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11 votes

Is the dichotomy between natural and unnatural defensible?

Natural is one of those words that fit the description of what John Austin called trouser-words in his book Sense and Sensibilia. Sometimes you can only understand a word by reference to what it is ...
Bumble's user avatar
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8 votes
Accepted

What is put on what (the mayo or the eggs) and why?

Narrowly construed the OP question is easy to answer and is not really philosophical, it concerns the colloquial semantics of "put X on Y". According to which, whatever goes on top or on the surface ...
Conifold's user avatar
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7 votes
Accepted

Do stories contain "Meta-truth"? Jordan Peterson

Peterson holds a specific (minority) theory of Jungianism, and how and why it works, defended in Maps of Meaning. But his POV includes basic Jungian principles. The point for most Jungians about ...
hide_in_plain_sight's user avatar
6 votes

How can Marx be a materialist yet still speak of a human "essence" in his theory of alienation?

One should keep in mind two points. First, historical materialism in its traditional form is later Marx, taking final shape in Das Kapital, the theory of alienation is young Hegelian Marx of 1844 ...
Conifold's user avatar
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6 votes

Is the hard problem of consciousness really a problem?

Yes, it's a problem because we don't have a satisfactory explanation for how consciousness arises from the physical events in our brains. Saying that consciousness is essential for the Universe comes ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
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5 votes

Is the dichotomy between natural and unnatural defensible?

This transparently is a philosophical question, because of the appeal-to-nature fallacy. Also the state of nature plays a key role in social contract theory, as pictured contrastingly by Hobbes & ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
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5 votes

What does the "essence of time" mean for Merleau-Ponty?

Merleau-Ponty is a phenomenologist so his received view is "essence" in a Husserlian sense, as the ideal core of an intentional object, see What does Husserl mean by essences? However, he is also an ...
Conifold's user avatar
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5 votes

Are there secular philosophers who argue for predetermined and given meaning/value in life and essentialism?

Yes, there are such thinkers. I will mention four of them. One is Rene Guenon. He was a French philosopher from the 20th century, and he went against the grain of moderns thought as such. He thought ...
Dennis Kozevnikoff's user avatar
5 votes

Is the “essence” of a category in philosophy vacuous?

The esse or ousia (?) of things allows distinctions to be made between x and not x. So if the essence of a chair is something to sit on then a nail with its business end pointed upward is not a chair. ...
Agent Smith's user avatar
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4 votes

Sartre on essence

According to Sartre, humans are the only beings that don't have an essence It is an imprecise, maybe wrong statement, Sartre never said that. For Sartre, humans are devoid of (contact with) Being, ...
ttnphns's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

Sartre on essence

To understand how Sartre could ever say something like this, we need to look at an important pair of German philosophers and one Dane (actually we could probably find many more important people in ...
virmaior's user avatar
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4 votes

Is an equal outcome necessary to differentiate between equity and equality?

Your question supposes that equity and equality have precise meanings, which is not true. Words mean what people take them to mean, so you might take the word equality to mean something subtly ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
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4 votes

Is the dichotomy between natural and unnatural defensible?

Short Answer Instead of addressing your specific question, let's generalize, so that you might understand the larger picture. Is any dichotomy in language defensible? Yes and no. Sometimes. Maybe. ...
J D's user avatar
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3 votes

Is the dichotomy between natural and unnatural defensible?

Historically, most people considered that humans occupied a special place in the world. Western religions taught that humans were created in God's image and were endowed with unique traits. Prior to ...
Barmar's user avatar
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3 votes

What is the anti-thesis of Existentialism?

On a historical level, the answer to your question will depend on the existentialist you are looking at. We often credit Kierkegaard as being the first existentialist, in which case the answer to your ...
The Thought Detective's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

Origins of the reflection of knowledge, lately known as Epistemology

Epistemology, as systematic reflection on knowledge, is traced back to Aristotle who was the first to discourse explicitly about logic, e.g. how some true propositions are obtained from others and ...
sand1's user avatar
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2 votes

What is put on what (the mayo or the eggs) and why?

It depends on how you did it. If you had eggs on your plate and then dumped usage of some mayo on top of them then it's "you put mayo on your eggs". If you had some mayo on your plate and dropped the ...
Vector Shift's user avatar
2 votes

Does Spinoza think essence and eternity are the same thing?

No, except if you are willing to apply some twists to his writings. From late antiquity scholastics adopted a distinction between "perpetuity" and "eternity"; much has been ...
sand1's user avatar
  • 3,694
2 votes

How does Spinoza deduce substance must cause itself?

Implicit in Spinoza's argument is that stuff actually exists. This was proven by Descartes when he said "I think therefore I am". At the very least, I exist, so stuff actually exists. If ...
Larry Freeman's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

Does Phenomenology Reject The Existence of Mediating Concepts?

Your two questions are similar in nature and the your intuition seems more or less correct that most modern phenomenologists hold the position of some types of direct realism (naive, enactivism, ...
Double Knot's user avatar
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2 votes

Is the dichotomy between natural and unnatural defensible?

The most fundamental opposition between natural and unnatural is purely logical. Once you have a notion of natural, you have a notion of not natural, i.e., unnatural. The question, then, is whether ...
Speakpigeon's user avatar
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2 votes

What is the anti-thesis of Existentialism?

Philosophies generally don't have Hegelian antitheses -- they are too diverse and particualr. But the closest to the existentialist focus on a) experienced life, b) human agency, and c) an open future,...
Dcleve's user avatar
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2 votes

Can obligations be substances/objects?

Pritchard is wrong to consider the agent to be the obvious candidate upon which to hang the tag of an obligation. An obligation is a form of belief, and it can be held by the obliger as much as the ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
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2 votes

Can obligations be substances/objects?

If one takes obligations to be deontic propositions, then it is trivial to argue that such propositions seem to inhabit a metaphysical category of abstract object. The argument: Propositions are ...
J D's user avatar
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1 vote

Is an equal outcome necessary to differentiate between equity and equality?

Equality is identicity*. Equity is justice. So: When there's equality, there's no need for equity, if you pay more to women for the sake of equity, and according to its conditions, you are assuming ...
RodolfoAP's user avatar
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1 vote

Is an equal outcome necessary to differentiate between equity and equality?

The crux of the difference is; A) a society of equality would treat all people the same. B) an equitable society would treat all people based on each individual’s needs and to provide the same utility ...
Eliot G York's user avatar
1 vote

Buckets of twater

This question has touched on a logic error in most modal thinking, and articulates one of the test cases that illustrates that logic flaw. The SEP article lists three sets of laws that modal reasoning ...
Dcleve's user avatar
  • 11.9k
1 vote

How does existence preceding essence not preclude the possibility of bad faith?

Generally speaking, philosophical thought entails the development of self-consistency. Briefly put (perhaps overly so) philosophers would hold that authenticity comes from removing irregularities and ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
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