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It is not a viable option. Only chance or necessity are implied by the fundamental fact that all thoughts arise impersonally. As William James, among others, noted: "If we could say 'it thinks' the way we say 'it rains' we would be speaking with a minimum of assumption." When added to the other fundamental fact that all thoughts "governing" movement have ...


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Nice! You suggest that according to the first law, free will would NOT have an effect on a system (free will would NOT be possible), since causal propagation between subsystems would nullify the causes with the consequences (hope getting it right). You're getting thermodynamics wrong. If you are a molecule in a thermodynamic system, you can only generate a ...


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As pointed out by Hypnosifl, the first law of thermodynamics is a book-keeping balance equation which tracks the flow of heat energy and mechanical work through a process which can also store energy. It has nothing at all to do with Newton's 3rd law. Furthermore, although consciousness can alter the dynamical evolution of the universe (for example, I ...


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Economists and rational choice theorists recognise the phenomenon of 'satisficing' where we do not go for the best (by relevant criteria), but for what is good enough or merely acceptable or satisfactory rather than the best possible or optimal - or in your terms 'the most rewarding option' (again relevant criteria). There's also the point that we can be ...


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As a Conscious Entity feels Free Will, we can't be sure that there is another Conscious Entity or there are other Conscious Entities that predestine, shape or weave our future. If there is such Entity who predestine, shape or weave the future of another Entity, then it's clear that shaping the future of another Entity is the matter of life of such able ...


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Moral agency means: free willed persons having the ability to choose between good and evil, and they willingly choose good and defend good. Free will means: the ability to choose between good and evil. A person having free will may choose evil. Thus, all moral agents have free will, but not all free willed have moral agency.


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Use computers as an analogy. Computers do what their program tells them to do. But computers can change their own program. (Until a few years ago, this was only a theoretical possibility; today this is already a practical reality, especially in machine learning systems.) Well, think of humans as machines that do what their program tells them to do. They are ...


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