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51 votes

How come nihilism is so popular today?

While I'm not entirely convinced of the premises of the question, in general people seek out philosophies that address conditions of life as they experience it. In the marketplace of ideas, a ...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
  • 30.3k
41 votes

How come nihilism is so popular today?

I can think of 2 reasons: Naturalism is the philosophy most promoted in public schools. With some exceptions, people tend to stick with what they're taught in school. Believing in a supernatural ...
LCIII's user avatar
  • 511
29 votes

Is faith necessary for man to survive / why is existentialism valued if it is unsubstantiated?

The short answer is No. A slightly longer one is this; I know many atheists who lead highly moral lives, not because they believe they'll go to hell if they don't, but because they want to. On the ...
Tim B   II's user avatar
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18 votes

How come nihilism is so popular today?

Jacob Ross, Rejecting Ethical Deflationism,' Ethics 116, 2006: 742–68 defines nihilism as : ▻ NIHILISM - DEFINITION '...the view that the notions of good and bad and of right and wrong are ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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17 votes

Isn't Camus' philosophy just a violation of Occam's Razor?

No. Your logic seems to be suggesting that to present an argument from a starting position, via intermediate steps, to a conclusion is a violation of Occam's razor because it would be simpler to drop ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
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14 votes
Accepted

Is faith necessary for man to survive / why is existentialism valued if it is unsubstantiated?

I will focus on answering these questions in your addendum Is no view of the world any more legitimate than the other? Are Tolstoy’s beliefs any more valid than my own, even if I have less of a ...
William Oliver's user avatar
14 votes

What's the reason to live in this life?

If you want a reason to live, devote yourself to helping people less fortunate than you. To those people, your existence would then be an important, positive part of their lives, which should give ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
  • 23.5k
13 votes

Is faith necessary for man to survive / why is existentialism valued if it is unsubstantiated?

I would say the answer is yes, but with the addendum that the faith need not be in god or a higher power. As we go through life we have faith that certain things will happen. The sun will rise, the ...
coteyr's user avatar
  • 231
11 votes
Accepted

Why should I seek to determine the ultimate nature of reality (i.e. whether God exists or not)?

Why should I seek to determine the ultimate nature of reality (i.e. whether God exists or not)? In effect, you are looking for a justification for doing philosophy which you believe is necessary ...
J D's user avatar
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10 votes

Is faith necessary for man to survive / why is existentialism valued if it is unsubstantiated?

Do I need faith not to slump into nihilistic despair? Is life as tragic as it's being painted out to be by these people? Tolstoy argues yes. Below is my attempt to explain his argument, since I think ...
AquaTsar's user avatar
  • 101
10 votes

How can a non-religious person justify or rationalize hope or optimism in an absurd world?

My first comment provides the starting point for my answer. This is something that's far easier to discuss in person than it is over the limiting format of Stack Exchange. What gives people hope is ...
Cort Ammon's user avatar
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10 votes

How can a non-religious person justify or rationalize hope or optimism in an absurd world?

How can a non-religious person justify or rationalize hope or optimism in an absurd world? Can you acknowledge the absurd and still be hopeful and optimistic? I feel like you either can acknowledge ...
Agent_L's user avatar
  • 230
10 votes

What's the reason to live in this life?

I would suggest talking to a professional counsellor if possible (are you a student? check your school). They will better understand your situation and be able to offer better advice. For some ...
BurnsBA's user avatar
  • 611
9 votes

Is faith necessary for man to survive / why is existentialism valued if it is unsubstantiated?

Is it really true that life is this bleak? By way of answering your question - no, this is not true. Life is neither bleak nor non-bleak, because neither life nor anything else (except for abstract ...
AnotherSmellyGeek's user avatar
8 votes
Accepted

What does Albert Camus mean by two methods of thought, "of La Palisse and Don Quixote"?

La Palisse was a French nobleman who is associated with jokes based on truisms. When he died his comrades famously made a song about it, saying "if he wasn't dead he would still be alive". ...
armand's user avatar
  • 6,711
8 votes

What is most important in life?

To crush your enemies. To see them driven before you. To hear the lamentation of the women.
David Gudeman's user avatar
7 votes

Can existence be justified as ‘better’ than non-existence?

"the foundational principle of good and evil is that we have to assume existence is better than non-existence." is a good example of the tendency of philosophers to made grand pronouncements ...
Ludwig V's user avatar
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7 votes

Why should I seek to determine the ultimate nature of reality (i.e. whether God exists or not)?

I find it interesting that you ask: Why should I seek to determine the ultimate nature of reality (i.e. whether God exists or not)? You seem to be equating "the ultimate nature of reality" ...
CJ Dennis's user avatar
  • 289
7 votes

What's the reason to live in this life?

In Sex, Death and the Meaning of Life, biologist Richard Dawkins asks comedian and fellow non-believer Ricky Gervais, “So why does a 21st century British atheist get up in the morning?” Gervais ...
h_undatus's user avatar
  • 534
6 votes

How to deal with the absurd life?

How to live a meaningful life in a world where the received wisdom of religion and culture is no longer taken for granted is one of the defining problems of the modern age, and the central question of ...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
  • 30.3k
6 votes

Theory that we do everything for our own benefit

The closest match is probably the Utilitarian ethical theory called "Enlightened Self Interest". The basic idea is that we act ethically once we learn it is in our own self-interest to promote the ...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
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6 votes
Accepted

What do atheists believe in? (in layman terms)

The conversation you refer to is not an easy one. What is difficult about it is that you have an individual who clearly believes in something (a religious belief), and they're going on the attack. ...
Cort Ammon's user avatar
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6 votes

What are some philosophical works that explore constructing meaning in life from an agnostic or atheist view?

“There is only one really serious philosophical problem, and that is suicide. Deciding whether or not life is worth living is to answer the fundamental question in philosophy. All other questions ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
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6 votes

Do humans need some agency over the world around them for their lives to have some sense or purpose?

Your question is philosophical in the broader sense of the pursuit of eudaimonia. I think a number of philosophical traditions, such as Taoism or Confucianism, have means of dealing with this. I'll ...
J D's user avatar
  • 28.2k
6 votes

Why should I seek to determine the ultimate nature of reality (i.e. whether God exists or not)?

(Answering from a Christian perspective) First, why do people wonder about God in the first place? For a Christian, the answer is simple: God designed us to exist in relationship with him. He has ...
Dark Malthorp's user avatar
6 votes

What's the reason to live in this life?

Life can put us through changing tides, where first one thing looks important then another. My experience has been that the things that can survive any such transformations are, creativity and ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
  • 22.3k
5 votes
Accepted

For Kierkegaard, how does being "animal" and "rational" compel us to invent meaning?

I haven't read Richard Schmitt which makes me hesitant to answer the question as to what he means, but I can address the quote and what Kierkegaard means. First, the idea is not singular to ...
virmaior's user avatar
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5 votes
Accepted

Theory that we do everything for our own benefit

The theories you are looking for, my friend, are able to be found to some extent in at least two thinkers. The first is David Hume. The second is Ludwig von Mises. David Hume held that all activity ...
Lothrop Stoddard's user avatar

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