4k
3 votes

Is mathematical truth empirical?

See Quine's Naturalism: according to Quine, the ontological questions are decided on pragmatic grounds, whose standards do not differ from the evidential rules of science itself. In a nutshell, for ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
2 votes

What was Hume's specific view with empiricism?

Are you referring to the "problem of induction" which David Hume has famously covered in his 1739-40 "A Treatise on Human Nature" and his 1748 "An Enquiry Concerning Human ...
prijatelj's user avatar
  • 121
2 votes

Do individuals over the world expect a social system to provide "peace and abundance"?

Ludwig von Mises believes that "in general, men the world over expect a social system to provide "peace and abundance."[sic] (from "Ludwig von Mises and the Justification of the ...
haxor789's user avatar
  • 6,405
2 votes

How do empiricists explain the existence of perceptual illusions?

Let's take a moment and point out there is a big difference between the classical empiricism of Hume and the British and modern empirical thinking found in naturalized epistemology (SEP) or in ...
J D's user avatar
  • 28.5k
2 votes

Is introspection considered a form of empirical experience?

EDIT - Introspection is sufficient to conclude that empirical experience is impossible without the human capacity for introspection. Sometime around 1999 John Guarnaschelli - https://www.youtube.com/@...
SystemTheory's user avatar
  • 2,174
2 votes

How to not fear the supernatural?

The Bhagavad Gita, a sacred Hindu text, offers insights that might help in addressing this situation. While it doesn't directly address post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or scrupulosity, it ...
user2725107's user avatar
2 votes

Have there been attempts at modeling 'essential reality'?

I developed a personal model for drama as the essence of human reality. Inspired in part by this song Modern Love - David Bowie: https://youtu.be/HivQqTtiHVw God-and-man ... put my trust in God and ...
SystemTheory's user avatar
  • 2,174
2 votes

Have there been attempts at modeling 'essential reality'?

This was my stab at it, made a few years ago: A Map of Reality. DISCLAIMER: Quoting from the movie, "No one can be told what the Matrix is. You'd have to [piece together your own understanding ...
Yuri Zavorotny's user avatar
2 votes

How to not fear the supernatural?

OMG (pun fully intended) aren't the ancient religions good at doing this to you? I have no more wisdom than the next guy but do consider these few things that have helped me, I also suffer PTSD and ...
Absinthe's user avatar
  • 171
2 votes

How to not fear the supernatural?

This is philosophical only at the very beginning, and not new to you: You know it and I know it — there is no such deity. It is only in your head. The remainder of this post is advice following from ...
Peter - Reinstate Monica's user avatar
2 votes

Is there an evil god?

This has been a problem many philosophers and theologians have considered over the years. I'll sketch some brief introductions to some classic arguments that I find personally persuasive. Note: For ...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
  • 30.4k
2 votes

Is mathematical truth empirical?

Yes. Mathematical laws are empirical, if we consider a universe not just a set of physical laws but a flow of qualia. In all conceivable universes governed by physical laws mathematical laws also work....
Anixx's user avatar
  • 399
1 vote

Have there been attempts at modeling 'essential reality'?

There are a LOT of different ontologies that philosophers operate under. Each will have a DIFFERENT visual map! Eliminative reductivist materialism, for instance has a very simple map. Non-...
Dcleve's user avatar
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