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Absolute time and space Relativity theory radically re-conceptualised space and time, a concept of both philosophical and scientific interest. Newton held an 'absolute' theory of time: 'Absolute, true and mathematical time, of itself, and from its own nature, flows equably without relation to anything external'. Most 18th and 19th century philosophers who ...


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Generally the answer has to be NO, which is the main reason why radical skepticism is bound to fail since it questions the very structures which the meaningfulness of the position and of expressivity itself rely on. For a Putnamian (analytical) argument for this see Tim Buttons, Limits of Reality. But, with Russell, we have to keep knowledge how (knowledge ...


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Can knowledge exist without structure? The answer to this question is no, and it relates to the definitions of knowledge and structure. Knowledge is often taken by epistemologists to be some sort of verified belief, and the process of verification whether it be establishment of adequate justification and truth or otherwise (thanks to the Gettier problem) ...


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SHORT ANSWER According to the SEP article on epistemology, the relationship between knowledge and memory is that memory is one of five main sources of knowledge, the other four being perception, reason, introspection, and testimony. But, to fully understand the relationship between knowledge and memory, one has to have a definition of knowledge, and this is ...


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A corker of a question ! Then to begin an answer ... Knowledge without words (1) - the math. example Nineteenth-century German mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss used to joke that he could calculate before he could talk. Maybe it was no joke. Recent work casts doubt on the notion that language underlies mathematical ability and perhaps other ...


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... and the dictionary being just a set of self-references would be completely useless. You've just noticed that knowledge (not only regarding the term) is based on a set of tautologies. Kant already suggested that. In such case we can take it to the extreme: you are asking a useless question, since any answer would be based on facts you already know. But ...


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You may find useful verses 9-11 of the Isa (Isavasya) upanishad : Into blind darkness enter those who follow the way of ignorance. Into ever greater darkness those who devote themselves to knowledge alone He who knows That as both in one, the Knowledge and the Ignorance, by the Ignorance crosses beyond death and by the Knowledge enjoys Immortality....


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I think runaway technology - from ongoing militarization to genetically modified food - will very likely obliterate our species. Just look at what we've done to our planet already. So I'd like to answer your question NO. The problem is one of parameters. Should WHO pursue knowledge? And WHAT KIND of knowledge are we talking about? And can anyone possibly ...


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Philosophers speculate, opine and theorize about a wide variety of topics. Some of those topics go on to become the subject of sciences --which is why philosophy is sometimes called the "Mother of the Sciences." It's nearly inevitable that the scientific form of the field will contradict some of the early assumptions, claims and conclusions of its ...


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Science tells us only how matter behaves, it does not tell us what it is or where it came from - science does not answer what is the cause - this is the realm of metaphysics. Science only gives explanations of what we observe, and how to predict future actions. They are not explanations of the 'thing' in itself. D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson says in his book On ...


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SHORT ANSWER Yes, science can and does undermine metaphysical positions. LONG ANSWER The relationship between science and metaphysics is such that one's metaphysics must allow for 'science' though one must be cautious in observing that science and metaphysics are generally understood to have demarcation problems. The demarcation of science is an important ...


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I believe the answer to this question differs based on whether one accepts the soundness of the concept of gender identity. Those who accept gender identity as a sound concept would argue that the single epistemological method of determining an external being's gender identity is by asking the person in question. This stems from the fact that the only ...


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The seed of the argument present in Reformed Epistemology, but it has been advanced by various writers and Philosophers, the most famed are: Alvin Plantinga (1932- ). William Lane Craig (1949- ). Basic beliefs=Foundational beliefs=Core beliefs. Properly basic: a- Self-evident. b- Incorrigible. For existence of God as a Properly basic belief, there are ...


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