19 votes
Accepted

Should we pay for the errors of our ancestors?

You are mixing two questions here. There is the quote about historical revisionism and there is the reparation (compensation) payment by the Jesuit order they feel compelled to. The intersection ...
Philip Klöcking's user avatar
  • 13.9k
16 votes

On the claim that science is an offspring of Christian thought?

First, concerning “the belief in a rational and orderly universe” one can just quote wikipedia: The philosopher Pythagoras used the term kosmos (Ancient Greek: κόσμος, Latinized kósmos) for the order ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
  • 31.3k
15 votes

Is materialism essential to scientific progress?

I don't know that anyone would say "complete" materialism is "essential" for making scientific progress. However, science relies on methodological materialism (or methodological ...
NotThatGuy's user avatar
  • 9,470
12 votes

On the claim that science is an offspring of Christian thought?

Even if the premise that Christianity provided the right environment for science to be born were true, it does not follow that it is necessary for it. That Christian countries developed science, were ...
Three Diag's user avatar
11 votes

The term "ad hominem" used as "appeal to authority", and tradition in argument classification

Technically speaking, the term 'ad hominem' means 'to the person', and applies whenever someone tries to inject personal attributes of a speaker into arguments about the value of a position that the ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
  • 19.6k
10 votes

On the claim that science is an offspring of Christian thought?

Maybe my first installment was a bit rushed so let me try and improve it a little. The claim that science originates from Christian thought is vastly overblown. First because it ignores the scientific ...
Olivier5's user avatar
  • 2,162
9 votes

Is materialism essential to scientific progress?

First, materialism is an outdated term. It was used as a political catchword in many ideological discussions. Mostly with a pejorative meaning. Quantum field theory emphasized the concept of fields, ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
  • 31.3k
8 votes

Does the arc of history bend toward justice.?

Martin Buber, in his "Rung of Redemption," once cited a prophecy that goes something like, "The tears of Esau will not cease until the time of the anointed one," which he ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
7 votes

Is there a philosophical basis for the conflation of the cultural left and the economic/fiscal left?

I think there is a correlation basis, although I am hesitant to call it philosophical. Let me reframe the issue: there is no doubt that social/cultural and fiscal liberalism are logically independent, ...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 43.1k
6 votes
Accepted

Eternity of the world in Greek philosophy

It is always hazardous to talk in broad terms of ancient Greek philosophy. In the case of the world, Plato* and Aristotle believed in the existence of a single, eternal world which none the less they ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.7k
6 votes
Accepted

Is there any Ancient Greek philosopher that we know came from an underprivileged background?

As noted above Epictetus was born a slave, and he was an "ancient" Greek, though after the classical period. Diogenes was born to an affluent family but lived on the streets as a homeless ...
Nelson Alexander's user avatar
6 votes

Should we pay for the errors of our ancestors?

In the financial world, it is well-accepted that the heir inherits from his predecessor, both assets as well as any liabilities up to the limit of those assets. In the modern legal world, one does not ...
Pranab's user avatar
  • 189
6 votes

On the claim that science is an offspring of Christian thought?

I would argue the core structures of science, the discoursive method of mutual pursuit of truth, academia and the idea of a universal education, were all from the Ancient Greeks. Christianity involved ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
  • 21.7k
6 votes

Does the arc of history bend toward justice.?

It is the nature of humans that we are far better at achieving what we think is reasonably achievable, than what we think is not. Clear-eyed judgement on the reality of justice in the world, may well ...
Dcleve's user avatar
  • 13.7k
6 votes

Is materialism essential to scientific progress?

Materialism is actually a science hypothesis. If materialism is not testable, and refutable, and therefore rejectable, then it is pseudoscience, per Popper's demarcation criteria. The discovery by ...
Dcleve's user avatar
  • 13.7k
6 votes

Is materialism essential to scientific progress?

Is materialism essential to scientific progress? No. Not only is it not necessary, it is actively harmful. But first, we need to contrast materialism (which is a philosophy) with methodological ...
Matthew's user avatar
  • 412
5 votes

Epicureans in Judea

There were Epicureans in Judea, as we learn mostly, or entirely, from their opponents. As it turns out, Epicurus' name has the distinction of being the only1 philosopher named in the Mishnah (Avot 2:...
b a's user avatar
  • 622
5 votes

Is materialism essential to scientific progress?

Most of the existing answers and many comments speak about how "materialism" is outdated and that "matter" is not underlying reality, since we know about quantum theory and field ...
AnoE's user avatar
  • 2,714
5 votes

Did Aristotle’s philosophy hold back the discovery of calculus?

The Classical Greeks had a geometric method to deal with limits; it was called the method of exhaustion. The calculus of Newton and Leibnitz just found more symbolic ways to do pretty much the same ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
4 votes

Resources on materialism and physicalism?

I think you'll find - you may well have done so already - that 'materialism' is the less frequently used term nowadays. It never really recovered from its association with pre-20th century conceptions ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.7k
4 votes
Accepted

Did 20th-century Marxists acknowledge that the "social science" predictions of Marxism were wrong?

1 The share of the population in the lower class will increase. 2 The share of the population in the middle class will go to zero. 3 The number of people in the upper class will converge towards a ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.7k
4 votes
Accepted

Was Popper against historicism?

Yes, Popper was a harsh critic of Historicism as represented by Hegel and Marx with their "belief that history develops inexorably and necessarily according to certain principles or rules towards a ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
4 votes

Which ancient Greeks are known to have commentated on Zeno's Paradoxes?

The prime critic was Aristotle : 'Physics', VI. Plato does not set out Zeno's arguments but in his dialogue, 'Parmenides', there is in connexion with the paradoxes some argument or interplay between ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.7k
4 votes
Accepted

Can Nietzsche's overman be thought of as a centripetal force?

This actually turns out to be a general philosophy lesson, more than anything specific on Nietzsche. The real answer is "The overman can be thought of as a centripetal force if that analogy works ...
Cort Ammon's user avatar
  • 17.8k
4 votes

Weren't there any philosophers from Africa, America or the Middle East before Socrates?

First, Define Philosophy I would argue, contra some of the answers above, that what we call philosophy is, perhaps arbitrarily, a specific historical tradition usually traced to Thales and the ...
Nelson Alexander's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

What does Marx mean in the quote from the bible?

Marx is postulating the proletarian social revolution as the end of history. He does so because the proletariat is the first revolutionary class in history which lacks social property. By ...
Samuel Russell's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

What's this historiographic method of argumentation used by Foucault?

To explain Foucault's method of archaeology it might be best to work from an example. In the history of economic thought there are various systems of of ideas : mercantislism, physiocracy, 'classical' ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.7k
4 votes
Accepted

Are there any ancient Greek philosophers with a 'complete' philosophy that never made it to prime time?

I'm not sure whether 'prime time' is their time or our time. For our own time I'd nominate Sextus Empiricus (160 - 210 CE) who wrote subtly and coherently on a wide range of philosophical topics, and ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.7k
4 votes
Accepted

Is there an hypothesis about global features of polytheism and if so, what is it?

Two writers who have produced 'global' hypotheses about the features of polytheism are Jean-Pierre Vernant and Walter Burkert. Vernant identifies the following features: A god is a power that ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.7k
4 votes

The term "ad hominem" used as "appeal to authority", and tradition in argument classification

The first thing you need to know is that there is no universally accepted canon of fallacy. You'll find there's a lot of wiggle room based on context and interpretation. Consider the following ...
J D's user avatar
  • 26.6k

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible