# Tag Info

### Being alive today: the most improbable coincidence?

Your reasoning would be sound if you picked any random human who ever lived and checked whether they would be alive today. This chance would indeed be rather low. (Because today's world population is ...
• 1,011

### If you place a pencil in an opaque box and close the box, does the pencil exist?

If you shake the box, it rattles. If you measure its weight before you put in the pencil and after, it will have increased by exactly the weight of the pencil. That's how you know the pencil still ...
• 1,079

### If you place a pencil in an opaque box and close the box, does the pencil exist?

I’m having a tough time explaining why the pencil ceases to exist once you close the box. Because you're trying to explain something which is wrong physically and wrong philosophically. Your friends ...
• 2,387

### If you place a pencil in an opaque box and close the box, does the pencil exist?

The assumption that the pencil continues to exist - even when the box is closed - is the most simple hypothesis which explains all relevant observations. E.g., the observation that the pencil exists ...
• 35.8k

### Being alive today: the most improbable coincidence?

Shuffle a standard deck of 52 playing cards and look at the arrangement you end up with. Assuming your sorting was completely random the probability of you getting that exact arrangement is about 1 in ...
• 511

### If you place a pencil in an opaque box and close the box, does the pencil exist?

You are assuming that existence is a phenomenon that can undergo sudden state changes. Or in simpler words: That things can cease to exist and came (back) into existence instantly and without ...
• 2,170

### An argument that everything exists

You're apparently defining "thing" as "something that exists", which makes the statement "everything exists" a simple tautology and thus not very meaningful.
• 1,969

### If you place a pencil in an opaque box and close the box, does the pencil exist?

If you place a pencil in an opaque box and close the box, does the pencil exist? This is a Metaphysical question to which we do not know the correct answer. But here are some philosophical views ...
• 2,419

### Is Alzheimer’s disease evidence for the non-existence of the soul?

Alzheimer's disease (and other brain disorders with some observable physical effect along with psychology and neuroscience generally) does seem to make the existence of an immaterial soul much less ...
• 11.3k

### Does Dissociative ego disorder challenge Descartes‘ „cogito-argument“?

"I think, therefore I am" does not imply that the person thinking and being is eternal. It just says that one cannot doubt one's own existence, as and when one thinks about it. If and when ...
• 2,402

### Is Alzheimer’s disease evidence for the non-existence of the soul?

No, not really, the disease is just evidence for the corruption of the region of the brain that houses memory due to aging. It is just evidence for the degeneration of the human body and consecutively ...
• 1,591
Accepted

### What does "everything" mean?

Just extend the painter analogy. There is a set of things that need a painter, and the painter is excluded from that set. Likewise there is a set of things that need an ultimate creator and the ...
• 24.5k

### How does a thought imply there is a thinker in "I think therefore I am"?

The "I" of the Cogito does not stand for Descartes, or for the subject, or for the subject's self. It stands for the thing thinking the Cogito when the subject thinks the Cogito. The ...
• 8,632
Accepted

### Looking for a specific joke about arguments for Meinongianism

From what I can tell, you appear to be recalling this discourse: This was a little bit of trouble to find (I tried Googling "joke about meinongianism" and it gave no results directly, but ...
• 17.4k

### What's the reason to live in this life?

If you want a reason to live, devote yourself to helping people less fortunate than you. To those people, your existence would then be an important, positive part of their lives, which should give ...
• 24.5k

### Should X, if there’s no evidence for X, be given a non zero probability?

You mention Bayesians, so I'll reply in that context. The Bayesian framework is (roughly) a way to take a "prior probability" of a statement, multiply it by a factor accounting for new ...
• 1,290

### Can it be proven from pure logic that at least one thing exists?

Just the fact that you are pondering this question confirms that you exist – according to Descartes, see Cogito ergo sum. Also Anselm considered his ontological argument to be a proof of the existence ...
• 35.8k
Accepted

### Can it be proven from pure logic that at least one thing exists?

To expand a little on causative's comment. In standard logic, it is a convention to assume that the universe of quantification is non-empty, which is to say that at least one thing exists. It we don't ...
• 28k

### Does Dissociative ego disorder challenge Descartes‘ „cogito-argument“?

It depends on which chapter of the Meditations we are focused on. What’s in the second meditation is merely that one cannot doubt their own existence, since the very doubting necessitates that one ...
• 775

### Can we know that something exists even if we can't explain or define it?

Gravity is a great example to illustrate that yes, we can be certain a thing exists without having the ability to adequately explain or define it. As with the case of gravity, we can observe it and ...
• 497

### If you place a pencil in an opaque box and close the box, does the pencil exist?

Simplicity is a criterion for theory or explanation selection. It can clash with other criteria such as explanatory reach. Also there is no agreement on the nature of simplicity. Intuitively, I ...
• 35.9k

### Is willful ignorance about one's own mortality escapism?

Actually the whole business of living other than the animalic part, is denying death. So the idealism you are seeking by not denying death is itself a denial of death. [I] The human animal is ...
• 650
Accepted

### If turtles see everything, and nothing seen can see, does it follow that non-turtles exist?

First, your premises are inconsistent: your second premise implies that turtles do not see other turtles, or themselves, yet, according to the first premise, they see everything. So, taking y=x, we ...
• 43.5k
Accepted

### An argument that everything exists

I recommend distinguishing between object and word (noun): on the one hand, objects exist; they are real. On the other hand, some words refer to objects while other words do not. Hence all objects ...
• 35.8k

### What's the reason to live in this life?

I would suggest talking to a professional counsellor if possible (are you a student? check your school). They will better understand your situation and be able to offer better advice. For some ...
• 601

### Can we know that something exists even if we can't explain or define it?

You need at least some definition, but it doesn't have to be exact or detailed. You can't tell me whether "adfgiuadhfg" exists, because you don't know a definition of that word. A child can ...
• 280

### Nothingness: What philosophical concept relates to how the empty set is a subset of every set?

In mathematics the empty set is defined as the set which has no element. A set A is a subset of a set B, if each element of A is also an element of B. If A is the empty set and B arbitrary, then there ...
• 35.8k