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Why did Pythagoras prohibit eating beans?

The prohibition concerned specifically fava beans (vicia faba), associated with hemolytic response (rupturing of red blood cells) in some people, called favism. In a milder form, it causes excessive ...
Conifold's user avatar
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7 votes
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Can I get more background on quote from Democritus?

See Democritus of Abdera (born about 460 BCE) and the complete English transaltion of Democritus' fragments. In a nutshell, we may read it as [see Fr.113] : love for wisdom is more important than ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
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Book recommendation for Diogenes of Sinope

You might as well go to the source: most anecdotes about Diogenes are taken from Lives of Eminent Philosophers by his namesake Diogenes Laertius, who wrote about 60 pages on him. Internet Encyclopedia ...
Conifold's user avatar
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6 votes
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What did the Greeks call the "trial and error" reasoning process?

"Trial and error" applied not to a "reasoning process" but to medical practice, and the name of the practice was derived from Greek ἐμπειρία, experience. The inspiration for the approach apparently ...
Conifold's user avatar
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Plato books for a philosophy newcomer

Original. As long as you are interested in a specific author, always the orignial (although for some there might be reading groups/seminars necessary, like Kant, Hegel, Foucault, etc. - but that is ...
Philip Klöcking's user avatar
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6 votes

Did Greek philosophers know about Eastern philosophies?

The Ancient Greeks were definitely aware of Zoroastrianism-(in fact, the name, "Zoroaster", is a Greek translation of the original Farsi name, "Zarathustra"). The main reason why ...
Alex's user avatar
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6 votes

From dialogue to monologue : Why (Platonic) Socrates claims to know nothing but manages to give book-length speeches all the time?

The Platonic Socrates did not claim that he knew nothing. When asked by Chaerephon whether there were any wiser than Socrates, the Delphic Oracle replied that there was no one wiser (Apology, 21A). ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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Is there any Ancient Greek philosopher that we know came from an underprivileged background?

As noted above Epictetus was born a slave, and he was an "ancient" Greek, though after the classical period. Diogenes was born to an affluent family but lived on the streets as a homeless ...
Nelson Alexander's user avatar
5 votes
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Are people inherently good according to Plato?

Are people inherently good according to Plato? This may be a delicate question. On the one hand, Plato's Socrates asserts, in the Phaedo, concerning the misanthropist (hater of people), that only few ...
Ram Tobolski's user avatar
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5 votes

Morality of infanticide

Ethicist Peter Singer defends infanticide in his books Should the Baby Live? and Practical Ethics. The following is an excerpt from an editorial in the Washington Post which quotes Singer's writings ...
Brian Z's user avatar
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4 votes

Which ancient Greeks are known to have commentated on Zeno's Paradoxes?

The prime critic was Aristotle : 'Physics', VI. Plato does not set out Zeno's arguments but in his dialogue, 'Parmenides', there is in connexion with the paradoxes some argument or interplay between ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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Are there any ancient Greek philosophers with a 'complete' philosophy that never made it to prime time?

I'm not sure whether 'prime time' is their time or our time. For our own time I'd nominate Sextus Empiricus (160 - 210 CE) who wrote subtly and coherently on a wide range of philosophical topics, and ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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Which Greek Philosopher talked about most men falling in between good and evil?

This probably refers to the discussion of misanthropy in Plato's Phaedo, 89d-90b. Socrates points out that misanthropy comes from being too naive and trusting and then turning to the opposite extreme ...
Conifold's user avatar
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4 votes
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Evolution of Logos

why logos as discourse or word was taken by Stoics and Platonists as some divine principle and by scientists as logic or -logy, like biology, geology, etc. What does that have to do? You have it ...
Speakpigeon's user avatar
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3 votes

What does this excerpt from Plato's Republic mean?

In this part of Book II, Plato is describing the early education of the Guardians. In Waterfield's translation, this passage appears in Chapter 4, "Primary Education for the Guardians". Plato, ...
Mark Andrews's user avatar
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3 votes
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What does this excerpt from Plato's Republic mean?

Plato would prefer to censor the story completely and eliminate it from circulation because it projects a morally incorrect image of the gods. However, he recognises that the story, so firmly ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
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3 votes

Did any Greek or Roman philosopher(s) say that "opposites attract"?

Empedocles proposed a world composed of four elements and two forces called love (φιλότης) and strife (νεῖκος) The four elements, however, are simple, eternal, and unalterable, and as change is the ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
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What is the meaning of the quote from Anaxogoras? “even those who have occasion for a lamp supply it with oil.”

It is about friendship (Ancient Greek: φιλία): Anaxagoras of Clazomenae was friend and counsellor of the Athenian stateman Pericles. See V.Azoulay, Pericles of Athens, (French ed., 2010), page 90: ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
3 votes

From dialogue to monologue : Why (Platonic) Socrates claims to know nothing but manages to give book-length speeches all the time?

There is no inconsistency. First of all, we have to consider that the "real" Socrates and the main character in many Plato's dialogues, called Socrates, are obviously linked but not exactly ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
3 votes

Who said, "a parliament with no opposition should be dissolved"?

Not exactly what you ask but close if you treat cannot be secure as the flip of should be dissolved No government can be long secure without a formidable opposition Benjamin Disraeli Dunno about '...
Rushi's user avatar
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3 votes

Is there any Ancient Greek philosopher that we know came from an underprivileged background?

Cleanthes (about 330-230 BC), the second head of the Stoa (Stoic school), was known for his poor origin. He is said to have been a big strong man, and a hard worker, both physically and mentally. He ...
Ram Tobolski's user avatar
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3 votes

Why are theories of Greek philosophers so ineffectual?

Now my question is, if Greek philosophers wanted to explain natural phenomena (as Einstein says) then, why were their theories so ineffectual. Their theories were ineffectual relative to modern ...
J D's user avatar
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3 votes

Why are theories of Greek philosophers so ineffectual?

Ineffectual? Goodness, that's cold! The short answer, as other have noted, is the whole cumulative history of technology, along with changing social structures, taboos, and belief systems. Plus, the ...
Nelson Alexander's user avatar
3 votes

Did Muslim Philosophers copy the Greek Philosophy?

Western philosophy is just a little too hung up on Greek philosophy. Lets recall that even Plato said this and reminded his readers that philosophy has antecendents and in his case he pointed to the ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
3 votes
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Is there an “algorithm” philosophy? Perhaps between relativism and pragmatism?

I'm not sure exactly what you mean, however... Algorithm is a term that is strongly associated with computer science these days, however any repeatable, goal-oriented behavior is algorithmic. As such, ...
J D's user avatar
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3 votes
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Is there a word in philosophical Greek with the meaning of "certainty" (e.g. as in Wittgenstein's "On Certainty")

Notice that the idea of certainty has been detached as a philosophical term in and of itself as treated, for instance, in Baron Reed's SEoP article Certainty relatively recently. Ancient philosophers ...
Tankut Beygu's user avatar
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3 votes
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Where to learn about Gorgias' theory on truth and language?

You'll need to work at this and the resources of a really good library (University standard). You could start by reading Plato's dialogue Gorgias. I suggest you following up the information available ...
Ludwig V's user avatar
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2 votes

Did Greek philosophers know about Eastern philosophies?

I don't remember any references but Zoroastrianism was known. From wiki: "The religion named after him is not attested to historically until the 5th century BCE, where it appears in Greek ...
John Am's user avatar
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2 votes
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Socratic thought on Greek deities as metaphor

You can see : Walter Burkert, Greek Religion : Archaic and Classical (German ed, 1977) Daniel Ogden (editor), A Companion to Greek Religion (2010), Ch.25 : Greek Religion and Philosophy: The God of ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
2 votes

Plato books for a philosophy newcomer

I agree strongly that Plato should be read directly, but I would suggest there are better and worse reading orders. Plato's work is often divided into three (or more) eras, although this is ...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
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