15 votes

What essential properties make us human?

Introductory remarks This is subject to debate and there is no definite answer. The general consensus is that no definite set of properties can possibly be given and if it is done, these sets are ...
Philip Klöcking's user avatar
  • 13.6k
8 votes
Accepted

What does Marx say about the humanity of the ultra wealthy?

It's been a while since I read Marx, but I'm fairly certain that he describes them to be amoral rather than immoral: The capitalist is forced to grow, forced to play the game, whether they like it or ...
Jumboman's user avatar
  • 382
7 votes
Accepted

What is mauvaise foi as it relates to ethics? Philosophy?

It's specifically a concept from the French existentialist work of Sartre and de Beauvoir, and refers to the unwillingess of people to take responsibility for their choices and the self they create ...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
  • 29.4k
4 votes
Accepted

What does Nietzsche mean by the intellectual costs that "For" and "Against" incur?

The original German reads: "Du solltest Gewalt über dein Für und Wider bekommen". The capitalization in German is required, so in English it is an interpretation of the translator. 'das Für und Wider ...
jeroenk's user avatar
  • 1,108
4 votes

What are the reasons for taboos in a society?

The traditional role of a taboo is prohibition of an action, not of discussion, but the two are often mixed when the term is used loosely, see e.g. Gao's study of English "taboo" words. ...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 42.8k
4 votes

Is the idea of the word of God a means to understand human nature, and prayer?

Introduction The short answer is that the "Word of God" shouldn't be read as prayer. Within Biblical hermeneutics, there are two ways to interpret Biblical texts - either exegetically or ...
James Shewey's user avatar
3 votes

What essential properties make us human?

Maria Kronfeldner rejects the possibility of an essentialist definition of human nature because biological evolution is a complex, dynamic and fluid process which produces populations rather than ...
Brian Z's user avatar
  • 1,122
3 votes

Which artistic form (Visual, Audio, Literary etc.) is the best at conveying emotion?

The answer is "yes." All forms are best at conveying emotion =) The idea of excluding multi-media mediums, however, points to a very strange distinction that one must draw. One must identify the ...
Cort Ammon's user avatar
  • 17.7k
3 votes

What does Ortega y Gasset mean by "art is dehumanizing"?

I think there are two main elements or aspects to Ortega's 'The Dehumanisation of Art' (La deshumanización del arte e Ideas sobre la novela, 1925; Princeton tr., 1968). The first can be illustrated ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.6k
3 votes
Accepted

Is the idea of the word of God a means to understand human nature, and prayer?

You have noticed something very important I think. The logos ("word" will do, but it is an inadequate translation) is a sign, but is it really a mere sign, or does it actually participate, actively ...
Gordon's user avatar
  • 1,719
3 votes

Is the idea of the word of God a means to understand human nature, and prayer?

can the word of God (Christ?) be read as an allegory on how it is that prayer works. Sure, if you want. Unless you happen to live in a place or time that takes heretical notions seriously, there's ...
Alex's user avatar
  • 1,818
3 votes

Correlation between Stirner's "spooks" and Dawkins' "memes"?

I'm not particularly convinced by Dawkins analogy, interesting though it is at first sight; it's a variant of Darwinism as a philosophy - as opposed to biology - applied to both culture and ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
3 votes

Objectiv requirements for human rights/natural rights

Human rights are a political concept that is asserted to be philosophically self-evident by politicians. In normative ethics, there is no general agreement about natural rights and on who should be ...
tkruse's user avatar
  • 3,544
3 votes
Accepted

The differences of Pinker and Vervaeke on the enlightenement?

How does one make the claim the enlightenment's central value was autonomy? Think about The Enlightenment in terms of the emergence of the individual as the fulcrum of moral consciousness. Previously,...
Wayfarer's user avatar
  • 574
3 votes

Nature of Values: Is There Such a Thing as a Universal Value?

The canonical answer is that according to a number of major linguists, anthropologists, biologists, and psychologists, human are not as diverse as they like to think themselves, and there are ...
J D's user avatar
  • 25k
2 votes

In light of the ecological crisis, what defence can be made for anthropocentrism (human-centredness)?

Anthropocentrismus is the view that puts the human species into the center. This can be done either in the field of ontology or ethics. In the latter case anthropocentrism is also named speciesism. ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
  • 28.5k
2 votes

In light of the ecological crisis, what defence can be made for anthropocentrism (human-centredness)?

One obvious answer is to look to the recent writing by Pope Francis called Laudato Si. It explains one particular way of connecting environmental issues with a theological/dualist/anthropocentric ...
James Kingsbery's user avatar
2 votes

Can society exist without hierarchy?

Anthropologist David Graeber did his doctoral work on Madagascar, the 2nd to last large landmass to become permanently inhabited by humans, and gave this great talk about what we can learn about the '...
CriglCragl's user avatar
  • 21.2k
2 votes

What philosophical views are there on the problem of boredom?

Why only Western philosophy? I see meditation as an intentional engagement with boredom. If we consider how a monk say an immured one, is different from a prisoner locked in a cell, the difference is ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
  • 21.2k
2 votes

Contemporary objections to "human nature"

[22] L'homme, tel que le conçoit l'existentialiste, s'il n'est pas définissable, c'est qu'il n'est d'abord rien. Il ne sera qu'ensuite, et il sera tel qu'il se sera fait. Ainsi, il n'y a pas de ...
sand1's user avatar
  • 3,694
2 votes

Which artistic form (Visual, Audio, Literary etc.) is the best at conveying emotion?

Of course...music can do wonders. It can convey some strong emotions like ecstasy...but not all. In some occasions it is the best art form in conveying emotions. ( Though you have excluded films and ...
SonOfThought's user avatar
  • 3,685
2 votes

Have we philosophically found a theory to end the human suffering?

As you already know, being a user on Buddhism.SE, that (i.e. ending suffering) is the central theme of the Buddhist doctrine, for example as it's described in many of the suttas of the Pali canon. To ...
ChrisW's user avatar
  • 631
2 votes

According to Stirner, are other humans "spooks"?

Invoking the diction 'ego' is to many to invoke psychology, or at least Freudian thinking, if you reject the latter is the former. Yet, Max Stirner is recognized in his book The Ego and Its Own as ...
J D's user avatar
  • 25k
2 votes

If one can identify as transgender, can one identify as trans-age or trans-species?

I would approach this primarily as a political question. In the case of transgender people, it is very clear that we have a political movement demanding specific and concrete forms of recognition, and ...
Brian Z's user avatar
  • 1,122
2 votes

How does Penrose's ideas in "Shadow of the mind" hold up more than twenty years later?

The paper of Koch and Hepp from 2007 Quantum mechanics in the brain reviews in particular the approach by Hameroff and Penrose (1996), which Penrose also popularizes in his book 'Shadows of the mind'. ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
  • 28.5k
2 votes
Accepted

Gratitude without knowing for who?

It depends on what you mean by source. If you mean an immediate act of kindness or luck in favor of something large an extract like "the wonders of existence", then absolutely. Gratitude is ...
J D's user avatar
  • 25k
2 votes

Objectiv requirements for human rights/natural rights

I kind of researched on this very topic, so bear with me when I refer mostly to question threads I contributed in. The reactions to the question show a major conundrum of ethics: While the granting of ...
Philip Klöcking's user avatar
  • 13.6k

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible