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Following this line of reasoning, even the most radical empiricists are rationalists. Not necessarily! One reasonably well-known empiricist school of thought is Behaviourism, which holds that: The individual is an Agent, characterised in terms of their actions (e.g. reflexes and stimuli response) rather than their reasons. Agents learn to act through ...


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"Rationalist" and "empiricist" are technical terms in philosophy, and they don't mean what you might think they mean based on common usage of the words "rational" and "empirical". The SEP puts it like this: Rationalists claim that there are significant ways in which our concepts and knowledge are gained independently ...


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Most people can picture things and places when their eyes are closed. Some people apparently can't. These people are said to have aphantasia. If you're asking this question, maybe that's you? People with aphantasia say they use words and concepts to represent things they're thinking about, rather than drawing mental pictures. It is not a disability, ...


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As a former History Instructor, I will be glad to answer your question. There is a problem with your phrase, "true historical information"....What exactly does that mean? The way in which History or a historical event is verified, is through the presentation of reliable, demonstrable and authenticated evidence. If no such evidence exists, then the ...


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Well, first of all, the probability of a conjunction of two events is never more, and usually less, than the probability of either event alone. P(A ∩ B) <= P(A) and P(A ∩ B) <= P(B) for any events A and B. Therefore, if a "complex" hypothesis is a conjunction of several simpler ones, it must have lower probability (or at best the same ...


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I would say, don't be afraid to read the major texts by the principal philosophers themselves. One of the reasons the great philosophers are considered great is that they are worth reading. That said, some are hard to understand. Some of the greats of the 'modern' era are Spinoza's Ethics, David Hume's A Treatise on Human Nature, and Kant's Critique of Pure ...


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To comment out of context would be a fool's errand. Not one commentator has addressed hr. Nietzsche's german words. Du has t recht aber ich habe meine ruhr.


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