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1

Philology and historical sources. See e.g. T.H. Irvine, The Platonic Corpus, into Gail Fine (editor) The Oxford Handbook of Plato (2008, Oxford University Press): six works [are] listed under "spurious" [De Iusto, De Virtute, Demodocus, Sisyphus, Eryxias, and Axiochus]. In addition to the six recognized spurious works, other works are "...


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The short answer is definitely, and this is widely recognized. However, the influence was not direct and it is perhaps less accurate to cite Plato specifically than to refer to a Platonic and Stoic milieux in which the Hebrew scriptures "mingled" with Roman Stoicism and its Socratic lineage. The relevant hermeneut here would be St. Augustine, who ...


2

I would like to reecho Mr. Gudeman's comments in the following areas: "The notion of God creating Man in his own image", is purely Biblical in origin, specifically, from The Book of Genesis, which "predates" both Christianity and Plato by several thousand years. Plato lived between the years, 427-347 BC/BCE and his Academy stood in ...


1

First and foremost: Such oversimplified characterisations possibly do more harm than good for philosophical understanding. They may be appropriate for politicised slogans, or perhaps, a post-it note as a reminder of a study to be (much!) expanded later, but not for disciplined inquiry, and this is not pointless pedantry. Having emphasised the potential risk ...


5

The Ancient Greeks were definitely aware of Zoroastrianism-(in fact, the name, "Zoroaster", is a Greek translation of the original Farsi name, "Zarathustra"). The main reason why the Greeks were aware of Zoroastrianism-(and greater Persian culture), is because the Persian Empire conquered Greco-Anatolia-(present-day Turkish coast) 2500 ...


1

If you allow that the current Dalai Lama of Tibetan Buddhism is a modern philosopher (and he has certainly updated a lot of traditional philosophy for the modern, scientific ear), he has expounded a great deal on the subject, including publishing a book titled The Art of Happiness. This recasting of the Buddhist agenda is not as trite a device as it might ...


1

Many early concepts of cosmology were quite finite; the (probably flat) Earth was surrounded by one thing and another on all sides, with as often as not a big lid, the Biblical "firmament", clapped over us. God's realm (and maybe also Hells of one kind or another) lay beyond. But many were pretty hazy about the scientific physicality of such ...


3

If you're specifically interested in other physical realms that aren't part of the same space that we inhabit (i.e. you couldn't get there by traveling some distance in space), this article talks about how a French bishop named Etienne Tempier argued in 1277 that Aristotle was wrong to argue that the ground under our feet had to be a unique collection of the ...


0

The main difference between Modern Science-(i.e. "The Scientific Revolution") and its predecessors, has to do with the accessibility and availability of mechanical instrumentation and more sophisticated forms of scientific experimentation. While it is certainly true that Hellenistic era Inventors, such as Archimedes, did advance scientific ...


0

I would find it difficult to believe that Nicolas Copernicus-(The Father of MODERN Astronomy, circa, the 1500's AD/CE), would NOT KNOW about his predecessors, in particular, his distant Ancient Greek Predecessors, such as Archimedes and especially, Aristarchus of Samos-(the earliest known Heliocentric Astronomer). Copernicus lived a good part of his adult ...


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Your question should be written reversely: Did Greek Philosophy have an impact on Islamic Philosophy? and the answer is, YES. Keep in mind that Greek Philosophy, "came of age" between the years-(600 BC/BCE-250 BC/BCE: From Aristotle, to Epicurus). Greek Philosophy did continue through the subsequent Hellenistic, Roman and even early Byzantine ...


3

Let me give the full citation: "Rudolf Carnap: Intellectual Autobiography" in The Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap, edited by Paul Arthur Schilpp, The Library of Living Philosophers, vol. 11, Open Court, La Salle, III., and Cambridge University Press, London, 1963. You may wish to search the Web for the mentioned book, somewhat poor quality pdfs of it ...


4

See Vasso Kindi, Wittgenstein and Philosophy of Science, into Hans-Johann Glock & John Hyman (editors), A Companion to Wittgenstein (Blackwell, 2017), page 589: Wittgenstein had studied science and engineering and appreciated the rigor and sharpness of the scientific way of thinking. It was Wittgenstein who dismissed Carnap’s scientific interest in ...


0

The West, that is to say, Western Civilization, is both historical and geographical in meaning. Typically, most History classes-(even in the age of Political Correctness), tend to begin the History of the West with the Ancient Greeks-(though there are some History classes and Historians who have disagreed with this and say that the West's real origins were ...


4

The Academy, was literally invented by Plato..! I like Vervaeke's point that Plato took the subversive openess to questioning that got Socrates killed, and mixed it with the Pythagorean math-cult, to create academia - creating a school that could reach the high and low-born, to be financially sustainable, but also a place for anyone that could argue really ...


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Western philosophy (as commonly understood) is a set of philosophical systems originating in the Middle East and Europe that are heavily influenced by biblical hermeneutics (talmudic argumentation) and Aristotelean logic. It seeks to discover and establish principles that can be expressed and manipulated in language. As such it always begins at a generalized ...


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There is no real clear answer to this question. It is one of those questions which necessitates a theoretically based explanation rather than a scientifically or factually rooted explanation. (As a former History Instructor, I will try my best to provide you with a sound THEORETICALLY BASED explanation). If one looks at the Greek world during the year 600 ...


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