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This can't be a fallacy, because neither participant is articulating a logical argument in the first place. The term "argument," in common parlance, means "an angry quarrel or disagreement" (Merriam-Webster, sense 1c). But in the context of logic and philosophy, it instead means "a coherent series of reasons, statements, or facts ...


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Banks do not let money sit around in their vaults. They lend it out. That's how they pay for their operations. Furthermore, the people who borrow it are willing to spend money for it, thus showing their higher degree of commitment to using it wisely than the bank robber. Furthermore, this means that the amount of money in the bank is limited. Generally ...


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Descartes was the first to take this position, so it is usually called Cartesian Skepticism or Cartesian Doubt: His basic strategy was to consider false any belief that falls prey to even the slightest doubt. This clearing of his previously held beliefs then puts him at an epistemological ground-zero. From here Descartes sets out to find something that lies ...


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The purpose of the brain-in-a-vat scenario is not to convince anyone that we might really be a brain in a vat; the purpose is to illustrate the fundamental disconnection between perception and reality. Before the brain-in-a-vat scenario, Descartes made the same point by discussing dreams. The classical view of perception is that when you, for example, look ...


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